شیلینگ کنیا

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish
شیلینگ کنیا
Kenyan 20 Shilling Note.jpg
۲۰ shilling (۱۹۹۴), portrait of دنیل آراپ موی
ایزو ۴۲۱۷
کدKES
پول
یکای جزء
 ۱/۱۰۰سنت
نمادKSh
اسکناس‌ها
استفادهٔ متداول۵۰، ۱۰۰، ۲۰۰، ۵۰۰ and ۱۰۰۰ shillings
استفادهٔ به‌ندرت۱۰، ۲۰ shillings
سکه‌ها
استفادهٔ متداول۱، ۵، ۱۰، ۲۰ shillings
استفادهٔ به‌ندرت۵۰ cent، ۴۰ shillings
آمارها
استفاده‌کننده(ها) کنیا
صادرکننده
بانک مرکزیبانک مرکزی کنیا
ارزش‌گذاری
تورم۳٫۲ %
منبعKenya National Bureau of Statistics

شیلینگ کنیا (به انگلیسی: Kenyan shilling) با کد ایزوی KES، یکای پول رایج در کشور کنیا است. مسئولیت کنترل این یکای پول برعهدهٔ بانک مرکزی کنیا قرار دارد.

نرخ کنونی ارز[ویرایش]

نرخ ارز کنونی برای KES
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از یاهو! فاینانس: AUD CAD CHF CNY EUR GBP INR IRR JPY KRW RUB TRY USD

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  • Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9.
  • "Currency Codes". Oanda Corporation. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  • "Currencies of the World". University of British Columbia. May 1 2008. Archived from the original on ۲۹ نوامبر ۲۰۱۱. Retrieved 3 May 2013. Check date values in: |تاریخ= (help)

Kenyan shilling
Shillingi ya Kenya (Swahili)
KES0050v.jpg KSh10b.JPG
50 shillings (2004-), portrait of Jomo Kenyatta10 shilling coin
ISO 4217
CodeKES
Denominations
Superunit
 20pound
Subunit
 1/100cent
SymbolKSh, /=, /-, K
Banknotes
 Freq. used50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 shillings
 Rarely used5, 10, 20 shillings
Coins
 Freq. used1, 5, 10 , 20 shillings
 Rarely used50-cents
Demographics
User(s) Kenya
Issuance
Central bankCentral Bank of Kenya
 Websitewww.centralbank.go.ke
Valuation
Inflation3.2%
 SourceKenya National Bureau of Statistics, as of June 2010.

The shilling (Swahili: shilingi; sign: KSh; code: KES) is the currency of Kenya. It is divided into 100 cents.

Exchange rate

The exchange rate of the Kenyan shilling slumped dramatically in mid-2011, from about 83 shillings per US dollar to about 100 shillings per US dollar at late 2011 and to 105 shillings in September 2015. The Central Bank of Kenya shifted its target to tighten liquidity, including increasing interest rate and money market operations. But expected inflows due to tea export drove up the exchange rate to about 84 shillings per US dollar on 31 January 2012.[1]

Current KES exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From XE: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From OANDA: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD

History

The Kenyan shilling replaced the East African shilling in 1966 at par.

Coins

10 Kenyan cents (1980).
Obverse: Bust of Daniel arap Moi with lettering "PRESIDENT OF REPUBLIC OF KENYA DANIEL TOROITICH ARAP MOI". Reverse: Face-value, year, Coat of arms of Kenya and country name.


A 40 Kenyan shilling coin, issued on the occasion of the 40th Anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Kenya.

The first coins were issued in 1966 in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents, and 1 and 2 shillings; 25-cent coins were not minted after 1969 (except in the 1973 set); 2-shilling coins were last minted in 1971 (except in the 1973 set). In 1973 and 1985, 5-shillings coins were introduced, followed by 10-shillings in 1994 and 20-shillings in 1998.

Between 1967 and 1978, the portrait of Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya, originally appeared on the obverse of all of independent Kenya's coins. In 1980, a portrait of Daniel arap Moi replaced Kenyatta until 2005, when the central bank introduced a new coin series that restored the portrait of Kenyatta. The coins are 50 cents and 1 shilling in stainless steel and bi-metallic coins of 5, 10 and 20 shillings.

