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تفاوت میان نسخه‌های «میهن‌پرست (فیلم ۲۰۰۰)»

ایجاد و اصلاحات بر اساس ویکی پدیا انگلیسی-حذف منابع به علت حذف مطالب صورت گرفته است
(ایجاد شده توسط ترجمهٔ صفحهٔ «The Patriot (2000 film)»)
برچسب‌ها: ترجمهٔ محتوا استفادهٔ زیاد از تگ یا الگوی سرخط
 
(ایجاد و اصلاحات بر اساس ویکی پدیا انگلیسی-حذف منابع به علت حذف مطالب صورت گرفته است)
برچسب‌ها: افزودن پیوند بیرونی به جای ویکی‌پیوند حذف حجم زیادی از مطالب منبع‌دار
{{Infobox film
'''''The Patriot''''' 2000 آمریکایی داستان های تاریخی [[فیلم جنگی|جنگ در فیلم]] به کارگردانی [[رولند امریش|Roland Emmerich]], نوشته شده توسط [[رابرت رودات|Robert Rodat]]<nowiki/>و با بازی [[مل گیبسون]]<nowiki/>های [[کریس کوپر (بازیگر)|Chris Cooper]]<nowiki/>های [[هیث لجر|Heath Ledger]]and [[جیسون ایساکس|Jason Isaacs]]. آن تولید شده توسط متقابل شرکت فیلم و Centropolis سرگرمی و توزیع شده توسط [[کلمبیا پیکچرز|Columbia Pictures]]. این فیلم به طور عمده صورت می گیرد در مناطق روستایی [[شهرستان یورک، کارولینای جنوبی|شهرستان نیویورک, کارولینای جنوبی]]<nowiki/>و به تصویر می کشد داستان یک آمریکایی جاروب به [[جنگ انقلاب آمریکا|جنگ انقلابی]] که خانواده اش تهدید شده است. بنجامین مارتین کامپوزیت شکل که نویسنده ادعا می کند که بر اساس چهار ارقام واقعی از جنگ انقلاب آمریکا: اندرو Pickensهای فرانسیس ماریونهای دانیل مورگان و [[توماس سومتر|توماس Sumter]].
| name =
| image =
| caption =
| director = [[رولند امریش]]
| producer = دین دولین<br />[[مارک گوردون]]<br />گری لوینسون
| writer = [[رابرت رودات]]
| starring = [[مل گیبسون]]<br />[[هیث لجر]]<br />[[جیسون ایساکس]]<br />[[جولی ریچاردسون]]<br />[[کریس کوپر (بازیگر)|کریس کوپر]]<br />[[تام ویلکینسون]]
| music = [[جان ویلیامز]]
| cinematography = [[کلب دشانل]]
| editing = [[دیوید برنر (تدوین‌گر)|دیوید برنر]]<br />ژولی مونرو
| studio = سنتروپولیس اینترتاینمنت <br /> کمپانی ماتول فیلم
| distributor = [[کلمبیا پیکچرز]]
| released = {{Film date|2000|6|30}}
| runtime = ۱۶۵ دقیقه<br />۱۷۵ دقیقه {{small|(کامل)}}
| country = ایالات متحده آمریکا
| language = انگلیسی
| budget = ۱۱۰ میلیون دلار
| gross = ۲۱۵.۲ میلیون دلار<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/2000/PTROT.php |title=The Patriot – Box Office Data, Movie News, Cast Information|publisher=The Numbers|accessdate=September 7, 2008}}</ref>
}}
 
