ژن مورو

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
فارسیEnglish
ژن مورو
San Sebastian Film Festival Jeanne Moureau cropped.jpg
ژن مورو در جشنواره فیلم سن‌سباستین
نام اصلی ژن مورو
زمینه فعالیت بازیگر، کارگردان، خواننده
تولد ۲۳ ژانویهٔ ۱۹۲۸(1928-01-23)
پاریس، فرانسه
مرگ ۳۱ ژوئیه ۲۰۱۷ میلادی (۸۹ سال)
پاریس، فرانسه
ملیت فرانسوی
صفحه در وب‌گاه IMDb

ژَن مورو (به فرانسوی: Jeanne Moreau) (زاده ۲۳ ژانویه ۱۹۲۸ - درگذشته ۳۱ ژوئیه ۲۰۱۷) چهرهٔ سرشناس سینمای جهان، هنرپیشه، خواننده و کارگردان فرانسوی بود. او در طول فعالیت هنریش با بزرگترین کارگردانان اروپایی و آمریکایی از جمله لوئیس بونوئل، تئو آنگلوپولوس، ویم وندرس، میکل آنجلو آنتونیونی، فرانسوا تروفو، اورسن ولز، جوزف لوزی و ژان لوک گدار همکاری کرد.[۱] او به جوایز هنری متعددی دست یافت. وی نخستین زنی است که برای عضویت در فرهنگستان هنرهای زیبای فرانسه برگزیده شد.

او طی ۶۰ سال کار هنری در بیش از ۶۲ نمایشنامه، ۱۳۵ فیلم سینمائی، ۲۷ فیلم و سریال تلویزیونی ایفای نقش کرد. همچنین نزدیک به ۹۰ ترانه از خود به یادگار گذاشت.[۱]

زندگی‌نامه[ویرایش]

ژن مورو در ۲۳ ژانویه ۱۹۲۸ در پاریس به دنیا آمد. پدرش فرانسوی و صاحب رستوران و مادرش رقصنده‌ای با تبار انگلیسی بود. بدون آگاهی پدر و مادرش در کلاسهای تئاتر ثبت نام و در کنکور هنرستان پذیرفته شد و کارش را با بازیگری در تئاتر آغاز کرد. در سالِ ۱۹۴۷ در سن ۱۹ سالگی در نخستین فستیوال تئاتر «اَوینیون» به روی صحنه رفت.[۱] لویی مال کارگردان فرانسوی که تحت تأثیر زیبایی و هوش ژن مورو قرار گرفته بود از وی برای فیلم آسانسوری بسوی مرگ دعوت به همکاری کرد که همین اولین فیلم او را به ستاره سینمای فرانسه تبدیل کرد. با این حال از دیدگاه هنری کارش با فرانسوا تروفو و بازی در فیلم ژول و ژیم را می‌توان نقطه عطفی در کارنامه هنریش دانست.

ژَن مورو زندگی هنری پرباری داشت و در طول دهه‌های ۷۰ و ۸۰ و ۹۰ میلادی هم در آثار سینمایی حضور پیدا کرد. او با صرف نظر کردن از درآمدهای هالیوودی به بازی و همکاری در فیلم‌های اروپایی ادامه داد.

ژَن مورو پیشنهاد مایک نیکولز برای بازی در نقش خانم رابینسون در فیلم فارغ‌التحصیل را رد کرد و در عوض ترجیح داد دوباره با تروفو در فیلم عروس سیاهپوش همکاری کند - فیلمی که برای ادای دین به آلفرد هیچکاک ساخته شد.

از سایر فیلم‌های مشهور او می‌توان به فیلم شب (۱۹۶۱) ساخته مایکل آنجلو آنتونیونی، خاطرات یک کلفت (۱۹۶۴) ساخته لوئیس بونوئل، مادمازل (۱۹۶۶) ساخته تونی ریچاردسون را نام برد.

