فهرست قمرهای زحل

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو

این صفحه فهرست ماه‌های طبیعی زحل است.

کلید

ماه یخی بزرگ

تیتان

Inuit group

گروه گالیک

گروه نورس


رتبه
Label
[note ۱]
نام
تلفظ (کلید) تصویر قطر (km)[note ۲]
فهرست اجرام منظومه شمسی بر پایه اندازه
(‎×۱۰15 کیلوگرم) [note ۳]
Semi-major axis (km) [note ۴]
Orbital period (روز)[note ۴][note ۵]
Inclination[note ۴][note ۶]
خروج از مرکز مداری
Position Discovery
year
[۱]
Discoverer
[۱]
0 S/2009 S/2009 S 1 PIA11665 moonlet in B Ring.jpg ≈ 0.3 <۰.۰۰۰۱ ≈ 117,000 ≈ 0.47 ≈ ۰° ≈ 0 outer B Ring ۲۰۰۹ کاسینی-هویگنس[۸]
0 (moonlets) A noisy image showing a few bright dots marked by circles 0.04 to 0.4 (Earhart) <۰.۰۰۰۱ ≈ 130,000 ≈ 0.55 ≈ ۰° ≈ 0 Three 1000 km bands within A Ring 2006 کاسینی-هویگنس
1 XVIII Pan Pan ˈpæn A bright fuzzy band (rings of Saturn) is running from the left to right. In the center a bright irregularity shaped body is superimposed on its upper edge. A narrow grayish band, which is a part of the main band, partially covers the body. 28.2 ± ۲٫۶
(۳۴×۳۱×20)
۴.۹۵±۰.۷۵ 133,584 +۰.۵۷۵۰۵ ۰٫۰۰۱° ۰.۰۰۰۰۳۵ in Encke Division 1990 M. Showalter
2 XXXV Daphnis Daphnis ˈdæfnɨs Two bright bands run from the left to right. In the narrow gap between them (Keeler gap), which has wavy edges, a small oblong object can be seen. 7.6 ± ۱٫۶
(۹×۸×6)
۰.۰۸۴±۰.۰۱۲ 136,505 +۰.۵۹۴۰۸ ≈ ۰° ≈ 0 in Keeler Gap ۲۰۰۵ کاسینی-هویگنس
3 XV Atlas Atlas ˈætləs An irregularly shaped body is half illuminated from the right. The terminator runs from the top to bottom. The body, which looks like a cone viewed from the vertex, is elongated in the direction perpendicular to the image. 30.2 ± ۱٫۸
(۴۱×۳۵×19)
6.6 ± 0.045 137,670 +۰.۶۰۱۶۹ ۰٫۰۰۳° 0.0012 outer A Ring shepherd 1980 وویجر ۲
4 XVI Prometheus Prometheus proʊˈmi:θi:əs An irregularly shaped oblong body is fully illuminated. It is elongated in the direction from the right to left. Its surface is covered by craters. There is valley at the top. 86.2 ± ۵٫۴
(۱۳۶×۷۹×59)
159.5 ± 1.5 139,380 +۰.۶۱۲۹۹ ۰٫۰۰۸° 0.0022 inner F Ring shepherd 1980 وویجر ۲
5 XVII Pandora Pandora pænˈdɔərə An irregularly shaped body is half illuminated from the bottom. The terminator runs from the left to right. The surface is covered by numerous craters. 81.4 ± ۳٫۰
(۱۰۴×۸۱×64)
137.1 ± 1.9 141,720 +۰.۶۲۸۵۰ ۰٫۰۵۰° 0.0042 outer F Ring Shepherd 1980 وویجر ۲
6a XI Epimetheus Epimetheus ˌɛpɨˈmi:θi:əs A fully illuminated irregular body, which has a shape remotely resembling a cube. One vertex with a large crater is at the right side of the image pointing towards the light source. The body's surface consists of ridges and valleys and is covered by craters. 116.2 ± ۳٫۶
(۱۳۰×۱۱۴×106)
۵۲۶.۶±۰.۶ 151,422 +۰.۶۹۴۳۳ ۰٫۳۳۵° 0.0098 co-orbital 1977 J. Fountain, and S. Larson
6b X Janus Janus ˈdʒeɪnəs An irregular body, whose outline looks like an approximate circle in this image. It is illuminated from the bottom-left. The terminator runs from the top-left to bottom-right. The surface is covered by craters. 179.0 ± ۲٫۸
(۲۰۳×۱۸۵×153)
1,897.5 ± 0.6 151,472 +۰.۶۹۴۶۶ ۰٫۱۶۵° 0.0068 co-orbital 1966 A. Dollfus
8 LIII Aegaeon Aegaeon i:ˈdʒi:ən There images of a ring's segment are stacked together from the right to left. They shows motion of a moon along the ring. ≈ 0.5 ~۰.۰۰۰۱ 167,500 +۰.۸۰۸۱۲ 0.001° 0.0002 G Ring moonlet 2008 کاسینی-هویگنس
9 I MimasMimas ˈmaɪməs A spherical body is half illuminated from the left. The terminator runs from the top to bottom in the vicinity of the right limb. A large crater with a central peak sits on the terminator slightly to the right and above the center of the body. It makes the body look like the Death Star. There are numerous smaller craters. 396.4 ± ۰٫۸
