دوشن د بولونیه

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
د بولونیه

گیوم بنیامین-امند دوشن (به فرانسوی: Guillaume Duchenne de Boulogne) (د بولونیه) (۱۷سپتامبر، ۱۸۰۶ در بولونیه-سور-مر - ۱۵ سپتامبر ۱۸۷۵ در پاریس) متخصص مغز و اعصاب فرانسوی بود که تحقیقات گالوانی را احیا کرد و تا حد زیادی در پیشرفت دانش تنکار شناسی الکتریکی(electrophysiology)موثر بود.جریان متناوب مرهون کارهای اوست. عصر مغز و اعصاب مدرن از این که او فهمید که مسیرهای عصبی هادی هستندو کشف او در مورد اثر ضایعات بر این خاصیت و نوآوری‌های تشخیصی او در مورد بافت برداری از بافت‌های عمیق، آزمون‌های هدایت عصبی (NCS)، و عکاسی بالینی پیشرفت زیادی کرد. مغز و اعصاب در فرانسه قبل از دوشن وجود نداشت.

زندگینامه[ویرایش]

گیوم بنیامین دوشن پسر یک ماهیگیر بود

کارها[ویرایش]

  • تست رایت (۱۸۳۳)
  • برق محلی و کاربرد آن به تنکار شناسی آسیب شناسی و درمان (۱۸۵۵)
  • Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou Analyse électro-physiologique de l'expression des passions applicable à la pratique des arts plastiques (1862)
  • Physiologie des mouvements démontrée à l'aide de l'expérimentation électrique et de l'observation clinique, et applicable à l'étude des paralysies et des déformations (1867

)

منابع[ویرایش]

  • Garrison, Fielding Hudson (1913). An introduction to the history of medicine.. Philadelphia & London: W. B. Saunders. p. 571. "Modem neurology is mainly of French extraction and derives from Duchenne, of Boulogne, through Charcot and his pupils."
  • McHenry, Lawrence C. (1969). Garrison's history of neurology. Springfield IL: Charles C. Thomas. p. 270. ISBN 0-398-01261-X. "In the first part of the century neurological works had been published by Cooke, Bell, Hall and others, but the first real advance in neurology did not come until the clinical experience of Romberg and Duchenne."
  • a b Duchenne de Boulogne, G. -B. & Cuthbertson, Andrew R. (1990). The mechanism of human facial expression. Cambridge UK; New York; etc.: Cambridge University Press. p. 227. ISBN 0-521-36392-6. "It must be emphasized that, before Duchenne, French neurology did not exist."
  • McHenry, p. 282: "His interest in neurology, which was slow in evolving, was largely inspired by Duchenne, whom Charcot called his "master in neurology."
  • a b Collins, Joseph (1908). "Duchenne of Boulogne. A biography and an appreciation". Medical Record (William Wood) 73: 50–54.
  • This device was described by Gowers as 'Duchenne's histological harpoon,' and by others as a 'miniature harpoon' - metonymy that alluded to his parentage by the sea.
  • a b Duchenne, Guillaume-Benjamin & Tibbets, Herbert (1871). A treatise on localized electrization, and its applications to pathology and therapeutics. London: Hardwicke.
  • Lasègue, C. & Straus, J. (1875). "Duchenne de Boulogne; sa vie scientifique et ses oeuvres". Archives générales de médecine. 6th (P. Asselin) 2: 687–715.
  • Garrison, p. 572.
  • Mécanisme de la Physiologie Humaine, Ist Edition 1862-3; 2nd Edition, published Paris, J.B. Baillière, 1876
  • Physiologie des mouvements démontrée à l'aide de l'expérimentation électrique et de l'observation clinique, et applicable à l'étude des paralysies et des déformation, published in 1867
  • Duchenne, Mecanisme, part 3, 130-1, trans. Sobieszek.
  • Also known as The publication history of Duchenne's Mecanisme is complex and to a degree uncertain. It was published over the course of 1862 and possibly into 1863.
  • Duchenne, Mecanisme, part I, 31; Cuthbertson trans. , 19.
  • Duchenne, Mecanisme, part I, 65; Cuthbertson trans. , 36.
  • Although Tournachon contributed some of the negatives for the scientific section, most of the photographs in this section, and all eleven plates corresponding to the aesthetic section, were made by Duchenne.
  • Duchenne, Mechanism, part 2, 6; Ibid. , 42
  • Duchenne, Mecanisme, part 2, 8; Ibid. , 43.
  • Duchenne, Mecanisme, part 3, 133; Ibid. , 102
  • Ibid.
  • Duchenne, Mecanisme, part 3, 133-5; Ibid. , 102-3
  • Duchenne, Mecanisme, part 3, 141; Ibid. , 105
  • Duchenne, Mecanisme, part 3, 169-74; Ibid. , 120-2
  • Duchenne, Mecanisme, part 2, 125; Ibid. , 100.
  • Fowles, The French Lieutenant's Woman, 119
  • The book Ghost in the Shell: Photography and the Human Soul, 1850-2000, by Robert A. Sobieszek, was published in 1999 and accompanied the exhibition of the same name which took place in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
  • Sobieszek, Ghost in the Shell, 2003, MIT Press, 79

