فهرست نخست وزیران بریتانیا

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish

نخست وزیر انگلستان رئیس دولت بریتانیا و رئیس کابینه جلسات است.[۱] نخست وزیر پادشاهی متحد بریتانیا و ایرلند شمالی رئیس دولت ملکه در بریتانیا است. نخست وزیر و هیئت دولت (شامل بالاترین وزراء که سران دولت هستند) همه جوابگوی تمام سیاست‌ها و اقداماتشان به پادشاه/ملکه، پارلمان، حزب سیاسی‌شان و نهایتاً به رای‌دهندگان می‌باشند. نخست وزیر فعلی، بوریس جانسون از ۲۴ ژوئیه ۲۰۱۹ عهده‌دار این سمت می‌باشد.

فهرست نخست وزیران[ویرایش]

رنگ کلید

(احزاب سیاسی)

Portrait Name

Honorifics & Constituency
(Birth–Death)

Term of officeElectoral mandates Other ministerial offices

held while Prime Minister

Political party Government Monarch

(Reign)

Refs
Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford by Arthur Pond.jpg The Right Honourable
رابرت والپول

KG KB
MP for King's Lynn until 1742
Earl of Orford from 1742
(1676–1745)

4 April

۱۷۲۱

15 May

۱۷۳۰

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons

Whig
Walpole/Townshend
George I
GeorgeIKneller1714.jpg

(1714–1727)

[۲][۳][۴][۵]
15 May

۱۷۳۰

11 February

۱۷۴۲

Walpole
۱۷۲۲, ۱۷۲۷, ۱۷۳۴, ۱۷۴۱
Regarded as the first Prime Minister in the modern sense; aftermath of the South Sea Bubble crash in 1720; Licensing Act 1737; resigned, five days after being raised from House of Commons to the Lords, after a failing performance in dealing with the War of Jenkins' Ear, which began in 1739, and accusations of corruption in 1742.
George II
People 18 George II.jpg
(1727–1760)
Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

Spencer Compton,
1st Earl of Wilmington
KG KB PC
(1673–1743)

16 February

۱۷۴۲

2 July

1743

– First Lord of the Treasury Whig Carteret [۶]
Titular head of the Carteret ministry; first Speaker of the House of Commons to become Prime Minister; first Prime Minister to begin office from House of Lords and first to serve without occurrence of a General Election. Increased tax on spirits; in poor health for much of his time as Prime Minister. †Died in office.
Henry Pelham cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry Pelham
FRS
MP for Sussex
(1694–1754)

27 August

۱۷۴۳

10 February

۱۷۴۶

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons

Whig
Carteret;
Broad Bottom
[۷][۸][۹][۱۰]
12 February

۱۷۴۶

6 March

1754

۱۷۴۷
First Prime Minister never to have sat in the House of Lords. Entered and saw to completion British involvement in the War of the Austrian Succession in 1744–48; Jacobite Rising in 1745–46; two Carnatic Wars in 1746–54; reorganisation of the Royal Navy in the Consolidation Act 1749; adoption of the Gregorian calendar in 1752; Jewish Naturalisation Act 1753; Marriage Act 1753. †Died in office.
1stDukeOfNewcastleOld.jpg His Grace

Thomas Pelham-Holles,
1st Duke of Newcastle
KG PC FRS
(1693–1768)

16 March

۱۷۵۴

16 November

۱۷۵۶

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Newcastle I [۶][۱۱][۱۲]
۱۷۵۴
First Prime Minister to have never sat in the House of Commons. Took over Government after his brother died in office; controversially attempted to reduce interest on national debt; led Britain into the French and Indian War in 1754, absorbed, after the Fall of Minorca into the Seven Years' War; replaced due to poor performance in the war.
William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire cropped.JPG His Grace

William Cavendish,
4th Duke of Devonshire
KG PC
(1720–1764)

16 November

۱۷۵۶

25 June

۱۷۵۷

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Pitt–Devonshire;