(۴۱۶×۳۹۳×381)
37,493 ± 31 185,404 +۰.۹۴۲۴۲۲ ۱٫۵۶۶° 0.0202   ۱۷۸۹ ویلیام هرشل
10 XXXII Methone Methone mɨˈθoʊni: A dot in the glare of Saturn 3.2 ± 1.2 ~۰.۰۲ 194,440 +۱.۰۰۹۵۷ 0.007° 0.0001 Alkyonides 2004 کاسینی-هویگنس
11 XLIX Anthe Anthe ˈænθi: An animated image showing as a dot (right) moves around Saturn (left) outside the main rings (in the middle), which are viewed from a relatively low angle ≈ 1 ~۰.۰۰۷ 197,700 +۱.۰۳۶۵۰ 0.1° 0.001 Alkyonides 2007 کاسینی-هویگنس
12 XXXIII Pallene Pallene pəˈli:ni: A dot in the glare of Saturn 5.0 ± ۱٫۲
(۶×۶×4)
~۰.۰۵ 212,280 +۱.۱۵۳۷۵ 0.181° 0.0040 Alkyonides 2004 کاسینی-هویگنس
13 II EnceladusEnceladus ɛnˈsɛlədəs A spherical body is half illuminated from the left. The terminator runs from the top to bottom in the vicinity of the right limb. In the center and at the top there are heavily cratered areas. The areas to the left and at the bottom have few craters and are intersected by lots of sinuous greenish grooves. The four prominent grooves at the bottom are Tiger stripes. 504.2 ± ۰٫۴
(۵۱۳×۵۰۳×497)
108,022 ± 101 237,950 +۱.۳۷۰۲۱۸ ۰٫۰۱۰° 0.0047 Generates the E ring 1789 ویلیام هرشل
14 III TethysTethys ˈti:θɨs A spherical heavily cratered body is illuminated from the bottom. The terminator runs from the left to right in the vicinity of the top limb. There is a wide curved graben running from the center of the body to the bottom. It is Ithaca Chasma. 1,062 ± ۱٫۲
(۱۰۷۷×۱۰۵۷×1053)
617,049 ± 132 294,619 +۱.۸۸۷۸۰۲ ۰٫۱۶۸° 0.0001   ۱۶۸۴ جووانی دومنیکو کاسینی
14a XIII Telesto Telesto tɨˈlɛstoʊ A potato shaped body is illuminated from the right. The terminator runs from the top to bottom. There is a large crater at the bottom near the terminator. The body is elongated from the right to left. 24.8 ± ۰٫۸
(۳۳×۲۴×20)
~9.41 294,619 +1.887802 ۱٫۱۵۸° 0.000 leading Tethys Trojan 1980 B. Smith, H. Reitsema, S. Larson, and J. Fountain
14b XIV Calypso Calypso kəˈlɪpsoʊ An oblong reddish body is seen in this low resolution image. 21.4 ± ۱٫۴
(۳۰×۲۳×14)
~6.3 294,619 +۱.۸۸۷۸۰۲ ۱٫۴۷۳° 0.000 trailing Tethys Trojan 1980 D. Pascu, P. Seidelmann, W. Baum, and D. Currie
17 IV DioneDione daɪˈoʊni: A spherical body is half illuminated from the right. The terminator is running from the top to bottom slightly to the left off the center. The central part of the body is smooth and has only a few craters. A heavily cratered terrain is near the right limb. A part of a large crater is intersected by the terminator in the lower-left corner. To the left of it there is a long crack running parallel to the terminator. 1,122.8 ± ۰٫۸
(۱۱۲۸×۱۱۲۳×1119)
1,095,452 ± 168 377,396 +۲.۷۳۶۹۱۵ ۰٫۰۰۲° 0.0022   ۱۶۸۴ جووانی دومنیکو کاسینی
17a XII Helene Helene ˈhɛlɨni: An irregularly shaped body illuminated from the left. Its surface is covered by numerous impact craters. 35.2 ± ۰٫۸
(۴۳×۳۸×26)
~۲۴.۴۶ 377,396 +۲.۷۳۶۹۱۵ 0.212° 0.0022 leading Dione Trojan 1980 P. Laques and J. Lecacheux
17b XXXIV Polydeuces Polydeuces ˌpɒliˈdju:si:z A small oblong body is barely resolved in this image. 2.6 ± ۰٫۸
(۳×۲×1)
~۰.۰۳ 377,396 +۲.۷۳۶۹۱۵ 0.177° 0.0192 trailing Dione Trojan 2004 کاسینی-هویگنس
20 V RheaRhea ˈri:ə A spherical body is almost fully illuminated. The terminator is running near the top edge. The surface is covered by numerous craters. Two partially overlapping large craters can be seen above the center. One that is younger is above and to the right from the older one. 1,527.0 ± ۱٫۲
(۱۵۳۰×۱۵۲۶×1525)
