حامل پرچم

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حاملِ پرچم (به انگلیسی: Flag carrier) به آن دسته از شرکت‌های ترابری نظیر شرکت‌های هواپیمایی یا کشتی‌رانی گفته می‌شود که به صورت محلی در یک کشور خاص به ثبت رسیده‌باشند و برای انجام عملیات بین‌المللی خود از حقوق و مزایای ویژهٔ دولتی استفاده کنند. این شرکت‌ها و سازمان‌ها ممکن است دولتی، یا در مالکیت دولت، یا خصوصی و تعیین‌شده از طرف دولت باشند. از این شرکت‌ها گاه به‌عنوان سازمان‌ها و موسسه‌های ملی نیز نام برده می‌شود.

فهرست شرکت‌های هواپیمایی حامل پرچم[edit]

شرکت‌های هواپیمایی در جدول زیر «حامل پرچم» به‌شمار می‌روند. این شرکت‌ها ممکن است در مالکیت دولت بوده یا حامل پرچم بودن آن‌ها از طرف دولت مقرر شده‌باشد.

کشور شرکت هواپیمایی جزئیات مالکیت دولتی کنونی جزئیات مالکیت دولتی پیشین
 افغانستان هواپیمایی آریانا[۱] اکثریت[۲]
 آلبانی ایر آلبانیا[۳]
 الجزایر هواپیمایی الجزایر[۴] مالکیت دولتی[۵]
 آنگولا تاگ آنگولا ایرلاینز[۶] اکثریت[۷]
 آرژانتین ارولینیاس آرژانتیناس[۸] مالکیت دولتی[۸]
 استرالیا کانتاس[۹] ندارد مالکیت دولتی تا سال ۱۹۹۲ میلادی[۱۰]
 اتریش آسترین ایرلاینز[۱۱] ندارد – در مالکیت لوفت‌هانزا تا ۵ دسامبر ۲۰۰۸ در مالکیت دولتی بود.[۱۲]
 جمهوری آذربایجان آذربایجان ایرلاینز[۱۳]
 باهاما باهاماس‌ایر[۱۴] مالکیت دولتی
 بحرین گلف ایر[۱۵]
 بنگلادش بیمان بنگلادش ایرلاینز[۱۶] شرکت عمومی مالکیت دولتی تا ۲۳ ژوئیه ۲۰۰۷
 بلاروس بلاویا[۱۷] مالکیت دولتی[۱۸]
Flag of Belgium.svg بلژیک بروکسل ایرلاینز[۱۹] ندارد – در مالکیت لوفت‌هانزا[۲۰]
 پادشاهی بوتان دروک ایر[۲۱] ندارد
 بولیوی بولیویانا دو اویاسیون[۲۲] مالکیت دولتی[۲۳]
 بوتسوانا ایر بوتسوانا مالکیت دولتی
 برونئی رویال برونئی[۲۴] مالکیت دولتی[۲۴]
 بلغارستان بلغاریا ایر[۲۵] مالکیت دولتی حداقل (۰٫۰۱٪)[۲۶]
 بورکینافاسو ایر بورکینا
 بوروندی ایر بوروندی مالکیت دولتی
 کامبوج کامبوج انگکور ایر[۲۷] اکثریت (۵۱٪)[۲۸]
 کامرون کام‌ایر-کو[۲۹]
 کانادا ایر کانادا[۳۰] ندارد مالکیت دولتی تا ۱۹۸۹.[۳۱]
 کیپ ورد تی‌ای‌سی‌وی[۳۲]