1757 Caretaker

[۶][۱۳]
Replaced Newcastle. First non-graduate Prime Minister. The government was largely run by William Pitt the Elder until dismissed for his opposition to the course of the continental war and the court-martial and execution of Admiral Byng; resigned at will of the King and due to public outrage at the execution of Byng.
1stDukeOfNewcastleOld.jpg His Grace

Thomas Pelham-Holles,
1st Duke of Newcastle
KG PC FRS
(1693–1768)

2 July

۱۷۵۷

26 May

۱۷۶۲

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Newcastle II [۶][۱۴]
۱۷۶۱
Focused on the Seven Years War, prosecuted largely by Pitt the Elder as Secretary of State; executed a strategy of continental war combined with expeditions against French colonies; Annus Mirabilis of 1759; captured Senegal, Gambia, Louisbourg, Quebec, defended Madras and prevented a French invasion of Britain with naval victories at Lagos and Quiberon; George III's personal opposition led to a change of ministry.
George III
George III of the United Kingdom-e.jpg
(1760–1820)
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute cropped cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

John Stuart,
3rd Earl of Bute
KG PC
(1713–1792)

26 May

۱۷۶۲

8 April

۱۷۶۳

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Tory Bute [۱۵]
First Scottish Prime Minister, and (as member of the Scottish Episcopal Church) first non-Anglican British Prime Minister. Ended the dominance of the Whigs; Treaty of Paris (1763) ending the Seven Years' War; resigned after fierce criticism of Treaty of Paris concessions.
George Grenville (1712–1770) by William Hoare (1707-1792) Cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

George Grenville
PC
MP for Buckingham
(1712–1770)

16 April

۱۷۶۳

13 July

۱۷۶۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons

Whig

(Grenvillite)

Grenville [۱۶]
Briefly lowered domestic tax at the expense of the colonies, though this was rapidly repealed; introduced the unenforceable Stamp Act 1765 (popularly cited as one of the causes of the American Revolution). His repealing of the taxes he rolled out were for all except that on tea, which was used as a reason for the Boston Tea Party. At home rocked by his prosecution of John Wilkes over issue 45 of The North Briton.
2nd Marquess of Rockingham cropped.jpg The Most Honourable

Charles Watson-Wentworth,
2nd Marquess of Rockingham
KG PC FRS
(1730–1782)

13 July

۱۷۶۵

30 July

۱۷۶۶

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig

(Rockingham)

Rockingham I [۱۷]
Repealed the controversial Stamp Act 1765, inspired by protests from both American colonists and British manufacturers who were affected by it and its difficulty to enforce; introduced the Declaratory Act 1766.
William Pitt the Elder by William Hoare crop.jpg The Right Honourable

William Pitt ‘the Elder’,
1st Earl of Chatham
PC FRS
MP for Bath until 1766
Earl of Chatham from 1766
(1708–1778)

30 July

۱۷۶۶

14 October

۱۷۶۸

– Lord Privy Seal Whig

(Chathamite)

Chatham [۱۸]
۱۷۶۸
Brother-in-law of George Grenville. Raised to House of Lords from Commons five days into his term. Due to struggles with gout, remained distant from his colleagues. Under his ministry, the Chancellor Charles Townshend, acting largely independently, brought forth the Townshend Acts, which inflamed the situation in the American colonies.
Grafton3 cropped.JPG His Grace

Augustus FitzRoy,
3rd Duke of Grafton
KG PC FRS
(1735–1811)

14 October

۱۷۶۸

28 January

۱۷۷۰

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig

(Chathamite)

Grafton [۱۹]
Attempted to reconcile with the American colonies. Only Prime Minister to divorce then remarry while in office.
Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

Frederick North,
Lord North
KG PC
MP for Banbury
(1732–1792)

