فهرست قمرهای زحل

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
(تغییرمسیر از فهرست ماه‌های زحل)
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو

این صفحه فهرست ماه‌های طبیعی زحل است.

کلید

ماه یخی بزرگ

تیتان

Inuit group

گروه گالیک

گروه نورس


رتبه
Label
[note ۱]
نام
تلفظ (کلید) تصویر قطر (km)[note ۲]
فهرست اجرام منظومه شمسی بر پایه اندازه
(‎×۱۰15 کیلوگرم) [note ۳]
Semi-major axis (km) [note ۴]
Orbital period (روز)[note ۴][note ۵]
Inclination [note ۴][note ۶]
خروج از مرکز مداری
Position Discovery
year
[۱]
Discoverer
[۱]
0 S/2009 S/2009 S 1 PIA11665 moonlet in B Ring.jpg ≈ 0.3 <۰.۰۰۰۱ ≈ 117,000 ≈ 0.47 ≈ 0° ≈ 0 outer B Ring 2009 کاسینی-هویگنس[۸]
0 (moonlets) A noisy image showing a few bright dots marked by circles 0.04 to 0.4 (Earhart) <۰.۰۰۰۱ ≈ 130,000 ≈ 0.55 ≈ 0° ≈ 0 Three 1000 km bands within A Ring 2006 کاسینی-هویگنس
1 XVIII Pan Pan ˈpæn A bright fuzzy band (rings of Saturn) is running from the left to right. In the center a bright irregularity shaped body is superimposed on its upper edge. A narrow grayish band, which is a part of the main band, partially covers the body. 28.2 ± 2.6
(34×31×20)
۴.۹۵±۰.۷۵ 133,584 +۰.۵۷۵۰۵ 0.001° ۰.۰۰۰۰۳۵ in Encke Division 1990 M. Showalter
2 XXXV Daphnis Daphnis ˈdæfnɨs Two bright bands run from the left to right. In the narrow gap between them (Keeler gap), which has wavy edges, a small oblong object can be seen. 7.6 ± 1.6
(9×8×6)
۰.۰۸۴±۰.۰۱۲ 136,505 +۰.۵۹۴۰۸ ≈ 0° ≈ 0 in Keeler Gap 2005 کاسینی-هویگنس
3 XV Atlas Atlas ˈætləs An irregularly shaped body is half illuminated from the right. The terminator runs from the top to bottom. The body, which looks like a cone viewed from the vertex, is elongated in the direction perpendicular to the image. 30.2 ± 1.8
(41×35×19)
6.6 ± 0.045 137,670 +۰.۶۰۱۶۹ 0.003° 0.0012 outer A Ring shepherd 1980 وویجر ۲
4 XVI Prometheus Prometheus proʊˈmi:θi:əs An irregularly shaped oblong body is fully illuminated. It is elongated in the direction from the right to left. Its surface is covered by craters. There is valley at the top. 86.2 ± 5.4
(136×79×59)
159.5 ± 1.5 139,380 +۰.۶۱۲۹۹ 0.008° 0.0022 inner F Ring shepherd 1980 وویجر ۲
5 XVII Pandora Pandora pænˈdɔərə An irregularly shaped body is half illuminated from the bottom. The terminator runs from the left to right. The surface is covered by numerous craters. 81.4 ± 3.0
(104×81×64)
137.1 ± 1.9 141,720 +۰.۶۲۸۵۰ 0.050° 0.0042 outer F Ring Shepherd 1980 وویجر ۲
6a XI Epimetheus Epimetheus ˌɛpɨˈmi:θi:əs A fully illuminated irregular body, which has a shape remotely resembling a cube. One vertex with a large crater is at the right side of the image pointing towards the light source. The body's surface consists of ridges and valleys and is covered by craters. 116.2 ± 3.6
(130×114×106)
۵۲۶.۶±۰.۶ 151,422 +۰.۶۹۴۳۳ 0.335° 0.0098 co-orbital 1977 J. Fountain, and S. Larson
6b X Janus Janus ˈdʒeɪnəs An irregular body, whose outline looks like an approximate circle in this image. It is illuminated from the bottom-left. The terminator runs from the top-left to bottom-right. The surface is covered by craters. 179.0 ± 2.8
(203×185×153)
1,897.5 ± 0.6 151,472 +۰.۶۹۴۶۶ 0.165° 0.0068 co-orbital 1966 A. Dollfus
8 LIII Aegaeon Aegaeon i:ˈdʒi:ən There images of a ring's segment are stacked together from the right to left. They shows motion of a moon along the ring. ≈ 0.5 ~۰.۰۰۰۱ 167,500 +۰.۸۰۸۱۲ 0.001° 0.0002 G Ring moonlet 2008 کاسینی-هویگنس
9 I MimasMimas ˈmaɪməs A spherical body is half illuminated from the left. The terminator runs from the top to bottom in the vicinity of the right limb. A large crater with a central peak sits on the terminator slightly to the right and above the center of the body. It makes the body look like the Death Star. There are numerous smaller craters. 396.4 ± 0.8
