خدانامهم‌دانی

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خدانامهم‌دانی، اپاتئیسم یا بی‌خدایی عمل‌گرا (به انگلیسی: apatheism)، به معنای بی‌اهمیت بودن و همچنین، بی‌تفاوت بودن، نسبت به وجود یا عدم وجودِ خداست.[۱]

اپاتئیست، کسی است که به پذیرش یا ردّ وجود و یا عدم وجود خدا، علاقه‌ای ندارد. از نظر اپاتئیسم، مسئله وجود خدا در زندگی روزمرّه انسان، بی‌اهمیت و نامربوط است؛ چرا که چندین سال بحث و گفتگو بر سر این مسئله، هرگز، نه وجود خدا را اثبات کرده‌است و نه عدم وجودش را.

ندانم‌گرایی عمل‌گرا (به انگلیسی: pragmatic agnosticism) نیز، تأیید می‌کند که هزاران سال بحث در مورد این مسئله، هیچ‌گاه نتوانسته است وجود یک خدا یا حتّی خدایان متعدّد را رد کند یا به اثبات برساند. این دیدگاه، نتیجه‌گیری می‌کند که حتّی در صورت وجود یک یا چند خدا، به نظر نمی‌رسد آن‌ها نسبت به سرنوشت بشر، علاقه‌ای داشته باشند. یک بی‌خدای عمل‌گرا، بر این باور است که اگر اثبات وجود خدا امکان‌پذیر باشد، رفتار آن‌ها تغییری نخواهد کرد. به‌طور مشابه اگر هم کسی، عدم وجود خدا را اثبات کند، این مسئله، هیچ تأثیری بر رفتار آن‌ها نخواهد گذاشت.[۱]

انواع خدانامهم‌دانی[ویرایش]

بی‌انگیزگی نسبت به ادیان[ویرایش]

بی تفاوتی[ویرایش]

دفع عقاید مذهبی[ویرایش]

من بی‌تاثیرم[ویرایش]

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ متن پیوند، ویکی‌پدیای انگلیسی.

Apatheism (/ˌæpəˈθɪzəm/;[citation needed] a portmanteau of apathy and theism) is the attitude of apathy towards the existence or non-existence of god(s). It is more of an attitude rather than a belief, claim, or belief system.[1][2]

An apatheist is someone who is not interested in accepting or rejecting any claims that gods exist or do not exist. The existence of god(s) is not rejected, but may be designated irrelevant.[3]

Scientist and philosopher Ian von Hegner has argued that apatheism is an alternative to positions such as theism, atheism, and agnosticism, with implications that have been overlooked in modern philosophical discussions.[3] Philosopher Trevor Hedberg has called apatheism "uncharted territory in the philosophy of religion."[1]

Mindset

Apatheism considers the question of the existence or nonexistence of deities to be fundamentally irrelevant in every way that matters.[3] This position should not be understood as a skeptical position in a manner similar to that of, for example, atheists or agnostics who question the existence of deities or whether we can know anything about them.[4]

The existence of deities is not put aside for moral or epistemic reasons—for democratic or existential reasons, it is deemed unnecessary. This is a universalization of the fundamental democratic principle that there are no first- and second-class humans and that among other species or beings (including hypothetical deities or aliens elsewhere in the universe), human beings also are not second class. In this version, the existence of deities is thus not one of the so-called grand questions in life.[3]

History

The term apatheist was coined by Stuart D. Johnson to describe the attitudinal lack of interest in theism that "accompanies the shift from sacred to secular orientations in the contemporary world." [5]

Reasoning

Irrelevance

Apatheists may feel that even if there were a god/deity and the existence and legitimacy of them were proven, it would not make a difference to them for one reason or another, therefore, which one(s), if any, are real does not matter and any discussion about it is meaningless. This approach is similar to that of practical atheism.

Lack of interest

An apatheist may not have any interest in the god debate simply for lack of interest in the topic.[6]

Morality

This apatheistic argument states that morals do not come from god and that if a god exists, there would be no changes with regards to morality; therefore, a god's existence or non-existence is irrelevant.

Related views

Apathetic agnosticism

A view related to apatheism, apathetic agnosticism claims that no amount of debate can prove or disprove the existence of one or more deities, and if one or more deities exist, they do not appear to be concerned about the fate of humans. Therefore, their existence has little to no impact on personal human affairs and should be of little interest.[7][8]

Practical atheism

The view that one should live their life with disregard towards a god or gods. Practical atheism does not see the god question as irrelevant, in contrast to apatheism.[9][10]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Sean Phillips (November 7, 2013). "Apatheism: Should we care whether God exists?". nooga.com. Archived from the original on August 5, 2017. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
  2. ^ Austin Cline (July 16, 2017). "What Is an Apatheist?". ThoughtCo. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Von Hegner, Ian (July 29, 2016). "Gods and Dictatorships: A Defence of Heroical Apatheism". Science, Religion & Culture. 3 (1). doi:10.17582/journal.src/2016/3.1.31.48. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  4. ^ Jonathan Rauch (May 2003). "Let it Be". The Atlantic. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
  5. ^ Stuart D. Johnson "The Correctional Chaplaincy: Sociological Perspectives in a Time of Rapid Change,” Canadian Journal of Criminology and Corrections, 14, No. 2: 173.
  6. ^ Kimberly Winston (June 9, 2014). "Academic, activist or apatheist: What kind of unbeliever are you?". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  7. ^ John Tyrrell (1996). "Commentary on the Articles of Faith". Archived from the original on 2007-08-07. To believe in the existence of a god is an act of faith. To believe in the nonexistence of a god is likewise an act of faith. There is no verifiable evidence that there is a Supreme Being nor is there verifiable evidence there is not a Supreme Being. Faith is not knowledge. We can only state with assurance that we do not know.
  8. ^ Austin Cline (March 8, 2017). "Agnosticism for Beginners - Basic Facts About Agnosticism and Agnostics". ThoughtCo. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  9. ^ Zdybicka, Zofia J. (2005). "Atheism" (PDF). In Maryniarczyk, Andrzej (ed.). Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 1. Polish Thomas Aquinas Association. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
  10. ^ Austin Cline (July 2, 2017). "Definition of Practical Atheist". ThoughtCo. Retrieved October 14, 2018.

External links