A bi-metallic 40-shilling coin with the portrait of then-President Mwai Kibaki was issued in 2003 to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of independence (1963–2003). New coins with the image of Kenyatta were issued in 2005. In 2010, Section 231(4) of the 2010 Constitution of Kenya stated "Notes and coins issued by the Central Bank of Kenya may bear images that depict or symbolise Kenya or an aspect of Kenya but may not bear the portrait of any individual." New banknotes and coins are scheduled to be released by 2018 to meet up with this new law.[2] A new series of coins was issued on 11th December 2018, in denominations of 1-, 5-, 10 and 20 shillings. All of the coins depict the national Coat of arms of Kenya on the obverse and images of Africa's recognizable animals on the reverse.[3] The new series of coins is designed to be more recognizable for visually impaired people.[4]

Coins of the Kenyan shilling (2018 issues)
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of first minting
Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
1 shilling/shilingi 23.9 mm 5.5 grams Nickel-plated steel Segmented (Plain and Reeded sections) Coat of arms of Kenya; text "Republic of Kenya" in English and Swahili Giraffe; denomination in English and Swahili 2018
5 shillings/shilingi 19.5 mm 3.75 grams Bi-metallic coin (Brass-plated steel center plug with a Nickel-plated steel outer ring) Reeded Coat of arms of Kenya; text "Republic of Kenya" in English and Swahili Rhinoceros; denomination in English and Swahili 2018
10 shillings/shilingi 23 mm 5 grams Bi-metallic coin (Nickel-plated steel center plug with a Brass-plated steel outer ring) Reeded Coat of arms of Kenya; text "Republic of Kenya" in English and Swahili Lion; denomination in English and Swahili 2018
20 shillings/shilingi 26 mm 9 grams Bi-metallic coin (Brass-plated steel center plug with a Nickel-plated steel outer ring) Segmented (Plain and Reeded sections) Coat of arms of Kenya; text "Republic of Kenya" in English and Swahili Elephant; denomination in English and Swahili 2018

Banknotes

On 14 September 1966, the Kenyan shilling replaced the East African shilling at par, although the latter was not demonetised until 1969. The Central Bank of Kenya issued notes in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 shillings. All of the notes feature a portrait of Kenya's first prime minister and president, Jomo Kenyatta, on the front and diverse economic activities on the back.[5]

5 shillings notes were replaced by coins in 1985, with the same happening to 10 and 20 shillings in 1994 and 1998. In 1986, 200 shillings notes were introduced, followed by 500 shillings in 1988 and 1000 shillings in 1994.

As with the coins, Kenyatta appeared on the banknotes issued until 1978, with Daniel arap Moi's portrait replacing him in 1980. In 2003, after Mwai Kibaki replaced Moi as president, 5, 10, and 20 shillings notes from the 1978 series with Kenyatta's picture that had been in storage were issued, and circulated for a time. A new series of notes was then introduced on which Kenyatta reappeared in denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 shillings. The issue of the 200 shillings banknote dated 12 December 2003 commemorates the "40 years of Independence 1963–2003". The banknotes are printed in Nairobi by security printer De La Rue.

On May 31, 2019, the Central Bank of Kenya issued a new family of banknotes without the portraits of known Kenyan individuals, as mandated by the Constitution of Kenya of 2010. At the same time, the Central Bank of Kenya has withdrawn all previous versions of the 1,000 shillings banknote. These remained legal tender until October 1, 2019. All of the banknotes for this series share a common design of the Kenyatta International Convention Centre on the front side of the notes, and the back side of the notes feature images showcasing the richness of the people and nature of Kenya: "Green Energy" (50 shillings), "Agriculture" (100 shillings), "Social Services" (200 shillings), "Tourism" (500 shillings) and "Governance" (1,000 shillings). All five denominations also embody each of the big five animals of Africa: the buffalo (50 shillings), the leopard (100 shillings), rhinoceros (200 shillings), the lion (500 shillings) and the elephant (1,000 shillings).[6]

