فهرست کشورهای مستقل

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
نام کوتاه و نام رسمی انگلیسی عضویت در سازمان ملل [Note ۱] اختلاف درباره استقلال [Note ۲] توضیحات در مورد به رسمیت شناخته شدن استقلال [Note ۴]
A AAA A AAA A AAA
ZZZ↓ |کشورهای عضو یا کشورهای ناظر ↓ A AAA ZZZ
Flag of Afghanistan.svg افغانستان – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Albania.svg آلبانی – Republic of Albania A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزایر – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Andorra.svg آندورا – Principality of Andorra A کشور عضو A ندارد Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell,[۲] who himself is appointed by the سریر مقدس.
Flag of Angola.svg آنگولا – Republic of Angola A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg آنتیگوا و باربودا A کشور عضو A ندارد Antigua and Barbuda is a قلمروی همسود[Note ۵] with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.[Note ۶][۳]
Flag of Argentina.svg آرژانتین – Argentine Republic[Note ۷] A کشور عضو A ندارد Argentina is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های آرژانتین.
Flag of Armenia.svg ارمنستان – Republic of Armenia A کشور عضو Not recognized by Pakistan[۴][۵][۶]
Flag of Australia.svg استرالیا – Commonwealth of Australia A کشور عضو A ندارد Australia is a قلمروی همسود[Note ۵] and a فدراسیون of ایالت‌ها و ناحیه‌های استرالیا. The external territories of Australia are:
Flag of Austria.svg اتریش – Republic of Austria A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] Austria is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های اتریش (Bundesländer).
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg جمهوری آذربایجان – Republic of Azerbaijan A کشور عضو A ندارد Azerbaijan contains two autonomous regions, جمهوری خودمختار نخجوان and ناگورنو قره‌باغ (Dağlıq Qarabağ).[Note ۶] In Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto state has been established.
Flag of the Bahamas.svg باهاما – Commonwealth of the Bahamas A کشور عضو A ندارد The Bahamas is a قلمروی همسود.[Note ۵]
Flag of Bahrain.svg بحرین – Kingdom of Bahrain A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Bangladesh.svg بنگلادش – People's Republic of Bangladesh A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Barbados.svg باربادوس A کشور عضو A ندارد Barbados is a قلمروی همسود.[Note ۵]
Flag of Belarus.svg بلاروس – Republic of Belarus A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg بلژیک – Kingdom of Belgium A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] Belgium is a فدراسیون divided into linguistic communities and regions.
Flag of Belize.svg بلیز A کشور عضو A ندارد Belize is a قلمروی همسود.[Note ۵]
Flag of Benin.svg بنین – Republic of Benin[Note ۸] A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Bhutan.svg پادشاهی بوتان – Kingdom of Bhutan A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Bolivia.svg بولیوی – Plurinational State of Bolivia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg بوسنی و هرزگوین A کشور عضو A ندارد Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of two constituent units:

and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.[Note ۹]

Flag of Botswana.svg بوتسوانا – Republic of Botswana A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Brazil.svg برزیل – Federative Republic of Brazil A کشور عضو A ندارد Brazil is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های برزیل.
Flag of Brunei.svg برونئی – Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Bulgaria.svg بلغارستان – Republic of Bulgaria A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg بورکینافاسو[Note ۱۰] A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Myanmar.svg میانمار – Republic of the Union of Myanmar[Note ۱۱][۸] A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Burundi.svg بوروندی – Republic of Burundi A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Cambodia.svg کامبوج – Kingdom of Cambodia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Cameroon.svg کامرون – Republic of Cameroon A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Canada.svg کانادا[Note ۱۲] A کشور عضو A ندارد Canada is a قلمروی همسود[Note ۵] and a federation of استان‌ها و قلمروهای کانادا.
Flag of Cape Verde.svg کیپ ورد – Republic of Cabo Verde A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg جمهوری آفریقای مرکزی A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Chad.svg چاد – Republic of Chad A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Chile.svg شیلی – Republic of Chile A کشور عضو A ندارد جزیره ایستر and the Juan Fernández Islands are "special territories" of Chile in the منطقه والپارایزو.
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg چین – People's Republic of China[Note ۱۳] A کشور عضو Not recognized by 22 states. B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali The People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions, گوانگشی, مغولستان داخلی, نینگ‌شیا, سین‌کیانگ and منطقه خودمختار تبت.[Note ۶] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:

