یگان‌های مدافع سنجار

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish
یگان‌های مدافع سنجار
Yekîneyên Berxwedana Şingal
شرکت‌کننده در جنگ عراق و جنگ داخلی در عراق (۲۰۱۴-اکنون)
Flag of YBŞ.svg
پرچم YBŞ
فعالیت ۲۰۰۷ تاکنون[۱]
ایدئولوژی رژیونالیسم ایزدی
دموکراتیک کنفدرالیسم
رهبران شیخ خیری خدر 
مظلوم شنگال[۲]
ستاد شنگال، استان نینوا، عراق
نیرو ۱٬۵۰۰+[۳]
بخشی از متحدین سنجار
متحدان حزب کارگران کردستان
یگان زنان سنجار
نیروهای محافظ ایزدیان
یگان‌های مدافع خلق
Women's Protection Units
شورای نظامی سریانی
Bethnahrain Women's Protection Forces
مخالفان دولت اسلامی در عراق و شام
پیشمرگه‌های سوریه
نبردها/جنگ‌ها جنگ داخلی در عراق (۲۰۱۴-اکنون)

جنگ داخلی سوریه

یگان‌های مدافع سنجار یا ی. ب. ش (به کردی: Yekîneyên Berxwedana Şengalê; YBŞ یه‌کینه‌یێن به‌رخوه‌دانا شه‌نگالێ، یه‌به‌شه) که پیشتر سربازان ملک طاووس نامیده می‌شد، تشکلی از شبه نظامیان یزیدی در عراق است که در سال ۲۰۰۷ برای محافظت از جامعه یزیدیان عراق و کردستان عراق در مقابل حمله شورشیان عراقی شکل گرفت. ی.ب. ش پس از نیروهای دفاعی ایزدخان (ه.پ. اِ) دومین نیروی شبه‌نظامی بزرگ ایزدی به‌شمار می‌آید، با این حال این نیرو از ه.پ. اِ در نبرد با دولت اسلامی عراق و شام بسیار فعال تر بوده‌است.

نگارخانه[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. "Yazidi militia claims to have killed at least 22 Islamic State militants". Haaretz. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. Malik al-Tawus is a self-defense group, believed to have been set up in 2007 to protect the Yazidi community in Iraq against attacks by radical Islamists.
  2. "Yezidi forces form alliance against IS". Êzîdî Press. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  3. "Yazidis Form Militia To Protect Sinjar Mountain". Aina. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  4. ""Manbij operation will continue until ISIS is completely expelled"". ANF News. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  5. "Şengal's YJŞ: heading for al-Raqqa to liberate Yazidi women". Hawar News Agency. 3 July 2017.

مشارکت‌کنندگان ویکی‌پدیا. «Malik Al-Tawus Troop». در دانشنامهٔ ویکی‌پدیای انگلیسی، بازبینی‌شده در ۲ اردیبهشت ۱۳۹۰.

Sinjar Resistance Units
Yekîneyên Berxwedana Şengalê (YBŞ)
Participant in Iraq War, Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
Flag of YBŞ.svg
Flag of YBŞ
Active2007–present[1]
StatusActive
IdeologyYazidi regionalism
Democratic confederalism
Political positionLeft-wing
AllegianceEzidi Freedom and Democracy Party (PADE)[2][3][4]
LeadersSheikh Khairy Khedr 
Mazlum Shengal[5]
HeadquartersSinjar, Nineveh Governorate, Iraq
Size1,500+[6]
Part ofSinjar Alliance
Originated asMalik Al-Tawus
Allies Popular Mobilization Forces
Kurdistan Workers' Party
Sinjar Women's Units
Protection Force of Sinjar
People's Protection Units
Women's Protection Units
Syriac Military Council
Bethnahrain Women's Protection Forces
Opponent(s) Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Peshmerga[7]
 Iraq (2019)
 Turkey
Battles and war(s)Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)

Syrian Civil War

Sinjar clashes (2019)
WebsiteOfficial website
A Sinjar Resistance Units fighter carries the militia's flag

The Şengal Resistance Units (Kurdish: Yekîneyên Berxwedana Şengalê‎; YBŞ), formerly called King Peacock (Arabic: Malik Al-Tawus‎), is a Yazidi militia formed in Iraq in 2007 to protect the Yazidi community in Iraq in the wake of attacks by Iraqi insurgents.[10] It is the second largest Yazidi militia, after the Protection Force of Sinjar (HPŞ).[11] However, it is much more active than the HPŞ in fighting against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).[11]

Together with its newly founded all-women offshoot, the Êzîdxan Women's Units (YJÊ), and the formerly Peshmerga-aligned HPŞ, in October 2015 it founded the all-Yazidi joint command umbrella structure Sinjar Alliance. YBŞ and YJÊ consider themselves under the umbrella of the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK) and are operating in concert with People's Defence Forces (HPG) of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).[12][11] Shammar militias have also supported YBŞ.