Banknotes of the Kenyan shilling (1996 "Arap Moi" issue)
Denomination Obverse Reverse Watermark
20 shillings (Shilingi Ishirini) President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi; Coat of arms of Kenya Baton; Moi International sports complex, Nairobi, jogger Lion's head
50 shillings (Shilingi Hamsini) President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi; Coat of arms of Kenya Caravan; Elephant tusks monument in Moi Avenua (formerly Kilindini Road), Mombasa Lion's head
100 shillings (Shilingi Mia Moja) President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi; Coat of arms of Kenya Monument to the 25th anniversary of independence, Nairobi Lion's head
200 shillings (Shilingi Mia Mbili) President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi; Coat of arms of Kenya Unity monument, Nairobi Lion's head
500 shillings (Shilingi Mia Tano) President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi; Coat of arms of Kenya Parliament building, Nairobi Lion's head
1000 shillings (Shilingi Elfu Moja) President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi; Coat of arms of Kenya Elephants Lion's head
Banknotes of the Kenyan shilling (2004 "Jomo Kenyatta" issue (to be withdrawn from circulation))
Denomination Obverse Reverse Watermark
50 shillings (Shilingi Hamsini) President Jomo Kenyatta; Coat of arms of Kenya Caravan; Elephant tusks monument in Moi Avenua (formerly Kilindini Road), Mombasa Lion's head and electrotype 50
100 shillings (Shilingi Mia Moja) President Jomo Kenyatta; Coat of arms of Kenya Kenyatta statue; tower Lion's head and electrotype 100
200 shillings (Shilingi Mia Mbili) President Jomo Kenyatta; Coat of arms of Kenya Cotton harvest Lion's head and electrotype 200
500 shillings (Shilingi Mia Tano) President Jomo Kenyatta; Coat of arms of Kenya Parliament building, Nairobi Lion's head and electrotype 500
1000 shillings (Shilingi Elfu Moja) President Jomo Kenyatta; Coat of arms of Kenya Elephants Lion's head and electrotype 1000
Banknotes of the Kenyan shilling (2019 issue (current issue))
Denomination Main Colour Obverse Reverse Watermark
50 shillings (Shilingi Hamsini) Red Coat of arms of Kenya; Statue of President Jomo Kenyatta; Kenyatta International Convention Centre; Buffalo "Green Energy" (Wind Power, geothermal power, solar power) Lion's head and electrotype 50
100 shillings (Shilingi Mia Moja) Violet Coat of arms of Kenya; Statue of President Jomo Kenyatta; Kenyatta International Convention Centre; Leopard "Agriculture" (Cereal, agriculture, livestock) Lion's head and electrotype 100
200 shillings (Shilingi Mia Mbili) Blue Coat of arms of Kenya; Statue of President Jomo Kenyatta; Kenyatta International Convention Centre; Rhinoceros "Social Services" (Health services, Education, sports) Lion's head and electrotype 200
500 shillings (Shilingi Mia Tano) Green Coat of arms of Kenya; Statue of President Jomo Kenyatta; Kenyatta International Convention Centre; Lion "Tourism" (Wildlife; Lion) Lion's head and electrotype 500
1000 shillings (Shilingi Elfu Moja) Brown Coat of arms of Kenya; Statue of President Jomo Kenyatta; Kenyatta International Convention Centre; Elephant "Governance" (Parliament building, Nairobi) Lion's head and electrotype 1000

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ The Constitution of Kenya of 2010; Section 231(4) on the Central Bank of Kenya World Intellectual Property Organization (www.wipo.int). Retrieved on 2013-09-27.
  3. ^ Kenya: New circulation coin series introduced by president Coin Update (news.coinupdate.com). December 27, 2018. Retrieved on 2018-12-28.
  4. ^ "Kenya makes coins accessible for the visually impaired". 11 May 2019.
  5. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Kenya". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
  6. ^ "Central Bank unveils new generation banknotes to curb fraud". Capital News Kenya. 1 June 2019.

External links


Preceded by:
East African shilling
Reason: currency independence
Ratio: at par
Note: independent shilling introduced in 1966, but EA shilling not demonetised until 1969
Currency of Kenya
1966 –
Succeeded by:
Current