این فیلم طول می کشد در طول زندگی واقعی وقایع [[جبهه جنوبی جنگ انقلاب آمریکا|جنوبی تئاتر جنگ انقلاب آمریکا]] اما جذب جنجال بر آن داستانی تجسم از چهره های تاریخی و جنایات است. پروفسور مارک Glancy معلم از تاریخ سینما در دانشگاه کوئین مری لندن گفت: "این سختی نادرست و صفات جنایات نازی ها در 1940s به انگلیسی در 1770s."<ref>{{الگو:Cite web|url=http://uk.movies.yahoo.com/how-accurate-is-hollywood-history--.html|title=How accurate is Hollywood history? We asked an expert which films got their facts wrong|date=April 13, 2012|accessdate=April 13, 2012|last=Bettridge|first=Daniel|work=Yahoo Movies, U.K. & Ireland}}</ref> در مقابل استرالیا منتقد فیلم دیوید ادواردز ادعا میکند که "این داستان داستانی است که مجموعه ای در اطراف حوادث واقعی, اما آن است که یک تاریخچه از آنچه امریکا بود و یا حتی یک تصویر از آنچه در آن تبدیل شده است—آن را یک رویا از آنچه در آن باید....''پاتریوت'' یک حماسه بزرگ پر از اکشن و هیجانی....اما آن را نیز بسیار روشنگری در ارزيابی آن از آمریکا ایده آل—اگر نه واقعیت."<ref>Edwards, David. </ref> منتقد راجر ایبرت متحده "هیچ یک از آن بسیار به کار با این واقعیت تاریخی از جنگ انقلابی"است.<ref>{{الگو:Cite web|url=http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/the-patriot-2000|title=The Patriot|accessdate=May 12, 2014|last=Ebert|first=Roger}}</ref>
 
