الگو:سرنویس

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
نماد توضیحات توضیحات الگو[نمایش] [ویرایش] [تاریخچه] [پاکسازی]

This template produces formatted text, following the guideline for a Wikipedia hatnote.

{{سرنویس|Example hatnote text.}}

Broadly speaking, a hatnote should answer a readers' question (maybe preemptively): Am I on the right page?

Function

This template is primarily used to add a correctly formatted hatnote to a page. Often, but not always, this is a disambiguation link at the top of article pages. It places an HTML div- / div block around the text entered as its only argument, which provides standardized formatting (contents are indented and italicized in most displays); it also isolates the contained code to make sure that it is interpreted correctly.

This template is also used as the "meta-template" for additional specialized disambiguation link templates; see رده:الگو:سرنویس for a list.

The template does not automatically create links of any kind. Links and other desired formatting must be explicitly added, using normal Wikipedia markup.

Usage

Basic usage
{{hatnote|text}}
All parameters
{{hatnote|text|extraclasses=extra classes|selfref=yes|category=no}}

Parameters

This template accepts the following parameters:

  • 1 - the hatnote text. (required)
  • extraclasses - any extra CSS classes to be added. For example, the {{see also}} template adds the classes |extraclasses=boilerplate seealso.
  • selfref - if set to "yes", "y", "true" or "1", adds the CSS class "selfref". This is used to denote self-references to Wikipedia. See الگو:Selfref for more information.
  • category - if set to "no", "n", "false", or "0", suppresses the error tracking category (رده:الگو:سرنویس همراه خطا). This only has an effect if the first positional parameter (the hatnote text) is omitted.

Example

  • {{سرنویس|Example hatnote text}}

Errors

If no hatnote text is supplied, the template will output the following message:

If you see this error message, it is for one of four reasons:

  1. No parameters were specified (the template code was {{سرنویس}}). Please use {{سرنویس|text}} instead.
  2. Some parameters were specified, but the hatnote text wasn't included. For example, the template text {{سرنویس|extraclasses=seealso}} will produce this error. Please use (for example) {{سرنویس|text|extraclasses=seealso}} instead.
  3. The hatnote text was specified, but that text contains an equals sign ("="). The equals sign has a special meaning in template code, and because of this it cannot be used in template parameters that do not specify a parameter name. For example, the template code {{سرنویس|2+2=4}} will produce this error. To work around this, you can specify the parameter name explictly by using 1= before the hatnote text, like this: {{سرنویس|1=2+2=4}}.
  4. You tried to access پودمان:Hatnote directly by using {{#invoke:hatnote|hatnote|text}}. Use of #invoke in this way has been disabled for performance reasons. Please use {{سرنویس|text}} instead.

If you see this error message and are unsure of what to do, please post a message on Template talk:Hatnote, and someone should be able to help you.

Pages that contain this error message are tracked in رده:الگو:سرنویس همراه خطا.

Technical details

The HTML code produced by this template looks like this:

  • <div class="hatnote">hatnote text</div>

The code is produced by پودمان:Hatnote.


الگوهای سرنویس

جای سرنویس‌ها بالای صفحه و یا بخش است.

دستور عمومی سرنویس

  • {{Hatnote|CUSTOM TEXT}}
{{Hatnote|For other senses of this term, see [[etc…]]}}

More pages on the same topic ("Further information ...")

"Main article: …"

{{Main}} is used to make ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه خلاصه‌نویسی explicit, when used in a summary section for which there is also a separate article on the subject:

"For more details on …, see …"

{{Details}} can supplement {{Main}} in summary sections, or can indicate more details in nonsummary sections:

  • {{Details|PAGE1}}
    برای آگاهی از جزئیات بیشتر دربارهٔ این موضوع، PAGE1 را ببینید.
  • {{Details|PAGE1|TOPIC}}
    برای آگاهی از جزئیات بیشتر دربارهٔ TOPIC، PAGE1 را ببینید.