در سال ۲۰۰۸ ژن مورو بخاطر مجموعه کارهای هنریش سزار افتخاری دریافت کرد.[۲]

زندگی شخصی[ویرایش]

در زندگی خصوصی سه بار ازدواج کرد که هر سه به طلاق منجر شد. ابتدا با کارگردان فرانسوی ژان لویی ریچارد ازدواج کرد که تنها فرزندش ژروم متولد ۱۹۴۹ حاصل این ازدواج است. سپس با هنرپیشه یونانی تئودوروس روبانیس در سال ۱۹۶۶ و در نهایت با ویلیلم فردکین درسال ۱۹۷۷ که دو سال بعد هم به جدایی منجر شد.

فیلم‌های برگزیده[ویرایش]

جوایز[ویرایش]

جشنواره فیلم کن[ویرایش]

سزار[ویرایش]

  • ۱۹۸۷ نامزد بهترین هنرپیشه نقش دوم برای فیلم لو پالتوکه
  • ۱۹۸۸ نامزد بهترین بازیگر زن برای فیلم معجزه
  • ۱۹۹۲ سزار بهترین هنرپیشه زن برای فیلم پیرزنی که در دریا راه رفت[۴]
  • ۱۹۹۵ سزار افتخاری
  • ۲۰۰۸ سزار افتخاری برای مجموعه فعالیتهای هنری

اسکار[ویرایش]

  • ۱۹۹۸ اسکار افتخاری

درگذشت[ویرایش]

ژن مورو در ۳۱ ژوئیه ۲۰۱۷ در سن ۸۹ سالگی در گذشت.[۵]

واکنش‌ها[ویرایش]

امانوئل مکرون، رئیس جمهور فرانسه، از خدمات ژن مورو قدر دانی کرد و او را «مظهر سینما» خواند و گفت: «او دارای روح آزادی بود که همیشه در حال شورش علیه نظام متعارف در جامعه بود.»

منابع[ویرایش]

Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau.jpg
Moreau during filming in 2008
Born (1928-01-23)23 January 1928
Paris, France
Died 31 July 2017(2017-07-31) (aged 89)
Paris, France
Alma mater Conservatoire de Paris
Occupation Actress, screenwriter, film director
Years active 1947–2012
Spouse(s) Jean-Louis Richard (1949–separated 1951; divorced 1964) 1 son Jérôme[1]
Thodoros Roubanis (m.1966)
William Friedkin (1977–1979)

Jeanne Moreau (French pronunciation: ​[ʒan mɔʁo]; 23 January 1928 – 31 July 2017) was a French actress, singer, screenwriter and director. She won the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for Seven Days... Seven Nights (1960), the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress for Viva Maria! (1965), and the César Award for Best Actress for The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea (1992). She was also the recipient of several lifetime awards, including a BAFTA Fellowship in 1996.

Moreau made her theatrical debut in 1947, and established herself as one of the leading actresses of the Comédie-Française. She began playing small roles in films in 1949, with impressive performances in the Fernandel vehicle Meurtres? (Three Sinners, 1950) and alongside Jean Gabin as a showgirl/gangster's moll in the film Touchez pas au grisbi (1954). She achieved prominence as the star of Elevator to the Gallows (1958), directed by Louis Malle, and Jules et Jim (1962), directed by François Truffaut. Most prolific during the 1960s, Moreau continued to appear in films into her eighties.

Early life and education

Moreau was born in Paris, the daughter of Katherine (née Buckley), a dancer who performed at the Folies Bergère (d. 1990), and Anatole-Désiré Moreau, a restaurateur (d. 1975).[2][3] Moreau's father was French; her mother was English, a native of Oldham, Lancashire, England[4] and of part Irish descent.[3][5][6] Moreau's father was Catholic and her mother, originally a Protestant, converted to Catholicism upon marriage.[3] When a young girl, "the family moved south to Vichy, spending vacations at the ancestral village of Mazirat, a town of 30 houses in a valley in the Allier. "It was wonderful there", Moreau said. "Every tombstone in the cemetery was for a Moreau". During the war, the family was split and Moreau lived with her mother in Paris. Moreau ultimately lost interest in school at age 16 and, after attending a performance of Jean Anouilh's Antigone, found her calling as an actor. She later studied at the Conservatoire de Paris. Her parents separated permanently while Moreau was at the conservatory and her mother, "after 24 difficult years in France, returned to England with Jeanne's[1] sister, Michelle."[1]