(416×393×381)
37,493 ± 31 185,404 +۰.۹۴۲۴۲۲ 1.566° 0.0202   1789 ویلیام هرشل
10 XXXII Methone Methone mɨˈθoʊni: A dot in the glare of Saturn 3.2 ± 1.2 ~۰.۰۲ 194,440 +۱.۰۰۹۵۷ 0.007° 0.0001 Alkyonides 2004 کاسینی-هویگنس
11 XLIX Anthe Anthe ˈænθi: An animated image showing as a dot (right) moves around Saturn (left) outside the main rings (in the middle), which are viewed from a relatively low angle ≈ 1 ~۰.۰۰۷ 197,700 +۱.۰۳۶۵۰ 0.1° 0.001 Alkyonides 2007 کاسینی-هویگنس
12 XXXIII Pallene Pallene pəˈli:ni: A dot in the glare of Saturn 5.0 ± 1.2
(6×6×4)
~۰.۰۵ 212,280 +۱.۱۵۳۷۵ 0.181° 0.0040 Alkyonides 2004 کاسینی-هویگنس
13 II EnceladusEnceladus ɛnˈsɛlədəs A spherical body is half illuminated from the left. The terminator runs from the top to bottom in the vicinity of the right limb. In the center and at the top there are heavily cratered areas. The areas to the left and at the bottom have few craters and are intersected by lots of sinuous greenish grooves. The four prominent grooves at the bottom are Tiger stripes. 504.2 ± 0.4
(513×503×497)
108,022 ± 101 237,950 +۱.۳۷۰۲۱۸ 0.010° 0.0047 Generates the E ring 1789 ویلیام هرشل
14 III TethysTethys ˈti:θɨs A spherical heavily cratered body is illuminated from the bottom. The terminator runs from the left to right in the vicinity of the top limb. There is a wide curved graben running from the center of the body to the bottom. It is Ithaca Chasma. 1,062 ± 1.2
(1077×1057×1053)
617,049 ± 132 294,619 +۱.۸۸۷۸۰۲ 0.168° 0.0001   1684 جووانی دومنیکو کاسینی
14a XIII Telesto Telesto tɨˈlɛstoʊ A potato shaped body is illuminated from the right. The terminator runs from the top to bottom. There is a large crater at the bottom near the terminator. The body is elongated from the right to left. 24.8 ± 0.8
(33×24×20)
~9.41 294,619 +1.887802 1.158° 0.000 leading Tethys Trojan 1980 B. Smith, H. Reitsema, S. Larson, and J. Fountain
14b XIV Calypso Calypso kəˈlɪpsoʊ An oblong reddish body is seen in this low resolution image. 21.4 ± 1.4
(30×23×14)
~6.3 294,619 +۱.۸۸۷۸۰۲ 1.473° 0.000 trailing Tethys Trojan 1980 D. Pascu, P. Seidelmann, W. Baum, and D. Currie
17 IV DioneDione daɪˈoʊni: A spherical body is half illuminated from the right. The terminator is running from the top to bottom slightly to the left off the center. The central part of the body is smooth and has only a few craters. A heavily cratered terrain is near the right limb. A part of a large crater is intersected by the terminator in the lower-left corner. To the left of it there is a long crack running parallel to the terminator. 1,122.8 ± 0.8
(1128×1123×1119)
1,095,452 ± 168 377,396 +۲.۷۳۶۹۱۵ 0.002° 0.0022   1684 جووانی دومنیکو کاسینی
17a XII Helene Helene ˈhɛlɨni: An irregularly shaped body illuminated from the left. Its surface is covered by numerous impact craters. 35.2 ± 0.8
(43×38×26)
~۲۴.۴۶ 377,396 +۲.۷۳۶۹۱۵ 0.212° 0.0022 leading Dione Trojan 1980 P. Laques and J. Lecacheux
17b XXXIV Polydeuces Polydeuces ˌpɒliˈdju:si:z A small oblong body is barely resolved in this image. 2.6 ± 0.8
(3×2×1)
~۰.۰۳ 377,396 +۲.۷۳۶۹۱۵ 0.177° 0.0192 trailing Dione Trojan 2004 کاسینی-هویگنس
20 V RheaRhea ˈri:ə A spherical body is almost fully illuminated. The terminator is running near the top edge. The surface is covered by numerous craters. Two partially overlapping large craters can be seen above the center. One that is younger is above and to the right from the older one. 1,527.0 ± 1.2
(1530×1526×1525)
