محمد ضیف

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish

محمّد ضیف (زاده ۱۹۶۰، خان‌یونس-تاکنون) یکی از فرماندهان بلندپایهٔ حماس می‌باشد که در تشکیلات گردان‌های عزالدین قسام (شاخه نظامی حماس) فعالیت می‌کند.

از سال۱۹۸۹ به حماس و از سال۱۹۹۳ به مبارزان گردانهای عزالدین قسام پیوسته‌است. پس از کشته شدن صلاح مصطفی در سال۲۰۰۲ به این سمت منصوب شد. اسرائیل او را به عنوان یکی از طراحان عملیاتهای انتحاری فلسطینیان علیه اسرائیلیها از سال۱۹۹۶ می‌داند. الضّیف همچنین یکی از ۳ طراح اصلی موشکهای قسام می‌باشد و از مه۲۰۰۰ تا آوریل ۲۰۰۱ تحت بازداشت تشکیلات خودگردان قرار داشته‌است.

تا به حال اسرائیل شش مرتبه برای به قتل رساندن محمّد ضیف تلاش کرده‌است. در خلال حمله شبانگاهی جنگنده‌های نیروی هوایی اسرائیل به منزلی مسکونی در نوار غزه در ۱۹ اوت ۲۰۱۴، ۳ تن از اعضای یک خانواده که یک زن و یک دختر از میان جانباختگان شناسایی شدند، کشته شدند. مقامات اسرائیلی ادعا می‌کنند که فرد سوم، محمد ضیف، پدر این خانواده بوده که یکی از فرماندهان نبرد ۲۰۱۴ اسرائیل و غزه به شمار می‌رود.[۱] ، روز بعد، قتل محمد ضیف تکذیب شد و تنها، مرگ همسر و دختر وی تأیید شد.[۲]

تاکنون واحدهای اسرائیلی شش مرتبه برای قتل او تلاش کرده‌اند. در آخرین حمله سه راکت از سوی اسرائیل به سوی ساختمانی که گمان می‌رفت ضیف در انجا ساکن باشد، شلیک شد. منابع فلسطینی خبر از کشته شدن همسر ۲۷ ساله و نوزاد هفت ماهه او خبر داده‌اند. با این حال، به نظر می‌رسد که ضیف که از طرف اسرائیل «گربه‌ای با هفت جان» لقب گرفته، در قید حیات باشد. اسرائیل ضیف را «دشمن شماره ۱» خود می‌داند و او را مسئول جان افراد بی‌گناه زیادی می‌دانند.[۳]

دوران زندگی[ویرایش]

نام اصلی او محمد مصری است و احتمالاً در حوالی سال ۱۹۶۵ در یک اردوگاه پناهندگی واقع در نوار غزه به دنیا آمده است. در دانشگاه، در رشته زیست‌شناسی تحصیل کرده و مدتی هم به فعالیت‌های تئاتری پرداخته است. گفته می‌شود که او در طی ۲۰ سال گذشته، «در عملیات بیشماری علیه اسرائیل شرکت داشته است». در پنجمین تلاش از سوی اسرائیل برای قتل او، به ستون فقرات او به شدت آسیب رسید که باعث فلج شدن او شد. از ان پس تا کنون، او رهبری بازوی نظامی حماس را به معاون خود، احمد جابری واگذار کرده، اما گفته می‌شود که همچنان تصمیم‌گیری‌های مهم بر عهده خود اوست.[۳]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. ادامه حملات متقابل اسرائیل و حماس پس از نقض آتش‌بس دویچه‌وله فارسی
  2. سه فرمانده شاخه نظامی حماس در حمله اسرائیل کشته شدند صدای آمریکا
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ «"مرد مرموزی" که ارتش اسرائیل به دنبال اوست». بخش فارسی دویچه‌وله. دریافت‌شده در ۲۱ اوت ۲۰۱۴.

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

Mohammed Deif
Born
Mohammed Diab Ibrahim al-Masri

1965 (age 53–54)
ResidenceGaza, Palestine
NationalityPalestinian
Other namesAbu Khaled
Years active2002 – present
Known forSupreme Military Commander of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
Spouse(s)Widad (2007-2014[1])
Military career
Allegiance Hamas
Service/branchIzz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
RankChief of Staff

Mohammed Deif (Arabic: محمّد ضيف‎; born 1965 in Khan Younis), born Mohammed Diab Ibrahim al-Masri,[2] is the chief of staff and supreme military commander of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas. He has been Israel’s 'most wanted’ man for the last 24 years since 1995 for his direct involvement in terrorist attacks such as the killings of IDF soldiers, suicide bombings and kidnappings.[3] The last Israeli attempt to kill Deif was in an airstrike on 19 August 2014.[4] Hamas denied that Deif was killed. Deif's wife, infant son, and daughter died in the attack.[5][6]

The United States Department of State added Deif to its list of Specially Designated Global Terrorists on 8 September 2015.[7][8]