China is not recognised by 22 کشور عضوs and the سریر مقدس, which instead recognise Taiwan (the Republic of China).[Note ۱۴]

China claims, but does not control, the de facto independent Taiwan.[Note ۱۵]

Flag of Colombia.svg کلمبیا – Republic of Colombia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of the Comoros.svg کومور – Union of the Comoros A کشور عضو A ندارد Comoros is a فدراسیون of 3 islands.[Note ۱۶][۹]
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg جمهوری دموکراتیک کنگو[Note ۱۷] A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg جمهوری کنگو[Note ۱۸] A کشور عضو A ندارد
ZZZCook Islands → Cook Islands A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Costa Rica.svg کاستاریکا – Republic of Costa Rica A کشور عضو A ندارد
Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Croatia.svg کرواسی – Republic of Croatia A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Cuba.svg کوبا – Republic of Cuba A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Cyprus.svg قبرس – Republic of Cyprus A کشور عضو Not recognised by Turkey and Northern Cyprus Member of the EU.[Note ۳] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. See Foreign relations of Cyprus and Cyprus dispute. ترکیه refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of South Cyprus".[۱۰]
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg جمهوری چک[Note ۱۹] A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Denmark.svg دانمارک – Kingdom of Denmark A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]

The Danish Realm also includes two self-governing territories:

