مجمعالجزایر ژاپن به رنگ سبز تیره
مجمعالجزایر ژاپن (به لاتین: Japanese archipelago) به مجموعه جزیرههایی گفته میشود که کشور ژاپن را تشکیل دادهاند و با راستای شمال شرقی- جنوب غربی در امتداد ساحل شرقی اوراسیا و ساحل غربی اقیانوس آرام قرار دارند. این مجمعالجزایر ژاپن، جزیرههایی از کمان جزیرهای ساخالین و کمان جزیرهای شمالشرق ژاپن را در بر میگیرد.
مجمعالجزایر ژاپن شامل ۶٬۸۵۲ جزیره با محیط بیش از ۱۰۰ متر است که ۴۳۰ جزیره آن مسکونی است. چهار جزیره اصلی ژاپن از شمال به جنوب عبارتند از:
هوکایدو، هونشو، شیکوکو و کیوشو. هونشو بزرگترین جزیره ژاپن است و سرزمین اصلی ژاپن به این جزیره اشاره دارد.
جزیرهها و استانها [ ویرایش ]
ساخالین که بخشی از فدراسیون روسیه است نیز گاهی از نظر جغرافیایی بخشی از مجمعالجزایر ژاپن به حساب میآید، هرچند ژاپن در قرن بیستم میلادی از ادعای حاکمیت بر این جزیره دست کشید.
جستارهای وابسته [ ویرایش ]
needs additional citations for verification
( June 2013)
A satellite image of Japan
Japanese archipelago ( is a group of 6,852 islands that form the country of 日本列島, Nihon Rettō) Japan. It extends over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) from the  Sea of Okhotsk northeast to the Philippine Sea south along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia continent. It consists of islands from the Sakhalin Island Arc, the Northeastern Japan Arc to the Ryukyu Islands and the Nanpō Islands. Japan is the largest island country in East Asia and the 4th largest island country in the world with 377,975.24 km 2 (145,937.06 sq mi).  It has the 8th largest  exclusive economic zone of 4,470,000 km 2 (1,730,000 sq mi).
is used to refer to the mainland from the remote islands. It is also used when referring to the main islands mainland Japan Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and Okinawa. It included  Karafuto Prefecture (Sakhalin) until the end of World War II.
Home Islands was used at the end of World War II to define the area of Japan to which its sovereignty and the constitutional rule of the Emperor would be restricted. The term is also commonly used today to distinguish the archipelago from Japan's colonies and other territories in the first half of the 20th century.
Changes of land-forms of Japan over time
Japanese archipelago, Sea of Japan and surrounding part of continental East Asia in
Early Miocene (23-18 Ma)
Japanese archipelago at the
Last Glacial Maximum
about 20,000 years ago, thin black line indicates present-day shorelines
The archipelago consists of 6,852 islands
(here defined as land more than 100 m in circumference), of which 430 are inhabited.  The five main islands, from north to south, are  Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Honshu is the largest and referred to as the  Japanese mainland.
The current Japanese archipelago topography is:
Japanese archipelago with outlined islands
This is a relief map of the land and the seabed of Japan. It shows the surface and underwater terrain of the Japanese archipelago. It includes all the Japanese islands such as Minami-Tori-Shima, Benten-jima, Okinotorishima and Yonaguni.
Islands and prefectures
– The second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture, which consists of 14 Hokkaido subprefectures.
– The largest and the most populated island of Japan, which consists of five regions.
– The second smallest and least populated of the five main islands (after Shikoku Okinawa), consisting of four prefectures.
– The third largest island of the archipelago, which consists of eight prefectures, including the Kyushu Okinawa Islands in the Ryukyu island arc.
– The smallest and least populated of the five main islands. It is part of the Okinawa Kyushu region.
– Previously known and administered by the Sakhalin Empire of Japan as Karafuto Prefecture and a part of the Russian Federation, is sometimes considered to be geographically part of the Japanese archipelago. Japan renounced its claim to the island after World War II in the 20th century.
"Water Supply in Japan". Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Archived from the original (website) on January 26, 2018 . Retrieved . 26 September 2018
"Island Countries Of The World". WorldAtlas.com. Archived from the original on 2017-12-07 . Retrieved . 2019-08-10
"令和元年全国都道府県市区町村別面積調（１０月１日時点）, Reiwa 1st year National area of each prefecture municipality (as of October 1)" (in Japanese). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. 26 December 2019 . Retrieved . 2 January 2020
"日本の領海等概念図". 海上保安庁海洋情報部. Archived from the original on August 12, 2018 . Retrieved . 12 August 2018
^ a b
[what is a remote island?]. 離島とは(島の基礎知識) MLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism) (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 22 August 2015. Archived from the original (website) on 2007-11-13 . Retrieved . 9 August 2019 MILT classification 6,852 islands(main islands: 5 islands, remote islands: 6,847 islands)
^ Milton W. Meyer,
Japan: A Concise History, 4th ed. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2012, ISBN 9780742541184, p. 2.
"離島とは(島の基礎知識)". Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Archived from the original (website) on November 13, 2007 . Retrieved . 3 October 2018
^ "Islands in Abundance",
Look Japan Volume 43, Issues 493–504, p. 37.
"Japanese Archipelago", TheFreeDictionary.com, retrieved 24 June 2013.
^ "The Chautauquan", Volume 42,