دگرباشان دگرباشان (همجنسگرایان مرد، همجنسگرایان زن، دوجنسگرایان و دگرجنس گونگان) دارای یک نماد مشترک برای شناساندن خود به جامعه هستند. ۲ نماد مشهور برای دگرباشان، مثلث صورتی و پرچم رنگین کمانی است. مثلث صورتی توسط نازیها درخلال جنگ جهانی دوم بهعنوان نمادی برای ننگ و شرم به زندانیان همجنسگرا تعلق میگرفت. این نماد کماکان بار معنایی منفی دارد. پرچم رنگینکمانی رسمیتر و عمومیتر است و هیچ بار معنایی منفی ندارد.
مثلث صورتی در جریان جنگ جهانی دوم[ویرایش]
یکی از قدیمیترین نمادها است که در خلال جنگ جهانی دوم توسط نیروهای نازی برای زندانیان همجنسگرا در بازداشتگاه استفاده میشد و این افراد ملزم به استفاده این نشان بر روی لباسهای خود بودند. حدود پانزده هزار همجنسگرا در بازداشتگاههای نازی به قتل رسیدند. به همین دلیل نماد مثلث صورتی توسط همجنسگرایان استفاده میشود تا هم خود را به جامعه معرفی کنند و هم یادبودی برای همجنسگرایان به قتل رسیده توسط نیروهای نازی باشد. در سوی دیگر زنانی بودن که به جرم همجنسگرایی، خودفروشی یا فمینیسم تحت عنوان " رفتار غیر اجتماعی" دستگیر و کشته میشدند. زنان همجنسگرا به مشابه مردان همجنسگرا مثلث مشکی به عنوان یادبود و شناساندن خود به جامعه را انتخاب کردند. همچنین نازیها برای مشخص کردن یهودیان همجنسگرا از نماد ستاره داوود با رنگهای زرد و صورتی استفاده میکردند
تبر دو تیغه[ویرایش]
دو تیغه نمادی بود که در گذشتههای دور برای مردم مینوسی استفاده میشد. و همچنین نمادی است برای زنانی که احساس قدرت و ریاست میکنند (گاهی نیز نمادی برای گرایش به رئیس خانواده شدن برای زنان است). در اواخر سال ۱۹۷۰ این نماد توسط همجنسگرایان زن به صورت خالکوبی بر روی قسمت داخلی مچ دست استفاده میشد.
در دسامبر ۱۹۷۴ لاندا به عنوان نماد بینالمللی همجنسگرایان زن و مرد در همایش حقوق همجنسگرایان در اسکاتلند انتخاب شد. سازمانهای حمایتی همجنسگرایان به نام lambda legal و Lambda Literary Award نیز نام خود را با اقتباس از این نماد گرفتهاند.
پرچم رنگین کمانی[ویرایش]
Gilbert Baker در سال ۱۹۷۸ پرچ رنگین کمانی را برای جشن ازادی همجنسگرایان طراحی کرد. در بین سالهای ۱۹۷۸ و ۱۹۷۹ یک رنگ از بالای پرچم حذف شد. در بالای پرچم رنگ قرمز برای مردان و در پایین ان رنگ بنفش برای زنان است به این معنی که همجنسگرایان مرد و همجنسگرایان زن در تمام دنیا هستند. در نمونه اصلی ۸ رنگ وجود داشت و به ترتیب رنگها از بالا به این صورت بود. صورتی به عنوان نماد فعالیت جنسی، قرمز به عنوان نماد زندگی، نارنجی به عنوان نماد سلامتی، زرد به عنوان نماد روشنایی، سبز به عنوان نماد طبیعت یا طبیعی بودن، فیروزهای به عنوان نماد هنر، نیلی به عنوان نماد توازن و بنفش نمادی از روح بود.
David Spada در سال ۱۹۹۱ این حلقه را طراحی کرد. حلقههای ازادی شامل ۶ حلقه رنگی است که هر رنگ ان یکی از رنگهای پرچم رنگین کمانی است. این حلقه را مانند یک انگشتر، گردن اویز یا جا کلیدی استفاده میکنند. در ۱۱ اکتبر هر سال روزی به نام برونآیی برگزار میشود. دانش اموزان و نوجوانان همجنسگرا در این روز با froot loops (یک نوع خوراکی که مانند حلقه و رنگی است) حلقهٔ آزادی را میسازند و آشکارسازی میکنند.