Flag of Djibouti.svg جیبوتی – Republic of Djibouti A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Dominica.svg دومینیکا – Commonwealth of Dominica A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg جمهوری دومینیکن A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of East Timor.svg تیمور شرقی – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste[Note ۲۰] A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Ecuador.svg اکوادور – Republic of Ecuador A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر – Arab Republic of Egypt A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of El Salvador.svg السالوادور – Republic of El Salvador A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg گینه استوایی – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Eritrea.svg اریتره – State of Eritrea A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Estonia.svg استونی – Republic of Estonia A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Ethiopia.svg اتیوپی – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A کشور عضو A ندارد Ethiopia is a فدراسیون of nine regions and two chartered cities.
Flag of Fiji.svg فیجی – Republic of Fiji A کشور عضو A ندارد Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, روتوما.[Note ۶][۱۱][۱۲]
Flag of Finland.svg فنلاند – Republic of Finland A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of France.svg فرانسه – French Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] France contains five overseas regions/departments: گویان فرانسه, جزیره گوادلوپ, مارتینیک, مایوت, and رئونیون. France also includes the overseas territories of:
Flag of Gabon.svg گابون – Gabonese Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد
Gambia Flag of The Gambia.svg گامبیا – Republic of the Gambia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Georgia.svg گرجستان A کشور عضو A ندارد Georgia contains two autonomous regions, آجارستان and آبخاز.[Note ۶] In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
Flag of Germany.svg آلمان – Federal Republic of Germany A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] Germany is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های آلمان (Bundesländer).
Flag of Ghana.svg غنا – Republic of Ghana A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Greece.svg یونان – Hellenic Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] کوه آتوس is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.[۱۳]
Flag of Grenada.svg گرنادا A کشور عضو A ندارد Grenada is a قلمروی همسود.[Note ۵]
Flag of Guatemala.svg گواتمالا – Republic of Guatemala A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Guinea.svg گینه – Republic of Guinea[Note ۲۲] A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg گینه بیسائو – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Guyana.svg گویان – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Haiti.svg هائیتی – Republic of Haiti A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Honduras.svg هندوراس – Republic of Honduras A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Hungary.svg مجارستان A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Iceland.svg ایسلند – Republic of Iceland A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of India.svg هند – Republic of India A کشور عضو A ندارد India is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌ها و قلمروهای هند.
Flag of Indonesia.svg اندونزی – Republic of Indonesia A کشور عضو A ندارد Indonesia has استان‌های اندونزی with official special autonomy status: آچه, جاکارتا, منطقه ویژه یوگیاکارتا, پاپوآ, and پاپوآی غربی (استان).[Note ۶]
Flag of Iran.svg ایران – Islamic Republic of Iran A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Iraq.svg عراق – Republic of Iraq A کشور عضو A ندارد Iraq is a فدراسیون[Note ۱۶][۱۴] of استان‌های عراق, three of which make up the autonomous کردستان عراق.[Note ۶]
Flag of Ireland.svg جمهوری ایرلند[Note ۲۳] A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Israel.svg اسرائیل – State of Israel A کشور عضو Not recognised by 32 states Israel exerts strong control over the territory claimed by Palestine. Israel annexed East Jerusalem,[۱۵] an annexation not recognised by the international community.[۱۶] Israel maintains varying levels of control over the rest of the کرانه باختری رود اردن, and although Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the نوار غزه, following its unilateral disengagement, it is still considered the occupying power under international law.[۱۷][۱۸][۱۹][۲۰][۲۱] Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) and by the جمهوری دموکراتیک عربی صحرا.
Flag of Italy.svg ایتالیا – Italian Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] Italy has five autonomous regions, واله دائوستا, فریولی ونتزیا جولیا, ساردنی, سیسیل and ترنتینو التو آدیجه.[Note ۶]
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg ساحل عاج – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Jamaica.svg جامائیکا A کشور عضو A ندارد Jamaica is a قلمروی همسود.[Note ۵]
Flag of Japan.svg ژاپن A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Jordan.svg اردن – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg قزاقستان – Republic of Kazakhstan A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Kenya.svg کنیا – Republic of Kenya A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Kiribati.svg کیریباتی – Republic of Kiribati A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of North Korea.svg کره شمالی – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A کشور عضو B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali North Korea is not recognised by two UN members: Japan and South Korea.[Note ۲۴][۲۲]
Flag of South Korea.svg کره جنوبی – Republic of Korea A کشور عضو B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali South Korea contains 1 autonomous region, ججو-دو.[Note ۶][۲۳] South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.[Note ۲۴]
Flag of Kuwait.svg کویت – State of Kuwait A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg قرقیزستان – Kyrgyz Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Laos.svg لائوس – Lao People's Democratic Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Latvia.svg لتونی – Republic of Latvia A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Lebanon.svg لبنان – Lebanese Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Lesotho.svg لسوتو – Kingdom of Lesotho A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Liberia.svg لیبریا – Republic of Liberia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Libya.svg لیبی – State of Libya A کشور عضو A ندارد Libya has one self-declared autonomous region:[۲۴]
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg لیختن‌اشتاین – Principality of Liechtenstein A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Lithuania.svg لیتوانی – Republic of Lithuania A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Luxembourg.svg لوکزامبورگ – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Macedonia.svg مقدونیه – Republic of Macedonia A کشور عضو A ندارد Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
Flag of Madagascar.svg ماداگاسکار – Republic of Madagascar A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Malawi.svg مالاوی – Republic of Malawi A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Malaysia.svg مالزی A کشور عضو A ندارد Malaysia is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌ها و قلمروهای فدرالی مالزی.
Flag of Maldives.svg مالدیو – Republic of Maldives A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Mali.svg مالی – Republic of Mali A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Malta.svg مالت – Republic of Malta A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg جزایر مارشال – Republic of the Marshall Islands A کشور عضو A ندارد Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Flag of Mauritania.svg موریتانی – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Mauritius.svg موریس – Republic of Mauritius A کشور عضو A ندارد Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[Note ۶]
Flag of Mexico.svg مکزیک – United Mexican States A کشور عضو A ندارد Mexico is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های مکزیک.
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg ایالات فدرال میکرونزی A کشور عضو A ندارد Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a فدراسیون of four states.
Flag of Moldova.svg مولداوی – Republic of Moldova A کشور عضو A ندارد Moldova has the autonomous regions of گاگائوزیا and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
Flag of Monaco.svg موناکو – Principality of Monaco A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Mongolia.svg مغولستان A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Montenegro.svg مونته‌نگرو A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش – Kingdom of Morocco A کشور عضو A ندارد Morocco claims sovereignty over صحرای غربی and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
Flag of Mozambique.svg موزامبیک – Republic of Mozambique A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Namibia.svg نامیبیا – Republic of Namibia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Nauru.svg نائورو – Republic of Nauru A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Nepal.svg نپال – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A کشور عضو A ندارد Nepal is a فدراسیون composed of فهرست استان‌های نپال.
 پادشاهی هلند – Kingdom of the Netherlands A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four constituent countries:

The monarch and his ministers form the government of the kingdom as well as the government of its constituent country, the Netherlands. Following the dissolution of the آنتیل هلند in 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have become constituent countries, which, alongside Aruba, enjoy considerable autonomy. The other three islands (بونیر, سیبا, سینت یوستیشس) became جزایر کارائیب هلند of the Netherlands.

The designation "Netherlands" can refer either to one of the Kingdom's constituent countries or to the short name for the Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

Flag of New Zealand.svg نیوزیلند A کشور عضو A ندارد New Zealand is a قلمروی همسود,[Note ۵] and has the dependent territories of:

New Zealand has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely associated states:

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with 39 and 8 UN members respectively.[۲۵][۲۶][۲۷] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[۲۸] and are members of some سازمان‌های تخصصی سازمان ملل متحد.

Flag of Nicaragua.svg نیکاراگوئه – Republic of Nicaragua A کشور عضو A ندارد Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[Note ۶]
Flag of Niger.svg نیجر – Republic of Niger A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Nigeria.svg نیجریه – Federal Republic of Nigeria A کشور عضو A ندارد Nigeria is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های نیجریه.
Flag of Norway.svg نروژ – Kingdom of Norway A کشور عضو A ندارد

Norway has the dependent territories of:

Flag of Oman.svg عمان – Sultanate of Oman A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Pakistan.svg پاکستان – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A کشور عضو A ندارد Pakistan is a فدراسیون of تقسیمات کشوری پاکستان. Pakistan disputes Indian sovereignty over کشمیر. It exercises control over کشمیر آزاد, but does not explicitly claim any part of it,[۲۹][۳۰] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[۳۱][۳۲] The portions that it controls are divided into two polities, administered separately from Pakistan proper:[Note ۲۵]
Flag of Palau.svg پالائو – Republic of Palau A کشور عضو A ندارد Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
 فلسطین – State of Palestine A کشور ناظر و کشور عضو یک سازمان تخصصی B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from 134 states.[۳۳] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on much of the territory that it proclaimed.[۳۴] The حکومت خودگردان فلسطین is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the سرزمین‌های فلسطینی‌نشین. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the سازمان آزادی‌بخش فلسطین.[۳۵] The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[۳۶] and an observer state in the UN.
Flag of Panama.svg پاناما – Republic of Panama A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg پاپوآ گینه نو – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A کشور عضو A ندارد Papua New Guinea is a قلمروی همسود[Note ۵] with 1 autonomous region, استان خودمختار بوگاینویل.[Note ۶]
Flag of Paraguay.svg پاراگوئه – Republic of Paraguay A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Peru.svg پرو – Republic of Peru A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of the Philippines.svg فیلیپین – Republic of the Philippines A کشور عضو A ندارد The Philippines contains one autonomous region, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[Note ۶]
Flag of Poland.svg لهستان – Republic of Poland A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Portugal.svg پرتغال – Portuguese Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] Portugal contains two autonomous regions, آزور and مادیرا.[Note ۶]
Flag of Qatar.svg قطر – State of Qatar A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Romania.svg رومانی A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Russia.svg روسیه – Russian Federation A کشور عضو A ندارد Russia is officially a فدراسیون of 85 واحدهای فدرال روسیه (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[Note ۶]
Flag of Rwanda.svg رواندا – Republic of Rwanda A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg سنت کیتس و نویس – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis A کشور عضو A ندارد Saint Kitts and Nevis is a قلمروی همسود[Note ۵] and is a فدراسیون[Note ۱۶] of 14 parishes.
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg سنت لوسیا A کشور عضو A ندارد Saint Lucia is a قلمروی همسود.[Note ۵]
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg سنت وینسنت و گرنادین‌ها A کشور عضو A ندارد Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a قلمروی همسود.[Note ۵]
Flag of Samoa.svg ساموآ – Independent State of Samoa A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of San Marino.svg سن مارینو – Republic of San Marino A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg سائوتومه و پرینسیپ – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A کشور عضو A ندارد São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.[Note ۶]