28 January

۱۷۷۰

22 March

۱۷۸۲

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons

Tory North [۲۰]
۱۷۷۴, ۱۷۸۰
Led Great Britain into the American Revolution; John Wilkes released; Gordon Riots; attempted reform in Ireland; resigned after a vote of no confidence against the will of the King.
2nd Marquess of Rockingham cropped.jpg The Most Honourable

Charles Watson-Wentworth,
2nd Marquess of Rockingham
KG PC
(1730–1782)

27 March

۱۷۸۲

1 July

1782

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig

(Rockingham)

Rockingham II [۶]
Acknowledged the independence of the United States; began a process of economic reform. †Died in office.
Shelburne cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

William Petty,
2nd Earl of Shelburne
KG PC
(1737–1805)

4 July

۱۷۸۲

2 April

۱۷۸۳

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig

(Chathamite)

Shelburne [۶]
First Irish-born Prime Minister and first of only two to have been a general; planned political reform; secured peace with the United States, France and Spain.
3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped cropped.jpg His Grace

William Cavendish-Bentinck,
3rd Duke of Portland
PC FRS
(1738–1809)

2 April

۱۷۸۳

19 December

۱۷۸۳

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Fox–North Coalition [۶]
Son-in-law of the Duke of Devonshire. Titular head of the Fox–North Coalition. Attempted to reform the British East India Company, but was blocked by George III.
William Pitt the Younger 2 cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

William Pitt ‘the Younger’
MP for Appleby until 1784
MP for Cambridge University from 1784
(1759–1806)

19 December

۱۷۸۳

14 March

۱۸۰۱

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons

Tory

(Pittite)

Pitt I [۲۱]
۱۷۸۴, ۱۷۹۰, ۱۷۹۶
Son of the Earl of Chatham (Pitt the Elder). Youngest Prime Minister, aged 24. India Act 1784; attempted to remove rotten boroughs; personally opposed to the slave trade; reduced the national debt due to the rebellion in the North American colonies; formed the Triple Alliance; Constitutional Act 1791; Macartney Embassy (1792–94), first of its kind to China; war with France starting in 1793; Cape Colony (South Africa) taken in 1795; introduced the first income tax; Acts of Union 1800; first national Census, held in March 1801. Resigned due to opposition of George III to Catholic emancipation.
Henry Addington by Beechey.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry Addington
MP for Devizes
(1757–1844)

17 March

۱۸۰۱

10 May

۱۸۰۴

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons

Tory

(Pittite)

Addington [۶]
1801 co-option, ۱۸۰۲
Second Speaker of the House of Commons to become Prime Minister. Negotiated the Treaty of Amiens with France in 1802. Although Addington had been a Pittite, and had invited Pitt to join his Government, Pitt went into opposition and ousted Addington.
William Pitt the Younger 2 cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

William Pitt ‘the Younger’
MP for Cambridge University
(1759–1806)

10 May

۱۸۰۴

23 January

1806

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons

Tory

(Pittite)

Pitt II [۶]
Alliance with Russia, Austria and Sweden against France (Third Coalition) which lasted until the Battles of Ulm and Austerlitz; Battle of Trafalgar; †Died in office.
1st Baron Grenville cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

William Wyndham Grenville,
1st Baron Grenville
PC FRS
(1759–1834)

11 February

۱۸۰۶

31 March

۱۸۰۷

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Ministry of All the Talents [۶]
۱۸۰۶
Son of George Grenville and cousin of Pitt the Younger. Third and most recent Speaker of the House of Commons to become Prime Minister. Abolition of the slave trade.
3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped cropped.jpg His Grace

William Cavendish-Bentinck,
3rd Duke of Portland
KG PC FRS
(1738–1809)

31 March

۱۸۰۷

4 October

۱۸۰۹

– First Lord of the Treasury Tory

(nominally Whig)

Portland II [۶]
۱۸۰۷
Although Portland described himself as a Whig, he was invited to head a Tory government. Was old and ill, leaving the Cabinet to their own devices (largely headed by Spencer Perceval). Government destabilised by a dispute between Foreign Secretary George Canning and War & Colonies Secretary Lord Castlereagh which culminated in a duel. Portland resigned in response, dying 26 days after leaving office.
Spencerperceval.jpg The Right Honourable