نماد دو جنس گرایان[ویرایش]
در سال ۱۹۹۸ Michael Page طرحی را برای انجمن دو جنس گرایان ارائه داد. این نماد ۳ خط افقی رنگی است. که در بالاترین قسمت رنگ سرخابی (نمادی برای گرایش به همجنس) در پایینترین قسمت رنگ آبی (نمادی برای گرایش به جنس مخالف) و در وسط یک خط باریکتر به رنگ بنفش کمرنگ (به عنوان نمادی برای گرایش به هر ۲ جنس) وجود دارد. نماد دیگر برای دو جنس گرایان مثلث ابی و صورتی است که در یک نقطه با هم تلاقی دارند و در ان نقطه به رنگ بنفش کمرنگ در امدهاند. این نماد برگرفته از نماد مثلث صورتی است که نازیها در جنگ جهانی دوم استفاده میکردند. نماد دو ماه به عنوان جایگزینی برای نماد ۲ مثلث انتخاب شد. دلیل این جایگزینی دوری از تفکرات نازیسم و فراموشی ان است. نماد ۲ ماه در کشور آلمان و اطراف ان بسیار پر استفادهاست
با تغییر در نمادهای جنسیت زن و مرد(نمادهای برگرفته از نجوم، نماد مریخ برای مردان و ونوس برای زنان) نمادهای جدیدی به وجود امدهاند که برای همجنسگرایان به کار میرود. به عنوان مثال از کنار هم قرار دادن ۲ نماد مرد، نماد همجنسگرای مرد و از کنار هم قرار دادن ۲ نماد زن، نماد همجنسگرای زن پدید میاید.
نماد دگرجنس گونهها و تراجنسیها[ویرایش]
مشهورترین نماد تراجنسیها و دگرجنس گونهها دایرهای است مخلوط از نمادهای جنسیت. این طرح توسط Holly Boswell درست شدهاست. این دایره در بالا و سمت راست خود نماد مرد به رنگ ابی را دارد و در پایین وسط نماد زن به رنگ بنفش و در بالا سمت چپ خود ترکیبی از نماد مرد و زن با ترکیبی از هر ۲ رنگ بنفش و ابی وجود دارد. نمادی دیگر برای تراجنسیها و دگرجنس نمایان پرچمی است که توسط Monica Helms طراحی شده و اولین بار در گردهمایی در سال ۲۰۰۰ در اریزونا به نمایش در امد. Helms معنی این پرچم را اینگونه تعریف میکند: (رنگ ابی روشن برای پسران، رنگ صورتی برای دختران و رنگ سفید برای کسانی است که خنثی هستند یا احساس میکنند جنسیتی ندارند) نمادهای دیگر برای تراجنسیها و دگر جنس نمایان پروانه به عنوان نمادی برای تغییر و یین یانگی با رنگهای ابی و صورتی است.
بی جنسی گرایی[ویرایش]
در اگوست ۲۰۱۰ پرچمی برای افرادی که گرایش بیجنسگرا دارند انتخاب شد. رنگهای این پرچم از بالا به ترتیب عبارتند از: سیاه نمادی برای بی میلی جنسی، طوسی به عنوان مرز بین امیال جنسی و بی میلی جنسی، سفید به عنوان میل جنسی و بنفش به عنوان جامعه پیرامون. درواقع این پرچم بیانگر این است که این افراد مرزی بین خود و جامعه با امیال جنسی قرار میدهند
The LGBT community has adopted certain symbols for self-identification to demonstrate unity, pride, shared values, and allegiance to one another. LGBT symbols communicate ideas, concepts, and identity both within their communities and to mainstream culture. The two most-recognized international LGBT symbols are the pink triangle and the rainbow flag. The rainbow flag, previously used as a symbol of unity among all people, was adopted to be a more organic and natural replacement without any negativity attached to it.
Gilbert Baker designed the rainbow Pride flag for the 1978 San Francisco Gay Freedom Day celebration. The flag does not depict an actual rainbow. Rather, the colors of the rainbow are displayed as horizontal stripes, with red at the top and violet at the bottom. It represents the diversity of gays and lesbians around the world. In the original eight-color version, pink stood for sexuality, red for life, orange for healing, yellow for the sun, green for nature, turquoise for art, indigo for harmony, and violet for spirit. A copy of the original 20-by-30 foot, eight-color flag was remade by Baker in 2000, and was installed in the Castro district in San Francisco. Many variations on the rainbow flag exist, including incorporating other LGBT symbols like the triangle or lambda.
The asexual pride flag consists of four horizontal stripes: black, gray, white, and purple from top to bottom. The flag was created by AVEN user standup in August 2010, as part of a community effort to create and choose a flag.[unreliable source?] The black stripe represents asexuality; the gray stripe represents gray-aces and demisexuals; the white stripe represents allies; and the purple stripe represents community.