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg عربستان سعودی – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Senegal.svg سنگال – Republic of Senegal A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Serbia.svg صربستان – Republic of Serbia A کشور عضو A ندارد Serbia contains two autonomous regions, استان خودمختار وویوودینا and استان خودمختار کوزوو و متوهیا.[Note ۶] Most of the latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.
Flag of Seychelles.svg سیشل – Republic of Seychelles A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg سیرالئون – Republic of Sierra Leone A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Singapore.svg سنگاپور – Republic of Singapore A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Slovakia.svg اسلواکی – Slovak Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Slovenia.svg اسلوونی – Republic of Slovenia A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg جزایر سلیمان A کشور عضو A ندارد The Solomon Islands is a قلمروی همسود.[Note ۵]
Flag of Somalia.svg سومالی – Federal Republic of Somalia A کشور عضو A ندارد Somalia is presently divided with the official Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) controlling only part of the country. پانتلند and Galmudug have declared themselves as autonomous regions of Somalia (a claim that the FGS does not recognise),[۳۷]الگو:Request quotation while Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
Flag of South Africa.svg آفریقای جنوبی – Republic of South Africa A کشور عضو A ندارد
South Korea → Korea, South A کشور عضو A ندارد
ZZZSouth Ossetia → South Ossetia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of South Sudan.svg سودان جنوبی – Republic of South Sudan A کشور عضو A ندارد South Sudan is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های سودان جنوبی.
Flag of Spain.svg اسپانیا – Kingdom of Spain A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] Spain is divided into بخش‌های خودمختار اسپانیا.[Note ۶]
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg سری‌لانکا – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka A کشور عضو A ندارد Formerly known as Ceylon.
Flag of Sudan.svg سودان – Republic of the Sudan A کشور عضو A ندارد Sudan is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های سودان. Disputes Abyei and Kafia Kingi with South Sudan.
ZZZSudan, South → South Sudan A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Suriname.svg سورینام – Republic of Suriname A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Swaziland.svg سوازیلند – Kingdom of Swaziland A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Sweden.svg سوئد – Kingdom of Sweden A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳]
Flag of Switzerland.svg سوئیس – Swiss Confederation A کشور عضو A ندارد Switzerland is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های سوئیس.
Flag of Syria.svg سوریه – Syrian Arab Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد The ائتلاف ملی برای انقلاب و نیروهای مخالفین سوریه, which is ائتلاف ملی برای انقلاب و نیروهای مخالفین سوریه as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an دولت انتقالی سوریه to rule rebel controlled territory during the جنگ داخلی سوریه.
Flag of Tajikistan.svg تاجیکستان – Republic of Tajikistan A کشور عضو A ندارد Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, ولایت مختار کوهستان بدخشان.[Note ۶]
Flag of Tanzania.svg تانزانیا – United Republic of Tanzania A کشور عضو A ندارد Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, زنگبار.[Note ۶]
Flag of Thailand.svg تایلند – Kingdom of Thailand A کشور عضو A ندارد
Timor-Leste → East Timor A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Togo.svg توگو – Togolese Republic A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Tonga.svg تونگا – Kingdom of Tonga A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg ترینیداد و توباگو – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A کشور عضو A ندارد Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.[Note ۶]
Flag of Tunisia.svg تونس – Republic of Tunisia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Turkey.svg ترکیه – Republic of Turkey A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg ترکمنستان A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Tuvalu.svg تووالو A کشور عضو A ندارد Tuvalu is a قلمروی همسود.[Note ۵]
Flag of Uganda.svg اوگاندا – Republic of Uganda A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Ukraine.svg اوکراین A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg امارات متحده عربی A کشور عضو A ندارد The United Arab Emirates is a فدراسیون of امارات متحده عربی.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg بریتانیا – United Kingdom A کشور عضو A ندارد Member of the EU.[Note ۳] The United Kingdom is a قلمروی همسود[Note ۵] consisting of four countries: انگلستان, ایرلند شمالی, اسکاتلند, and ولز. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

