قوم آغول

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish

قوم غلامزاده بمئی یا آغول الگو:به انگلیسی Gholamzadeh bamaee از اهالی یاسوج در جنوب غرب ایران ایران هستند که در زمان قاجار توسط آقا محمد خان قاجار به مالمیر (ایذه کنونی) رانده شدند. غلامزاده ها به چهار تیره تقسیم می‌شوند که شامل: سید مارگیر، بمئی، بلیل و تامرادی می باشد. محل سکونت: روستاهای کول فرح، اژگیل، کوهشور، کلدوزخ

زبان[ویرایش]

زبان آغولی به خانوادهٔ زبان‌های لری -گروهی از خانوادهٔ زبان‌های لرها جنو غرب- تعلق دارد و از نظر آواشناسی زبان آغول‌ها به بختیاری شباهت زیادی دارند.

مذهب[ویرایش]

مردم آغول همانند همسایگان عرب زبان خود در تاریخ نسبتاً زودی به اسلام (مذهب شیعه) گرویدند که این گرایش پس از فتح این منطقه توسط اعراب تازی در سدهٔ هشتم میلادی رخ داد.[۱]

جمعیت[ویرایش]

در سال ۱۹۵۹ میلادی ۷۰۰ نفر آغول در مالمیر ساکن بوده‌اند که این رقم برپایهٔ آمار سال ۲۰۰۲ میلادی به ۲۵۶۶ نفر افزایش یافته‌است.[۱]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ مشارکت‌کنندگان ویکی‌پدیا. «Aghul people». در دانشنامهٔ ویکی‌پدیای انگلیسی، بازبینی‌شده در ۱۵ سپتامبر ۲۰۱۲.
Flag[1][2]
Aghuls
агулар
Total population
34,200 (est.)
Regions with significant populations
 Russia 34,160[4]
 Ukraine108[5]
Languages
Aghul language
Religion
Sunni Muslims, non-denominational Muslims, Muwahhid Muslims
Related ethnic groups
Lezgins

Aghuls (Aghul: агулар/agular, Russian: агулы/aguly or агульцы/aguljcy) are a people in Dagestan, Russia. According to the 2010 census, there were 34,160 Aghuls in Russia (7,000 in 1959).[6] The Aghul language belongs to the Lezgian language family, a group of the Northeast Caucasian family. Ethnically, the Aghuls are close to the Lezgins. There are four groups of the Aghul people, who live in four different gorges: Aguldere, Kurakhdere, Khushandere, and Khpyukdere. Like their neighbors the Kaitaks, the Aghuls were converted to Islam at a fairly early date, subsequent to the Arab conquest of the eighth century. Their oral traditions claim Jewish descent.[7]

Culture

Each Aghul village had a village council, on which each of the three or four tukhums were represented. The council was headed by an elder. The village mullah and qadi also played an important role in local affairs. In some cases the wealthier tukhums exerted a disproportionate strong influence on village government. As elsewhere in Daghestan, the Aghuls were divided into tukhums (clans), comprising twenty to forty households. Each tukhum had its own cemetery, pastures, and hay fields, and the members were bound by obligations of mutual support and defense.

The Aghuls tended to practice endogamy within the tukhum—marriages with outsiders were very rare. In the past the Aghuls lived in extended family households, though not especially large ones (fifteen to twenty members, on average). A senior male, father or eldest brother, functioned as chief, with fairly broad authority over the affairs of the household and its members. Should the extended family split up, sisters—even those who had already married and left the household—received a portion of the land as well as the movable property. They were each apportioned one-half of the land share given to each of their brothers, a practice that was unusually generous by Daghestanian standards.

References

  1. ^ Флаги различных национальностей России
  2. ^ Флаги национальностей России. Выпуск 12. Агульцы.
  3. ^ (2002 census) Archived 2006-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity Archived 2012-04-24 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  5. ^ "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  6. ^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity Archived 2012-04-24 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  7. ^ Peoples, Nations and Cultures. Edited by John Mackenzie. Weidenfeld and Nicolson 2005.

Further reading