Spencer Perceval
KC
MP for Northampton
(1762–1812)

4 October

۱۸۰۹

11 May

1812

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
– Leader of the House of Commons

Tory Perceval [۲۲]
Two-greats-nephew of Lord Wilmington (above). His administration was notable for the lack of senior statesmen (note concurrent offices served); descent of George III into madness and the outset of the Regency era; Peninsular War, part of the Napoleonic Wars. †The only Prime Minister to have been assassinated, shot by John Bellingham.
Earl jenkinson.jpg The Right Honourable

Robert Banks Jenkinson,
2nd Earl of Liverpool
KG PC FRS
(1770–1828)

8 June

۱۸۱۲

9 April

۱۸۲۷

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Tory Liverpool [۲۳]
۱۸۱۲, ۱۸۱۸, ۱۸۲۰, ۱۸۲۶
Oversaw UK victory in the Napoleonic Wars; War of 1812 (in the UK, the American War of 1812–15); Congress of Vienna; an economic recession in 1817; Luddite movement; Peterloo Massacre, return to the gold standard and victory over the Marathas in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1819; end of Regency era and the Cato Street Conspiracy to assassinate Liverpool in 1820. Retired when he suffered a cerebral haemorrhage; died the following year. George IV
George IV of the United Kingdom.jpg

(1820–1830)

George Canning by Richard Evans - detail.jpg The Right Honourable

George Canning
FRS
MP for Seaford
(1770–1827)

10 April

۱۸۲۷

8 August

1827

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons

Tory

(Canningite)

Canning

(Canningite–Whig)

[۶]
To this day the shortest-serving British prime minister. †Died shortly after taking office.
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

Frederick John Robinson,
1st Viscount Goderich
PC
(1782–1859)

31 August

۱۸۲۷

21 January

۱۸۲۸

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Tory

(Canningite)

Goderich

(Canningite–Whig)

[۶]
Lacked support amongst colleagues; resigned shortly after taking office.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Field Marshal His Grace

Arthur Wellesley,
1st Duke of Wellington
KG GCB GCH PC
(1769–1852)

22 January

۱۸۲۸

16 November

۱۸۳۰

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Tory Wellington [۶]
۱۸۳۰ William IV
William IV of Great Britain.jpg

(1830–1837)

Second Irish-born Prime Minister and second of only two British Prime Ministers to have been a general (in both cases after Lord Shelburne); Catholic Emancipation Bill (over which he fought a duel).
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey after Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

Charles Grey,
2nd Earl Grey
KG PC
(1764–1845)

22 November

۱۸۳۰

9 July

۱۸۳۴

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Grey [۲۴]
۱۸۳۱, ۱۸۳۲
Reform Act 1832; quelled Swing Riots; restriction of employment of children; reform of the Poor Laws; abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire.
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, painted by John Partridge.jpg The Right Honourable

William Lamb,
2nd Viscount Melbourne
PC
(1779–1848)

16 July

۱۸۳۴

14 November

۱۸۳۴

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Melbourne I [۲۵]
The last prime minister to be dismissed by a king (William IV) shortly after taking office. Accidental burning of Parliament took place during that time (October), following which the Palace of Westminster was rebuilt in present form.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Field Marshal His Grace

Arthur Wellesley,
1st Duke of Wellington
KG GCB GCH PC
(1769–1852)

14 November

۱۸۳۴

10 December

۱۸۳۴

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Secretary of State for the Home Department
– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
– Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
– Leader of the House of Lords

Tory Wellington Caretaker [۲۶]
Caretaker government while Sir Robert Peel was located and returned to London. Concurrently held many of the major posts himself, becoming only Prime Minister to also be Home Secretary.
Sir Robert Peel 1844.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir Robert Peel, Bt
FRS
MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)