Flag of the United States.svg ایالات متحده آمریکا – United States of America A کشور عضو A ندارد The United States is a فدراسیون of 50 states, 1 federal district, and the incorporated territory of جزیره مرجانی پالمیرا. The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:

Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:

Flag of Uruguay.svg اروگوئه – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg ازبکستان – Republic of Uzbekistan A کشور عضو A ندارد Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, قره‌قالپاقستان.[Note ۶]
Flag of Vanuatu.svg وانواتو – Republic of Vanuatu A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of the Vatican City.svg واتیکان – Vatican City State A عضو ناظر و کشور عضو سه سازمان تخصصی A ندارد Administered by the سریر مقدس, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 179 states.[۳۸] The Holy See is a member of the آژانس بین‌المللی انرژی اتمی, اتحادیه بین‌المللی مخابرات, اتحادیه جهانی پست, and سازمان جهانی مالکیت فکری and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State")[۳۵] and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the پاپ, who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City. The Holy See also administers a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy.
Flag of Venezuela.svg ونزوئلا – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A کشور عضو A ندارد Venezuela is a فدراسیون of ایالت‌های ونزوئلا.
Flag of Vietnam.svg ویتنام – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Yemen.svg یمن – Republic of Yemen A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Zambia.svg زامبیا – Republic of Zambia A کشور عضو A ندارد
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg زیمباوه – Republic of Zimbabwe A کشور عضو A ندارد
ZZZ↑ |کشورهای عضو و یا کشور ناظر ↑ A ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZ↓ سایر کشورها ↓ D AAA ZZZ
Flag of Abkhazia.svg آبخاز – Republic of Abkhazia غیر عضو B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela,[۳۹] Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria.[۴۰] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg جزایر کوک عضو هفت سازمان تخصصی A ندارد A state in free association with New Zealand, the Cook Islands has relations with 41 other states. The Cook Islands is a member of سازمان‌های تخصصی سازمان ملل متحد with full treaty making capacity.[۲۸] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
Flag of Kosovo.svg کوزوو – Republic of Kosovo عضو دو سازمان تخصصی B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Kosovo unilaterally declared independence in 2008 and it has 107. Pursuant to قطعنامه ۱۲۴۴ شورای امنیت, Kosovo is formally under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other کشور عضوs and non continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the صندوق بین‌المللی پول and the گروه بانک جهانی. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg قره‌باغ – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic غیر عضو B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state,[۴۱][۴۲][۴۳] recognised only by آبخاز,[۴۴] اوستیای جنوبی[۴۴] and ترانس‌نیستریا.[۴۴][۴۵] Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[۴۶]
Flag of Niue.svg نیووی D عضو پنج سازمان تخصصی A ندارد A state in free association with New Zealand, Niue has relations with nine other states. Niue is a member of سازمان‌های تخصصی سازمان ملل متحد with full treaty making capacity.[۲۸] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg جمهوری ترک قبرس شمالی – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D غیر عضو Claimed by قبرس Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the سازمان همکاری اسلامی and the سازمان اکو. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[۴۷]
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg جمهوری دموکراتیک صحرای غربی D غیر عضو B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Recognised at some stage by 84 UN member states of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the اتحادیه آفریقا and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 کنفرانس باندونگ. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of صحرای غربی to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in تندوف, Algeria.
Flag of Somaliland.svg سومالی‌لند – Republic of Somaliland D غیر عضو B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state,[۴۱][۴۸][۴۹][۵۰][۵۱] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.[۵۲]
Flag of South Ossetia.svg اوستیای جنوبی – Republic of South Ossetia D غیر عضو B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state,[۵۳] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela,[۳۹] Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and Transnistria.[۴۰] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[۵۴]
Flag of the Republic of China.svg جمهوری چین – Republic of China[Note ۱۳] D ناظر یک سازمان تخصصی تحت عنوان چین تایپه B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A state competing for recognition with the جمهوری خلق چین as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of تایوان and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands,[Note ۲۶] and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the سرزمین اصلی چین.[۵۵] The Republic of China is recognised by china. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[Note ۱۵] The Republic of China participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the سازمان تجارت جهانی it has full membership. The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the شورای امنیت سازمان ملل متحد. See China and the United Nations.
Flag of Transnistria.svg ترانسنیستریا – Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic D غیر عضو B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state,[۴۱] recognised only by Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and South Ossetia.[۴۰] Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.[۵۶]
ZZZ↑ سایر کشورها ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ
وضعیت عضویت در سازمان ملل