2,306,518 ± 353 527,108 +۴.۵۱۸۲۱۲ ۰٫۳۲۷° ۰.۰۰۱۲۵۸   ۱۶۷۲ جووانی دومنیکو کاسینی
21 VI TitanTitan ˈtaɪtən An orange spherical body is half illuminated from the right. The terminator is running from the top to bottom slightly to the left off the center. Both limb and terminator are fuzzy due to light scattering in the atmosphere. 5,151 134,520,000
± 20,000
1,221,930 +۱۵.۹۴۵۴۲ ۰٫۳۴۸۵° 0.0288   ۱۶۵۵ کریستیان هویگنس
22 VII HyperionHyperion haɪˈpɪəriən An irregularly shaped oblong body is illuminated from the left. The terminator is near the right limb. The body is elongated in the top-bottom direction. The surface is punctured by numerous impact craters, which make it look like a sponge or cheese. 270 ± ۸
(۳۶۰×۲۶۶×205)
5,620 ± 50 1,481,010 +۲۱.۲۷۶۶۱ ۰٫۵۶۸° ۰.۱۲۳۰۰۶ in 4:3 resonance with Titan 1848 W. Bond
G. Bond
W. Lassell
23 VIII IapetusIapetus aɪˈæpɨtəs 1,468.6 ± ۵٫۶
(۱۴۹۱×۱۴۹۱×1424)
1,805,635 ± 375 3,560,820 +79.3215 ۷٫۵۷۰° ۰.۰۲۸۶۱۳   ۱۶۷۱ جووانی دومنیکو کاسینی
24 XXIV KiviuqKiviuq ˈkɪviək ≈ 16 ~۲.۷۹ 11,294,800 +448.16 49.087° 0.3288 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
25 XXII IjiraqIjiraq ˈi:. ɨrɒk ≈ 12 ~۱.۱۸ 11,355,316 +451.77 50.212° 0.3161 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
26 IX Phoebe ♣†Phoebe ˈfi:bi: An approximately spherical heavily cratered body is illuminated from the bottom-right. The terminator runs near the left and top limbs. There is huge crater at the top, which affects the shape, and another slightly smaller at the bottom. 213.0 ± ۱٫۴
(۲۱۹×۲۱۷×204)
8,292 ± 10 12,869,700 −545.09 ۱۷۳٫۰۴۷° ۰.۱۵۶۲۴۲ Norse group 1899 W. Pickering
27 XX PaaliaqPaaliaq ˈpɑ:liɒk ≈ 22 ~۷.۲۵ 15,103,400 +692.98 46.151° 0.3631 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
28 XXVII SkathiSkathi ˈskɒði ≈ 8 ~۰.۳۵ 15,672,500 −732.52 ۱۴۹٫۰۸۴° 0.246 Norse (Skathi) Group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
29 XXVI AlbiorixAlbiorix ˌælbiˈɒrɪks ≈ 32 ~22.3 16,266,700 +774.58 ۳۸٫۰۴۲° 0.477 Gallic group 2000 M. Holman
30   S/2007AS/2007 S 2 ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 16,560,000 −792.96 ۱۷۶٫۶۸° 0.2418 Norse group 2007 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna, B. Marsden
31 XXXVII BebhionnBebhionn bɛˈvi:n, ˈvɪvi. ɒn ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 17,153,520 +838.77 40.484° 0.333 Gallic group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
32 XXVIII ErriapusErriapus ˌɛriˈæpəs ≈ 10 ~۰.۶۸ 17,236,900 +844.89 38.109° 0.4724 Gallic group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
33 XLVII SkollSkoll ˈskɒl, ˈskɜ:l ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 17,473,800 −862.37 ۱۵۵٫۶۲۴° 0.418 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
34 XXIX SiarnaqSiarnaq ˈsi:ɑrnək ≈ 40 ~43.5 17,776,600 +884.88 ۴۵٫۷۹۸° ۰.۲۴۹۶۱ Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
35 LII TarqeqTarqeq ˈtɑrkeɪk ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 17,910,600 +894.86 49.904° 0.1081 Inuit group 2007 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
36   S/2004BS/2004 S 13 ≈ 6 ~0.15 18,056,300 −905.85 ۱۶۷٫۳۷۹° 0.261 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
37 LI GreipGreip ˈɡreɪp ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 18,065,700 −906.56 ۱۷۲٫۶۶۶° 0.3735 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
38 XLIV HyrrokkinHyrrokkin hɪˈrɒkɨn ≈ 8 ~۰.۳۵ 18,168,300 −914.29 ۱۵۳٫۲۷۲° 0.3604 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
39 L JarnsaxaJarnsaxa jɑrnˈsæksə ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 18,556,900 −943.78 ۱۶۲٫۸۶۱° 0.1918 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
