مسجد قبا

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
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فارسیEnglish
مسجد قباء
Quba.jpg
مسجد قباء
اطلاعات اولیه
موقعیتعربستان سعودی مدینه, عربستان سعودی
مختصات۲۴°۲۶′۲۱″ شمالی ۳۹°۳۷′۰۲″ شرقی / ۲۴٫۴۳۹۱۷°شمالی ۳۹٫۶۱۷۲۲°شرقی / 24.43917; 39.61722 (Quba Mosque)مختصات: ۲۴°۲۶′۲۱″ شمالی ۳۹°۳۷′۰۲″ شرقی / ۲۴٫۴۳۹۱۷°شمالی ۳۹٫۶۱۷۲۲°شرقی / 24.43917; 39.61722 (Quba Mosque)
دیناسلام
استاناستان مدینه
Regionحجاز
وب‌گاهQuba Mosque Foundation and Islamic Center
توضیح معماری
گونه معماریمسجد
تکمیل شدن622
ویژگی‌ها
گنبد6
مناره4

مسجد قُبا نخستین مسجد جهان اسلام است که در بیرون شهر مدینه قرار دارد. نخستین سنگ‌های بنای این مسجد توسط محمد پس از مهاجرت او از مکه به مدینه گذاشته شد. قبا نام قریه‌ای در نزدیکی مدینه بوده‌است. مسجد در سال اول هجری، توسط پیامبر اسلام به پیشنهاد عمار یاسر یا به تقاضای ساکنان محل در قبا بنا شد. آورده‌اند که پیامبر شخصاً کار می‌کرد و خشت‌ها را حمل و تعبیه می‌کرد. پیامبر همچنین یک مرتبه در هفته در آنجا نماز می‌خواند.به هنگام ساختن این مسجد زمانی که عمار یاسر بیش از همه خشت حمل میکرد پیامبر به او گفت(تقتلک فءت الباغیه)سر انجام عمار یاسر در جنگ صفین به دست سپاه معاویه کشته شد.

این مسجد بارها بازسازی شده‌است. نخستین مرتبه در زمان عثمان و آخرین بار در سال ۱۴۰۵ هجری قمری. در آخرین بازسازی، رواق‌ها گسترش یافتند، چهار گلدسته به ارتفاع ۴۷ ساخته شد، شش گنبد بزرگ به قطر ۱۲ ساخته شد و در نهایت، مساحت شبستان به ۵۰۳۵ افزایش یافت.

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

Quba Mosque
Arabic: مَسْجِد قُبَاء‎, romanizedMasjid Qubāʾ
Masjid Quba Mosque.jpg
Quba Mosque in Madinah
Religion
AffiliationIslam
ProvinceAl Madinah
RegionHejaz
Location
LocationMadinah, Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates24°26′21″N 39°37′02″E / 24.43917°N 39.61722°E / 24.43917; 39.61722 (Quba Mosque)Coordinates: 24°26′21″N 39°37′02″E / 24.43917°N 39.61722°E / 24.43917; 39.61722 (Quba Mosque)
Architecture
TypeMosque
Completed1986 (current)
Specifications
Dome(s)6
Minaret(s)4 (current)
1 (original)

The Quba Mosque (Arabic: مَسْجِد قُبَاء‎, romanizedMasjid Qubāʾ) is a mosque in the outlying environs of Medina, Saudi Arabia. Initially, the mosque was built 6 kilometres (3.7 miles) off Medina in the village of Quba, before Medina got expanded to include this village. Depending on whether the Mosque of the Companions in the Eritrean city of Massawa[1] is older or not, it may be the first mosque in the world that dates to the lifetime of the Islamic Nabi (Prophet) Muhammad in the 7th century CE.[2][3][4] According to legend, its first stones were positioned by Muhammad as soon as he arrived on his emigration from the city of Mecca to Medina,[5] and the mosque was completed by his companions. Muhammad spent 14 days in this mosque praying qaṣr (Arabic: قَـصْـر‎, a short prayer) while waiting for Ali to arrive in Medina, after the latter stayed behind in Mecca to carry out a couple of tasks entrusted to him by the Prophet.[citation needed]

According to Islamic tradition, performing Wuḍūʾ ('Ablution') in one's home then offering two Rakaʿāt of Nafl (Optional) prayers in the Quba Mosque is equal to performing one ʿUmrah. Muhammad used to go there, riding or on foot, every Saturday and offer a two rakaʿāt-prayer. He advised others to do the same, saying, "Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an 'Umrah."[This quote needs a citation] This ḥadīth was reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Al-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah and Hakim al-Nishaburi.[citation needed]

Architecture

The mosque as it appears from an adjacent road

When Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil was commissioned, in the 20th century, to conceive a larger mosque, he intended to incorporate the old structure into his design. But the old mosque was torn down and replaced with a new one.[6]