Bear is an affectionate gay slang term for those in the bear communities, a subculture in the gay community and an emerging subset of the LGBT community with its own events, codes, and culture-specific identity. Bears tend to have hairy bodies and facial hair; some are heavy-set; some project an image of working-class masculinity in their grooming and appearance, though none of these are requirements or unique indicators. The bear concept can function as an identity, an affiliation, and an ideal to live up to. There is ongoing debate in bear communities about what constitutes a bear. Some state that self-identifying as a bear is the only requirement, while others argue that bears must have certain physical characteristics, such as a hairy chest and face, a large body, or a certain mode of dress and behavior.
Bears are almost always gay or bisexual men; transgender men (regardless of their sexuality) and those who shun labels for gender and sexuality are increasingly included within bear communities. The bear community has spread all over the world, with bear clubs in many countries. Bear clubs often serve as social and sexual networks for older, hairier, sometimes heavier gay and bisexual men, and members often contribute to their local gay communities through fundraising and other functions. Bear events are common in heavily gay communities.
First unveiled on 5 December 1998, the bisexual pride flag was designed by Michael Page to represent and increase visibility of bisexuals in the LGBT community and society as a whole. This rectangular flag consists of a broad magenta stripe at the top, a broad stripe in blue at the bottom, and a narrower deep lavender band occupying the central fifth.
Page describes the meaning of the pink, lavender, and blue (ratio 2:1:2) flag as this: "The pink color represents sexual attraction to the same sex only (gay and lesbian). The blue represents sexual attraction to the opposite sex only (straight) and the resultant overlap color purple represents sexual attraction to both sexes (bi)." He also describes the flag's meaning in deeper terms, stating "The key to understanding the symbolism of the Bisexual pride flag is to know that the purple pixels of color blend unnoticeably into both the pink and blue, just as in the 'real world,' where bi people blend unnoticeably into both the gay/lesbian and straight communities.
The blue and pink overlapping triangle symbol represents bisexuality and bi pride. The origin of the symbol, sometimes facetiously referred to as the "biangles", is largely unknown, however the colors of bisexuality originate from this symbol: pink for attraction to women, blue for attraction to men, and lavender for attraction to both, as well as a reference to queerness.
Intersex people are those who do not exhibit all the biological characteristics of male or female, or exhibit a combination of characteristics, at birth. Between 0.05% and 1.7% of the population is estimated to have intersex traits.
The intersex flag was created by Morgan Carpenter of Intersex Human Rights Australia in July 2013 to create a flag "that is not derivative, but is yet firmly grounded in meaning". The organization describes the circle as "unbroken and unornamented, symbolising wholeness and completeness, and our potentialities. We are still fighting for bodily autonomy and genital integrity, and this symbolises the right to be who and how we want to be".
No flag design for a lesbian pride flag has been widely adopted.
The labrys lesbian flag was created in 1999 by graphic designer Sean Campbell, and published in June 2000 in the Palm Springs edition of the Gay and Lesbian Times Pride issue. The design involves a labrys superimposed on the inverted black triangle, set against a violet hue background. The labrys was used as an ancient religious symbol, and for other various purposes.[specify] In the 1970s it was adopted as a symbol of empowerment by the lesbian feminist community. Women considered asocial by the Third Reich because they did not conform to the Nazi ideal of a woman, which included homosexual females, were condemned to concentration camps and wore an inverted black triangle badge to identify them. Some lesbians reclaimed this symbol as gay men reclaimed the pink triangle (many lesbians also reclaimed the pink triangle although lesbians were not included in Paragraph 175 of the German criminal code).
The "pink" lesbian flag consists of six shades of red and pink colors and a white bar in the center. The original design, known as the lipstick lesbian flag, includes a red kiss and was introduced in the weblog This Lesbian Life in 2010. Both the "pink" and lipstick lesbian flags represent "homosexual women who have a more feminine gender expression". The original flag has not been widely adopted; however, its non-kiss variant attracted more use.
The non-binary flag was created in 2014 by activist Kye Rowan. Each stripe color represents different types of non-binary identities: Yellow for people who identify outside of the gender binary, white for nonbinary people with multiple genders, purple for those with a mixture of both male and female genders, and black for agender individuals.
Under the non-binary umbrella are all those who identify off the gender binary. There are many different identities within this category including androgyny, genderqueerness (which includes agender, ceterosexual, gender fluid, intergender), third gender, and transgender.
