مداخله نظامی علیه داعش

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
مداخله نظامی علیه داعش
بخشی از جنگ با تروریسم، شورش عراق (۲۰۱۱–حال حاضر)، و جنگ داخلی سوریه
2014 military intervention against ISIS collage.png
Syria and Iraq 2014-onward War map.png
Top: Two U.S. Air Force مک‌دانل داگلاس اف-۱۵ئی استرایک ایگل aircraft flying over northern Iraq. Left: لاکهید مارتین اف-۲۲ رپتور refueling before a strike in Syria. Right: پیش‌مرگ نیروهای ویژه gathered near Syria. Middle: An American مک‌دانل داگلاس اف/ای-۱۸ هورنت aboard the یواس‌اس George H.W. Bush prior to the launch of operations over Iraq. Bottom: Map as of October 16.
تاریخ 16 June 2014 – present (۲ سال، ۱۱ ماه، ۱ هفته و ۵ روز)
مکان عراق و سوریه
نتیجه درجریان
  • حملات هوایی به مواضع داعش
  • کمک‌های انسان دوستانه بین‌المللی
  • تسلیح و کمک نیروی‌های محلی
  • 2 یک خبرنگار آمریکایی و ۲ کمک‌رسان امدادی بریتانیایی و یک توریست فرانسوی کشته‌شدند.[۱][۲][۳]
طرفین درگیر
U.S.-led coalitions:

Intervening in Iraq & Syria:
ایالات متحده آمریکا ایالات متحده آمریکا
Only intervening in Iraq:
 استرالیا[۴]
 بلژیک[۵]
 کانادا[۶]
 دانمارک[۷][۸]
 فرانسه[۹][۱۰]
 آلمان[۱۱][۱۲]
 ایتالیا[۱۳][۱۴]
 هلند[۱۵][۱۶]
 اسپانیا[۱۷]
 بریتانیا[۱۸]
Only intervening in Syria:
 بحرین
 اردن
 قطر
 عربستان سعودی
 امارات متحده عربی[۱۹]

Support


Iranian-led intervention:

ایران[۳۲]
InfoboxHez.PNG حزب‌الله لبنان[۳۳]


Local forces in Iraq:
عراق عراق Government (supported by US & allies & Iran)

  • Shi'a militias (supported by Iran)[۳۴]

 کردستان (by US & allies, Iran and foreign Kurds)[۳۵]


نیروهای بومی در سوریه:

Selected groups in the جنگ داخلی سوریه (US & allies)
کردستان سوریه Syrian Kurdistan (US & allies, & foreign Kurds)

دولت اسلامی عراق و شام

Opposed by ISIL, US-led Coalitions, and others
القاعده

فرماندهان و رهبران
باراک اوباما

چاک هیگل
Lloyd Austin
Andrew J. Loiselle
تونی ابوت
David A.L. Johnston
David L. Johnston
Craig Orme[۳۸]
شارل میشل
Steven Vandeput
Claude Van De Voorde
استیون هارپر
Rob Nicholson
Thomas J. Lawson
Yvan Blondin
هله تورنینگ-اشمیت
Peter Bartram
فرانسه فرانسوا اولاند[۳۹]
فرانسه Jean-Yves Le Drian
فرانسه Pierre de Villiers
هلند مارک روته
هلند Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert
هلند Frans Timmermans
Sander Schnitger
دیوید کامرون
Michael Fallon
Andrew Pulford


ایران سید علی خامنه‌ای
ایران حسن روحانی
InfoboxHez.PNG سید حسن نصرالله


مسعود بارزانی
Jaafar Sheikh Mustafa
Mustafa Said Qadir


عراق فؤاد معصوم
عراق نوری مالکی
عراق حیدر عبادی


ابوبکر بغدادی(Caliph)

ابو محمد عدنانی (Spokesperson)
عمر الشیشانی (Military Chief)
Abu Muslim al-Turkmani (Deputy, Iraq)
Abu Ali al-Anbari (Deputy, Syria)
Abu Waheeb (استان انبار Commander)
Abu Hajar al-Souri 
(Top Aide)[۴۰]
Ali Mohammed al-Shayer (Senior ISIL Leader)[۴۱]
Adnan Khudhair (Senior ISIL Leader)[۴۱]
Okasha al-Baghdadi (Senior ISIL Leader)[۴۱]

Abu Ayman al-Iraqi[۴۲](Top Leader) ابو احمد العوانی[۴۲](Commander)


ابومحمد جولانی
محسن الفضلی (allegedly killed )[۴۳]
قوا

ISIL:

al-Qadea:

تلفات
ایالات متحده آمریکا

 فرانسه

  • ۱ شهروند فرانسوی اعدام شد.[۸۸]

 بریتانیا

  • ۲ نیروی امدادی بریتانیایی کشته‌شدند.[۸۹]

 ایران

  • 5 Iranian soldiers killed [۹۰]

InfoboxHez.PNG حزب‌الله لبنان

 اردن

  • 1 Jordanian soldier wounded (not confirmed)
تعداد نامشخصی از سنی‌ها توسط شبه‌نظامی‌های شیعه کشته شدند.[۹۵]
20 civilians killed by U.S. airstrikes targeting al Qadea[۹۶]
تعدادی از شهروندان خارجی به اسارت گرفته‌شدند.

در پی پیشروی و گسترش عملیات‌های نظامی دولت اسلامی عراق و شام که به اختصار داعش و یا دولت اسلامی نیز خوانده می‌شود در ماهای ژوئن و ژوئیه سال ۲۰۱۴ برخی از کشورها تصمیم به دخالت در جنگ شهری که در عراق و سوریه گرفتند. دستیابی‌های سریع داعش در عراق و سوریه که توامان با خشونت‌های بی‌رحمانه‌ای بود از دلایل این رویایی بود. کشورهای مختلف به دلایل سیاسی گوناگون در سطوح و درجه‌های متنوع تصمیم به حضور در این شرایط پیچیده گرفتند.

دخالت‌ها به رهبری آمریکا[ویرایش]

با شروع اوت ۲۰۱۴ ایالات متحده یک گروه ائتلافی از همراهان برای مقابله نظامی با داعش تشکیل داد. کشورهای مختلف به صورت هوایی و کمک‌های نظامی و نیروهای زمینی در این ائتلاف مشارکت کردند.

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

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