گروه‌های درگیر در عملیات شاخه زیتون

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو

این مقاله فهرستی از نیروهای دخیل در عملیات نظامی ترکیه علیه عفرین موسوم به «عملیات شاخه زیتون» را فهرست می‌کند. شورشیان موسوم به ارتش آزاد و تیپ سلطان مراد از متحدین اصلی ترکیه در این حمله بودند در حالی که هسته اصلی مدافعین عفرین نیروهای دموکراتیک سوریه بودند که متحدینی از اقوام مختلف سوری و افرادی با گرایش‌های ایدئولوژیک نزدیک به آنان از کشورهای غربی داشتند.[۱][۲]

ترکیه و متحدینش[ویرایش]

سربازان ترکیه در کوه برسایا

تکاور ترکیه در عملیات.
مبارزان ارتش آزاد سوریه در حال دعا، ۲۵ ژانویه ۲۰۱۸

اتاق عملیات شاخه زیتون (ارتش آزاد تحت حمایت ترکیه)

اعضای ارتش آزاد در نفربر زره‌پوش (ACV-15).
تعداد نسبتاً کمی از کردهای مخالف حزب اتحاد دموکراتیک به ارتش آزاد سوریه (تحت حمایت ترکیه) پیوستند. آن‌ها پیشتر تیپ آزادی نام داشتند.[۲۱][۲۲]
  • یگان فستقیم[۲۳]
  • شورای نظامی مارع
  • احرار الشرقیه[۲۴]
  • اهل الدیار[۲۵]
  • تیپ ۹ [۲۶]
  • جیش النصر (پس از ۱۶ فوریه)[۲۷]
  • تیپ صلاح‌الدین[۲۸][۲۹]
  • تیپ شهید ماشال تامو
  • سپر قامشلی
  • سپر عفرین
تیپ ۲۳ در طول عملیات

جبهه جنوبی:

  • ارتش آزادی ادلب
    • The Free Syrian Interim Government coat of arms.png تیپ کوه هاؤکس

فدراسیون دموکراتیک شمال سوریه و متحدانش[ویرایش]

مبارزان یگان‌های مدافع خلق (YPG) در منطقه عفرین در طول عملیات

نیروهای دموکراتیک سوریه

یک موقعیت دفاعی از SDF در کوه برسا (Barṣāyā) پس از گرفتن آن توسط نیروهای به رهبری ترکیه

نیروهای منطقه عفرین

  • نیروهای دفاع از خود (HXP)[۴۲]
  • HPC coat of arms.svg نیروهای دفاع مدنی (HPC)[۴۳]
  • آسایش[۴۴]

حزب کارگران کردستان (PKK)

یگان آزادی بین‌المللی[۴۶]