{{Details3}} allows changing the displayed name for links. Unlike {{Details}}, it requires bracketed link notation:

"نوشتار(های) وابسته …"

Note: use only when OTHER TOPIC PAGE is related to current article and contains a self-explanatory parenthetical.

"Further information: …"

Other uses of the same title ("For …, see …")

"This page is about … For other uses …"

{{About}} is the main template for noting other uses.

Note. When used in ویکی‌پدیا:مقاله چیست؟, the word "page" in the following hatnotes is replaced by "article".

  • {{About|USE1}}
  • {{About|USE1||PAGE2}} (When the disambiguation page has a different name – Note the empty second parameter) →
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2}} (When there is only one other use) →
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|and|PAGE3}} (Two pages for USE2) →
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2#SUBSECTION{{!}}PAGE2TITLE}} (Using the {{!}} magic word to give the link a different title) →
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|USE4|PAGE4|USE5|PAGE5}} (When there are up to four other uses – You should generally create a ویکی‌پدیا:ابهام‌زدایی at this point) →
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|other uses}} (When there are several standard other uses and also a disambiguation page with default name – Note that the last page name is not specified) →
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|other uses|PAGE4}} (When there are several standard other uses and also a disambiguation page with non-default name) →
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|other uses|PAGE4|and}}
  • {{About||USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|other uses}} (When you don't need to state the focus of this article/page – Note the empty first parameter) →
  • {{About|||PAGE1|and|PAGE2}}
Note: {{for||PAGE1|PAGE2}} produces the same result.
Note: this hatnote says "section", instead of "article" or "page".

"This page is about … It is not to be confused with …"

{{About-distinguish}} is a template for noting other uses when there could be confusion with another topic.

  • {{About-distinguish|USE1|PAGE1}}
  • {{About-distinguish2|USE1|TEXT}}
  • {{About-distinguish-custom|USE1|TEXT}}

"For …, see …"

{{For}} can be used instead of {{About}} so as not to display: This page is about USE1. but still specify a specific other use. This effect can also be achieved by using an empty first parameter in {{About}} as in:

For example: {{For|OTHER TOPIC|PAGE1}} is the same as {{About||OTHER TOPIC|PAGE1}} (note the empty first parameter).

However, it is somewhat clearer when using the {{For}} template, since the word "about" does not appear in the statement.

  • {{For|OTHER TOPIC}}
  • {{For|OTHER TOPIC|PAGE1}}
  • {{For|OTHER TOPIC|PAGE1|PAGE2}}
  • {{For|OTHER TOPIC|PAGE1|PAGE2|PAGE3}}
  • {{For||PAGE1|PAGE2}}
Variations
As with {{Other uses}}, there is a whole family of "for" templates. {{For2}} allows custom text, such as quotation marks or a link from part of the "CUSTOM TEXT"
  • {{For2|OTHER TOPIC|CUSTOM TEXT}}
It also supports up to three topics:
  • {{For2|OTHER TOPIC|CUSTOM TEXT|OTHER TOPIC 2|CUSTOM TEXT 2}}
  • {{For2|OTHER TOPIC|CUSTOM TEXT|OTHER TOPIC 2|CUSTOM TEXT 2|OTHER TOPIC 3|CUSTOM TEXT 3}}

"For other uses, see …"

When such a wordy hatnote as {{About}} is not needed, {{Other uses}} is often useful.

Variations
There are, historically, a whole family of "other uses" templates for specific cases. {{About}} is the standard hatnote for "other uses" and many of them can be specified using the {{About}} template. However, the individual templates may be easier to use in certain contexts.
Here are the variations and (when appropriate) the equivalents using the {{About}}, {{Other uses}} or {{For}} templates.
  • {{Other uses2|PAGE1}}
Note: adds "(disambiguation)" to whatever is input as the PAGE1.
Note: {{Other uses|PAGE1 (disambiguation)}} produces the same result.
Note: same as {{about}}, except it forces a second use to be noted if unspecified by parameters.
  • {{Two other uses|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3}}
  • {{Two other uses||USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3}}
  • {{Three other uses|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3}}
  • {{Three other uses||USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3}}
  • {{Three other uses|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|USE4|PAGE4}}