The pansexual pride flag has been found on various Internet sites since mid-2010.[unreliable source?] It has three horizontal bars that are pink, yellow and blue. The pink band symbolizes women; the blue, men; and the yellow, those of a non-binary gender, such as agender, bigender or genderfluid.
A "P" with the tail converted to an arrow with a cross is also sometimes used. It predates the flag and is still in use today. The cross on the "P"'s tail refers to the cross on the Venus or female symbol (♀), and the arrow refers to the arrow on the Mars or male symbol (♂). While it does not technically have a name, it is sometimes colloquially referred to as "the pansexual symbol".
A transgender symbol is the Transgender Pride Flag designed by transgender woman Monica Helms in 1999, which was first shown at a pride parade in Phoenix, Arizona, US in 2000. It was flown from a large public flagpole in San Francisco's Castro District beginning November 19, 2012 in commemoration of the Transgender Day of Remembrance. The flag represents the transgender community and consists of five horizontal stripes: two light blue, two pink, with a white stripe in the center. Helms described the meaning of the flag as follows:
Philadelphia became the first county government in the U.S. to raise the transgender pride flag in 2015. It was raised at City Hall in honor of Philadelphia's 14th Annual Trans Health Conference, and remained next to the US and City of Philadelphia flags for the entirety of the conference. Then-Mayor Michael Nutter gave a speech in honor of the trans community's acceptance in Philadelphia.
In addition to major symbols of the LGBT community, other symbols have been used to represent members' unity, pride, shared values, and allegiance to one another.
A black ring (also known as an ace ring) worn on the middle finger of one's right hand is a way asexual people signify their asexuality. The ring is deliberately worn in a similar manner as one would a wedding ring to symbolize marriage. Use of the symbol began in 2005.
Due to the phonetic shortening from asexual to ace, ace playing cards are sometimes used to represent asexuality. The ace of hearts and ace of spades are used to symbolize romantic asexuality and aromantic asexuality respectively.
In the Society for Creative Anachronism, LGBT members often wear a blue feather to indicate an affiliation with Clan Blue Feather, a group of SCA members promoting the study of LGBT culture and people in the Middle Ages. Because of this affiliation, blue feathers have also been used at some Renaissance Faires and Pagan events. In some means, it is also to represent the gay/lesbian/bisexual people of the lgbt+ community.
Interlocked gender symbols. Each gender symbol derives from the astronomical symbol for the planet Venus and Mars. In modern science, the singular symbol for Venus is used to represent the female sex, and singular symbol for Mars is used to represent the male sex. Two interlocking female symbols (⚢) represent a lesbian or the lesbian community, and two interlocking male symbols (⚣) a gay male or the gay male community.
The symbols first appeared in the 1970s.
Freedom rings, designed by David Spada, are six aluminum rings, each in one of the colors of the rainbow flag. They were released in 1991. Symbolizing happiness and diversity, these rings are worn by themselves or as part of necklaces, bracelets, and key chains.
They are sometimes referred to as "Fruit Loops".
In 19th-century England, green indicated homosexual affiliations. Victorian gay men would often pin a green carnation on their lapel as popularized by openly gay author Oscar Wilde, who often wore one on his lapel.
In the early 20th century gay men in New York City's Caucasian professional world would often wear red neckties to signal their identity. This practice was later expanded into a system called flagging, or the handkerchief code.
There are many origin stories of the high five, but the two most documented candidates are Dusty Baker and Glenn Burke of the Los Angeles Dodgers professional baseball team on October 2, 1977, and Wiley Brown and Derek Smith of the Louisville Cardinals men's college basketball team during the 1978–1979 season. In any case, after retiring from baseball, Burke, who was one of the first openly gay professional athletes, used the high five with other gay residents of the Castro district of San Francisco, where for many it became a symbol of gay pride and identification.
In 1970, graphic designer Tom Doerr selected the lower-case Greek letter lambda to be the symbol of the New York chapter of the Gay Activists Alliance. The alliance's literature states that Doerr chose the symbol specifically for its denotative meaning in the context of chemistry and physics: "a complete exchange of energy–that moment or span of time witness to absolute activity".
The lambda became associated with Gay Liberation, and in December 1974, it was officially declared the international symbol for gay and lesbian rights by the International Gay Rights Congress in Edinburgh, Scotland. The gay rights organization Lambda Legal and the American Lambda Literary Foundation derive their names from this symbol.
