شرکت پینگ ان در سال ۱۹۸۸ راهاندازی شد و در حال حاضر با مجموع داراییهایی بالغ بر ۴۶۰ میلیارد دلار، بهعنوان بزرگترین شرکت بیمه در جمهوری خلق چین شناخته میشود.
دفتر مرکزی این شرکت در شهر مرکز تجارت جهانی پینگ ان، شنژن، گوانگدونگ قرار دارد و سهام آن در بازار بورس اوراق بهادار هنگ کنگ و بورس شانگهای معامله میشود. بانکهای اچاسبیسی، گلدمن ساکس، مورگان استنلی و گروه چاروئن پوکفاند سهامداران اصلی این شرکت بهشمار میآیند.
پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]
Ping An Insurance known also as Ping An of China (Chinese: 中国平安; pinyin: Zhōngguó Píng Ān), full name Ping An Insurance (Group) Company of China, Ltd. is a Chinese holding conglomerate whose subsidiaries mainly deal with insurance, banking, and financial services. The company was founded in 1988 and has its headquarters in Shenzhen. "Ping An" literally means "safe and well".
Ping An Insurance is one of the top 50 companies in the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Ping An is also a component of Hang Seng Index, an index of the top 50 companies in the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. Ping An Insurance was also included in the pan-China stock indices CSI 300 Index, FTSE China A50 Index and Hang Seng China 50 Index. Ping An Insurance consistently ranks as the world's top global insurance brand, and as of 2018, was the third most valuable global financial services company in the world.
Ping An Insurance is the world's largest and most valuable insurer, worth US$217 billion (1.4 trillion yuan), as of January 2018. It is also one of the world's biggest investment and asset management companies, with a total asset of US$848.5 billion (5.6 trillion yuan), as of 2016.
Ping An Insurance Group is the holding company of Ping An Life Insurance Company of China, Ltd. and Ping An Property & Casualty Insurance Company of China, Ltd. It also controls China Ping An Insurance Overseas (Holdings) Limited and Ping An Trust & Investment Co., Ltd. Ping An Insurance Overseas, located in Hong Kong, is a second holding company for subsidiary companies located outside of mainland China.
Ping An Trust & Investment has the subsidiaries of Ping An Securities and Ping An Bank.
Ping An began as only a casualty insurance company. Since the mid-1990s Ping An has been diversifying into financial services from its core business of insurance and began taking investments from overseas firms. Ping An accepted investments from Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs in 1994. In 2002 HSBC took a large equity interest in Ping An. In early 2008, Ping An agreed to take a 50% share in Fortis Investments, a subsidiary of Fortis, which had taken over ABN AMRO Asset Management as a result of the split up of ABN AMRO in late 2007, but the deal was cancelled in October 2008.
In June 2009, Ping An became a strategic investor in Shenzhen Development Bank, (now part of Ping An Bank). In 2016, Ping An invested more overseas. In January in 2017, Deputy Head Cai Lifeng resigned for personal reasons.
Ping An has the classification as being a civilian-run enterprise. Richard McGregor, author of The Party: The Secret World of China's Communist Rulers, said that "the true ownership of large chunks of its shares remains unclear" and that the ownership of Ping An is a "murky structure". In October 2012, The New York Times reported that relatives and associates of Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao controlled stakes in Ping An worth at least US$2.2 billion in 2007. They paid the equivalent of 40 cents a share, others buying in the same time frame paid as much as $1.20. Thanks to favorable regulatory treatment and licensing, the firm was able to build a diverse financial firm with interests in insurance, brokerage, and banking.
HSBC acquired 48.22% of H shares by means of different HSBC subsidiaries (H share accounted for 34.83% of the share capital as at 31 December 2009, which was later increased to 41.88% in 2015 ). HSBC hold 16.80% of total shares of Ping An, making itself to be the biggest shareholder at 31 December 2009.
On 5 December 2012, HSBC announced to sell their entire 15.57% stake for HK$72.736 billion (approx. US$9.385 billion; HK$59.00 per share) to Thailand conglomerate Charoen Pokphand. The deal would split into two phases, which the latter was subjected to the clearance from China Insurance Regulatory Commission, which would paid in cash and a loan from China Development Bank to Charoen Pokphand. In February 2013 Charoen Pokphand got the clearance.[not in citation given] On 10 May in spite of a lack of loan from the state-owned China Development Bank to Charoen Pokphand, the deal was completed. According to HSBC, the transaction would increase Tier 1 Capital ratio of the bank for 0.5%, as well as a post-tax gain of US$2.6 billion. HSBC had an above average forecasted CET1 ratio of 8.5% in 2011 European Union bank stress test under the adverse scenario, nevertheless HSBC chose to strengthen its capital by selling Ping An. The actual ratio at 31 December 2012 was 12.3%, increased 2.2% year-to-yearly.
As at 31 December 2015, Shenzhen Government via Shenzhen Investment Holdings (Chinese: 深圳市投資控股) and Shum Yip Group (Chinese: 深业集团), still owned a combined 6.68% stake (5.27% + 1.41%) as the second largest shareholder, it was followed Huaxia Life Insurance (3.40%), Central Huijin Asset Management for 2.65% (a wholly owned subsidiary of state-owned Central Huijin Investment) and China Securities Finance for 2.07% stake. Although 40.74% share capital were H share, about 1.03% of total share capital were owned by mainland Chinese investors via Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect.
Ping An has operations across all of the People's Republic of China, and in Hong Kong and Macau through Ping An Insurance Overseas. Ping An also has a global network of branches and representative agents in over 150 countries.
In 2010, Ping An's asset management arm implemented DST Global Solutions' Hiportfolio investment accounting system to run their back office operations.
Ping An Trust, a subsidiary of Ping An Insurance, had a joint venture Ping An UOB Fund Management. The other shareholders were UOB Asset Management and Sanya Yingwan Tourism. Ping An UOB Fund was the limited partner of a private equity fund that acquired 23.81% shares of Rongyu Group.