'''میهن پرست''' (به انگلیسی:The Patriot) یک [[فیلم جنگی]] تاریخی به کارگردانی [[رولند امریش]] و نویسندگی [[رابرت رودات]] و با نقش آفرینی [[مل گیبسون]] ، [[کریس کوپر (بازیگر)|کریس کوپر]] ، [[هیث لجر]] ، [[جیسون ایساکس]] است.میهن پرست ساخته ی شرکت فیلم سازی سنتروپولیس بوده و توسط [[کلمبیا پیکچرز]] پخش گردیده است. این فیلم به طور عمده در مناطق روستایی [[شهرستان یورک، کارولینای جنوبی]] ساخته شده است.
== Cast ==
* [[مل گیبسون|Mel Gibson]] as Benjamin Martin <br> A veteran of the [[جنگ فرانسه و بومیان با انگلیس|French and Indian War]] as the hero of the fictional Fort Wilderness and widowed father of seven children, Benjamin does what he can to avoid fighting in the [[جنگ انقلاب آمریکا|Revolutionary War]] knowing the implications surrounding it. When his oldest son, Gabriel joins up, and his second born son, Thomas is killed, he takes it upon himself to join and fight with the colonial [[شبه‌نظامی|militia]]. He is nicknamed "The Ghost" by the British. He is based on a composite of historical characters which include [[توماس سومتر|Thomas Sumter]], Daniel Morgan, Nathanael Greene, Andrew Pickens, and Francis Marion.<ref name="DVD">{{الگو:Cite video|date=2000|title=The Patriot|medium=DVD|publisher=[[Columbia Pictures]]|quote=Special features – True Patriots featurette|isbn=0-7678-5846-8}}</ref>
* [[هیث لجر|Heath Ledger]] as Gabriel Edward Martin <br> Benjamin's eldest child, and the husband of Anne Patricia Howard Martin. He decides to join up with the [[ارتش قاره‌ای|Continental Army]] against his father's wishes. He is killed during an attack on the Green Dragoons' camp, while seeking revenge against Colonel Tavington for his wife's murder.
* [[گرگوری اسمیت (هنرپیشه)|Gregory Smith]] as Thomas Martin <br> Benjamin's second son, he, like Gabriel, is anxious to fight in the war, but Benjamin says he has to wait because of his age. He is shot and killed by Tavington when he protests against Gabriel's arrest. Tavington rebukes him as a "stupid boy" for his actions afterward.
* [[تره‌ور مورگن (هنرپیشه)|Trevor Morgan]] as Nathan Martin <br> Third son, he and Samuel help around the farm. When Gabriel is taken prisoner and Thomas is killed, he and Samuel help his father on a rescue mission. Unlike Samuel, he is "glad" to kill British soldiers.
* Bryan Chafin as Samuel Martin <br> Fourth son, he is usually seen helping Nathan around the farm. When Gabriel is taken prisoner and Thomas is killed, he helps his father, Benjamin, rescue Gabriel by killing several British soldiers, even though he doesn't want to kill. For a short while, he becomes scared of his father after he witnesses him brutally killing and mutilating, post-mortem, a British soldier with a tomahawk.
* [[لوگن لرمان|Logan Lerman]] as William Martin: Benjamin's fifth and youngest son. This character was not originally in the script and was only added because Mel Gibson wanted to have seven children in the film (like in real life) rather than six. Though present throughout the film, his only line is during the opening credits.
* [[میکا بورم|Mika Boorem]] as Margaret Martin <br> Benjamin's older daughter, she is often seen taking care of her younger siblings.
* [[اسکای مک‌کول بارتوزیاک|Skye McCole Bartusiak]] as Susan Martin <br> The younger daughter and child among Benjamin's seven children, she has a problem with speaking, which may be a post-traumatic reaction to the death of their mother; only later on does she finally open up. Her feelings towards her father change radically as the film progresses, and after Benjamin leaves from the furlough to rejoin his militia, in an extremely emotional scene, she seemingly forgives him and tells him she'll say anything he wants to make him stay, to which Benjamin can only promise to return, which Susan accepts.
* [[جولی ریچاردسون|Joely Richardson]] as Charlotte Selton <br> Benjamin's sister-in-law and owner of a plantation. She looks after Benjamin's children while he is fighting.
* [[جیسون ایساکس|Jason Isaacs]] as Colonel William Tavington <br> Colonel of the Green Dragoons, he is portrayed as a [[فرهمندی|charismatic]] [[اختلال شخصیت ضد اجتماعی|sociopath]] and a brutal commander. Long ago, his late father wasted away the family money, along with William's inheritance. He suggests to Cornwallis that he be allowed to acquire the [[اوهایو|Ohio]] territory as payment after the war since the brutality his commander wants from him sacrifices his social standing in English society. He is nicknamed "The Butcher" by Brigadier General O'Hara. The character is loosely based on Banastre Tarleton.<ref name="DVD">{{الگو:Cite video|date=2000|title=The Patriot|medium=DVD|publisher=[[Columbia Pictures]]|quote=Special features – True Patriots featurette|isbn=0-7678-5846-8}}</ref>
* [[کریس کوپر (بازیگر)|Chris Cooper]] as Colonel Harry Burwell <br> One of Benjamin's commanding officers in the [[جنگ فرانسه و بومیان با انگلیس|French and Indian War]] and a colonel of the [[ارتش قاره‌ای|Continental Army]]. He fought in the 1775 [[نبرد بانکرهیل|Battle of Bunker Hill]]. When his wife gives birth to their firstborn son, they name him after Benjamin's late eldest son, Gabriel. His character is loosely based on<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;" contenteditable="false">&#x5B;''[[ویکی‌پدیا:نیازمند منبع|<span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (December 2012)">citation needed</span>]]''&#x5D;</sup> [[سرهنگ دوم|Lieutenant Colonel]] [[هنری لی سوم|Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee]].
