فهرست یهودیان برنده جایزه نوبل

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو

برندگان یهودی جایزه‌های نوبل بر پایه رشته‌های مختلف در زیر فهرست شده‌اند:

ادبیات[ویرایش]

سال برنده[A] کشور[B] دلیل[C]
۱۹۱۰ Adolf Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel 042.jpg پال هیزه[۱] آلمان "as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories"[۲]
۱۹۲۷ Bergson-Nobel-photo.jpg آنری برگسون[۱] فرانسه "in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented"[۳]
۱۹۵۸ بوریس پاسترناک[۱] جماهیر شوروی "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"[۴]
۱۹۶۶ Agnon.jpg شموئل یوسف آگنون[۱] اسرائیل "for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people"[۵]
Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg نلی زاکس[۱] آلمان "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[۵]
۱۹۷۶ سال بلو[۱] ایالات متحده "for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work"[۶]
۱۹۷۸ ایزاک بشویس سینگر[۱] ایالات متحده "for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life"[۷]
۱۹۸۱ Canetti 1970.jpg الیاس کانتی[۱] انگلستان "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power"[۸]
۱۹۸۷ ایوسیف برودسکی[۱] ایالات متحده "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"[۹]
۱۹۹۱ Nadine Gordimer und David Grossman.jpg نادین گوردیمر[۱] آفریقای جنوبی "who through her magnificent epic writing has – in the words of Alfred Nobel – been of very great benefit to humanity"[۱۰]
۲۰۰۲ Imre Kertész (1929-) Hungarian writer II. by Csaba Segesvári.JPG ایمره کرتس[۱] مجارستان "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"[۱۱]
۲۰۰۴ Elfriede jelinek 2004 small.jpg الفریده یلینک[۱۲] اتریش "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"[۱۳]
۲۰۰۵ هارولد پینتر[۱۴] انگلستان "who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"[۱۵]

شیمی[ویرایش]

Year Laureate[A] Country[B] Rationale[C]
۱۹۰۵ Adolf von Baeyer (Nobel 1905).jpg آدولف فون بایر[۱] آلمان "[for] the advancement of organic chemistry and the chemical industry, through his work on organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds"[۱۶]
۱۹۰۶ Henri Moissan.jpg هانری مواسان[۱۷] فرانسه "[for his] investigation and isolation of the element fluorine, and for [the] electric furnace called after him"[۱۸]
۱۹۱۰ Voit 168 Otto Wallach.jpg اوتو والاخ[۱] آلمان "[for] his services to organic chemistry and the chemical industry by his pioneer work in the field of ترکیب‌های آلیفاتیک حلقویs"[۱۹]
۱۹۱۵ Richard Willstätter.jpg ریچارد ویلشتتر[۱] آلمان "for his researches on plant pigments, especially سبزینه"[۲۰]
۱۹۱۸ Fritz Haber.png فریتس هابر[۱] آلمان "for the synthesis of ammonia from its elements"[۲۱]
۱۹۴۳ George de Hevesy.jpg گئورگ دو هوسی[۱] Hungary "for his work on the use of isotopes as tracers in the study of chemical processes"[۲۲]
۱۹۶۱ Melvin Calvin.jpg ملوین کالوین[۱] United States "for his research on the carbon dioxide assimilation in plants"[۲۳]
۱۹۶۲ ماکس پراتز[۲۴] United Kingdom "for their studies of the structures of globular proteins"[۲۵]
۱۹۷۲ ویلیام اشتین[۱] United States "for his work on ribonuclease, especially concerning the connection between the amino acid sequence and the biologically active conformation"[۲۶]
۱۹۷۷ ایلیا پریگوژین Belgium "for his contributions to non-equilibrium thermodynamics, particularly the theory of dissipative structures"[۲۷]
۱۹۷۹ هربرت براون United States "for their development of the use of boron- and phosphorus-containing compounds, respectively, into important reagents in organic synthesis"[۲۸]
۱۹۸۰ Paul Berg in 1980.jpg پل برگ[۱] United States "for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant-DNA"[۲۹]
Walter Gilbert والتر گیلبرت[۱] United States "for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids"[۲۹]
۱۹۸۱ Roald Hoffmann.jpg رولد هافمن[۱] United States "for their theories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions"[۳۰]
۱۹۸۲ ارون کلوگ[۱] United Kingdom "for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes"[۳۱]
۱۹۸۵ Jerome Karle.jpg جروم کارل United States "for their outstanding achievements in developing direct methods for the determination of crystal structures"[۳۲]
Herbert Hauptman - UB 2009.jpg هربرت هاپتمن United States
۱۹۸۹ سیدنی آلتمن[۱] Canada
United States
"for their discovery of catalytic properties of RNA"[۳۳]
۱۹۹۲ Prof. Dr. Rudolph A. Marcus.jpg رادولف مارکوس[۱] United States "for his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems"[۳۴]
۱۹۹۸ Walter Kohn والتر کوهن[۱] United States "for his development of the density-functional theory"[۳۵]
۲۰۰۴ Nobel2004chemistrylaurets-Ciehanover.jpg هارون تسیخانوور اسرائیل "for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation"[۳۶]
Nobel2004chemistrylaurets-Hershko.jpg افرام هرشکو Israel
Nobel2004chemistrylaurets-Rose.jpg اروین روز United States
۲۰۰۶ Roger.Kornberg.JPG راجر کورنبرگ United States "for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription"[۳۷]
۲۰۰۹ AdaYonath.jpg عادا یونات Israel "for studies of the structure and function of the ریبوزوم"[۳۸]

