خاورمیانه بزرگ

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
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  تعریف رایج از خاورمیانه
  تعریف گروه ۸ از خاورمیانه بزرگ
  حوزه هایی که گاهی اوقات با خاورمیانه (ارتباطات اجتماعی و سیاسی) مرتبط است

خاورمیانه بزرگ یک اصطلاح سیاسی است که توسط دولت بوش ابداع گردید.[۱] خاورمیانه بزرگ گاهی اوقات "خاورمیانه جدید" یا "طرح خاورمیانه بزرگ" خوانده می‌شود.

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. حایری, صفا (2004-03-03). "Concocting a 'Greater Middle East' brew". Asia Times. Retrieved 2008-08-21.

  Orientalist definition of the Middle East
  Greater Middle East (An area of common religion currently undergoing major political re-alignment)
  Areas sometimes associated with the Middle East (Common socio-cultural connections)

The Greater Middle East, also known as MENA (the Middle East and North Africa), is a political term, introduced in the early 2000s, denoting a set of contiguously connected countries stretching from Morocco in the west all the way to Pakistan in South Asia.[1] Various countries of Central Asia and the Caucasus are sometimes also grouped together with countries from the Middle East and North Africa. According to Andrew Bacevich in his book America's war for the Greater Middle East (2016), the career soldier and Professor Emeritus at Boston University states that this region is the theatre for a series of conflicts dating back to 1980, which heralded the start of the Iran–Iraq War. Since then, the U.S. has been involved in balancing conflicts amongst these culturally interconnected nations in order to further its interests in the region. The Greater Middle East is sometimes referred to as the "New Middle East"[2][3] or "The Great Middle East Project".[4][5]

This term was more clearly defined to denote a specific region in the U.S. administration's preparatory work for the G8 summit of 2004[6] as part of a proposal for sweeping change in the way the West deals with the Middle East.

Former U.S. National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski stated that a "political awakening" is taking place in this region which may be an indicator of the multi-polar world that is now developing. He alluded to the Greater Middle East as the "Global Balkans", and as a control lever on an area he refers to as Eurasia.[7]

Countries and territories

Countries sometimes included

See also

References

  1. ^ Ottaway, Marina & Carothers, Thomas (2004-03-29), The Greater Middle East Initiative: Off to a False Start, Policy Brief, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 29, Pages 1–7
  2. ^ Kamal, Baher (14 December 2015). "Silence, Please! A New Middle East Is in the Making". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  3. ^ Yadgar, Yaacov (July 2016). "A Myth of Peace: 'The Vision of the New Middle East' and Its Transformations in the Israeli Political and Public Spheres". Journal of Peace Research. 43 (3): 297–312. doi:10.1177/0022343306063933.
  4. ^ “Great Middle East Project” Conference by Prof. Dr. Mahir Kaynak and Ast.Prof. Dr. Emin Gürses in SAU
  5. ^ Turkish Emek Political Parties
  6. ^ Perthes, V., 2004, America's "Greater Middle East" and Europe: Key Issues for Dialogue Archived 15 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Middle East Policy, Volume XI, No.3, Pages 85–97.
  7. ^ Zbigniew Brzezinski, "The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geo-strategic Imperatives"[page needed] Cited in (Nazemroaya, 2006).

External links