Career

In 1947, Moreau made her theatrical debut at the Avignon Festival. She debuted at the Comédie-Française in Ivan Turgenev's A Month in the Country[1] and, by her twenties, was already one of leading actresses in the theatre's troupe.[3] After 1949, she began appearing in films with small parts but continued primarily active in the theatre for several years—a year at the Théâtre National Populaire opposite among others Gérard Philipe and Robert Hirsch, then a breakout two years in dual roles in The Dazzling Hour by Anna Bonacci, then Jean Cocteau's La Machine Infernale and others before another two-year run, this time in Shaw's Pygmalion.[1] From the late 1950s, after appearing in several successful films, she began to work with the emerging generation of French film-makers. Elevator to the Gallows (1958) with first-time director Louis Malle was followed by Malle's The Lovers (Les Amants, 1959).[7]

Moreau with Juliette Binoche at the Elysee Biarritz theatre in Paris, 22 October 2009

Largely thanks to these films, Moreau went on to work with many of the best known New Wave and avant-garde directors.[3] François Truffaut's New Wave film Jules et Jim (1962), her biggest success internationally, is centred on her magnetic starring role.[3] She also worked with a number of other notable directors such as Michelangelo Antonioni (La notte and Beyond the Clouds), Orson Welles (The Trial, Chimes at Midnight and The Immortal Story), Luis Buñuel (Diary of a Chambermaid), Elia Kazan (The Last Tycoon), Rainer Werner Fassbinder (Querelle), Wim Wenders (Until the End of the World), Carl Foreman (Champion and The Victors), and Manoel de Oliveira (Gebo et l'Ombre).

In 1983, she was head of the jury at the 33rd Berlin International Film Festival.[8] In 2005, she was awarded with the Stanislavsky Award at the 27th Moscow International Film Festival.[9]

Moreau was also a vocalist. She released several albums and once performed with Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall.[3] In addition to acting, Moreau worked behind the camera, as a writer, director and producer.[3] Her blended accomplishments were the subject of a film profile, Calling the Shots (1988), by Janis Cole and Holly Dale.[citation needed]

Personal life

Jeanne Moreau and Marcello Mastroianni in 1991

Throughout her life, Moreau maintained friendships with prominent writers such as Jean Cocteau, Jean Genet, Henry Miller and Marguerite Duras (an interview with Moreau is included in Duras's book Outside: Selected Writings). She was formerly married to Jean-Louis Richard (1949–1964) and then to American film director William Friedkin (1977–1979). Director Tony Richardson left his wife, Vanessa Redgrave, for her in 1967 but they never married. She also had affairs with directors Louis Malle and François Truffaut, fashion designer Pierre Cardin,[10] jazz trumpeter Miles Davis and Theodoros Roubanis, the Greek actor/playboy.[11]

Moreau was a close friend of Sharon Stone, who presented a 1998 American Academy of Motion Pictures life tribute to Moreau. Orson Welles called her "the greatest actress in the world",[12] and she remained one of France's most accomplished actresses.

Death

Moreau died on 31 July 2017, at the age of 89.[4][13]

Selected filmography

Actress

Year Title Role Director
1950 Meurtres ? (fr) Martine Annequin PottierRichard Pottier
1952 The Man in My Life Suzanne Dubreuil LefrancGuy Lefranc
1953 Dortoir des grandes Julie DecoinHenri Decoin
Julietta Rosie Facibey AllégretMarc Allégret
1954 Touchez pas au grisbi Josy BeckerJacques Becker
Les Intrigantes Mona Rémi DecoinHenri Decoin
La Reine Margot Margaret of Valois DrévilleJean Dréville
1958 Ascenseur pour l'échafaud Florence Carala MalleLouis Malle
The Lovers (Les amants) TournierJeanne Tournier
1959 Les liaisons dangereuses Juliette de Merteuil VadimRoger Vadim
The 400 Blows (cameo appearance) TruffautFrançois Truffaut
1960 Dialogue with the Carmelites Mère Marie de l'Incarnation AgostiniPhilippe Agostini
Moderato Cantabile Anne Desbarèdes BrookPeter Brook
1961 A Woman Is a Woman (uncredited cameo, discussing Jules et Jim) GodardJean-Luc Godard
La Notte Lidia AntonioniMichelangelo Antonioni
1962 The Trial Miss Burstner WellesOrson Welles
Jules et Jim Catherine TruffautFrançois Truffaut
Eva Eva Olivier LoseyJoseph Losey
1963 Banana Peel (Peau de banane) Cathy OphülsMarcel Ophüls
The Victors the French lady ForemanCarl Foreman
The Fire Within (Le feu follet) Eva MalleLouis Malle
Bay of Angels Jacqueline "Jackie" Demaistre DemyJacques Demy
1964 Diary of a Chambermaid Célestine BuñuelLuis Buñuel
The Train Christine FrankenheimerJohn Frankenheimer
The Yellow Rolls-Royce Eloise, Marchioness of Frinton AsquithAnthony Asquith
Mata Hari, Agent H21 Mata Hari RichardJean-Louis Richard
1965 Viva Maria! Maria I MalleLouis Malle
Chimes at Midnight Doll Tearsheet WellesOrson Welles
1966 Mademoiselle "Mademoiselle" RichardsonTony Richardson
1967 The Oldest Profession (episode "Mademoiselle Mimi") Mimi Guillotine de BrocaPhilippe de Broca
The Sailor from Gibraltar Anna RichardsonTony Richardson
1968 The Immortal Story Virginie Ducrot WellesOrson Welles
Great Catherine Catherine FlemyngGordon Flemyng
The Bride Wore Black Julie Kohler TruffautFrançois Truffaut
1970 The Little Theatre of Jean Renoir the singer RenoirJean Renoir
Monte Walsh Martine Bernard FrakerWilliam A. Fraker
1972 Chère Louise Louise de BrocaPhilippe de Broca
Nathalie Granger "the other woman" DurasMarguerite Duras
1974 Les Valseuses Jeanne Pirolle BlierBertrand Blier
1975 Joanna Francesa Joanna DieguesCacá Diegues
Hu-man Sylvana LaperousazJérôme Laperrousaz
1976 The Last Tycoon Didi KazanElia Kazan
Monsieur Klein Florence LoseyJoseph Losey
1982 Querelle Lysiane FassbinderRainer Werner Fassbinder
La Truite Lou LoseyJoseph Losey
1986 Le Tiroir secret (TV miniseries) Vivi (different directors)
1987 The Miracle Sabine MockyJean-Pierre Mocky
1990 Nikita Amande BessonLuc Besson
Alberto Express the Baroness JofféArthur Joffé
1991 Anna Karamazoff the Lady KhamdamovRustam Khamdamov
To meteoro vima tou pelargou the Lady AngelopoulosTheo Angelopoulos
The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea Lady M HeynemannLaurent Heynemann
Until the End of the World Edith Farber WendersWim Wenders
1992 The Absence the writer's wife HandkePeter Handke
1993 A Foreign Field Angelique SturridgeCharles Sturridge
Catherine the Great Empress Elizabeth Petrovna ChomskyMarvin J. Chomsky
Map of the Human Heart Sister Banville WardVincent Ward
The Summer House Lili HusseinWaris Hussein
1995 Beyond the Clouds a Lady AntonioniMichelangelo Antonioni and Wim Wenders
1996 The Proprietor Adrienne Mark MerchantIsmail Merchant
I Love You, I Love You Not Nana HopkinsBilly Hopkins
1997 Witch Way Love Eglantine ManzorRené Manzor
1998 Ever After Grande Dame TennantAndy Tennant
2001 Cet amour-là (fr) Marguerite Duras DayanJosée Dayan
2003 Love Actually Lady at Marseilles Airport (cameo) CurtisRichard Curtis
Les parents terribles Tante Leo DayanJosée Dayan
2005 Time to Leave Laura OzonFrançois Ozon
Les Rois maudits (fr) (TV miniseries) Mahaut, Countess of Artois DayanJosée Dayan
2006 Roméo et Juliette Laurence DesgagnésYves Desgagnés
2007 Désengagement Françoise GitaiAmos Gitai
2009 Face Jeanne TsaiMing-liang Tsai
2012 Gebo et l'Ombre Candidinha de OliveiraManoel de Oliveira
2012 Une estonienne à Paris (fr) Frida RaagIlmar Raag