 جزایر کیمن Cayman Airways مالکیت دولتی (۱۰۰٪)[۳۳]
 چاد Chadian Airlines[۳۴] اکثریت (۵۱٪)[۳۴]
 شیلی لان ایرلاینز[۳۵][۳۶] ندارد مالکیت دولتی تا سپتامبر ۱۹۸۹.[۳۷]
 چین ایر چاینا[۳۸] اکثریت (۵۱٫۷٪), که در آن:[۳۹]
  • ۴۰٫۹۸٪ از طریق CNAHC (۱۰۰٪ مالکیت دولتی)
  • ۱۰٫۷۲٪ از طریق CNACG (۱۰۰٪ در مالکیت CNAHC)
مالکیت دولتی تا ۲۰۰۴.[۴۰]
 کلمبیا اویانکا[۴۱] ندارد
 کرواسی هواپیمایی کرواسی[۴۲] اکثریت (۹۸٪)[۴۳]
 کوبا هواپیمایی کوبا[۴۴]
 جمهوری چک چک ایرلاینز[۴۵] ندارد[۴۵]
 جمهوری دموکراتیک کنگو کنگو ایرویز[۴۶] مالکیت دولتی[۴۶]
 دانمارک هواپیمایی اسکاندیناوی[۴۷] سرمایه‌گذاری مشترک
 نروژ
 سوئد
 جیبوتی ایر جیبوتی[۴۸]
 اکوادور تی‌ای‌ام‌ئی[۴۹] مالکیت دولتی[۵۰]
 مصر اجیپت‌ایر[۵۱] مالکیت دولتی[۵۲]
 گینه استوایی اکواتو گینه
 اریتره اریترین ایرلاینز مالکیت دولتی
 استونی نوردیکا[۵۳] مالکیت دولتی[۵۴]
 اتیوپی هواپیمایی اتیوپی[۳۴] مالکیت دولتی[۵۵]
 جزایر فارو آتلانتیک ایرویز[۵۶]
 فیجی فیجی ایرویز[۵۷] اکثریت (۵۱٪)[۵۸]
 فنلاند فن‌ایر[۵۹] اکثریت (۵۵٫۸٪)[۶۰]
 فرانسه ایر فرانس[۶۱] سهم ۱۸٪[۶۲]
 پلی‌نزی فرانسه ایر تاهیتی نوی[۶۳] اکثریت[۶۴]
 گرجستان جورجین ایرویز ندارد
 آلمان لوفت‌هانزا[۶۵] ندارد مالکیت دولتی تا ۱۹۹۴
 یونان اجین ایرلاینز[۶۶]
 گرینلند ایر گرینلند[۶۷]
 گرنزی اورینگی ایر سرویسز[۶۸] مالکیت دولتی[۶۹]
 گویان کاریبین ایرلاینز[۷۰] ندارد
 هنگ کنگ کاتای پاسیفیک[۷۱] ندارد
 ایسلند ایسلندایر[۷۲]
 هند ایر ایندیا[۷۳] مالکیت دولتی[۷۳]
 اندونزی گارودا ایندونزیا[۷۴] اکثریت
 جمهوری ایرلند ایر لینگاس[۷۵] ندارد- در مالکیت اینترنشنال ایرلاینز گروپ مالکیت دولتی تا سپتامبر ۲۰۰۶.[۷۶][۷۷]
 ایران ایران ایر[۷۸] مالکیت دولتی[۷۹]
 عراق هواپیمایی عراق[۸۰]
 اسرائیل ال عال[۸۱] اقلیت (حدود ۱٫۱٪)[۸۲] مالکیت دولتی تا ژوئن ۲۰۰۴
 ایتالیا آلیتالیا[۸۳] اقلیت (۱۹٫۴۸٪)[۸۴] مالکیت دولتی تا ۲۰۰۸ میلادی[۸۵][۸۶]
 ساحل عاج ایر ساحل عاج[۸۷] اقلیت (۴۹٪)
 جامائیکا کاریبین ایرلاینز[۸۸] اقلیت (۱۶٪)
 ژاپن خطوط هوایی ژاپن[۸۹] ندارد مالکیت دولتی تا ۱۹۸۷.