2,306,518 ± 353 527,108 +۴.۵۱۸۲۱۲ 0.327° ۰.۰۰۱۲۵۸   1672 جووانی دومنیکو کاسینی
21 VI TitanTitan ˈtaɪtən An orange spherical body is half illuminated from the right. The terminator is running from the top to bottom slightly to the left off the center. Both limb and terminator are fuzzy due to light scattering in the atmosphere. 5,151 134,520,000
± 20,000
1,221,930 +۱۵.۹۴۵۴۲ 0.3485° 0.0288   1655 کریستیان هویگنس
22 VII HyperionHyperion haɪˈpɪəriən An irregularly shaped oblong body is illuminated from the left. The terminator is near the right limb. The body is elongated in the top-bottom direction. The surface is punctured by numerous impact craters, which make it look like a sponge or cheese. 270 ± 8
(360×266×205)
5,620 ± 50 1,481,010 +۲۱.۲۷۶۶۱ 0.568° ۰.۱۲۳۰۰۶ in 4:3 resonance with Titan 1848 W. Bond
G. Bond
W. Lassell
23 VIII IapetusIapetus aɪˈæpɨtəs 1,468.6 ± 5.6
(1491×1491×1424)
1,805,635 ± 375 3,560,820 +79.3215 7.570° ۰.۰۲۸۶۱۳   1671 جووانی دومنیکو کاسینی
24 XXIV KiviuqKiviuq ˈkɪviək ≈ 16 ~۲.۷۹ 11,294,800 +448.16 49.087° 0.3288 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
25 XXII IjiraqIjiraq ˈi:.ɨrɒk ≈ 12 ~۱.۱۸ 11,355,316 +451.77 50.212° 0.3161 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
26 IX Phoebe ♣†Phoebe ˈfi:bi: An approximately spherical heavily cratered body is illuminated from the bottom-right. The terminator runs near the left and top limbs. There is huge crater at the top, which affects the shape, and another slightly smaller at the bottom. 213.0 ± 1.4
(219×217×204)
8,292 ± 10 12,869,700 −545.09 173.047° ۰.۱۵۶۲۴۲ Norse group 1899 W. Pickering
27 XX PaaliaqPaaliaq ˈpɑ:liɒk ≈ 22 ~۷.۲۵ 15,103,400 +692.98 46.151° 0.3631 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
28 XXVII SkathiSkathi ˈskɒði ≈ 8 ~۰.۳۵ 15,672,500 −732.52 149.084° 0.246 Norse (Skathi) Group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
29 XXVI AlbiorixAlbiorix ˌælbiˈɒrɪks ≈ 32 ~22.3 16,266,700 +774.58 38.042° 0.477 Gallic group 2000 M. Holman
30   S/2007AS/2007 S 2 ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 16,560,000 −792.96 176.68° 0.2418 Norse group 2007 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna, B. Marsden
31 XXXVII BebhionnBebhionn bɛˈvi:n, ˈvɪvi.ɒn ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 17,153,520 +838.77 40.484° 0.333 Gallic group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
32 XXVIII ErriapusErriapus ˌɛriˈæpəs ≈ 10 ~۰.۶۸ 17,236,900 +844.89 38.109° 0.4724 Gallic group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
33 XLVII SkollSkoll ˈskɒl, ˈskɜ:l ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 17,473,800 −862.37 155.624° 0.418 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
34 XXIX SiarnaqSiarnaq ˈsi:ɑrnək ≈ 40 ~43.5 17,776,600 +884.88 45.798° ۰.۲۴۹۶۱ Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
35 LII TarqeqTarqeq ˈtɑrkeɪk ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 17,910,600 +894.86 49.904° 0.1081 Inuit group 2007 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
36   S/2004BS/2004 S 13 ≈ 6 ~0.15 18,056,300 −905.85 167.379° 0.261 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
37 LI GreipGreip ˈɡreɪp ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 18,065,700 −906.56 172.666° 0.3735 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
38 XLIV HyrrokkinHyrrokkin hɪˈrɒkɨn ≈ 8 ~۰.۳۵ 18,168,300 −914.29 153.272° 0.3604 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
39 L JarnsaxaJarnsaxa jɑrnˈsæksə ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 18,556,900 −943.78 162.861° 0.1918 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
