Two Independence Square, better known as NASA Headquarters, is a low-rise building in the two-building Independence Square complex at 300 E Street SW in Washington D.C. The building houses NASA leadership who provide overall guidance and direction to the US government executive branch agency NASA, under the leadership of the NASA administrator. Ten field centers and a variety of installations around the country conduct the day-to-day work.
To implement NASA's mission, NASA Headquarters is organized into four Mission Directorates.
- Aeronautics: Pioneers and proves new flight technologies that improve our ability to explore and which have practical applications on Earth.
- Exploration Systems: Creates new capabilities and spacecraft for affordable, sustainable human and robotic exploration.
- Science: Explores the Earth, Moon, Mars, and beyond; charts the best route of discovery; and reaps the benefits of Earth and space exploration for society.
- Space Operations: Provides critical enabling technologies for much of the rest of NASA through the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and flight support.
The James E. Webb Memorial Auditorium, named for NASA's second administrator James E. Webb, hosts agency news conferences and NASA Social events.
A lending library, the history office, archives, production facilities for NASA TV, and a NASA gift shop are also housed in the building.
The building is owned by South Korean investment firm Hana Asset Management and leased to NASA through 2028.