     کشورهای عضو      کشورهای ناظر      عضو سازمان‌های تخصصی      ناظر سازمان‌های تخصصی      غیر عضو

وضعیت استقلال

     استقلال بدون اختلاف      استقلال مورد اختلاف

پانویس[ویرایش]

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  14. Source: Iraqi constitution
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  18. Bell, Abraham (28 January 2008). "International Law and Gaza: The Assault on Israel's Right to Self-Defense". Jerusalem Issue Brief, Vol. 7, No. 29. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
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  28. ۲۸٫۰ ۲۸٫۱ ۲۸٫۲ http://untreaty.un.org/cod/repertory/art102/english/rep_supp8_vol6-art102_e_advance.pdf
  29. Constitution of Pakistan, Art. 1.
  30. Aslam, Tasnim (11 December 2006). "'Pakistan Does Not Claim Kashmir As An Integral Part...'". Outlook India (The Outlook Group). 
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  34. See the following on statehood criteria:
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  44. ۴۴٫۰ ۴۴٫۱ ۴۴٫۲ Вице-спикер парламента Абхазии: Выборы в НКР соответствуют всем международным стандартам: "Абхазия, Южная Осетия, НКР и Приднестровье уже давно признали независимость друг друга и очень тесно сотрудничают между собой", – сказал вице-спикер парламента Абхазии. ... "...Абхазия признала независимость Нагорно-Карабахской Республики..." – сказал он."
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  47. See The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
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  49. International Crisis Group (23 May 2006). "Somaliland: Time for African Union leadership". Africa Report (110): 10–13. Retrieved 2011-04-19 
  50. Mesfin, Berouk (September 2009). "The political development of Somaliland and its conflict with Puntland". ISS Paper (Institute for Security Studies) (200): 8. Retrieved 2011-04-19 
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  52. See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  53. Jansen, Dinah (2009). "The Conflict between Self-Determination and Territorial Integrity: the South Ossetian Paradigm". Geopolitics vs. Global Governance: Reinterpreting International Security (Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, University of Dalhousie): 222–242. ISBN 978-1-896440-61-3 
  54. "Russia condemned for recognizing rebel regions". CNN.com (Cable News Network). 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
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  56. 'See Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. This column indicates whether or not a state is a member of the سازمان ملل متحد.[۱] It also indicates which non-member states participate in the نظام سازمان ملل متحد through membership in the آژانس بین‌المللی انرژی اتمی or one of the سازمان‌های تخصصی سازمان ملل متحد. All United Nations members belong to at least one specialized agency and are parties to the statute of the دیوان بین‌المللی دادگستری.
  2. This column indicates whether or not a state is the subject of a major sovereignty dispute. Only states whose entire sovereignty is disputed by another state are listed.
  3. ۳٫۰۰ ۳٫۰۱ ۳٫۰۲ ۳٫۰۳ ۳٫۰۴ ۳٫۰۵ ۳٫۰۶ ۳٫۰۷ ۳٫۰۸ ۳٫۰۹ ۳٫۱۰ ۳٫۱۱ ۳٫۱۲ ۳٫۱۳ ۳٫۱۴ ۳٫۱۵ ۳٫۱۶ ۳٫۱۷ ۳٫۱۸ ۳٫۱۹ ۳٫۲۰ ۳٫۲۱ ۳٫۲۲ ۳٫۲۳ ۳٫۲۴ ۳٫۲۵ ۳٫۲۶ ۳٫۲۷ ۳٫۲۸ The member states of the اتحادیه اروپا have transferred part of their sovereignty in the form of legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU, which is an example of supranational union. The EU has 28 member states.[۷]
  4. Information is included on:
  5. ۵٫۰۰ ۵٫۰۱ ۵٫۰۲ ۵٫۰۳ ۵٫۰۴ ۵٫۰۵ ۵٫۰۶ ۵٫۰۷ ۵٫۰۸ ۵٫۰۹ ۵٫۱۰ ۵٫۱۱ ۵٫۱۲ ۵٫۱۳ ۵٫۱۴ ۵٫۱۵ Commonwealth realms are members of the اتحادیه کشورهای همسود in which the head of state is Queen الیزابت دوم. The realms are sovereign states; see قلمروی همسود.
