راهنما:الفبای آوانگاری بین‌المللی ایسلندی

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در این جدول الفبای آوانگاری بین‌المللی هستند که روش تلفظ‌های زبان ایسلندی را در مقاله‌های ویکی‌پدیا نشان می‌دهند.

همخوان‌ها
IPA مثال نمونه انگلیسی
[[|c]] gys skew
[[|cʰ]] kær cute
[[|ç]] hjá hue
[[|ð]] verða weather
[[|f]] fyrir, dýpka fun
[[|ɣ]] laga (like Spanish trigo)
[[|h]] hús hop
[[|ʰc]] ekki skew (with an h sound before it)
[[|ʰk]] þakka sky (with an h sound before it)
[[|ʰp]] tappi spy (with an h sound before it)
[[|ʰt]] stutt sty (with an h sound before it)
[[|j]] jú, lagi yes
[[|k]] göng, líka sky
[[|kʰ]] koma, hver[۱] kite
[[|l]] líf leap
[[|l̥]] stelpa, öll[۲] (voiceless, like hl)
[[|m]] miði moon
[[|m̥]] lampi (voiceless, like hm)
[[|n]] níu noon
[[|n̥]] hnífur (voiceless, like hn)
[[|ɲ]] lengi canyon
[[|ɲ̊]] banki [ˈpauɲ̊cɪ] (voiceless, like hny)
[[|ŋ]] ungs sing
[[|ŋ̊]] þungt (voiceless, like hng)
[[|p]] böl, hjálpa, nafni spy
[[|pʰ]] páfi pie
[[|r]] rós ring (trilled)
[[|r̥]] hreinn (voiceless, like hr)
[[|s]] saga sing
[[|t]] dagur, út, öll,[۲] seinna sty
[[|tʰ]] tala tie
[[|θ]] þ think
[[|v]] afi, verk very
[[|x]] sjúkt, sagt Bach
[[|xʷ]] hver[۱] why (without the winewhine merger)
واکه‌ها[۳]
IPA مثال نمونه انگلیسی
واکه ساده
[[|a]] Karl art
[[|aː]] raka father
[[|ɛ]] kenna bet
[[|ɛː]] nema bed
[[|i]] fínt, sýndi leaf
[[|iː]] líf, hlýt leave
[[|ɪ]] yi kit
[[|ɪː]] yfir, vita kid
[[|ɔ]] loft RP/Australian hot
[[|ɔː]] von RP/Australian nod
[[|œ]] dökk Somewhat like nurse
[[|œː]] öl Somewhat like fur
[[|u]] ungur boot
[[|uː]] núna food
[[|ʏ]] upp roughly like shoe, but shorter
[[|ʏː]] kul roughly like shoe
واکه مرکب
ai ætla RP right
aiː æfing pie
au sjálfur mouth
auː páfi allow
ei engi pace
eiː heim pay
ou hóll goat
ouː kólna go
øi laust roughly like Louie, but shorter
øiː auga roughly like Louie
نشانه‌های دیگر
IPA Explanation
[[|ˈ◌]] Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable),
langur [ˈlauŋ̊kʏr̥]

توضیحات[ویرایش]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ Hver is pronounced differently depending on dialect.
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ Double ll is pronounced [tl̥], as if spelled tl.
  3. Vowels are usually long if they are stressed and followed by no more than one consonant double consonant. Vowel length is not phonemic.

کتاب‌شناسی[ویرایش]

  • Árnason, Kristján (2011), The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-922931-4
  • Gussmann, Edmund (2011). "Getting your head around: the vowel system of Modern Icelandic" (PDF). Folia Scandinavica Posnaniensia. 12: 71–90. ISBN 978-83-232-2296-5.
  • Haugen, Einar (1958). "The Phonemics of Modern Icelandic". Language. 34 (1): 55–88. doi:10.2307/411276. JSTOR 411276.