مطالعات بیشتر[ویرایش]

  • Freitas-Magalhães, A. , & Castro, E. (2009). The Neuropsychophysiological Construction of the Human Smile. In A. Freitas-Magalhães (Ed.), Emotional Expression: The Brain and The Face (pp.  1–18). Porto: University Fernando Pessoa Press. ISBN 978-989-643-034-4.
  • Sobieszek, Robert A. , Ghost in the Shell, 2003, MIT Press
  • Delaporte, François. Anatomy of the Passions. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008.
  • Parent, André (August 2005). "Duchenne De Boulogne: a pioneer in neurology and medical photography". The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques 32 (3): 369–77. PMID 16225184.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Parent, André (November 2005). "Duchenne de Boulogne (1806-1875)". Parkinsonism Relat. Disord. 11 (7): 411–2. doi:10.1016/j.parkreldis.2005.04.004. PMID 16345141.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Siegel, I M (2000). "Charcot and Duchenne: of mentors, pupils, and colleagues". Perspect. Biol. Med. 43 (4): 541–7. doi:10.1353/pbm.2000.0055. PMID 11058990.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Bach, J R (April 2000). "The Duchenne de Boulogne-Meryon controversy and pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy". Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences 55 (2): 158–78. doi:10.1093/jhmas/55.2.158. PMID 10820967.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Pearce, J M (September 1999). "Some contributions of Duchenne de Boulogne (1806-75)". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 67 (3): 322. doi:10.1136/jnnp.67.3.322. PMC 1736523. PMID 10449553.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Jay, V (1998). "On a historical note: Duchenne of Boulogne". Pediatr. Dev. Pathol. 1 (3): 254–5. doi:10.1007/PL00010897. PMID 10463286.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • George, M S (January 1994). "Reanimating the face: early writings by Duchenne and Darwin on the neurology of facial emotion expression". Journal of the history of the neurosciences 3 (1): 21–33. PMID 11618803.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Ostini, S (March 1993). "[Faradization according to Duchenne de Boulogne (1855)]". Revue médicale de la Suisse romande 113 (3): 245–6. PMID 8480122.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Borg, K (April 1992). "The man behind the syndrome: Guillaume Duchenne". Journal of the history of the neurosciences 1 (2): 145–54. PMID 11618423.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Borg, K (March 1991). "[The man behind the syndrome: Guillaume Duchenne. The frozen out "country bumpkin" who showed the way for research on neuromuscular diseases]". Lakartidningen 88 (12): 1091–3. PMID 2016943.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Reincke, H; Nelson K R (January 1990). "Duchenne de Boulogne: electrodiagnosis of poliomyelitis". Muscle Nerve 13 (1): 56–62. doi:10.1002/mus.880130111. PMID 2183045.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Nelson, K R; Genain C (October 1989). "Vignette. Duchenne de Boulogne and the muscle biopsy". J. Child Neurol. 4 (4): 315. doi:10.1177/088307388900400413. PMID 2677116.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Tayeau, F (December 1985). "[My compatriot: Guillaume Duchenne]". Bull. Acad. Natl. Med. 169 (9): 1401–12. PMID 3915439.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Cuthbertson, R A (1985). "Duchenne de Boulogne and human facial expression". Clinical and experimental neurology 21: 55–67. PMID 3916360.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Roth, N. "Duchenne and the accuracy esthetic". Medical instrumentation 13 (5): 308. PMID 388166.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Hueston, J T; Cuthbertson R A (July 1978). "Duchenne de Boulogne and facial expression". Annals of plastic surgery 1 (4): 411–20. PMID 365063.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)
  • Stillings, D. "Darwin and Duchenne". Medical instrumentation 9 (1): 37. PMID 1092967.  Unknown parameter |quotes= ignored (help)

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

  • [۱] FILM/TV/Director: Documentary DUCHENNE DE BOULOGNE OU L'ANATOMIE DES PASSIONS by Mark Blezinger 1999, 26min
  • Artifacial Expression Contemporary artist working on Electro-Facial Choreography.
  • Electro-Physiognomy an 1870 book review of Duchenne's monograph, Mécanisme de la Physionomie Humaine.. &c.