  6. ۶٫۰۰ ۶٫۰۱ ۶٫۰۲ ۶٫۰۳ ۶٫۰۴ ۶٫۰۵ ۶٫۰۶ ۶٫۰۷ ۶٫۰۸ ۶٫۰۹ ۶٫۱۰ ۶٫۱۱ ۶٫۱۲ ۶٫۱۳ ۶٫۱۴ ۶٫۱۵ ۶٫۱۶ ۶٫۱۷ ۶٫۱۸ ۶٫۱۹ ۶٫۲۰ ۶٫۲۱ ۶٫۲۲ For more information on divisions with a high degree of autonomy, see the List of autonomous areas by country.
  7. The Argentine Constitution (Art. 35) recognises the following denominations for Argentina: "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata", "Argentine Republic" and "Argentine Confederation"; furthermore, it establishes the usage of "Argentine Nation" for purposes of legislation.
  8. Formerly referred to as داهومی, its official name until 1975.
  9. For more information about the division of Bosnia and Herzegovina, see Dayton Agreement and the text of The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (14 December 1995). Office of the High Representative. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
  10. Also known as Burkina; formerly referred to as Upper Volta, its official name until 1984.
  11. Burma's official short form name as used by the United Nations is "Myanmar". The government changed the state's official name in English from "Union of Myanmar" to "Republic of the Union of Myanmar" in October 2010.
  12. The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: نام کانادا و تاریخ آن, Dominion.
  13. ۱۳٫۰ ۱۳٫۱ The جمهوری خلق چین (PRC) is commonly referred to as "China", while the تایوان (ROC) is commonly referred to as "Taiwan". The ROC is also occasionally known diplomatically as Chinese Taipei, along with other names.
  14. See also Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and روابط خارجی چین.
  15. ۱۵٫۰ ۱۵٫۱ In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the کومینتانگ (KMT) lost the جنگ داخلی چین to the حزب کمونیست چین (CPC) and set up a provisional capital in تایپه. The CPC established the PRC. As such, the وضعیت سیاسی تایوان of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the United Nations gave the China seat to the PRC and the ROC withdrew from the UN. Most states recognise the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN classifies Taiwan as "Taiwan, Province of China". The ROC has de facto relations with most sovereign states. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence.
  16. ۱۶٫۰ ۱۶٫۱ ۱۶٫۲ More information on more or less فدراسیون structures can be found at a فدراسیون.
  17. Also known as Congo-Kinshasa. Formerly referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997.
  18. Also known as Congo-Brazzaville.
  19. A simpler official short-form name has been encouraged by the Czech government: the English variant Czechia remains uncommon, but variants in Czech (Česko) and some other languages are more popular. See Name of the Czech Republic
  20. The government of East Timor uses "Timor-Leste" as the English translation.
  21. جزایر الند was demilitarised by the معاهده پاریس (۱۸۵۶) in 1856, which was later affirmed by the جامعه ملل in 1921, and in a somewhat different context reaffirmed in the treaty on Finland's admission to the European Union in 1995.
  22. Also known as Guinea-Conakry.
  23. The Irish state is often referred to as the Republic of Ireland (its official description but not its name). Sometimes this is done to distinguish the state from the جزیره ایرلند as a whole. However, sometimes it is done for political reasons and is contentious.
  24. ۲۴٫۰ ۲۴٫۱ Both North Korea and South Korea claim to be the sole legitimate government of کشور کره. See also Foreign relations of North Korea and Foreign relations of South Korea.
  25. Sovereignty over کشمیر is disputed between India and Pakistan; smaller parts are disputed by the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China. Kashmir is divided between India, Pakistan and the PRC. See the List of territorial disputes.
  26. The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by جمهوری خلق چین, تایوان, ویتنام, and in part by Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Except for Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes).