چاک نوریس

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
چاک نوریس
Chuck Norris May 2015.jpg
Norris in 2015
زاده Carlos Ray Norris
۱۰ مارس ۱۹۴۰(1940-03-10) ‏(۷۷ سال)
راین، اکلاهما، اکلاهما, United States
شغل Actor, martial artist, film producer, screenwriter
سال‌های فعالیت 1968-اکنون
قد 5 foot 10 in
حزب سیاسی
حزب جمهوری‌خواه (ایالات متحده آمریکا)
همسر(ها) Dianne Holechek (1958–88)
Gena O'Kelley (1998–present)
فرزندان 5
وب‌گاه

chucknorris.com

مشاغل نظامی
وفادار به/عضوِ  ایالات متحده آمریکا
سازمان/شاخه  United States Air Force
سال خدمت 1958–1962
درجه E3 USAF AM1.svg Airman First Class
بخش
نشان‌ها

Carlos Ray Norris (born March 10, 1940) is an American هنرهای رزمی, actor, film producer and screenwriter. After serving in the نیروی هوایی ایالات متحده آمریکا, he began his rise to fame as a martial artist, and has since founded his own school of fighting, Chun Kuk Do. Norris appeared in a number of action films, such as راه اژدها, in which he starred alongside بروس لی, and was The Cannon Group's leading star in the 1980s. He played the starring role in the television series Walker, Texas Ranger from 1993 until 2001. Norris is a devout Christian and politically conservative. He has written several books on مسیحیت and donated to a number of حزب جمهوری‌خواه (ایالات متحده آمریکا) candidates and causes. In 2007 and 2008, he campaigned for former آرکانزاس Governor مایک هاکبی, who was running for the Republican nomination for president in 2008. Norris also writes a column for the conservative website WorldNetDaily. Since 2005 Norris has been widely associated with an internet meme which documents fictional and often absurd feats associated with him.

Early life[ویرایش]

Norris was born in راین، اکلاهما on March 10, 1940, to Wilma (نام کوچک Scarberry) and Ray Norris, who was a جنگ جهانی دوم نیروی زمینی ایالات متحده آمریکا, Norris has stated that he has Irish and چروکی roots. Norris was named after Carlos Berry, his father's کاهن (مسیحیت). He has two younger brothers, Wieland (1943–1970; killed in Vietnam) and آرون نوریس (a Hollywood producer). When Norris was sixteen, his parents divorced, and he later relocated to پریری ویلیج، کانزاس، کانزاس, and then to تورانس، کالیفرنیا، کالیفرنیا, with his mother and brothers. Norris has described his childhood as downbeat. He was nonathletic, shy, and scholastically mediocre. His father, Ray, worked intermittently as an automobile mechanic, and went on alcohol drinking binges that lasted for months at a time. Embarrassed by his father's behavior and the family's financial plight, Norris developed a debilitating introversion that lasted for his entire childhood. He joined the نیروی هوایی ایالات متحده آمریکا as an Air Policeman (AP) in 1958 and was sent to پایگاه هوایی اوسان، کره جنوبی. It was there that Norris acquired the nickname Chuck and began his training in تانگ سودو (tangsudo), an interest that led to black belts in that art and the founding of the Chun Kuk Do ("Universal Way") form. When he returned to the United States, he continued to serve as an AP at پایگاه هوایی مارس جوینت ایر ریسرو in California. Norris was discharged in August 1962. He worked for the نورثروپ and opened a chain of کاراته schools including a storefront school in his then-hometown of Torrance on Hawthorne Boulevard. Norris' official website lists celebrity clients at the schools; among them استیو مک‌کوئین، چاد مک‌کوئین، Bob Barker، پریسیلا پریسلی، Donny Osmond و Marie Osmond.

Martial arts career[ویرایش]

Norris in 1976

Norris was defeated in his first two tournaments, dropping decisions to Joe Lewis و Allen Steen and three matches at the International Karate Championships to Tony Tulleners. By 1967 Norris had improved enough that he scored victories over the likes of Lewis, Skipper Mullins, Arnold Urquidez, Victor Moore, Ron Marchini, and Steve Sanders. Norris would be a two-time winner at S. Henry Cho's All American Championship. In early 1968, Norris suffered the tenth and last loss of his career, losing an upset decision to Louis Delgado. On November 24, 1968, he avenged his defeat to Delgado and by doing so won the Professional Middleweight Karate champion title, which he held for six consecutive years. In 1969, he won Karate's triple crown for the most tournament wins of the year, and the Fighter of the Year award by بلک بلت magazine. Norris made history in 1990 when he was the first Westerner in the documented history of تکواندو to be given the rank of 8th Degree Black Belt Grandmaster. In 1999, Norris was inducted into the Martial Arts History Museum's Hall of Fame. On July 1, 2000, Norris was presented the Golden Lifetime Achievement Award by the World Karate Union Hall of Fame.