History

The Sinjar Resistance Units took part in the August 2014 Northern Iraq offensive, killing at least 22 Islamic State fighters and destroying five armoured vehicles in the vicinity of the Sinjar Mountains.[1]

Hundreds of Yazidis received training from People's Protection Units (YPG) instructors at the Serimli military base in Qamishli, Syria, before being sent back to the Mount Sinjar frontlines.[13] These forces were re-branded as the "Sinjar Resistance Units".[14][15]

Its commander Sheikh Khairy Khedr was killed in action during the October 2014 clashes in Sinjar.[16][17]

There have been increased tensions between the YBŞ and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). KRG forces largely fled Mount Sinjar when the Islamic State first attacked, leaving many Yazidis resentful and distrustful.[18]

In October 2015, the YBŞ participated in the foundation of the Sinjar Alliance as an all-Yazidi joint commando umbrella structure. Besides their all-women offshoot, the Êzîdxan Women's Units (YJÊ), the formerly Peshmerga-aligned Protection Force of Sinjar (HPŞ)[5] and other independent Yazidi units committed to the united Yazidi front.[19]

Under the joint command of the Sinjar Alliance, the Sinjar Resistance Units took part in the November 2015 Sinjar offensive.[20]

In 2017, the KDP-aligned media outlets claimed that around 800 members had left the YBŞ, 400 of them joined Peshmerga.[21][22]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Yazidi militia claims to have killed at least 22 Islamic State militants". Haaretz. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. Malik al-Tawus is a self-defense group, believed to have been set up in 2007 to protect the Yazidi community in Iraq against attacks by radical Islamists.
  2. ^ "PADÊ salvegera rizgarkirina Şengalê pîroz kir". rojnews.org.
  3. ^ "PADÊ bi fermî ji aliyê Bexda ve hate qebûlkirin". rojnews.org.
  4. ^ Kurdistan24. "PKK-affiliated political party formed in Shingal". kurdistan24.net.
  5. ^ a b "Yezidi forces form alliance against IS". Êzîdî Press. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Yazidis Form Militia To Protect Sinjar Mountain". Aina. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  7. ^ http://www.rudaw.net/sorani/kurdistan/051120183
  8. ^ ""Manbij operation will continue until ISIS is completely expelled"". ANF News. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Şengal's YJŞ: heading for al-Raqqa to liberate Yazidi women". Hawar News Agency. 3 July 2017. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  10. ^ Ridolfo, Kathleen (31 May 2007). "Christian population dwindling due to threats, attacks". Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 'We have formed a troop of the brave and faithful from the Yazidi clan called the Malik Al-Tawus [King Peacock] troop'
  11. ^ a b c Paraszczuk, Joanna (11 June 2015). "Yazidi militias fight IS in Iraq, amid Kurdish rivalries". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  12. ^ "On patrol with the Sinjar Resistance Units". Reuters. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Kurdish militants train hundreds of Yazidis to fight Islamic State". Aina. 17 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  14. ^ Khalel, Sheren; Vickery, Matthew (23 February 2015). "Yazidis battle ISIL: Disaster 'made us stronger'". Al Jazeera English.
  15. ^ "IS-Terror in Shingal: Wer kämpft gegen wen? Ein Überblick". Êzidî Press. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  16. ^ Su, Alice (4 November 2014). "No Escape From Sinjar Mountain". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  17. ^ "Iraqi journalists flee as ISIS closes in". The News Minute. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  18. ^ Krohn, Jonathan; Spencer, Richard. "Yazidi leader 'arrested by Kurdish authorities'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  19. ^ "Independent Yezidi units join Shingal alliance". Êzîdî Press. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  20. ^ "Shingal: KurdInnen starten mit vereinten Kräften Großoffensive gegen IS". Kurdische Nachrichten (in German). 12 November 2015. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  21. ^ "400 Ezidis finish 3-month Peshmerga military training". Kurdistan24. 14 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  22. ^ "800 fighters left PKK in Shingal, joined Peshmerga: Ezidi Commander". 30 April 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017.

External links