 اردن الملکیه الاردنیه[۹۰]
 قزاقستان ایر آستانه[۹۱] اکثریت (۵۱٪)[۹۲]
 کنیا کنیا ایرویز[۹۳] اقلیت (۲۹٫۸٪)[۹۴]
 کیریباتی ایر کیریباتی
 کویت کویت ایرویز[۹۵] مالکیت دولتی[۹۶]
 لائوس لائو ایرلاینز[۹۷] مالکیت دولتی[۹۸]
 لتونی ایربالتیک[۹۹] اکثریت (۹۹٫۸٪)[۱۰۰]
 لبنان هواپیمایی خاورمیانه[۱۰۱]
 لیبی افریقیه ایرویز[۱۰۲] مالکیت دولتی[۱۰۳]
هواپیمایی لیبی[۱۰۴] مالکیت دولتی[۱۰۴]
 لوکزامبورگ لوکزایر[۱۰۵] اکثریت (۷۳٫۸۶٪)[۱۰۶]
 ماکائو ایر ماکائو[۱۰۷] اقلیت (۵٪)
 ماداگاسکار ایر ماداگاسکار[۱۰۸] اکثریت
 مالاوی مالاوین ایرلاینز[۱۰۹] اکثریت (۵۱٪)[۱۰۹]
 مالزی مالزی ایرلاینز[۱۱۰] مالکیت دولتی (۱۰۰٪) از طریق خزانه ناسیونال[۱۱۱]
 مالدیو مالدیوین (شرکت هواپیمایی)
 مالت ایر مالتا[۱۱۲] اکثریت[۱۱۳]
 موریتانی موریتانی ایرلاینز اینترنشنال[۱۱۴]
 موریس ایر موریشوس[۱۱۵]
 مکزیک آئرومکزیکو[۱۱۶] ندارد مالکیت دولتی تا ۲۰۰۷.
 مولداوی ایر مولداوا[۱۱۷]
 مغولستان میات مونگولین ایرلاینز[۱۱۸] مالکیت دولتی[۱۱۹]
 مونته‌نگرو مونته‌نگرو ایرلاینز[۱۲۰]
 مراکش هواپیمایی پادشاهی مراکش[۱۲۱] مالکیت دولتی
 موزامبیک LAM Mozambique Airlines[۱۲۲] مالکیت دولتی
 میانمار میانمار نشنال ایرلاینز[۱۲۳] مالکیت دولتی[۱۲۴]
 نامیبیا ایر نامیبیا[۱۲۵] مالکیت دولتی (۱۰۰٪)[۱۲۶]
 نائورو اور ایرلاین[۱۲۷] مالکیت دولتی[۱۲۷]
 نپال نپال ایرلاینز[۱۲۸] مالکیت دولتی
 هلند کاال‌ام[۱۲۹] اقلیت (۶٪)[۱۳۰]
 نیوزیلند ایر نیوزیلند[۱۳۱] اکثریت (۵۳٪)[۱۳۲]
 کره شمالی ایر کریو[۱۳۳] مالکیت دولتی[۱۳۴]
 عمان عمان ایر[۱۳۵] اکثریت[۱۳۶]
 پاکستان هواپیمایی بین‌المللی پاکستان[۱۳۷] مالکیت دولتی[۱۳۸]
 پاناما کوپا ایرلاینز[۱۳۹] ندارد
 پاپوآ گینه نو ایر نیوگینی[۱۴۰]
 فیلیپین فیلیپین ایرلاینز[۱۴۱]
 لهستان لوت پولیش ایرلاینز[۱۴۲] اکثریت (۹۳٪)[۱۴۳]
 پرتغال تاپ پرتغال[۱۴۴] اکثریت (۵۰٪)[۱۴۵]
 قطر هواپیمایی قطر مالکیت دولتی
 جمهوری کنگو اکواتوریال کنگو ایرلاینز[۱۴۶] اکثریت (۷۰٪)[نیازمند منبع]
 رئونیون ایر استرال[۱۴۷]
 رومانی تاروم[۱۴۸] اکثریت (۹۵٪)[۱۴۹]