عضو YPG در حال استتار

متحدین سنجار

سوریه نیروهای دولتی ("نیروهای مردمی")[۵۴]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. "British men prepare to fight Turkish-led forces in Syria". BBC (به English). 24 January 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  2. Megan Specia (27 January 2018). "Foreign Fighters Back Kurdish Militia in Syria in Fight Against Turkey". New York Times. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  3. "Turkish special forces and allied militias capture villages in Kurdish enclave". The National (Abu Dhabi). 21 January 2018. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  4. "Son dakika: Hendek avcısı PÖH'ler ve JÖH'ler emir bekliyor!". Milliyet (به ترکی استانبولی). 31 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  5. Gazetesi, Aydınlık. "İntikal başladı! Afrin merkezde onlar da çatışmaya girecek! - Aydınlık".
  6. [۱] Son dakika: TSK'dan flaş Afrin açıklaması!
  7. [۲] Özel Harekat böyle uğurlandı
  8. "Intelligence agency MİT playing active role in Turkey's Afrin operation". Hürriyet Daily News. 21 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  9. Fehim Tastekin (26 January 2018). "Erdogan's plans for Afrin might not sit well with Syria". al-Monitor. Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  10. "The Turkish forces, the Gray Wolves and the factions advance in the west of Afrin and seek to wrap around a new village to expand their scope of control backed by intensive aerial and ground shelling". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR). 30 January 2018.
  11. Hogir Nejjae (24 January 2018). "Kurdish National Council participates in aggression against Afrin". Hawar News Agency. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  12. Zaman al-Wasl (24 January 2018). "Dozens of Kurds Fighting Under FSA Banner: Rebel Commander". Syrian observer. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  13. Adnan Al Hussein (21 January 2017). "هل تنجح "غصن الزیتون" بإجبار "الوحدات" علی تسلیم عفرین؟". almodon (به Arabic). Retrieved 1 February 2018. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  14. "Who Are the Pro-Turkey Rebels Advancing on Syria's Afrin". Naharnet. 22 January 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  15. Leith Aboufadel (23 January 2018). "Kurdish forces kill high ranking FSA commander in northern Afrin". al-Masdar News. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  16. "Efrin'e saldıran çete gruplar ve arkasındaki güçler ?". Hawar News Agency (به Turkish). 2 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  17. Leith Aboufadel (31 January 2018). "Turkish-backed rebels seize town in northern Afrin". al-Masdar News. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  18. Suraj Sharma (16 February 2018). "Turkey sends 'Kurdish Falcon' force to Afrin to counter anti-Kurd image". Middle East Eye.
  19. Wissam Al-Ahmed; Talal Kharrat (29 January 2018). "Senior In National Army To Qasioun: What Happened In Olive Branch Is Just A Beginning". Qasioun News. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  20. "The Kurds of Syria are determined to defend themselves against the Turkish operation". Al-Hayat. 21 January 2018.
  21. Burak Karacaoglu; Omer Koparan; Muhammet Kursun; Ali Murat Alhas (27 January 2018). "Afrin operation aims to protect Kurds: FSA commander". AA. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  22. Ahmed al Burai (23 January 2018). "Kurdish FSA leader says he was forced to leave Afrin after YPG took control". TRT World. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  23. Hannah Lucinda Smith (27 January 2018). "Turkish tanks grind US policy into mud of northern Syria". The Times. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  24. Hassan Hassan (31 January 2018). "Turkey is planting the seeds for future catastrophe in Syria". The National (Abu Dhabi). Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  25. Wissam Al-Ahmed; Talal Kharrat (16 January 2018). "EXCLUSIVE: Afrin Battle Knocking The Doors And We Will Join It, Says Syrian Opposition Commander". Qasioun News. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  26. Wissam Al-Ahmed; Talal Kharrat (27 January 2018). "Syrian Opposition Senior Reveals To Qasioun The Latest Updates On Olive Branch Operation". Qasioun News. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  27. "In Idlib: "Free Army" Factions Receive Turkish Conditional Funding". Enab Baladi. 17 February 2018.
  28. Ammar Hammou; Maria Nelson (5 February 2018). "Revolutionaries, pawns, liberators, or mercenaries? Meet the Kurdish fighters participating in Turkey's Afrin offensive". Syria Direct.
  29. Khaled al-Khateb (16 February 2018). "Kurdish fighters join Turkey's Afrin operation". al-Monitor. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  30. "We raised Combat readiness south-west of Afrin, Commander of 23rd Division military operations says". Syria Call. 22 January 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  31. Nordland, Rod (4 February 2018). "Turkey's Worst Day Yet in Syria Offensive: At Least 7 Soldiers Killed". New York Times.
  32. "Statement: Free Army Announces The Liberation Of The Entire City Of Afrin North Of Aleppo". RFS Media Office. 18 March 2018.
  33. Emma Vardy (24 January 2018). "British men prepare to fight Turkish-led forces in Syria". BBC News. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  34. "Women from Kobane form a battalion to support Afrin". ANF News. 9 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  35. "Afrin'de öldürülen teröristin kıyafetindeki peç detayı". Akşam (به Turkish). 30 January 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2018. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  36. "Jaysh al-Thuwar Commander: We are fighting alongside YPG/YPJ". ANF News. 22 January 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  37. "Latest from Afrin and Shehba amid ongoing attacks". ANF News. 20 January 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  38. "Revolutionary Shield declares readiness to respond to the attacks of the Turkish occupation". Firat News Agency. 27 January 2018.
  39. Leith Aboufadel (29 January 2018). "Breaking: Assyrian militia sends reinforcements to defend Afrin". al-Masdar News (به Arabic). Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  40. "مقاتلون من إدلب: ندافع عن عفرین وعیوننا علی تحریر إدلب". Hawar News Agency (به Arabic). 26 January 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2018. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  41. ""We will withdraw our forces from east of Euphrates, send them to the fronts of Afrin"". Hawar News Agency. 6 March 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  42. "After continued and heavy shelling since Wednesday…the Turkish forces and the factions of Operation "Olive Branch" take the control of about half of the city of Afrin". SOHR. 18 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  43. "HPC: Struggling to protect our land, our people". Hawar News Agency. 21 January 2018.
  44. "Asayish Forces in Tirbe Sipi renewed martyrs bledge". Hawar News Agency. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  45. "Komalên Ciwan Efrîn'de hayatını kaybeden Navdar Serhat'ı andı". ANF News (به Turkish). 26 March 2018. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  46. Julian Röpcke (27 January 2018). "Türkische Offensive in Nordsyrien. Deutsche kämpfen gegen Erdogan". Bild. Retrieved 28 January 2018. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  47. "Turkish military offensive against Afrin: the Kurds are the victims of the contradictions between the imperialists". Marxist–Leninist Communist Organization – Proletarian Way. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  48. "Efrîn'deki MLKP komutanı Viyan İsyan: Zafer bizim olacak". ETHA (Etkin Haber Ajansı) (به Turkish). 27 January 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2018. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  49. Marcel Cartier (3 February 2018). "Which red flag is flying? The communists defending Afrin". The Region. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  50. "EÖT savaşçısı İzlandalı Haukur Hilmarsson şehit düştü". ETHA (Etkin Haber Ajansı) (به Turkish). 6 March 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  51. Insurrection News (13 February 2018). "Rojava: Statement from Antifascist Forces in Afrin (AFFA)". It's going down!. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  52. Jan-Lukas Kuhley (21 February 2018). "Politisiert durch den Krieg". Neues Deutschland (به German). Retrieved 21 February 2018. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  53. "Un convoi de 5.000 Kurdes à Afrin contre l'invasion turque". Jforum (به French). 6 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  54. "Syrian government forces deploy to Afrin-Idlib border to halt rebel advance". al-Masdar News. 21 February 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  55. Editorial, Reuters. "Pro-Syrian government fighters start to enter Afrin - Hezbollah media unit".
  56. "Turkey shells Assad loyalists trying to cross into Syria's Afrin".
  57. http://www.rudaw.net/english/analysis/21022018
  58. "Pro-Syrian government militia move into Kurdish-controlled Afrin despite Turkish warnings - Egypt Independent". Deutsche Welle. 21 February 2018.
  59. "'Esad rejimine bağlı güçler Afrin'de' iddiası".
  60. "Turkey shells Assad loyalists trying to cross into Syria's Afrin". Middle East Eye. 20 February 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  61. "Syria: Pro-Damascus Popular Forces Enter Kurdish-Held Afrin despite Ankara's Disagreement". Fars News. 21 February 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2018.