مرکز اسلامی واشینگتن

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
(تغییرمسیر از مرکز اسلامی واشنگتن)
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish
مرکز اسلامی واشینگتن
Islamic Center of Washington - 2551 Massachusetts Avenue NW.jpg
مرکز اسلامی واشینگتن
اطلاعات اولیه
موقعیتواشینگتن دی.سی.,  ایالات متحده آمریکا
مختصاتمختصات: ۳۸°۵۵′۱″ شمالی ۷۷°۳′۲۵″ غربی / ۳۸٫۹۱۶۹۴°شمالی ۷۷٫۰۵۶۹۴°غربی / 38.91694; -77.05694
دیناسلام
وب‌گاهwww.theislamiccenter.com/
گونه معماریمسجد
تکمیل شدن۱۹۵۷
ویژگی‌ها
مناره۱
ارتفاع مناره160 feet[۱]
Islamic Center of Washington - 2551 Massachusetts Avenue NW.jpg
دیدار جرج بوش از مرکز اسلامی واشینگتن در سال ۲۰۰۱

مرکز اسلامی واشینگتن (به انگلیسی: Islamic Center of Washington) از مساجد مهم آمریکا است و در شهر واشینگتن دی سی قرار دارد.

این مرکز در سال ۱۹۵۰ (میلادی) ساخته شد.[۲] آیزنهاور، رئیس جمهور وقت آمریکا در مراسم افتتاح رسمی آن در ۱۹۵۷ سخنرانی ایراد کرد.[۳]

معمار آن ماریو روسی ایتالیایی بود، و بر اساس معماری مساجد سنتی مصر و عثمانی بنا گردیده.

محمدرضا پهلوی فرش‌های این مسجد را هدیه و تأمین نمود.[۴]

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. Stewart, Nikita (August 1, 2005). "Muslims Find Room to Grow in D.C.'s Outer Suburbs". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
  2. «Mosques in the United States - Islamic Architecture - Research Guides at MIT Libraries». بایگانی‌شده از اصلی در ۳۱ مه ۲۰۱۰. دریافت‌شده در ۲۴ اکتبر ۲۰۰۹.
  3. Dwight D. Eisenhower: Remarks at Ceremonies Opening the Islamic Center
  4. ص۱۰

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

Islamic Center of Washington
Islamic Center, Washington, D.C LCCN2011630761.tif
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
LocationWashington, United States
Islamic Center of Washington is located in the United States
Islamic Center of Washington
Shown within the United States
Geographic coordinates38°55′1″N 77°3′25″W / 38.91694°N 77.05694°W / 38.91694; -77.05694Coordinates: 38°55′1″N 77°3′25″W / 38.91694°N 77.05694°W / 38.91694; -77.05694
Architecture
TypeMosque
Completed1954
Specifications
Minaret(s)1
Minaret height160 feet[1]
Website
www.theislamiccenter.com/

The Islamic Center of Washington is a mosque and Islamic cultural center in Washington, D.C.. It is located on Embassy Row on Massachusetts Avenue just east of the bridge over Rock Creek. When it opened in 1957, it was the largest mosque in the Western Hemisphere.

History

The center was conceived in 1944 when the Turkish ambassador Münir Ertegün died without a mosque to host his funeral. In 1948 Egypt appointed Kamil Abdel Rahim as Egyptian Ambassador to the United States of America succeeding Ambassador Mahmoud Hassan. The project of building a Mosque lay dormant during the war years and was not revived until Ambassador Rahim took his duties as ambassador in Washington, D.C. in 1948.

The Egyptian ambassador, Kamil Abdul Rahim was appointed president of the mosque foundation and its executive committee. He was instrumental in assembling all of the heads of the accredited emissaries of Muslim countries in the U.S. He made several trips to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Muslim countries to solicit funds for the building the mosque.

Howar (Mohammed Issa Abu Al Hawa, 1879–1982) and other Muslim diplomats helped found and provide early funding to a committee to build a mosque in the U.S. capital. In 1948, Howar, placing a silver dollar on the ground for luck, began work at the site. [2] The mosque was completed in 1954 and dedicated by President Dwight Eisenhower on June 28, 1957.

The Washington diplomatic community played a leading role in the effort to construct a mosque. Egypt donated a bronze chandelier and sent specialists who wrote Qur'anic verses to adorn the mosque’s walls and ceiling. Tiles came from Turkey along with the experts to install them. Persian rugs came from Iran.[3] Support for the project also came from the American-Muslim community. The site was purchased in 1946 and the cornerstone was laid on January 11, 1949. The building was designed by Italian architect Mario Rossi.[4]

The mosque was one of three buildings taken over in the 1977 Hanafi Siege. Muslim gunmen holding hostages made several demands, including the demand that the movie Mohammad, Messenger of God be destroyed because they considered it sacrilegious."[5]

President George W. Bush inside the Islamic Center of Washington, D.C.

The mosque has been visited by many dignitaries, including several presidents. President George W. Bush visited on September 17, 2001, only days after the attacks of September 11.[6] On national television, Bush quoted from the Qur'an and worked to assure Americans that the vast majority of Muslims are peaceful.[7]

In 2015 a group of Muslim activists, politicians, and writers issued a Declaration of Reform which announced the founding of the Muslim Reform Movement organization to work against the beliefs of Middle Eastern terror groups.[8] That year Asra Nomani and others placed the Declaration on the door of the mosque.[8]

Facilities

In addition to the mosque, the center contains a library and classrooms where courses on Islam and the Arabic language are taught. The center's board of governors is made up of various ambassadors. Around the building are arrayed the flags of the Islamic nations of the world.

See also

References

  1. ^ Stewart, Nikita (August 1, 2005). "Muslims Find Room to Grow in D.C.'s Outer Suburbs". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
  2. ^ See articles in the Evening Star and The Washington Post regarding the progress of building the mosque. (Evening Star articles dated: 01-12-1949, 03-02-1952, 04-23-1952, 09-15-1952; Washington Post articles dated: 01-06-1952, 12-09-1952).
  3. ^ "History | The Islamic Center – المركز الاسلامى". The Islamic Center. Archived from the original on 2012-02-01. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
  4. ^ p.10 of brochure
  5. ^ Theresa Vargas (March 12, 2007). "'Some Things You Never Forget': Thirty years ago, gunmen stormed three D.C. buildings, taking 150 hostages and one life". Washington Post. p. B01.
  6. ^ President Bush Rededicates Islamic Center of Washington, Press release of the White House on June, 27th 2007
  7. ^ Video and audio of President Bush's remarks
  8. ^ a b "Muslim Reform Movement decries radical Islam, calls for equality". The Washingtion Times. Retrieved 9 December 2015.

External links