چای ترکی

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
فارسیEnglish
چای ترکی
Turkish tea2.jpg
چای ترکی معمولاً در استکان‌های کمر باریک مخصوصی سرو می‌شود.
نوع چای
خاستگاه امپراطوری عثمانی
Dark red
گونه چای ریزه

چای ترکی یک نوع از چای است که به طور عمده در سراسر ترکیه و همچنین در قبرس شمالی و برخی از کشورهای بالکان مصرف می‌شود.

مقدمه[ویرایش]

یک چایدان آلمینیومی که معمولاً ابزار اصلی برای مصرف این نوع چای است.

چای ترکی معمولاً در استان ریزه تولید می‌شود و از انواع چای سیاه است.

نگارخانه[ویرایش]

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

Turkish tea served in the typical manner, in a glass on a small saucer

Tea (Turkish: çay pronounced [t͡ʃaj]) is popular throughout Turkey and the Turkish diaspora. Turkish tea culture also extends to Northern Cyprus and some Balkan countries.

Domestic production

Most of the tea produced in Turkey is Rize tea, a terroir from Rize Province on the eastern Black Sea coast, which has a mild climate with high precipitation and fertile soil. This tea is usually processed as black tea.

In 2004 Turkey produced 205,500 tonnes of tea (6.4% of the world's total tea production), which made it one of the largest tea markets in the world,[1] with 120,000 tons being consumed in Turkey, and the rest being exported.[2] Furthermore, in 2004, Turkey had the highest per capita tea consumption in the world, at 2.5 kg per person—followed by the United Kingdom (2.1 kg per person).[3] Tea is grown mostly in Rize Province on the Black Sea coast.[2]

Preparation

Aluminium çaydanlık

Turkish tea is typically prepared using two stacked kettles called "çaydanlık" specially designed for tea preparation. Water is brought to a boil in the larger lower kettle and then some of the water is used to fill the smaller kettle on top and steep (infuse) several spoons of loose tea leaves, producing a very strong tea.[2] When served, the remaining water is used to dilute the tea on an individual basis, giving each consumer the choice between strong (Turkish: koyu; literally "dark", tavşan kanı (literally: rabbit's blood) – a deep brownish red or weak (Turkish: açık; literally "light"). Tea is drunk from small glasses to enjoy it hot in addition to showing its colour, with cubes of beet sugar and without milk.

History

Former Turkish MP Emine Ülker Tarhan drinking Turkish tea

Tea is an important part of Turkish culture, and is the most commonly consumed hot drink, despite the country's long history of coffee consumption. Offering tea to guests is part of Turkish hospitality. Tea is most often consumed in households, shops, and by kıraathane – social gatherings of men. Despite its popularity, tea only became the beverage of choice in Turkey in the 20th century. It was initially encouraged as an alternative to coffee,[citation needed] which had become expensive and at times unavailable in the aftermath of World War I. Upon the loss of southeastern territories after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, coffee became an expensive import. At the urging of the founder of the republic, Atatürk, Turkish people turned more to tea as it was easily sustainable by domestic sources. Turkish tea is traditionally offered in small tulip-shaped glasses which are usually held by the rim, in order to save the drinker's fingertips from being burned, as the tea is served boiling hot.

Turkish herbal teas

In Turkey, herbal teas are generally used as herbal medication. They are mostly popular with foreign tourists[citation needed] with apple (elma çayı), rose hip (kuşburnu çayı), and linden flower (ıhlamur çayı) being the most consumed flavors. Sage tea (ada çayı, literally 'island tea') is most popular in the Mediterranean coastal region. In Turkey, herbal teas destined for the treatment of most ailments can be found in local herbal shops, called aktar. Dried herbal leaves, petals, shoots, etc. are sold in loose-leaf according to each customer's need and taste.

Desserts served with Turkish Tea

Most often, salty or sweet biscuits called kurabiye are served with tea. Baklava is traditionally served with lemonade, not tea, as lemonade balances the cloying sweetness of baklava.

See also

References

  1. ^ World tea production reaches new highs
  2. ^ a b c Ergener, Rashid; Ergener, Reşit (2002). About Turkey: Geography, Economy, Politics, Religion, and Culture. Pilgrims Process, Inc. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-9710609-6-8. 
  3. ^ "Turkey: Second biggest tea market in the world". Euromonitor International. 13 April 2005 – via Research Portals Ltd. 

External links