مباشرت

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
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فارسیEnglish

مباشرت اخلاقی است که شامل برنامه‌ریزی و مدیریت مسئولانه منابع است. مفاهیم مباشرت را می‌توان در محیط و طبیعت،[۱][۲] اقتصاد،[۳][۴] بهداشت،[۵] خاصیت،[۶] اطلاعات،[۷] الهیات،[۸] و غیره به کار برد.

تاریخچه این واژه[ویرایش]

مباشرت Stewardship در ریشه از واژه مباشر steward، ساخته شده‌است از استیگ (خانه، سالن) و ویِ رد weard، (بخش، گارد، نگهبان، دروازه‌بان).[۹][۱۰] مباشرت در ابتدا به وظایف خانه‌دار برای آوردن غذا و نوشیدنی به سالن غذاخوری قلعه اشاره داشت. سرانجام مسئولیت‌های به سرپرستی گسترش یافت تا شامل همه نیازهای داخلی، خدماتی و مدیریتی کل خانواده شود.

سازمان‌های قابل توجه[ویرایش]

  • شورای نظارت بر جنگل، از سال ۱۹۹۳ میلادی
  • شورای نظارت بر امور دریایی، از سال ۱۹۹۶ میلادی
  • شورای نظارت بر امور آبزیان، از سال ۲۰۱۰ میلادی

برای مطالعهٔ بیشتر[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. Chapin, F. Stuart III, Gary P. Kofinas, and Carl Folke (eds). 2009. Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer.
  2. Hendee, John C. and Chad P. Dawson. 2002. Wilderness Management: Stewardship and Protection of Resources and Values (3rd Edition). Fulcrum Publishing. ISBN 978-1555918552.
  3. Peter Block, Peter. 2013. Stewardship: Choosing Service Over Self-Interest (2nd Edition). Berrett-Koehler Publishers. ISBN 978-1609948221.
  4. Curtis, Gregory. 2012. The Stewardship of Wealth, + Website: Successful Private Wealth Management for Investors and Their Advisors. Wiley. ISBN 978-1118321867.
  5. Robinson, Joe Sam, M. Sami Walid, Aaron C. M. Barth (Editors). 2012. Toward Healthcare Resource Stewardship: Health Care Issues, Costs, and Access. Nova Science. ISBN 978-1621001829.
  6. Meidenger, Errol E. 1998. Laws and Institutions in Cross-Boundary Stewardship. pp. 87-110 In: Knight, Richard L. , and Peter Landres (Editors). Stewardship Across Boundaries. Island Press. ISBN 978-1559635158.
  7. National Academy of Sciences Committee on Ensuring the Utility and Integrity of Research Data in a Digital Age. 2009. Ensuring the Integrity, Accessibility, and Stewardship of Research Data in the Digital Age. National Academies Press. ISBN 9780309147828.
  8. Van Dyke, Fred. 2008. Conservation Biology: Foundations, Concepts, Applications (2nd Edition). Springer. pp 39-48. ISBN 978-1402068904.
  9. American Heritage Dictionary بایگانی‌شده در ۲۰۱۴-۰۹-۲۷ توسط Wayback Machine
  10. "steward - Definition of steward in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries - English.

۱۲ ^ کازینو آنالیسا. ۲۰۱۴ مباشرت. Politiche e pratiche per una gestione etica delle risorse. Aracne Editrice. ISBN 978-88-548-6915-8 شابک 978-88-548-6915-8

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

پروژه آموزش پروژه نوا نمونه ای از یک برنامه مباشرت زیست‌محیطی در ایالات متحده برای پیشبرد اطلاعات علمی به ویژه در مناطقی است که موجب حفظ، بازیابی و محافظت از جوامع انسانی و منابع طبیعی در زمینه‌های اقلیمی، اقیانوس و جو می‌شود. این شامل آموزش معلمان حرفه‌ای دانش‌آموزان در تمام سنین و توانایی‌ها و مربیان غیررسمی است که با مردم در مراکز طبیعت و علوم، آکواریوم‌ها و باغ وحش‌ها کار می‌کنند. این پروژه در سال ۲۰۰۸ میلادی با عنوان NOAA Stewards Project Weather شروع شد. نام آن در سال ۲۰۱۶ میلادی به پروژه آموزشی NOAA Planet Stewards تغییر یافت.[۱]

Stewardship is an ethic that embodies the responsible planning and management of resources. The concepts of stewardship can be applied to the environment and nature,[1][2] economics,[3][4] health,[5] property,[6] information,[7] theology,[8] etc.

History of the term

Stewardship was originally made up of the tasks of a domestic steward, from stiġ (house, hall) and weard, (ward, guard, guardian, keeper).[9][10] Stewardship in the beginning referred to the household servant’s duties for bringing food and drink to the castle’s dining hall. Stewardship responsibilities were eventually expanded to include everything the domestic, service and management needs of the entire household.

Commercial stewardship tends to the domestic and service requirements of passengers on ships, trains, airplanes or guests in restaurants. This concept of stewardship continues to be referenced within these specific categories.[citation needed]

Stewardship is now generally recognized as the acceptance or assignment of responsibility to shepherd and safeguard the valuables of others.[citation needed]

Notable organisations

See also

References

  1. ^ Chapin, F. Stuart III, Gary P. Kofinas, and Carl Folke (eds). 2009. Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer. ISBN 978-0387730325.
  2. ^ Hendee, John C. and Chad P. Dawson. 2002. Wilderness Management: Stewardship and Protection of Resources and Values (3rd Edition). Fulcrum Publishing. ISBN 978-1555918552.
  3. ^ Peter Block, Peter. 2013. Stewardship: Choosing Service Over Self-Interest (2nd Edition). Berrett-Koehler Publishers. ISBN 978-1609948221.
  4. ^ Curtis, Gregory. 2012. The Stewardship of Wealth, + Website: Successful Private Wealth Management for Investors and Their Advisors. Wiley. ISBN 978-1118321867.
  5. ^ Robinson, Joe Sam, M. Sami Walid, Aaron C. M. Barth (Editors). 2012. Toward Healthcare Resource Stewardship: Health Care Issues, Costs, and Access. Nova Science. ISBN 978-1621001829.
  6. ^ Meidenger, Errol E. 1998. Laws and Institutions in Cross-Boundary Stewardship. pp. 87-110 In: Knight, Richard L., and Peter Landres (Editors). Stewardship Across Boundaries. Island Press. ISBN 978-1559635158.
  7. ^ National Academy of Sciences Committee on Ensuring the Utility and Integrity of Research Data in a Digital Age. 2009. Ensuring the Integrity, Accessibility, and Stewardship of Research Data in the Digital Age. National Academies Press. ISBN 9780309147828.
  8. ^ Van Dyke, Fred. 2008. Conservation Biology: Foundations, Concepts, Applications (2nd Edition). Springer. pp 39-48. ISBN 978-1402068904.
  9. ^ American Heritage Dictionary Archived 2014-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "steward - Definition of steward in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries - English.

12. ^ Annalisa Casino. 2014. Stewardship. Politiche e pratiche per una gestione etica delle risorse.Aracne Editrice. ISBN 978-88-548-6915-8

External links

The NOAA Planet Stewards Education Project (PSEP) is an example of an environmental stewardship program in the United States to advance scientific literacy especially in areas that conserve, restore, and protect human communities and natural resources in the areas of climate, ocean, and atmosphere. It includes professional teachers of students of all ages and abilities, and informal educators who work with the public in nature and science centers, aquaria, and zoos. The project began in 2008 as the NOAA Climate Stewards Project. Its name was changed to NOAA Planet Stewards Educational Project in 2016.[1]