40 XXI TarvosTarvos ˈtɑrvɵs ≈ 15 ~2.3 18,562,800 +944.23 34.679° 0.5305 Gallic group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
41 XXV MundilfariMundilfari ˌmʊndəlˈvɛri ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 18,725,800 −956.70 169.378° 0.198 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
42   S/2006S/2006 S 1 ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 18,930,200 −972.41 154.232° 0.1303 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D.C. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
43   S/2004CS/2004 S 17 ≈ 4 ~۰.۰۵ 19,099,200 −985.45 166.881° 0.226 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
44 XXXVIII BergelmirBergelmir bɛərˈjɛlmɪər ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 19,104,000 −985.83 157.384° 0.152 Norse (Skathi) group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
45 XXXI NarviNarvi ˈnɑrvi ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 19,395,200 −1,008.45 137.292° 0.320 Norse (Narvi) group 2003 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
46 XXIII SuttungrSuttungr ˈsʊtʊŋɡər ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 19,579,000 −1,022.82 174.321° 0.131 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
47 XLIII HatiHati ˈhɑ:ti ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 19,709,300 −1,033.05 163.131° 0.291 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
48   S/2004AS/2004 S 12 ≈ 5 ~۰.۰۹ 19,905,900 −1,048.54 164.042° 0.396 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
49 XL FarbautiFarbauti fɑrˈbaʊti ≈ 5 ~۰.۰۹ 19,984,800 −1,054.78 158.361° 0.209 Norse (Skathi) group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
50 XXX ThrymrThrymr ˈθrɪmər ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 20,278,100 −1,078.09 174.524° 0.453 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
51 XXXVI AegirAegir ˈaɪ.ɪər ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 20,482,900 −1,094.46 167.425° 0.237 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
52   S/2007BS/2007 S 3 ≈ 5 ~۰.۰۹ 20,518,500 ≈ −1,100 177.22° 0.130 Norse group 2007 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
53 XXXIX BestlaBestla ˈbɛstlə ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 20,570,000 −1,101.45 147.395° 0.77 Norse (Narvi) group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
54   S/2007CS/2004 S 7 ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 20,576,700 −1,101.99 165.596° 0.5299 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
55   S/2006S/2006 S 3 ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 21,076,300 −1,142.37 150.817° 0.4710 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
56 XLI FenrirFenrir ˈfɛnrɪər ≈ 4 ~۰.۰۵ 21,930,644 −1,212.53 162.832° 0.131 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
57 XLVIII SurturSurtur ˈsɜrtər ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 22,288,916 −1,242.36 166.918° 0.3680 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
58 XLV KariKari ˈkɑri ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 22,321,200 −1,245.06 148.384° 0.3405 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
59 XIX YmirYmir ˈɪmɪər ≈ 18 ~۳.۹۷ 22,429,673 −1,254.15 172.143° 0.3349 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
60 XLVI LogeLoge ˈlɔɪ.eɪ ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 22,984,322 −1,300.95 166.539° 0.1390 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
61 XLII FornjotFornjot ˈfɔrnjɒt ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 24,504,879 −1,432.16 167.886° 0.186 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna

Unconfirmed moons[ویرایش]

این فهرست شامل اجرامی است که کاسینی آن را به عنوان ماه ثبت کرده‌است اما به عنوان ماه هنوز تائید نشده‌اند.

نام تصویر قطر (km) Semi-major
axis (km)[۵]
Orbital
period (روز)[۵]
Position Discovery year
S/2004 S 6 A bright narrow band runs from the top to bottom. To the right of it in the diffuse halo the is a bright small object. ≈ 3–5 ≈ 140,130 +0.61801 uncertain objects around the F Ring 2004
S/2004 S 3/S 4[note ۷] A segment of the ring with bright overexposed Saturn in the top-left corner. Near the right edge of the ring there is a bright dot. ≈ 3−5 ≈ 140,300 ≈ +0.619 2004

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ "Planet and Satellite Names and Discoverers". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology. July 21, 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-06. 
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ Thomas, P. C. (July 2010). "Sizes, shapes, and derived properties of the saturnian satellites after the Cassini nominal mission". Icarus 208 (1): 395–401. Bibcode:2010Icar..208..395T. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2010.01.025.  ویرایش
  3. Sheppard, Scott S. "Saturn's Known Satellites". Retrieved January 7, 2010. 
  4. خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد:برچسب <ref>‎ غیرمجاز؛ متنی برای یادکردهای با نام Jacobson2006 وارد نشده‌است.
  5. خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد:برچسب <ref>‎ غیرمجاز؛ متنی برای یادکردهای با نام Spitale06 وارد نشده‌است.
  6. خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد:برچسب <ref>‎ غیرمجاز؛ متنی برای یادکردهای با نام note_5 وارد نشده‌است.
  7. Williams, David R. (August 21, 2008). "Saturnian Satellite Fact Sheet". NASA (National Space Science Data Center). Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  8. Porco, C. and the Cassini Imaging Team (November 2, 2009). "S/2009 S1". IAU Circular 9091. 
  9. Porco, C.C.; Baker, E.; Barbara, J., et al. (2005). "Cassini Imaging Science: Initial Results on Saturn's Rings and Small Satellites" (PDF). Science 307 (5713): 1226–36. Bibcode:2005Sci...307.1226P. doi:10.1126/science.1108056. PMID 15731439. 

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]


خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد: برچسب <ref> برای گروهی به نام «note» وجود دارد، اما برچسب <references group="note"/> متناظر پیدا نشد.