پزشکی[ویرایش]

سال برندگان[A] کشور[B] دلیل[C]
۱۹۰۸ Ilya Mechnikov nobel.jpg ایلیا مچنیکو[۱] Russia "in recognition of their work on immunity"[۳۹]
پل الریخ[۱] آلمان
۱۹۱۴ Robert Barany.jpg رابرت بارانی[۱] Austria "for his work on the physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus"[۴۰]
۱۹۲۲ اتو فریتز میرهوف[۱] آلمان "for his discovery of the fixed relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the دگرگشت of اسید لاکتیک in the muscle"[۴۱]
۱۹۳۰ LandsteinerWS.jpg کارل لندستینر[۱] Austria "for his discovery of human blood groups"[۴۲]
۱۹۳۱ اتو واربورگ[۱] آلمان "for his discovery of the nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme"[۴۳]
۱۹۳۶ اتو لوی[۱] Austria "for their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses"[۴۴]
۱۹۴۴ جوزف ارلنگر[۱] United States "for their discoveries relating to the highly differentiated functions of single آسهs"[۴۵]
هربرت اسپنسر گسر
۱۹۴۵ ارنست چین[۱] United Kingdom "for the discovery of پنی‌سیلین and its curative effect in various infectious diseases"[۴۶]
۱۹۴۶ هرمان جوزف مولر[۱] United States "for the discovery of the production of جهشs by means of پرتو ایکس irradiation"[۴۷]
۱۹۴۷ Gerty Theresa Cori.jpg جرتی کوری United States "for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of گلیکوژن"[۴۸]
۱۹۵۰ Thadeus Reichstein ETH-Bib Portr 10137.jpg تادئوس ریچستین[۱] Switzerland "for their discoveries relating to the هورمونs of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects"[۴۹]
۱۹۵۲ Selman Waksman NYWTS.jpg سلمان واکسمن[۱] United States "for his discovery of استرپتومایسین, the first آنتی‌بیوتیک effective against سل"[۵۰]
۱۹۵۳ هانس آدولف کربس[۱] United Kingdom "for his discovery of the چرخه اسید سیتریک"[۵۱]
Portrait of Fritz Albert Lipmann (1899-1986), Biochemist (2551001689).jpg فریتس لیپمان[۱] United States "for his discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism"[۵۱]
۱۹۵۸ Joshua Lederberg.jpg جاشوآ لدربرگ[۱] United States "for his discoveries concerning نوترکیبی ژنی and the organization of the genetic material of باکتری"[۵۲]
۱۹۵۹ Arthur Kornberg.jpg آرتور کورنبرگ[۱] United States "for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of آران‌ای and دی‌ان‌ای"[۵۳]
۱۹۶۴ Konrad Bloch.JPG کنراد امیل بلوک[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the کلسترول and اسید چرب دگرگشت"[۵۴]
۱۹۶۵ فرانسوا یاکوب[۱] France "for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis"[۵۵]
آندره لووف[۱]
۱۹۶۷ جورج والد[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye"[۵۶]
۱۹۶۸ MNirenberg.jpg مارشال وارن نیرنبرگ[۱] United States "for their interpretation of the رمز ژنتیکی and its function in protein synthesis"[۵۷]
۱۹۶۹ Salvador E. Luria ca.1969.jpg سالوادور لوریا[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of ویروس (زیستی)es"[۵۸]
۱۹۷۰ Axelrod01.jpg ژولیوس اکسلراد[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmittors in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation"[۵۹]
برنارد کتس[۱] United Kingdom
۱۹۷۲ جرالد ادلمن[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning the chemical structure of پادتن"[۶۰]
۱۹۷۵ DavidBaltimore2008.JPG دیوید بالتیمور[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell"[۶۱]