Daniel Thaxton and Bernie Toale created a lavender rhinoceros symbol for a public ad campaign to increase visibility for gay people in Boston helmed by Gay Media Action-Advertising; Toale said they chose a rhinoceros because “it is a much maligned and misunderstood animal” and that it was lavender because that is a mix of pink and blue, making it a symbolic merger of the feminine and masculine. However, in May 1974, Metro Transit Advertising said its lawyers could not "determine eligibility of the public service rate" for the lavender rhinoceros ads, which tripled the cost of the ad campaign. Gay Media Action challenged this, but were unsuccessful. The lavender rhinoceros symbol was seen on signs, pins, and t-shirts at the Boston Pride Parade later in 1974, and a life-sized papier-mâché lavender rhinoceros was part of the parade. Money was raised for the ads, and they began running on the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority's Green Line by December 3rd, 1974, and ran there until February of 1975. The lavender rhinoceros continued as a symbol of the gay community, appearing at the 1976 Boston Pride Parade and on a flag that was raised at Boston City Hall in 1987.
On October 31, 1969, sixty members of the Gay Liberation Front, the Committee for Homosexual Freedom (CHF), and the Gay Guerilla Theatre group staged a protest outside the offices of the San Francisco Examiner in response to a series of news articles disparaging people in San Francisco's gay bars and clubs. The peaceful protest against the Examiner turned tumultuous and was later called "Friday of the Purple Hand" and "Bloody Friday of the Purple Hand". Examiner employees "dumped a barrel of printers' ink on the crowd from the roof of the newspaper building", according to glbtq.com. Some reports state that it was a barrel of ink poured from the roof of the building. The protestors "used the ink to scrawl slogans on the building walls" and slap purple hand prints "throughout downtown [San Francisco]" resulting in "one of the most visible demonstrations of gay power" according to the Bay Area Reporter. According to Larry LittleJohn, then president of Society for Individual Rights, "At that point, the tactical squad arrived – not to get the employees who dumped the ink, but to arrest the demonstrators. Somebody could have been hurt if that ink had gotten into their eyes, but the police were knocking people to the ground." The accounts of police brutality include women being thrown to the ground and protesters' teeth being knocked out. Inspired by Black Hand extortion methods of Camorra gangsters and the Mafia, some gay and lesbian activists attempted to institute "purple hand" as a warning to stop anti-gay attacks, but with little success. In Turkey, the LGBT rights organization MorEl Eskişehir LGBTT Oluşumu (Purple Hand Eskişehir LGBT Formation), also bears the name of this symbol.
The Rainbow Madonna is an adaptation of the Black Madonna of Częstochowa, with the halos colored in rainbow colors of the LGBT movement. This adaptation is controversial in Poland. Elżbieta Podleśna, a civil rights activist, was arrested by Polish police for profanation of the image. The arrest was condemned by Amnesty International and the Polish Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights. Following the events, the US Episcopal Church asked for permission to sell T-shirts bearing the Rainbow Madonna with proceeds allocated to the Polish transgender community.
Unicorns have been part of pride flags and symbols of LGBT culture in the last century, becoming prominent during the gay rights protests of the 1970s and 1980s.
Violets and their color became a special code used by lesbians and bisexual women. The symbolism of the flower derives from several fragments of poems by Sappho in which she describes a lover wearing garlands or a crown with violets. In 1926, the play La Prisonnière by Édouard Bourdet used a bouquet of violets to signify lesbian love. When the play became subject to censorship, many Parisian lesbians wore violets to demonstrate solidarity with its lesbian subject matter.
Triangle badges of the Third Reich
One of the oldest of these symbols is the inverted pink triangle that male homosexuals in Nazi concentration camps were required to wear on their clothing. The badge is one of several badges that internees wore to identify what kind of prisoners they were. Many of the estimated 5,000–15,000 gay men and lesbians imprisoned in concentration camps died during the Holocaust. The pink triangle was later reclaimed by gay men, as well as some lesbians, in various political movements as a symbol of personal pride and remembrance. AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT-UP) adopted the inverted pink triangle to symbolize the "active fight back" against HIV/AIDS "rather than a passive resignation to fate."
The pink triangle was used exclusively with male prisoners, as lesbians were not included under Paragraph 175, a statute which made homosexual acts between males a crime. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) stipulates that this was because women were seen as subordinate to men, and the Nazi state did not feel that homosexual women presented the same threat to masculinity as homosexual men. According to USHMM, many women were arrested and imprisoned for "asocial" behavior, a classification applied to those who did not conform to the Nazi ideal of a woman's role: cooking, cleaning, kitchen work, child raising, and passivity. Asocial women were tagged with an inverted black triangle. Many lesbians reclaimed this symbol for themselves as gay men reclaimed the pink triangle.
LGBT pride flags
These LGBT flags represent the LGBT movement as a whole with sexual orientations, gender identities, subcultures, and regional purposes.