Acting career[ویرایش]

Norris on the set of the film نیروی دلتا (فیلم) (1986)

Rise to fame[ویرایش]

In 1969, Norris made his acting debut in the Dean Martin film The Wrecking Crew. At a martial arts demonstration in لانگ بیچ، کالیفرنیا, Norris met the martial artist بروس لی. In 1972, he acted as Lee's nemesis in the movie راه اژدها (titled Return of the Dragon in its U.S. distribution), which is widely credited with launching him toward stardom. In Asia, Norris is still known primarily for this role. In 1974, McQueen encouraged him to begin acting classes at مترو گلدوین مایر. Norris' first starring role was 1977's Breaker! Breaker!, and subsequent films such as Good Guys Wear Black (1978), The Octagon (1980), چشم در برابر چشم (فیلم ۱۹۸۱) (1981), and Lone Wolf McQuade (1983) proved his increasing box office bankability. In 1984, Norris starred in مفقودالاثر (فیلم), the first of a series of رمبو: اولین خون قسمت دوم-inspired اسیر rescue fantasies themed around the Vietnam War POW/MIA issue that were produced by Israeli cousins مناهم گولان و یورام گلوباس and released under their Cannon Films banner. Norris later dedicated these films to his younger brother Wieland. Wieland, a private in the لشکر صد و یکم هوابرد, had been killed in June 1970 in Vietnam while on patrol in the defense of Firebase Ripcord. The film, however, was criticized heavily as being a preemptive cash-in on the Rambo film series. Over the next four years, Norris became Cannon's most prominent star, appearing in eight films, including Code of Silence, نیروی دلتا (فیلم), and Firewalker, in which he co-starred with جایزه اسکار winner لوئیس گوست، جونیور. Many of the aforementioned films were produced by Norris' brother Aaron Norris, as were several episodes of Walker, Texas Ranger. In 1986, he was involved in the production of the Ruby-Spears cartoon Karate Kommandos. After an 8-year layoff, he starred in the 2012 بی‌مصرف‌ها ۲ to بی‌مصرف‌ها. In October 2014, he revealed that he would be shooting a new film, The Finisher, in March 2015.

Walker, Texas Ranger[ویرایش]

By the end of the 1980s, Cannon Films had faded from prominence, and Norris' star appeal seemed to go with it. He reprised his Delta Force role for MGM, which had acquired the Cannon library after the latter's Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Norris went on to make several more films before making a transition to television. In 1993, he began shooting the series Walker, Texas Ranger, which lasted eight seasons on سی‌بی‌اس (شبکه) and continued in syndication on other channels, notably the Hallmark Channel. On October 17, 2005, CBS premiered the Sunday Night Movie of the Week, Walker, Texas Ranger: Trial by Fire. The production was a continuation of the series, and not scripted to be a reunion movie. Norris reprised his role as Cordell Walker for the movie. He has stated that future Walker, Texas Ranger Movie of the Week projects are expected; however, this was severely impaired by CBS's 2006–2007 season decision to no longer regularly schedule Movies of the Week on Sunday night.

Product endorsements[ویرایش]

Norris has appeared with کریستی برنکلی in a long-running series of cable TV infomercial promoting Total Gym home fitness equipment. Norris has also appeared in a commercial for مانتین دیو. In 2010, Norris appeared in advertisements for communications company تی-موبایل in the جمهوری چک. In 2011, Norris appeared in advertisements for the دنیای وارکرفت video game. In 2012, Norris appeared in a series of commercials for the لهستان bank BZ WBK.

چاک نوریس
سبک Chun Kuk Do، تانگ سودو، تکواندو، جوجیتسو برزیلی، جودو
رتبه      10th degree black belt Chun Kuk Do
     9th degree black belt تانگ سودو
     8th degree black belt تکواندو
     5th degree black belt in کاراته
     3rd degree black belt in جوجیتسو برزیلی
     black belt جودو
چاک نوریس

کارلوس ری «چاک» نوریس (به انگلیسی: Carlos Ray "Chuck" Norris) (زادهٔ ۱۰ مارس ۱۹۴۰) بازیگر و ورزشکار آمریکایی است که متولد اوکلاهما و ساکن تگزاس است.

او را در فیلم‌های رزمی و اکشن زیادی در هالیوود می‌توان دید. مهمترین آنها فیلم راه اژدها بود که در آن نوریس به‌عنوان حریف مخالف نهایی بروس لی نقش بازی کرد. در ضمن، چاک نوریس قهرمان ۲ دوره کاراتهٔ جهان بوده‌است.

حقایقی از چاک نوریس[ویرایش]

«چاک نوریس» اعتراف کرده که «بروس لی» در یک مبارزهٔ واقعی قادر به شکست‌دادن اوست.

«چاک نوریس» دارای کمربند دان ۹ تکواندو است.

«چاک نوریس» در مقطعی از زمان، مربی تکاوران آمریکا بود.

فیلم‌شناسی چاک نوریس[ویرایش]

فعالیت‌های مذهبی و انسان‌دوستانه[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]