هوآرد تمین[۱] United States
۱۹۷۶ باروخ ساموئل بلومبرگ[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases"[۶۲]
۱۹۷۷ Schally portrait.jpg اندرو شالی United States "for their discoveries concerning the peptide hormone production of the مغز"[۶۳]
روزالین سوسمن یالو[۱] United States "for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones"[۶۳]
۱۹۷۸ دنیل ناتانس[۱] United States "for the discovery of اندونوکلئازهای محدودکنندهs and their application to problems of ژنتیک مولکولی"[۶۴]
۱۹۸۰ باروخ بن الصراف[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions"[۶۵]
۱۹۸۲ جان وین (داروشناس) United Kingdom "for his discoveries concerning پروستاگلاندینs and related biologically active substances"[۶۶]
۱۹۸۴ Milstein lnp.jpg سزار میلستین[۱] Argentina
United Kingdom
"for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the دستگاه ایمنی and the discovery of the principle for production of پادتن‌های تک‌تیره"[۶۷]
۱۹۸۵ Mike Brown 2003.jpg مایکل اس. براون[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning the regulation of کلسترول دگرگشت"[۶۸]
Joe Goldstein.JPG جوزف ال. گلدستین[۱] United States
۱۹۸۶ Stanley Cohen-Biochemist.jpg Stanley Cohen[۱] United States "for their discoveries of growth factors"[۶۹]
Rita Levi Montalcini.jpg ریتا لوی مونتالچینی[۱] Italy
۱۹۸۸ Nci-vol-8236-300 Gertrude Elion.jpg گرترود بی. الیون[۱] United States "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"[۷۰]
۱۹۸۹ Varmus, Harold Elliot (1939).jpg هارولد وارموس[۱] United States "for their discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral آنکوژنs"[۷۱]
۱۹۹۲ ادموند اچ. فیشر Switzerland
United States
"for his discoveries concerning reversible پروتئین فسفرگیری as a biological regulatory mechanism"[۷۲]
۱۹۹۴ آلفرد جی. گیلمان[۱] United States "for their discovery of جی پروتئینs and the role of these proteins in ورارسانی پیام in cells"[۷۳]
Rodbell, Martin (1925-1998).jpg مارتین رادبل[۱]
۱۹۹۷ Prusiner 1.JPG استنلی پریسینر[۱] United States "for his discovery of پریونs – a new biological principle of infection"[۷۴]
۱۹۹۸ Drfurchgott.jpg رابرت فرانسیس فوچگات[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning نیتریک اکسید as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system"[۷۵]
۲۰۰۰ Paul Greengard.jpg پائول گرینگارد[۱] United States "for their discoveries concerning ورارسانی پیام in the دستگاه عصبی"[۷۶]
Eric Richard Kandel.jpg اریک کندل[۱] United States
۲۰۰۲ سیدنی برنر[۱] United Kingdom "for their discoveries concerning 'genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death'"[۷۷]
رابرت هرویتس[۱] United States
۲۰۰۴ ریچارد اکسل United States "for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the دستگاه بویایی"[۷۸]
۲۰۰۶ Andrew Fire, Stanford University.jpg اندرو فایر United States "for his discovery of آران‌ای سرکوبگر – gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"[۷۹]
۲۰۱۱ Nobel Prize 2011-Press Conference KI-DSC 7512.jpg بروس بویتلر ایالات متحده آمریکا به خاطر «اکتشافات فعال سازی سیستم ایمنی ذاتی بدن».[۸۰]
رالف استاینمن کانادا
۲۰۱۳ جیمز روثمن United States for "their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells"[۸۱]
Randy Schekman 8 February 2012.jpg رندی شکمن United States