* [[چکی کاریو|Tchéky Karyo]] as Major Jean Villeneuve <br> A French officer who trains Martin's militia, he holds a grudge against Martin for his part in the [[جنگ فرانسه و بومیان با انگلیس|French and Indian War]], but they become close friends by the war's end. He explains in the film that he watched his wife and two daughters, 12-year-old Violette and 10-year-old Pauline (both green-eyed), being burned in the ship that carried them by the British, which explains his hatred for them. He serves as Martin's second-in-command.
* [[رنه اوبرجونیس|René Auberjonois]] as Reverend Oliver <br> A minister of Pembroke who volunteers to fight with the militia. He also tries to give spiritual advice to his fellow soldiers. He is one of the eighteen captured men taken to Fort Carolina and released later on by Benjamin. He aides Gabriel in killing Captain Bordon, but is mortally shot by Tavington. Before dying, he courageously tosses his musket to Gabriel so that he may finish off Tavington.
* [[لیسا برنر|Lisa Brenner]] as Anne Patricia Howard Martin <br> Gabriel's childhood friend and love interest, whom he marries later in the film. She is killed in the town church along with the rest of the town on Tavington's orders.
* [[تام ویلکینسون|Tom Wilkinson]] as Lieutenant General Charles, Lord Cornwallis <br> A general of the British army. While pompous and arrogant, he is disgusted by Tavington's savage and ungentlemanly-like tactics. Cornwallis is a skilled commander, with Martin calling him a genius, but he sees militia as nothing more than "[[کشاورز|farmers]] with [[چنگک|pitchforks]]" and is easily duped by Martin in a key scene. His two Great Danes, Jupiter and Mars, are a gift from His Majesty, [[جرج سوم (پادشاهی متحده)|King George III]].
* Peter Woodward as Brigadier General Charles O'Hara <br> Cornwallis' second-in-command. Like Cornwallis, he does not share Tavington's views on war.
* [[دونال لوگ|Donal Logue]] as Dan Scott <br> One of Benjamin's men. He is a racist and bullies the former slave Occam, but grows to befriend him, especially when saved by him while wounded. In the last part of the film, they stand side by side in the final battle and the raising of Martin's new house.
* [[لئون ریپی|Leon Rippy]] as John Billings <br> One of Benjamin's neighbors and oldest friends who joins the militia. He is one of the 18 captured men taken to Fort Carolina and released later on by Benjamin. Afterward, John helps Charlotte Selton and Benjamin's children escape the burning of the Selton plantation. He commits [[خودکشی|suicide]] after finding that Tavington's men have killed his wife and son, and set fire to his property.
* [[آدام بالدوین|Adam Baldwin]] as Captain James Wilkins <br> An officer in the [[وفادارماندگان|Loyalist Colonial]] militia recruited into the Green Dragoons by Captain Bordon. He knows everything about Benjamin Martin, and is called upon by Tavington to divulge such information when required. Earlier on, at the South Carolina Assembly in Charleston, he is one of the twelve out of forty to vote against a levy for the Continental Army. He fights alongside Tavington, and also shares these brutal views on how "all those who stand against England deserve to die a traitor's death." When he is forced to burn the church at Pembroke, with town residents inside by Tavington, only then does he regret his own words and realize what kind of man his commanding officer really is. He is last seen fighting alongside the British in the final battle of the movie. His fate is not shown.
* Jamieson K. Price as Captain Bordon <br> Tavington's second-in-command of the Green Dragoons and chief intelligence officer. He is just as ruthless as his commander, "strong-arming" prisoners during interrogations. He is killed by Gabriel in the youth's raid against the Dragoons.
* Jay Arlen Jones as Occam <br> An African slave who is sent to fight in his master's place. He is taunted and bullied by the other members of the militia, but is treated as an equal by Benjamin, Gabriel, Jean, and later on by Dan Scott and the others. He gives out information of the captured eighteen militia men at Fort Carolina while escaping Tavington's trap. After serving a year in the Continental Army, he becomes a free man, but nonetheless still serves with the militia until the end of the war, and later aids, alongside his former adversary Dan Scott, in raising a new house for Martin. (See also: African Americans in the Revolutionary War)
* Joey D. Vieira as Peter Howard <br> Anne Howard's father, who lost his left leg and most of his hearing while fighting the French and Indian War. He likens British taxation policies to the British taking his other leg.
* Zach Hanner as British field officer.
* Terry Layman as General George Washington.
* Andy Stahl as General Nathanael Greene.
* Grahame Wood as a friendly British Lieutenant at Martin's farm who interacts with both Benjamin Martin and Colonel Tavington. He sees Tavington's orders to kill the Colonial wounded and other prisoners revolting, but remains silent and follows through with the orders without question, largely out of fear for his own life. He dies shortly afterwards in Martin's skirmish to rescue his son, Gabriel.
 
 
== References ==
میهن پرست رویدادهای واقعی [[جبهه جنوبی جنگ انقلاب آمریکا]] را روایت می کند اما به خاطر به تصویر کشیدن جنایات برخی از چهره های تاریخی جنجال برانگیز شد.
 
 
 
== منابع ==
{{Reflist|colwidth=30em}}
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Patriot_(2000_film) ویکی پدیا انگلیسی]
 
[[رده:فیلم‌های ۲۰۰۰ (میلادی)]]
[[رده:فیلم‌های درام دهه ۲۰۰۰ (میلادی)]]
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