The new mosque consists of a rectangular prayer hall raised on a second story platform. The prayer hall connects to a cluster containing residential areas, offices, ablution facilities, shops and a library.[citation needed]

Six additional entrances are dispersed on the northern, eastern and western façades. Four minarets mark the corners of the prayer hall. The minarets rest on square bases, have octagonal shafts which take on a circular shape as they reach the top.[citation needed]

Prayer hall

The prayer hall is arranged around a central courtyard, characterised by six large domes resting on clustered columns. A portico, which is two bays in depth, borders the courtyard on the east and west, while a one-bayed portico borders it on the north, and separates it from the women's prayer area.

The women's prayer area, which is surrounded by a screen , is divided into two parts as a passageway connects the northern entrance with the courtyard.[citation needed]

When Quba Mosque was rebuilt in 1986, the Medina architecture was retained - ribbed white domes, and basalt facing and modest exterior - qualities that recalls Madina's simplicity. The courtyard, is flagged with black, red and white marble. It is screened overhead by day from the scorching heat with shades. Arabesque latticework filters the light of the palm groves outside. Elements of the new building include work by the Egyptian architect Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil and the Stuttgart tensile architect Mahmoud Bodo Rasch,[7] a student of Frei Otto.

Landmarks

Imams and Khateebs of Masjid Quba 1) Sheikh Dr. Salih al Maghamsi 2) Sheikh Dr. Imaad Zuhayr Haafidh 3) Sheikh Dr. Ahmad bin Ali al Hudhaify


Mentions

In ahadith

The merits of Masjid Quba are mentioned in nineteen Sahih al-Bukhari hadiths; thirteen Sahih Muslim hadiths; two Sunan Abu Dawood hadiths; six Al-Muwatta hadiths.[8]

Muhammad frequented the mosque and prayed there. This is referred to in a number of hadith:

Narrated 'Abdullah bin Dinar: Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet used to go to the Mosque of Quba every Saturday (sometimes) walking and (sometimes) riding." 'Abdullah (Ibn 'Umar) used to do the same

— Collected by Muhammad al-Bukhari, Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 2, Book 21, Number 284[9]

Narrated Ibn 'Umar: The Prophet used to go to the Mosque of Quba (sometimes) walking and sometimes riding. Added Nafi (in another narration), "He then would offer two Rakat (in the Mosque of Quba)."

— Collected by Muhammad al-Bukhari, Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 2, Book 21, Number 285[10]

In the Qur'an

It is believed to be the mosque which the Qur'an mentions as being founded on piety and devoutness (Masjid al-Taqwa):[clarification needed]

Never stand (to pray) there (referring to a place of worship in which the hypocrites had used for harm and disbelief, as mentioned in the previous ayah). A place of worship which was founded upon duty (to Allah) from the first day is more worthy that thou should stand (to pray) therein, wherein are men who love to purify themselves. Allah loveth the purifiers.

— Qur'an, sura 9 (At-Tawba), ayah 108[11]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Reid, Richard J. (12 January 2012). "The Islamic Frontier in Eastern Africa". A History of Modern Africa: 1800 to the Present. John Wiley and Sons. p. 106. ISBN 0470658983. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  2. ^ Michigan Consortium for Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1986). Goss, V. P.; Bornstein, C. V. (eds.). The Meeting of Two Worlds: Cultural Exchange Between East and West During the Period of the Crusades. 21. Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University. p. 208. ISBN 0918720583.
  3. ^ Mustafa Abu Sway. "The Holy Land, Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque in the Qur'an, Sunnah and other Islamic Literary Source" (PDF). Central Conference of American Rabbis. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-28.
  4. ^ Dyrness, W. A. (2013-05-29). Senses of Devotion: Interfaith Aesthetics in Buddhist and Muslim Communities. 7. Wipf and Stock Publishers. p. 25. ISBN 162032136X.
  5. ^ "Masjid Quba is the first mosque in Islam's history". Masjid Quba'. The Ministry of Hajj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
  6. ^ Description of the new mosque and architectural documents at archnet.org Archived January 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Dr. Rasch (6 November 2002), "Alles muss von innen kommen", Gespräch mit dem Stuttgarter Architekten, Islamische Zeitung
  8. ^ Enter Quba Mosque in the "Search the Hadith" box and check off all hadith collections. Archived October 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 2:21:284
  10. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 2:21:285
  11. ^ Quran 9:108
  • Muhammad: The Messenger of Islam by Hajjah Amina Adil (p. 286)
  • The Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition Guidebook of Daily Practices and Devotions by Hisham Kabbani (p. 301)
  • Happold: The Confidence to Build by Derek Walker and Bill Addis (p. 81)

External links