فیزیک[ویرایش]

سال برندگان[A] کشور[B] دلیل[C]
۱۹۰۷ Albert Abraham Michelson2.jpg آلبرت آبراهام مایکلسون[۱] United States "for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid"[۸۲]
۱۹۰۸ G lippmann.jpg گابریل لیپمن[۱] فرانسه "for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference"[۸۳]
۱۹۲۱ Einstein1921 by F Schmutzer 4.jpg آلبرت اینشتین[۱] آلمان "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the اثر فوتوالکتریک"[۸۴]
۱۹۲۲ Niels Bohr.jpg نیلز بور[۱] Denmark "for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them"[۸۵]
۱۹۲۵ James Franck.jpg جیمز فرانک[۱] آلمان "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an الکترون upon an atom"[۸۶]
Gustav Hertz[۱] آلمان
۱۹۴۳ اتو اشترن[۱] United States "for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the گشتاور مغناطیسی of the پروتون"[۸۷]
۱۹۴۴ Isidor Isaac Rabi.jpg ایزیدور ایزاک رابی[۱] United States "for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei"[۸۸]
۱۹۴۵ Wolfgang Pauli young.jpg Wolfgang Pauli[۸۹] Austria "for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the اصل طرد پاولی"[۹۰]
۱۹۵۲ Felix Bloch, Stanford University.jpg فلیکس بلاک[۱] United States "for their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith"[۹۱]
۱۹۵۴ Max Born.jpg ماکس برن[۱] United Kingdom "for his fundamental research in مکانیک کوانتوم, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction"[۹۲]
۱۹۵۸ Ilya Frank.jpg لیا فرانک Soviet Union "for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"[۹۳]
ایگور یوگنیویچ تام[۹۴] Soviet Union
۱۹۵۹ Segre.jpg Emilio Gino Segrè[۱] Italy "for their discovery of the پادپروتون"[۹۵]
۱۹۶۰ Donald Glaser.jpg دونالد آرتور گلایزر United States "for the invention of the bubble chamber"[۹۶]
۱۹۶۱ Robert Hofstadter.jpg رابرت هافستاتر[۱] United States "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons"[۹۷]
۱۹۶۲ لو لاندائو[۱] Soviet Union "for his pioneering theories for فیزیک ماده چگال, especially liquid helium"[۹۸]
۱۹۶۳ Eugene Paul Wigner United States "for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"[۹۹]
۱۹۶۵ Richard Feynman.png ریچارد فاینمن[۱] United States "for their fundamental work in الکترودینامیک کوانتومی, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"[۱۰۰]
Schwinger.jpg جولیان شوینگر[۱] United States
۱۹۶۷ Hans Bethe.jpg هانس بته[۱] United States "for his contributions to the theory of nuclear reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in ستارهs"[۱۰۱]
۱۹۶۹ Murray Gell-Mann.jpg موری گل‌مان[۱] United States "for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions"[۱۰۲]
۱۹۷۱ دنیس گابور[۱] United Kingdom "for his invention and development of the holographic method"[۱۰۳]
۱۹۷۲ لئون نیل کوپر United States "for his jointly developed theory of ابررسانایی, usually called the نظریه بی‌سی‌اس"[۱۰۴]
