شنل قرمزی

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
شنل قرمزی کشیده شده توسط گوستاو دوره.

شِنِل قِرمِزی(به آلمانی: Rotkäppchen) یک داستان فولکلور آلمانی است درباره دختری کوچک و گرگی که می‌خواهد دختر و مادربزرگش را بخورد.

تعابیر[ویرایش]

در کنار هشدرهای زیاد دربارهٔ کنارگیری از صحبت با بیگانگان، تعابیر دیگری را می‌توان از این داستان به دست داد که غالباً بن مایهٔ جنسی دارند. تعبیر سمبلیکی از قبیل گذار شنل قرمزی از نوجوانی به بلوغ جنسی که طیّ بیرون رفتن او از خانه و پای به عرصه جنگل گذاشتن و در آخر بیرون آمدن او از درون شکم گرگ صورت می‌پذیرد. همچنین از آن به عنوان بیداری جنسی دختر کوچک داستان یاد می‌شود. گرگ در این برداشت می‌تواند مردی باشد که چه با عشق یا با فریب قصد بهره‌وری جنسی از دخترک را دارد.

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شنل قرمزی کشیده شده در سال ۱۹۲۷

The version most widely known today is based on the برادران گریم version.[۱] It is about a girl called Little Red Riding Hood, after the red hooded شنل or cloak she wears. The girl walks through the woods to deliver food to her sick grandmother. A wolf wants to eat the girl but is afraid to do so in public. He approaches the girl, and she naïvely tells him where she is going. He suggests the girl pick some flowers, which she does. In the meantime, he goes to the grandmother's house and gains entry by pretending to be the girl. He swallows the grandmother whole, and waits for the girl, disguised as the grandmother. When the girl arrives, he swallows her whole too. A hunter, however, comes to the rescue and cuts the wolf open. Little Red Riding Hood and her grandmother emerge unharmed. They fill the wolf's body with heavy stones, which kill him. Other versions of the story have had the grandmother shut in the closet instead of eaten, and some have Little Red Riding Hood saved by the hunter as the wolf advances on her rather than after she is eaten.

The tale makes the clearest contrast between the safe world of the village and the dangers of the forest, conventional antitheses that are essentially medieval, though no versions are as old as that. It also seems to be a strong morality tale, teaching children not to "wander off the path".

ارتباط با دیگر داستان‌ها[ویرایش]

The theme of the ravening wolf and of the creature released unharmed from its belly is reflected in the Russian tale پیتر و گرگ, and the other Grimm tale بزبز قندی, but its general theme of restoration is at least as old as Jonah and the whale. The Theme also appears in the story of the life of Saint Margaret, where the saint emerges unharmed from the belly of a dragon.

The dialog between the wolf and Little Red Riding Hood has its analogies to the Norse Þrymskviða from the ادای شاعرانه; the giant Þrymr had stolen Mjölner, ثور (اساطیر)'s hammer, and demanded فریا (اساطیر) as his bride for its return. Instead, the gods dressed Thor as a bride and sent him. When the giants note Thor's unladylike eyes, eating, and drinking, لوکی explains them as Freyja not having slept, or eaten, or drunk, out of longing for the wedding.[۲]

"The better to see you with": woodcut by Walter Crane
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جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

جستجو در ویکی‌انبار در ویکی‌انبار پرونده‌هایی دربارهٔ شنل قرمزی موجود است.

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, "Little Red Cap"
  2. Iona and Peter Opie, The Classic Fairy Talesp 93-4 ISBN 0-19-211550-6

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]