مسجد کوفه یکی از مساجد چهارگانه بزرگ جهان اسلام است که در شهر کوفهعراق ساخته شدهاست. این مسجد در ۱۲ کیلومتری شمال شهر نجف واقع است. گفته میشود این مسجد ابتدا توسط حضرت آدم ساخته شده و پس از مسجدالحرام قدیمیترین مسجد جهان است. در دهههای اول هجری قمری این مسجد توسط سعد بن ابی وقاص بازسازی و سپس توسط علی ابن ابی طالب مرکزی مهم برای خلافت در نظر گرفته شد. مقبره برخی از بزرگان و علمای دینی در آنجا قرار دارد. گفته میشود پس از ظهور حجت بن حسن، این مسجد وسعت بسیاری خواهد یافت. این مسجد یکی از مکانهایی است که شیعیان حتی اگر آن جا مسافر باشند میتوانند نماز خود را تمام بخوانند.
The Great Mosque of Kufa (Arabic: مَسْجِد ٱلْكُوفَة ٱلْمُعَظَّم/ٱلْأَعْظَم), Masjid al-Muʿaẓẓam/al-ʾAʿaẓam), or Masjid al-Kufa, is located in Kufa, Iraq and is one of the earliest and holiest surviving mosques in the world. The mosque, built in the 7th century, contains the remains of Muslim ibn Aqeel - first cousin of Imām Husayn ibn Ali, his companion Hani ibn Urwa, and the revolutionary Al-Mukhtar.
Sources attribute the construction of the Great Mosque of Kufa in the middle of the 7th century to the Caliph Omar. There is a legend that says the edifice was built on a temple constructed by Adam while another claims that Adam's bones were buried on the site, having been carried by Noah on board the Ark. It is also believed that the angel Gabriel was referring to the mosque when he declared, "Twelve miles of lands from all directions of the mosque are blessed by its holiness." The site was identified in Shia Islam as the place where Noah must build his Ark. The family members of the first Shiite imams and their early supporters were buried within.
Architectural excavations revealed that the mosque, which dates from 670, was built on top of much older foundations.
The area of the building measures approximately 11,000 square metres (120,000 sq ft). The mosque contains nine sanctuaries and four traditional locations. As to its design, experts recognized similarities to the design of the palaces of pre-Islamic Persia. It has four minarets and is accessible through five gates:
Gate of the Threshold (Bāb al-Sudda),
Gate of Kinda (Bāb Kinda),
Gate of al-Anmat (Bāb al-Anmāṭ),
Gate of the Snake (Arabic: باب الثعبان, romanized: Bāb al-Thu‘bān)., and
Gate of Hani ibn Urwa.
The Great Mosque of Kufa has previously underwent sporadic renovations. One historical account, for instance, noted enlargement of section as well as a raised flooring for the main building in comparison to earlier level. In 1998, head of Dawoodi Bohra community, Late Dr. Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin started renovating the mosque, which was then completed in early 2010. The renovation included:
Decorations with gold and silver and precious stones such as diamonds, rubies and in every corner of the mosque one will find Ya Ali written.
The mihrab, where Ali ibn Abi Talib was killed, has been made with a gold zari. It is composed of gold, silver, rubies, diamonds.
The whole interior of the mosque has verses of the Quran surrounded in gold in Arabic calligraphy.
In the section of the mihrab are tear-shaped engravings in marble, bordered with gold and rubies.
The courtyard is covered in white marble from Makrana, India.
There are markers within the mosque indicating the locations for where the court of Ali used to preside, where he performed miracles, and where Imam Zayn al-Abidin and Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq used to perform Salah
Islamic traditions relate that it was the dwelling place of Nuh (Noah) and that this was the place where he built the Ark
According to Shia belief, it was from this mosque that the diluvium of Noah started submerging earth, as well as being the place from where the water was re-absorbed  - also marked within the Mosque
Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq said that up to twelve miles of land in all directions from the mosque are blessed by its holiness.
Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq was also recorded as remarking that the "mosque in Kufa is superior to that of Jerusalem" and that "performing two prostrations of prayer here would be better for me than ten others at any mosque."
There are also Shia traditions which state that performing one prayer in this mosque is the same as having performed one thousand prayers elsewhere, and performing one obligatory prayer here is equal to having performed an accepted Hajj
The secretariat of Al-Kufa Mosque and its shrines describes the mosque as being one of the sole four dignified mosques to which Muslims must travel, and that it comes in third place after the Kaaba and the mosque of Prophet."
According to Shia belief, it is from this mosque that the messianic twelfth Imam, Hujjat-Allah al-Mahdi, will rule the world from, and it will serve as the seat of his power in the end of times.
^al-Qummi, Ja'far ibn Qūlawayh (2008). "8". Kāmil al-Ziyārāt. trans. Sayyid Mohsen al-Husaini al-Mīlāni. Shiabooks.ca Press. p. 47.
^al-Qummi, Ja'far ibn Qūlawayh (2008). "8". Kāmil al-Ziyārāt. trans. Sayyid Mohsen al-Husaini al-Mīlāni. Shiabooks.ca Press. p. 44.
^"The Establishment of the Mosque". The Official Website of Secretariat of Al-Kufa Mosque and it Shrines. Archived from the original on 2010-07-31. Retrieved 2009-03-01. It is the one the sole four dignified mosques, to which Muslims must travel, and it comes in the third place after the Mosque the Kaaba, the mosque of Prophet