۱۹۷۳ بریان دیوید جوزفسون[۱] United Kingdom "for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effect"[۱۰۵]
۱۹۷۵ Mottelson,Ben 1963 Kopenhagen.jpg بن روی ماتلسن[۱] Denmark "for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection"[۱۰۶]
۱۹۷۶ Burton Richter - charm quark.jpg برتون ریشتر[۱] United States "for his pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind"[۱۰۷]
۱۹۷۸ Arno Penzias.jpg آرنو آلان پنزیاس[۱] United States "for his discovery of تابش زمینه کیهانی"[۱۰۸]
۱۹۷۹ Sheldon Glashow at Harvard.jpg شلدون لی گلاشو[۱] United States "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current"[۱۰۹]
Steven-weinberg.jpg استیون واینبرگ[۱] United States
۱۹۸۸ Leon M. Lederman.jpg لیان لدرمن[۱] United States "for the نوترینو beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the لپتونs through the discovery of the muon neutrino"[۱۱۰]
ملوین شوارتز[۱] United States
Jack-Steinberger-2008.JPG جک اشتینبرگر[۱] United States
۱۹۹۰ جروم ایزاک فریدمان[۱] United States "for his pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics"[۱۱۱]
۱۹۹۲ CHARPAK Georges-24x50-2005 cropped.JPG جورج چرپک فرانسه "for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber"[۱۱۲]
۱۹۹۵ Martin Perl - tau.jpg مارتین لویز پرل[۱] United States "for the discovery of the تاو (ذره)" and "for pioneering experimental contributions to لپتون physics"[۱۱۳]
Frederick Reines.jpg فردریک رینز[۱] United States "for the detection of the نوترینو" and "for pioneering experimental contributions to لپتون physics"[۱۱۳]
۱۹۹۶ David Morris Lee[۱] United States "for their discovery of ابرشارهity in helium-3"[۱۱۴]
Douglas Osheroff.jpg داگلاس دین اشرفت[۱] United States
۱۹۹۷ Claude Cohen-Tannoudji.JPG کلود کوهن تانوژی[۱] فرانسه "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light"[۱۱۵]
۲۰۰۰ Zhores Alferov.jpg ژورس آلفروف[۱] Russia "for developing نیمه‌رسانا heterostructures used in high-speed- and optoelectronics"[۱۱۶]
۲۰۰۳ AA Abrikosov ANL1.jpg آلکسی آلکسیویچ آبریکوسوف Russia
United States
"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"[۱۱۷]
Виталий Лазаревич Гинзбург.jpg ویتالی لازاریویچ گینزبرگ Russia
۲۰۰۴ David Gross cropped.JPG دیوید گراس United States "for the discovery of آزادی مجانبی in the theory of the نیروی هسته‌ای قوی"[۱۱۸]
دیوید پولیتزر United States
۲۰۰۵ Roy Glauber Dec 10 2005.jpg روی جی. گلوبر United States "for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence"[۱۱۹]
۲۰۱۱ Adam Riess.jpg آدم ریس ایالات متحده آمریکاآمریکا "برای کشف انبساط شتابان جهان از طریق ابرنواخترهای دوردست."[۱۲۰]
Saul Perlmutter.jpg سال پرلموتر ایالات متحده آمریکاآمریکا
۲۰۱۲ Serge Haroche - Théâtre de la Commune d'Aubervilliers - 4 mai 2009.jpg سرژ هاروش France "for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems"[۱۱۹]
۲۰۱۳ Francois Englert.jpg فرانسوا انگلرت Belgium "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider"[۱۲۱]

صلح[ویرایش]

