اکسید کبالت (II, III)

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
(تغییرمسیر از اکسید کبالت (II، III))
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish
Cobalt(II,III) oxide[۱]
Cobalt(II,III) oxide
Ball-and-stick model of the unit cell of Co3O4
شناساگرها
شماره ثبت سی‌ای‌اس 1308-06-1 ✔Y
پاب‌کم 11651651
کم‌اسپایدر 9826389 ✔Y
شمارهٔ آرتی‌ئی‌سی‌اس GG2500000
جی‌مول-تصاویر سه بعدی Image 1
خصوصیات
فرمول مولکولی Co3O4

CoO.Co2O3

جرم مولی 240.80 g mol−1
شکل ظاهری black solid
چگالی 6.11 g/cm3
دمای ذوب 895 °C
دمای جوش
‎900 °C (decomposes)
انحلال‌پذیری در آب Insoluble
انحلال‌پذیری soluble in اسید and قلیایی
خطرات
کدهای ایمنی R40 R۴۱ R۴۲ R۴۳
شماره‌های نگهداری S36/37
لوزی آتش
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., waterHealth code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroformReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
2
0
به استثنای جایی که اشاره شده‌است در غیر این صورت، داده‌ها برای مواد به وضعیت استانداردشان داده شده‌اند (در 25 °C (۷۷ °F)، ۱۰۰ kPa)
 ✔Y (بررسی) (چیست: ✔Y/N؟)
Infobox references

اکسید کبالت(II,III) (به انگلیسی: Cobalt(II,III) oxide) یک ترکیب شیمیایی با شناسه پاب‌کم ۱۱۶۵۱۶۵۱ است. که جرم مولی آن 240.80 g mol−۱ می‌باشد. شکل ظاهری این ترکیب، جامد سیاه است.

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  • «IUPAC GOLD BOOK». دریافت‌شده در ۱۸ مارس ۲۰۱۲.


Cobalt(II,III) oxide[1]
Cobalt(II,III) oxide
Ball-and-stick model of the unit cell of Co3O4
Names
IUPAC name
cobalt(II) dicobalt(III) oxide
Other names
cobalt oxide, cobalt(II,III) oxide, cobaltosic oxide, tricobalt tetroxide
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.013.780
RTECS number
  • GG2500000
Properties
Co3O4

CoO.Co2O3

Molar mass 240.80 g/mol
Appearance black solid
Density 6.11 g/cm3
Melting point 895 °C (1,643 °F; 1,168 K)
Boiling point 900 °C (1,650 °F; 1,170 K) (decomposes)
Insoluble
Solubility soluble in acids and alkalis
+7380·10−6 cm3/mol
Structure
cubic
Hazards
R-phrases (outdated) R40 R41 R42 R43
S-phrases (outdated) S36/37
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g. waterHealth code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g. chloroformReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g. liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
2
0
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references

Cobalt(II,III) oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula Co3O4. It is one of two well characterized cobalt oxides. It is a black antiferromagnetic solid. As a mixed valence compound, its formula is sometimes written as CoIICoIII2O4 and sometimes as CoO•Co2O3.[2]

Structure

Co3O4 adopts the normal spinel structure, with Co2+ ions in tetrahedral interstices and Co3+ ions in the octahedral interstices of the cubic close-packed lattice of oxide anions.[2]

Cobalt(II,III)-oxide-xtal-2006-Co(II)-coord-CM-3D-balls.png
Cobalt(II,III)-oxide-xtal-2006-Co(III)-coord-CM-3D-balls.png
Cobalt(II,III)-oxide-xtal-2006-O-coord-CM-3D-balls.png
tetrahedral coordination geometry of Co(II) distorted octahedral coordination geometry of Co(III) distorted tetrahedral coordination geometry of O

Synthesis

Cobalt(II) oxide, CoO, converts to Co3O4 upon heating at around 600–700 °C in air.[2] Above 900 °C, CoO is stable.[2][3] These reaction are described by the following equilibrium:

2 Co3O4 ⇌ 6 CoO + O2

Applications

Cobalt(II,III) oxide is used as a blue coloring agent for pottery enamel and glass, as an alternative to cobalt(II) oxide.[4]

Cobalt(II,III) oxide is used as an electrode in some lithium-ion batteries, possibly in the form of cobalt oxide nanoparticles.

Safety

Cobalt compounds are potentially poisonous in large amounts.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sigma-Aldrich product page
  2. ^ a b c d Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. p. 1118. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8.
  3. ^ Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. p. 1520.
  4. ^ Frank Hamer, Janet Hamer (2004): The Potter's Dictionary of Materials and Techniques. University of Pennsylvania Press; 437 pp. ISBN 0812238109
  5. ^ MSDS[permanent dead link]