 روسیه آئروفلوت[۱۵۰] اکثریت (۵۱٪)[۱۵۱]
 رواندا رواندایر[۱۵۲] مالکیت دولتی[۱۵۲]
 سنت وینسنت و گرنادین‌ها اس‌وی‌جی ایر
 ساموآ پولینیژن ایرلاینز[۱۵۳] مالکیت دولتی[۱۵۴]
 سائوتومه و پرنسیپ اس‌تی‌پی ایرویز ندارد
 عربستان سعودی هواپیمایی سعودی[۱۵۵] اکثریت
 سنگال Air Senegal[۱۵۶]
 صربستان ایر صربیا[۱۵۷] اکثریت (۵۱٪)[۱۵۸]
 سیشل ایر سیشل[۱۵۹] ندارد
 جزایر سلیمان سلیمان ایرلاینز[۱۶۰] مالکیت دولتی (۱۰۰٪)[۱۶۱]
 سیرالئون آریک ایر ندارد
 سنگاپور سنگاپور ایرلاینز[۱۶۲] ۵۴. از طریق تماسک[۱۶۳]
 اسلوونی آدریا ایرویز[۱۶۴] ندارد[۱۶۴]
 آفریقای جنوبی هواپیمایی آفریقای جنوبی[۱۶۵] مالکیت دولتی[۱۶۶]
 کره جنوبی کورین ایر[۱۶۷] ندارد[۱۶۸]
 اسپانیا ایبریا ایرلاین[۱۶۹] اقلیت (5٪)[۱۷۰]
 سری‌لانکا سریلانکان ایرلاینز[۱۷۱] مالکیت دولتی[۱۷۲]
 سودان سودان ایرویز مالکیت دولتی[۱۷۳]
 سورینام سورینام ایرویز[۱۷۴] مالکیت دولتی[۱۷۵]
 اسواتینی سوازیلند ایرلینک سرمایه‌گذاری مشترک
 سوئیس سوئیس اینترنشنال ایرلاینز[۱۷۶] ندارد – در مالکیت لوفت‌هانزا[۱۷۷]
 سوریه هواپیمایی سوریه[۱۷۸] مالکیت دولتی
 تایوان چاینا ایرلاینز[۱۷۹] ندارد
 تاجیکستان تاجیک ایر[۱۸۰] مالکیت دولتی
 تانزانیا ایر تانزانیا مالکیت دولتی
 تایلند تای ایرویز اینترنشنال[۱۸۱] اکثریت (۵۱٪)
 ترینیداد و توباگو کاریبین ایرلاینز[۱۸۲] اکثریت (۸۴٪)[۱۸۳]
 تونس تونس ایر[۱۸۴] اکثریت[۱۸۴]
 ترکیه ترکیش ایرلاینز[۱۸۵] اقلیت (۴۹٪)
 ترکمنستان هواپیمایی ترکمنستان[۱۸۶] مالکیت دولتی
 اوگاندا Uganda Airlines[۱۸۷]
 اوکراین هواپیمایی بین‌المللی اوکراین[۱۸۸]
 امارات متحده عربی هواپیمایی اتحاد[۱۸۹] مالکیت دولتی[۱۹۰]
هواپیمایی امارات[۱۹۱] مالکیت دولتی
 بریتانیا بریتیش ایرویز[۱۹۲] ندارد مالکیت دولتی تا ۱۹۸۷.[۱۹۳]
 ازبکستان ازبکستان ایرویز[۱۹۴] اکثریت
 ویتنام ویتنام ایرلاینز[۱۹۵] اکثریت (۸۶٫۲٪)[۱۹۵]
 وانواتو ایر وانواتو[۱۹۶]
 یمن یمنیه[۱۹۷] اکثریت
 زیمبابوه ایر زیمبابوه[۱۹۸] مالکیت دولتی[۱۹۸]

پانویس[edit]

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