نجم (سوره)

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
(تغییرمسیر از سوره نجم)
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish
سورهٔ ۵۳ قرآن
نجم
An-Najm.svg
دسته‌بندیمکی
اطلاعات آماری
شمارهٔ نزول۲۳
جزء۲۷
شمار آیه‌ها۶۲
شمار واژه‌ها۳۵۱
شمار حرف‌ها۱۴۸۴
متن سوره
متن سوره با خط عثمانی
طور
قمر

سوره نجم سوره ۵۳ از قرآن است، ۶۲ آیه دارد و سوره‌ای مکی است. یکی از آیات این سوره، سجده واجب دارد. برخی گفته‌اند که این سوره اولین سوره پس از شروع دعوت آشکار پیامبر اسلام است و پس از خوانده‌شدن سوره توسط او، همهٔ مومنان و مشرکان سجده کردند. محتوای این سوره پیرامون نبوت و معاد است و دربارهٔ مباحثی مانند وحی، معراج، نهی از بت‌پرستی، و سرنوشت اقوام پیشین سخن گفته شده‌است. نامگذاری سوره به دلیل آیهٔ نخست آن است.[۱]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. مکارم شیرازی، ناصر؛ جمعی از نویسندگان (۱۳۷۴). تفسیر نمونه. ۲۲. دار الکتب الاسلامیه. ص. ص ۴۷۳-۴۷۴سوره نجم، مقدمه

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

Sura 53 of the Quran
النجم
An-Najm
The Star
ClassificationMeccan
Other namesThe Unfolding
PositionJuzʼ 27
No. of Rukus3
No. of verses62
No. of words360
No. of letters1433

Sūrat an-Najm (Arabic: سورة النجم‎, "The Star") is the 53rd chapter (surah) of the Qur'an with 62 verses (āyāt). The surah that opens with the oath of the Divine One swearing by every one of the stars, as they descend and disappear beneath the horizon, that Muhammad is indeed God’s awaited Messenger. It takes its name from Ayat#1, which mentions “the stars” (najm). The surah confirms the divine source of the Prophet’s message and refers to his ascension to heaven during the Night Journey (Ayah#1 ff.). The surah refutes the claims of the disbelievers about the goddesses and the angels (ayah#19 ff.), and lists several truths about God’s power. It closes with a warning of the imminent Day of Judgement.

Content

The first eighteen verses of this sura are considered to be some of the earliest revelations of the Qur'an. These verses address the legitimacy of Muhammad’s prophetic visions. The sura begins with the divine voice swearing by the collapsing star that “Your companion,” referring to Muhammad, has not gone mad, nor does he speak out of his desire. The passage evokes the process of vision by tracing the movement along the highest horizon and then coming down and drawing near to the distance of “two bows” length. The passage ends with the affirmation of the validity of the vision by stating that the heart of the prophet “did not lie in what it saw.”

The surah is distinguished as being the first that required Muslims to prostrate, or perform sajdah, when it is recited, according to Tafsir Ibn Kathir and a number of hadiths. The sura claims that, when it was first narrated by Muhammad in Mecca, all Muslims and non-Muslims who heard the recitation prostrated to God upon its completion due to the effect that the words had upon them.

The sura is also known for referencing the star Sirius in ayah 49 where it is given the name الشِّعْرَى (transliteration: aš-ši‘rā or ash-shira; the leader).[1] The verse is: "وأنَّهُ هُوَ رَبُّ الشِّعْرَى", "That He is the Lord of Sirius (the Mighty Star)." (An-Najm:49)[2] Ibn Kathir said in his commentary "that it is the bright star, named Mirzam Al-Jawza' (Sirius), which a group of Arabs used to worship."[3] The alternate name Aschere, used by Johann Bayer, is derived from this.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Staff (2007). "Sirius". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
  2. ^ "An-Najm (The Star), Surah 53". Translations of the Qur'an. University of Southern California, Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement. 2007. Archived from the original on 2009-04-24. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
  3. ^ "Tafsir Ibn Kathir". 9 July 2012. Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  4. ^ Hinckley, Richard Allen (1899). Star-names and Their Meanings. New York: G. E. Stechert. pp. 117–25.

External links

The last line of An-Najm: "So prostrate to Allah and worship [Him]."