Hamas

Dief joined Hamas in 1990 with the help of Yahya Ayyash and Adnan al-Ghoul his long time associates.[9] In 1994, Deif was involved in the kidnappings and murders of IDF soldiers Shahar Simani, Aryeh Frankenthal and Nachshon Wachsman. He was personally responsible along with Yahya Ayyash behind the bus bombings in Jerusalem and Ashkelon, attacks that killed about 50 Israelis. Five suicide bombers he sent into Israel in March 2000 were killed by Yamam. After his release from PA prison in April 2001, he was involved in a 'wave of bombing attacks' that lasted several months during the second intifada.[3]

Deif became the supreme military commander of the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades after Israel assassinated Salah Shehade in July 2002.[10] Israel holds him directly responsible for the murder of dozens of civilians in numerous suicide bombings since 1995, among them the Jaffa Road bus bombings in Jerusalem. He along with Nidal Fat'hi Rabah Farahat and Adnan al-Ghoul played a key role in the attacks perpetrated in Israel. Deif has been the top of Israel's most wanted list for over two decades.

In February 2006, some Israeli media argued that Deif would build an Al Qaeda network in the Gaza Strip since he did not support the approach of Hamas. This claim, however, was denied by the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades.[9]

Assassination attempts

He has survived five Israeli air strikes, which caused him serious injuries and handicaps. Despite initial reports of his death in an Israeli air strike on 27 September 2002, an Israeli intelligence official confirmed that he survived the attack.[11] His senior assistant, Adnan al-Ghoul, was killed in an Israeli airstrike on 21 October 2004.[12]

In the early morning hours of 12 July 2006, an Israeli F16 aircraft bombed a house in which high-level ranking Hamas leaders were meeting. Deif survived the blast, but severely injured his spine.[13] After this event, Ahmed Jabari became the acting commander of Hamas military wing Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades .[14]

On 19 August 2014, the Israeli air force conducted an airstrike on a house in the neighbourhood of Sheikh Radwan in Gaza City[15] that killed Deif's 27-year-old wife Widad, 7-month-old son Ali, 3-year-old daughter Sara, and three civilians.[16][17][18] Hamas denied that Deif was killed.[2][19][20]

In April 2015, it was reported in Israeli media citing intelligence sources, that Deif survived the assassination attempt.[21]

Quotes

In December 2010, the Hamas movement marked the 23rd anniversary of its establishment with an official booklet entitled The Path of Glory (Darb al-ezza), which includes statements by Hamas military leaders alongside statistical and numerical data on military operations carried out against Israel.

Mohammed Deif wrote: "The Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades ... are better prepared to continue on our exclusive path to which there is no alternative, and that is the path of jihad and the fight against the enemies of the Muslim nation and mankind.... We say to our enemies: you are going on the path to extinction (zawal), and Palestine will remain ours including Al-Quds (Jerusalem), Al-Aqsa (mosque), its towns and villages from the (Mediterranean) Sea to the (Jordan) River, from its North to its South. You have no right to even an inch of it."[22]

References

  1. ^ "Thousands mourn slain wife, baby of Hamas commander". GMA News Online. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Hamas Confirms: Mohammed Deif is Still Alive". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Who is Mohammed Deif?". Haaretz. 20 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Hamas' military chief believed to have been killed in airstrike, sources say". Fox News. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Gaza: Hamas claims its military commander Mohammed Deif is alive". First Post. 20 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Body of Deif's daughter, 3, pulled from Gaza rubble". The Daily Star Newspaper - Lebanon. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  7. ^ "US Blacklists 4 Hamas, Hezbollah Operatives". NYTimes. 8 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Terrorist Designations of Yahya Sinwar, Rawhi Mushtaha, and Muhammed Deif". United States Department of State. 8 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Mohammad Deif – Head of the Armed Wing". IDF. 21 January 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  10. ^ Asser, Martin (26 September 2002). "Profile: Hamas commander Mohammed Deif". BBC. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  11. ^ "Official: Hamas target survives Israeli attack". CNN. 27 September 2002. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  12. ^ "Israel raid kills Gaza Hamas man". 22 October 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  13. ^ "Israel's Most Wanted Man Seriously Injured In Bombing". WLTX. Gaza City. AP. 12 July 2006. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  14. ^ Chabin, Michele (14 November 2012). "Israelis brace for attacks after Hamas leader killed". USA Today. Jerusalem. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  15. ^ "Israeli airstrikes target Hamas military chief in Gaza: report". Xinhua. 20 August 2014.
  16. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/21/world/middleeast/israel-gaza-strip.html
  17. ^ "Hamas vows revenge for Deif's family". ynet. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  18. ^ "Hamas Terror Chief's Daughter Killed in Strike Too - Middle East - News - Arutz Sheva". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  19. ^ "Gaza killing resumes with peace talks in tatters". CBS News. 20 August 2014.
  20. ^ "UPDATE 4-Gaza war rages on, Hamas says Israel tried to kill its military chief". Reuters. 20 August 2014.
  21. ^ "Hamas military commander Deif said to be alive in Gaza Strip". The Jerusalem Post - JPost.com. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  22. ^ Lt. Col. (ret.) Jonathan D. Halevi (3 January 2011). "Talking to Hamas? – Increasing Expressions of Genocidal Intent by Hamas Leaders Against the Jews". Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved 18 November 2012.