بازیگری متد

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
نقش‌آفرینی مارلون براندو در فیلم اتوبوسی به نام هوس (۱۹۵۱) ساختهٔ الیا کازان نمایان‌گر قدرت بازیگری مبتنی بر استانیسلاوسکی در سینما است.[۱]

بازیگری همزادپنداری یا مِتُد (انگلیسی: Method acting) طیفی از تکنیک‌های آموزشی و تمرینی است که توسط شماری از متخصصان مختلف تئاتر فرموله شده‌است. این طیف از طریق همزادپنداری همراه با فهمیدن و تجربه‌کردن انگیزه و احساسات درونی یک شخصیت، به دنبال پروراندن نقش‌آفرینی صمیمانه و رسا است.[۲][۳] این تکنیک‌ها بر اساس سیستم استانیسلاوسکی ساخته شده‌اند و توسط بازیگر و کارگردان روسی کنستانتین استانیسلاوسکی توسعه یافته‌است. در کتاب‌های استانیسلاوسکی: یک بازیگر آماده می‌شود، ساختن یک کاراکتر و ایجاد یک نقش از این تکنیک توضیح داده شده‌است.[۴]

در میان کسانی که در توسعهٔ این روش مشارکت داشته‌اند، سه معلم با «تعیین معیار موفقیت آن» مرتبط هستند که هر کدام بر جنبه‌های مختلف این رویکرد تأکید دارند؛ لی استراسبرگ (جنبه‌های روان‌شناختی)، استلا ادلر (جنبه‌های جامعه‌شناختی) و سنفورد مایزنر (جنبه‌های رفتاری).[۵] این رویکردها اولین بار زمانی که آن‌ها در گروه تئاتر نیویورک و بعداً در اکتورز استودیو با هم کار می‌کردند، توسعه یافت.[۴]

فهرست بازیگران متد[ویرایش]

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