Year Laureate[A] Country[B] Rationale[C]
۱۹۱۱ TMCasser.jpg توبیاس آسر[۱] The Netherlands "Initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law at the Hague; Cabinet Minister; Lawyer"[۱۲۲]
Alfred Herrmann Fried Foto.jpg آلفرد فرید[۱] Austria "Journalist; Founder of Die Friedenswarte"[۱۲۰]
۱۹۶۸ ReneCassin.JPG رنه کسن[۱] فرانسه "President of the European Court for Human Rights"[۱۲۳]
۱۹۷۳ Henry Kissinger.jpg Henry A. Kissinger[۱] United States "For the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam War and a withdrawal of the American forces"[۱۲۴][۱۲۵]
۱۹۷۸ Menachem Begin 2.jpg مناخم بگین[۱] اسرائیل "for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"[۱۲۶]
۱۹۸۶ Elie Wiesel.jpg الی ویزل[۱] United States "Chairman of "The President's Commission on the Holocaust""[۱۲۷]
۱۹۹۴ Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpg اسحاق رابین[۱] Israel "to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East."[۱۲۸]
Shimon Peres World Economic Forum 2007.jpg شیمون پرز[۱] Israel
۱۹۹۵ Josef Rotblat ID badge.png ژوزف روتبلات United Kingdom
Poland
"for his efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"[۱۲۹]

اقتصاد[ویرایش]

Year Laureate[A] Country[B] Rationale[C]
۱۹۷۰ پل ساموئلسون[۱] United States "for the scientific work through which he has developed static and dynamic economic theory and actively contributed to raising the level of analysis in economic science"[۱۳۰]
۱۹۷۱ سیمون کوزنتس[۱] United States "for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development"[۱۳۱]
۱۹۷۲ Kenneth Arrow, Stanford University.jpg کنت آرو[۱] United States "for his pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory"[۱۳۲]
۱۹۷۳ واسیلی لئونتیف Russia
Germany
United States
"for the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems"[۱۳۳]
۱۹۷۵ Leonid Kantorovich 1975.jpg لئونید کانتوروویچ[۱] Russia
Germany
United States
"for his contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"[۱۳۴]
۱۹۷۶ میلتون فریدمن[۱] United States "for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy"[۱۳۵]
۱۹۷۸ هربرت الکساندر سیمون[۱] United States "for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations"[۱۳۶]
۱۹۸۰ لارنس کلاین[۱] United States "for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies"[۱۳۷]
۱۹۸۵ Franco Modigliani.jpg فرانکو مودیلیانی[۱] Italy
United States
"for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets"[۱۳۸]
۱۹۸۷ Solow natmedal.jpg رابرت سولو[۱] United States "for his contributions to the theory of economic growth""[۱۳۹]
۱۹۹۰ هری مارکوویتز[۱] United States "for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics""[۱۴۰]
مرتون میلر United States
۱۹۹۲ GaryBecker-May24-2008.jpg گری بکر[۱] United States "for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including nonmarket behaviour""[۱۴۱]
۱۹۹۳ Robert William Fogel.jpg رابرت فوگل[۱] United States "for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"[۱۴۲]
۱۹۹۴ جان هارسانی[۱] Hungary
United States
"for his pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games"[۱۴۳]>
۲۰۰۱ Joseph E. Stiglitz.jpg جوزف استیگلیتز[۱] United States "for his analyses of markets with asymmetric information"[۱۴۴]
۲۰۰۲ Daniel KAHNEMAN.jpg دانیل کاهنمن[۱] Israel
United States
"for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty"[۱۴۵]
۲۰۰۵ Aumann-1080b.jpg روبرت اوئمان[۱۴۶] Israel
United States
"for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis"[۱۴۷]
۲۰۰۷ Leonid Hurwicz.jpg لئونید هورویچ[۱۴۸][۱۴۹][۱۵۰] United States "For having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"[۱۵۱]
05N3441 emaskin.jpg اریک ماسکین United States
Myerson roger b print.jpg راجر میرسون United States
۲۰۰۸ Paul Krugman-press conference Dec 07th, 2008-8.jpg پل کروگمن[۱۵۲] United States "for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity"[۱۵۳]
۲۰۱۰ Peter Diamond (economist).jpg پیتر دیاموند United States "for his analysis of markets with search frictions"[۱۵۴]
۲۰۱۲ Alvin E. Roth 3 2012.jpg الوین رات United States "for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design" [۱۵۵]

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]


منابع[ویرایش]

کلی
ویژه
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اطلاعات بیشتر[ویرایش]

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]