40 XXI TarvosTarvos ˈtɑrvɵs ≈ 15 ~2.3 18,562,800 +944.23 ۳۴٫۶۷۹° 0.5305 Gallic group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
41 XXV MundilfariMundilfari ˌmʊndəlˈvɛri ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 18,725,800 −956.70 ۱۶۹٫۳۷۸° 0.198 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
42   S/2006S/2006 S 1 ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 18,930,200 −972.41 ۱۵۴٫۲۳۲° 0.1303 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D.C. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
43   S/2004CS/2004 S 17 ≈ 4 ~۰.۰۵ 19,099,200 −985.45 ۱۶۶٫۸۸۱° 0.226 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
44 XXXVIII BergelmirBergelmir bɛərˈjɛlmɪər ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 19,104,000 −985.83 ۱۵۷٫۳۸۴° 0.152 Norse (Skathi) group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
45 XXXI NarviNarvi ˈnɑrvi ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 19,395,200 −1,008.45 ۱۳۷٫۲۹۲° 0.320 Norse (Narvi) group 2003 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
46 XXIII SuttungrSuttungr ˈsʊtʊŋɡər ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 19,579,000 −1,022.82 ۱۷۴٫۳۲۱° 0.131 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
47 XLIII HatiHati ˈhɑ:ti ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 19,709,300 −1,033.05 ۱۶۳٫۱۳۱° 0.291 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
48   S/2004AS/2004 S 12 ≈ 5 ~۰.۰۹ 19,905,900 −1,048.54 ۱۶۴٫۰۴۲° 0.396 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
49 XL FarbautiFarbauti fɑrˈbaʊti ≈ 5 ~۰.۰۹ 19,984,800 −1,054.78 ۱۵۸٫۳۶۱° 0.209 Norse (Skathi) group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
50 XXX ThrymrThrymr ˈθrɪmər ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 20,278,100 −1,078.09 ۱۷۴٫۵۲۴° 0.453 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
51 XXXVI AegirAegir ˈaɪ. ɪər ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 20,482,900 −1,094.46 ۱۶۷٫۴۲۵° 0.237 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
52   S/2007BS/2007 S 3 ≈ 5 ~۰.۰۹ 20,518,500 ≈ −1,100 ۱۷۷٫۲۲° 0.130 Norse group 2007 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
53 XXXIX BestlaBestla ˈbɛstlə ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 20,570,000 −1,101.45 ۱۴۷٫۳۹۵° 0.77 Norse (Narvi) group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
54   S/2007CS/2004 S 7 ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 20,576,700 −1,101.99 ۱۶۵٫۵۹۶° 0.5299 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
55   S/2006S/2006 S 3 ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 21,076,300 −1,142.37 ۱۵۰٫۸۱۷° 0.4710 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
56 XLI FenrirFenrir ˈfɛnrɪər ≈ 4 ~۰.۰۵ 21,930,644 −1,212.53 ۱۶۲٫۸۳۲° 0.131 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
57 XLVIII SurturSurtur ˈsɜrtər ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 22,288,916 −1,242.36 ۱۶۶٫۹۱۸° 0.3680 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
58 XLV KariKari ˈkɑri ≈ 7 ~۰.۲۳ 22,321,200 −1,245.06 ۱۴۸٫۳۸۴° 0.3405 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
59 XIX YmirYmir ˈɪmɪər ≈ 18 ~۳.۹۷ 22,429,673 −1,254.15 ۱۷۲٫۱۴۳° 0.3349 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
60 XLVI LogeLoge ˈlɔɪ.eɪ ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 22,984,322 −1,300.95 ۱۶۶٫۵۳۹° 0.1390 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
61 XLII FornjotFornjot ˈfɔrnjɒt ≈ 6 ~۰.۱۵ 24,504,879 −1,432.16 ۱۶۷٫۸۸۶° 0.186 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna

Unconfirmed moons[ویرایش]

این فهرست شامل اجرامی است که کاسینی آن را به عنوان ماه ثبت کرده‌است اما به عنوان ماه هنوز تائید نشده‌اند.

نام تصویر قطر (km) Semi-major
axis (km)[۵]
Orbital
period (روز)[۵]
Position Discovery year
S/2004 S 6 A bright narrow band runs from the top to bottom. To the right of it in the diffuse halo the is a bright small object. ≈ ۳–۵ ≈ 140,130 +0.61801 uncertain objects around the F Ring 2004
S/2004 S 3/S 4[note ۷] A segment of the ring with bright overexposed Saturn in the top-left corner. Near the right edge of the ring there is a bright dot. ≈ ۳−۵ ≈ ۱۴۰٬۳۰۰ ≈ +۰٫۶۱۹ ۲۰۰۴

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ "Planet and Satellite Names and Discoverers". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology. July 21, 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-06. 
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ Thomas, P. C. (July 2010). "Sizes, shapes, and derived properties of the saturnian satellites after the Cassini nominal mission". Icarus 208 (1): 395–401. Bibcode:2010Icar..208..395T. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2010.01.025.  ویرایش
  3. Sheppard, Scott S. "Saturn's Known Satellites". Retrieved January 7, 2010. 
  4. خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد:برچسب <ref>‎ غیرمجاز؛ متنی برای یادکردهای با نام Jacobson2006 وارد نشده‌است.
  5. خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد:برچسب <ref>‎ غیرمجاز؛ متنی برای یادکردهای با نام Spitale06 وارد نشده‌است.
  6. "Natural Satellites Ephemeris Service". IAU: Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  7. Williams, David R. (August 21, 2008). "Saturnian Satellite Fact Sheet". NASA (National Space Science Data Center). Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  8. Porco, C. and the Cassini Imaging Team (November 2, 2009). "S/2009 S1". IAU Circular 9091. 
  9. Porco, C.C.; Baker, E. ; Barbara, J. , et al. (2005). "Cassini Imaging Science: Initial Results on Saturn's Rings and Small Satellites" (PDF). Science 307 (5713): 1226–36. Bibcode:2005Sci...307.1226P. doi:10.1126/science.1108056. PMID 15731439. 

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]


خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد: برچسب <ref> برای گروهی به نام «note» وجود دارد، اما برچسب <references group="note"/> متناظر پیدا نشد.