Director

Awards and nominations

Films

Year Group Award Film Result
2008 César Awards Honorary César Lifetime achievement Won
2005 Moscow International Film Festival Stanislavsky Prize Lifetime achievement Won
2003 Cannes Film Festival Honorary Golden Palm Lifetime achievement Won
2003 Taormina International Film Festival Taormina Arte Award Lifetime achievement Won
2001 Pusan International Film Festival Hand Printing (tribute) Lifetime achievement Won
2000 Berlin International Film Festival Honorary Golden Berlin Bear Lifetime achievement Won
1999 Hamptons International Film Festival Distinguished Achievement Award Lifetime achievement Won
1999 Créteil International Women's Film Festival Homage Lifetime achievement Won
1998 Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Tribute Lifetime achievement Won
1997 European Film Awards Life Achievement Award Lifetime achievement Won
1997 San Sebastián International Film Festival Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award Lifetime achievement Won
1996 BAFTA Awards Academy Fellowship Lifetime achievement Won
1995 César Awards Honorary César Lifetime achievement Won
1994 Women in Film Crystal Award International Award Lifetime achievement Won
1992 Venice Film Festival Career Golden Lion Lifetime achievement Won
1992 César Awards Best Actress The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea Won
1988 César Awards Best Actress Le Miraculé Nominated
1987 César Awards Best Supporting Actress Le Paltoquet Nominated
1984 Razzie Awards Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Original Song Querelle – song: "Young and Joyful Bandit" Nominated
1979 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Berlin Bear L'adolescente Nominated
1979 Chicago International Film Festival Gold Hugo L'adolescente Nominated
1976 Chicago International Film Festival Gold Hugo Lumière Nominated
1976 Taormina International Film Festival Golden Charybdis Lumière Nominated
1967 BAFTA Awards Best Foreign Actress Viva Maria! Won
1964 Karlovy Vary International Film Festival Best Actress Diary of a Chambermaid Won
1963 BAFTA Awards Best Foreign Actress Jules et Jim Nominated
1962 Jussi Awards Diploma of Merit – Foreign Actress La notte Won
1961 Fotogramas de Plata Best Foreign Performer Le dialogue des Carmélites Won
1960 Cannes Film Festival Best Actress Moderato cantabile Won
1958 Venice Film Festival Best Actress Les amants Won

Theater

Year Group Award Play Result
1988 Molière Awards Best Actress Le Récit de la servante Zerline Won

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Farrell, Barry, "Actresses: Making the Most of Love", Time cover story pp. 4–5, 5 March 1965. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  2. ^ "Jeanne Moreau Biography (1928-)". Filmreference.com. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Stated in interview at Inside the Actors Studio
  4. ^ a b "Jeanne Moreau: French screen icon and star of Jules et Jim, dies at 89". BBC. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  5. ^ Famous French people of immigrant origin, Eupedia : France Guide
  6. ^ "Jeanne Moreau Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. 
  7. ^ Chapman, Peter (31 July 2017). "Jeanne Moreau, actress, 1928-2017". Financial Times. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  8. ^ "Berlinale: 1983 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 14 November 2010. 
  9. ^ "27th Moscow International Film Festival (2005)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "Jeanne Moreau : bio de Jeanne Moreau". Gala.fr (in French). Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  11. ^ Roubanis was previously the companion of Henry Plumer McIlhenny. The relationship with McIlhenny was cited in Welsh and Tibbett's The Cinema of Tony Richardson (SUNY Press, 1999). Roubanis later married Lady Sarah Churchill. Lady Sarah Spencer-Churchill obituary, The Telegraph, 19 October 2000.
  12. ^ "People | Jeanne Moreau". Salon. Archived from the original on 24 May 2007. 
  13. ^ Gates, Anita (31 July 2017). "Jeanne Moreau, Femme Fatale of French New Wave, Is Dead at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 

External links