الگو:Rp

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو

:{{{1}}}

نماد توضیحات توضیحات الگو[نمایش] [ویرایش] [تاریخچه] [پاکسازی]

Function[ویرایش]

"Rp" stands for "Reference page/s".

Use this template when you are referring to specific pages within a source which is cited many times in the same article. The following example sentence shows the formatting produced by

<ref name="aardvark">... details of cited source ...</ref>{{Rp|23}}

which would be used to refer to a fact on page 23 of reference [1]:

Apples should be eaten when they are ripe.[۱]:23

This second example sentence shows the formatting produced by

<ref name="aardvark"/>{{Rp|56}}

which would be used as citation for a statement supported by a fact on page 56 of the same reference [1], which will appear only once in the list of references:

Porridge, usually eaten for breakfast, can also serve as a dessert.[۱]:56

This template is for appending page numbers to notes. It is an alternative that can be used in articles with one or several sources that must be cited a large number of times, at numerous different pages. It is an alternative to the more common method of using shortened footnotes that does not require the reader to follow two links to see the source.

Usage[ویرایش]

With colon[ویرایش]

{{rp|page number(s)}}

"Page number(s)" can be a single page number (287), several (xii, 287, 292, 418) or a range (287–88) or any combination thereof. Do not add "Page", "pp.", etc.—just the numbers. Of course, it can also be used for non-numeric pages, for example: "f. 29", "A7", and "back cover", etc., and can also be used for non-paginated sources, e.g., "0:35:12" for a video source.

This template is for appending page numbers to inline reference citations generated by Cite.php. It is a solution for the problem of a source that is cited many times, at numerous different page numbers, in the same Wikipedia article. Cite.php's limitations pose two citation problems in such a case:

  1. Regular use of <ref ...>...</ref> to provide a separate citations for each fact/statement sourced from a different page or page range (as in this example) will result in numerous individual lines generated by <references /> in the "Notes" or "References" section.
  2. Using a single <ref ...>...</ref> and followup <ref ... />'s with the same name= and simply listing all of the pages cited, would result in the single, very long <references /> entry for this source giving no way for readers to tell which facts were sourced from which pages in the work.

This template works around both of these problems. Doing so is important, because Featured Article as well as Good Article reviews generally insist upon specific facts being cited with specific page numbers.

{{rp}} is an alternative to the more common method of using shortened footnotes, that does not require the reader to follow two links to see the source. In cases of numerous citations to the same source, the Cite.php <ref ...> footnoting system is less tedious to use and more difficult to break with incorrect formatting than the {{ref label}} and {{note label}} system (although, in other situations, those templates are not particularly difficult and may be quite useful).

{{rp}} may end up being a temporary solution to these problems, as Cite.php may be upgraded to resolve these issues, in which case a bot would be able to convert {{rp}} to the new code.

Example[ویرایش]

The example below shows {{rp}} in use both at a first occurrence [<ref ...>...</ref>], with other references and inline superscript templates present so one can see how it looks when used in series, and at a later [<ref ... />] occurrence.

Code
An asserted fact.{{نیازمند شفاف‌سازی|date=August 2014}}<ref name="Jackson 1999">{{cite 
book |last=Jackson |first=Jennifer |title=The Unlightable Being of Bareness 
|publisher=Funky Publications |location=[[سان فرانسیسکو]] |year=1999 
|isbn=1-2345-6789-0}}</ref>{{Rp|233–7}}<ref name="Smith 2000">{{cite book 
|last=Smith |first=Bob |title=Another Source |publisher=Another Publisher 
|location=[[شیکاگو]] |year=2000 |isbn=0-0986-5432-1 |page=27}}</ref><ref 
name="NYT20060120">{{cite news |url=http://url.goes.here.tld/ |title=Some 
Article |last=Jones |first=Bill |work=New York Times |page=S4, "Style" section 
|date=January 20, 2006 |accessdate=2007-03-17}}</ref>

[...]

Another asserted fact.<ref name="Jackson 1999"/>{{Rp|27, 422}}
Result

An asserted fact.[نیازمند شفاف‌سازی][۲]:233–7[۳][۴]

[...]

Another asserted fact.[۲]:27, 422

With parentheses[ویرایش]

AMA style puts superscripted page numbers inside parenthesis instead of after a colon. For editors who prefer this style, this template has parameters page, pages, and at.

Code
An asserted fact.<ref name="Jackson 1999">{{cite book |last=Jackson 
|first=Jennifer |title=The Unlightable Being of Bareness |publisher=Funky 
Publications |location=[[سان فرانسیسکو]] |year=1999 |isbn=1-2345-6789-0}}
</ref>{{Rp|page=148}}

[...]

Another asserted fact.<ref name="Jackson 1999"/>{{Rp|pages=233–7}}

[...]

A third asserted fact.<ref name="Jackson 1999"/>{{Rp|at=dust jacket}}
Result

An asserted fact.[۲](p148)

[...]

Another asserted fact.[۲](pp233–7)

[...]

A third asserted fact.[۲](dust jacket)

Missing page numbers[ویرایش]

If a reference needs a page number but it is missing, use {{rp|needed=y|{{subst:DATE}}}} or {{rp|needed=y|date=دسامبر ۲۰۱۴}}. This will automatically use the {{page needed}} template to add the article to the appropriate category. For example, <ref name="Jackson 1999"/>{{rp|needed=y|date=November 2012}} results in: [۲]

This is preferable to something like {{rp|page number?}} or {{rp|?}}, since the cleanup categorization takes place. It is preferable to simply using {{page needed}} in articles that make use of {{rp}}, since it preserves the use of the {{rp}} syntax.

Do not nest the {{page needed}} template inside the {{rp}} template; doing so introduces a stray colon and the displayed results are too small to be legible to many readers. For instance, <ref name="Jackson 1999"/>{{rp|{{page needed|date=November 2012}}}} results in the undesirable: [۲]:

A note on spacing[ویرایش]

Where multiple citations occur in series, {{Rp}} may result in line breaks between the citations. The "word joiner" (code &#8288;), which prohibits a line break on either side of it, may be used to prevent this.

Warning[ویرایش]

This template should not be used unless necessary. In the vast majority of cases, citing page numbers in the <ref>...</ref> code is just fine. This template is only intended for sources that are used many times in the same article, to such an extent that normal citation would produce a useless line in <references /> or too many individual ones. Overuse of this template may be seen by some editors as making prose harder to read, making it more likely to be reverted by other editors. Used judiciously, however, it is perceived by many editors as less interruptive to the visual flow than complete implementation of the reference citation styles that inspired it, particularly full Harvard referencing.

TemplateData[ویرایش]

This template is used to refer to specific page numbers when citing a source multiple times within the same article. It should be placed immediately after a reference.

پارامترهای الگو
پارامتر توضیحات نوع پیش‌فرض مقدار خودکار وضعیت
Page numbers 1 Write the page number(s) referred to in this reference. string خالی خالی ضروری

See also[ویرایش]

References[ویرایش]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ A. A. Aardvark (1999). The Best Moments for Eating. Green Press.
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ ۲٫۴ ۲٫۵ ۲٫۶ Jackson, Jennifer (1999). The Unlightable Being of Bareness. سان فرانسیسکو: Funky Publications. ISBN 1-2345-6789-0. 
  3. Smith, Bob (2000). Another Source. شیکاگو: Another Publisher. p. 27. ISBN 0-0986-5432-1. 
  4. Jones, Bill (January 20, 2006). "Some Article". New York Times. p. S4, "Style" section. Retrieved 2007-03-17.