"For other uses of …, see …"

"… redirects here. For other uses, see …"

  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT}}
    «REDIRECT» به اینجا تغییرمسیر دارد. برای دیگر کاربردها، REDIRECT (ابهام‌زدایی) را ببینید.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT||PAGE1}}
    «REDIRECT» به اینجا تغییرمسیر دارد. برای دیگر کاربردها، PAGE1 را ببینید.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1}}
    «REDIRECT» به اینجا تغییرمسیر دارد. برای USE1، PAGE1 را ببینید.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2}}
    «REDIRECT» به اینجا تغییرمسیر دارد. برای USE1، PAGE1 را ببینید. برای USE2، PAGE2 را ببینید.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3}}
    «REDIRECT» به اینجا تغییرمسیر دارد. برای USE1، PAGE1 را ببینید. برای USE2، PAGE2 را ببینید. برای USE3، PAGE3 را ببینید.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1|and|PAGE2}}
    «REDIRECT» به اینجا تغییرمسیر دارد. برای USE1، PAGE1 و PAGE2 را ببینید.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2|and|PAGE3}}
    «REDIRECT» به اینجا تغییرمسیر دارد. برای USE1، PAGE1 را ببینید. برای USE2، PAGE2 و PAGE3 را ببینید.
  • {{Redirect6|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1}}
  • {{Redirect6|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1||PAGE2}}
Variations
  • For two sources:
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2||PAGE1}}
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE|PAGE1}}
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2}}
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3}}
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|USE4|PAGE4}}
  • For three sources:
  • To specify the text following "redirects here.":
    • {{Redirect3|REDIRECT|TEXT}} or {{Redirect text|REDIRECT|TEXT}}
    • {{Redirect-synonym|TERM|OTHER TOPIC}}
... Not to be confused with ...
  • {{Redirect-distinguish|REDIRECT|PAGE1}}
  • {{Redirect-distinguish|REDIRECT|PAGE1|PAGE2|PAGE3|PAGE4}}
  • {{Redirect-distinguish2|REDIRECT|TEXT}}

Similar proper names ("For other people named ...")

Other people

Note: same as {{About}} except uses "other people" instead of "other uses" if only 1 parameter is used
Note: defaults to "named" as in {{Other people}}, exists for options like "nicknamed", "known as", etc.

Other places

Other ships

For articles on ships:

Distinguish

"Not to be confused with …"

"… redirects here. It is not to be confused with …"

"For technical reasons, … redirects here. For … , see … ."

Family names

اطلاعات بیشتر: Category:Hatnote templates for names

Miscellaneous (hurricanes, Pope Stephen, Wiki selfref)

These hatnotes are topic-specific. They are documented at their template page.

Categories

Category-specific templates:

This is a template for linking categories horizontally. Horizontal linkage is often the right solution when vertical linkage (i.e., as sub-category and parent category) is not appropriate. In most cases, this template should be used on both categories to create reciprocal linkage between the two categories.

سرنویس در تقابل است با OTHERCAT1 یا OTHERCAT2.
  • {{Contrast|OTHERCAT1|OTHERCAT2|plural=yes}}
سرنویس در تقابل است با OTHERCAT1 یا OTHERCAT2.

Lists

اطلاعات بیشتر: Category:Hatnote templates for lists

User pages

Notes

These templates are used in thousands of articles; therefore, changing the syntax could break thousands of articles. If you wish to create or edit a disambiguation or redirection template, first ask yourself the following questions:

  1. Is there already a template that will do this job? Since many disambiguation and redirection templates have already been created, first check: رده:الگو:ابهام‌زدایی و تغییرمسیر.
  2. Do I really need a new template for this? Will it likely be used on any other articles or should I just use {{Hatnote}} instead? Before creating a new template, see the ویکی‌پدیا:فضای نام الگو guideline.
  3. If I change the parameters around on an existing template, do I know what the result will be? Will it break existing uses of the template and if so, can I fix all of the errors? Before making any changes, see ویکی‌پدیا:تمرین و نمونه‌های آزمایشی الگو.