10 December

۱۸۳۴

8 April

۱۸۳۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative Peel I [۲۷][۲۸]
1835§
§Minority government. Unable to form a majority in Parliament so resigned.
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, painted by John Partridge.jpg The Right Honourable

William Lamb,
2nd Viscount Melbourne
PC FRS
(1779–1848)

18 April

۱۸۳۵

30 August

۱۸۴۱

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Melbourne II;

Melbourne III

[۲۹]
۱۸۳۵, ۱۸۳۷ Victoria
Queen Victoria (1819-1901), Carl Rudolph Sohn, 1883.jpg

(1837–1901)

Returned by re-election after dismissal; a father figure to Queen Victoria; Municipal Corporations Act 1835; Bedchamber crisis; Uniform Penny Post; Treaty of Waitangi.
Sir Robert Peel 1844.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir Robert Peel, Bt
FRS
MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)

30 August

۱۸۴۱

29 June

۱۸۴۶

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative Peel II [۳۰]
۱۸۴۱
Mines Act 1842; reintroduction of income tax; Factories Act 1844; Railway Regulation Act 1844; repeal of the Corn Laws (triggered by the Great Irish Potato Famine) and other tariffs; Maynooth Grant.
Lord John Russell.jpg The Right Honourable

Lord John Russell
GCMG PC FRS
MP for City of London
(1792–1878)

30 June

۱۸۴۶

21 February

۱۸۵۲

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Whig Russell I [۳۱]
1847§
§Minority government, but with the Conservatives split between Protectionists and Peelites, the Whigs held power. Education Act 1847; Don Pacifico affair; Chartist demonstrations; Australian Colonies Government Act; The Great Exhibition; improved the Poor laws; ministry ended by a vote of no confidence on a militia bill.
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg The Right Honourable

Edward Smith-Stanley,
14th Earl of Derby
PC
(1799–1869)

23 February

۱۸۵۲

17 December

۱۸۵۲

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative Derby I

(‘Who? Who?’)

[۳۲]
۱۸۵۲
Considered by some to be the father of the modern Conservative Party. Government collapsed when his Chancellor's Budget was defeated.
Earlofaberdeen.jpg The Right Honourable

George Hamilton-Gordon,
4th Earl of Aberdeen
KG KT FRSE FRS PC FSA(Scot)
(1784–1860)

19 December

۱۸۵۲

30 January

۱۸۵۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Peelite Aberdeen

(Peelite–Whig)

[۳۳]
Led the country into the Crimean War; resigned after defeat in the vote for an inquiry into the conduct of the war.
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry John Temple,
3rd Viscount Palmerston
KG GCB PC FRS
MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)

6 February

۱۸۵۵

19 February

۱۸۵۸

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Whig Palmerston I [۳۴]
۱۸۵۷
An Irish peer, enabling him to sit in the House of Commons. Responded to the Indian Mutiny of 1857; introduced the India Bill.
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg The Right Honourable

Edward Smith-Stanley,
14th Earl of Derby
KG PC
(1799–1869)

20 February

۱۸۵۸

11 June

۱۸۵۹

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative Derby II [۳۵]
Government of India Act 1858, transferring ownership of the East India Company to the Crown; Jews Relief Act, allowing Jews to become MPs.
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry John Temple,
3rd Viscount Palmerston
KG GCB PC FRS
MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)

12 June

۱۸۵۹

18 October

1865

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Liberal Palmerston II [۳۶]
۱۸۵۹, ۱۸۶۵
Between periods in office he founded the Liberal Party; term dominated by policy concerning the American Civil War; attempts to alleviate suffering caused by the Lancashire Cotton Famine. †Died in office (last and oldest Prime Minister to have done so).
Lord John Russell.jpg The Right Honourable

John Russell,
1st Earl Russell
KG GCMG PC FRS
(1792–1878)

29 October

۱۸۶۵

26 June

۱۸۶۶

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Liberal Russell II [۳۷]
Returned to take over government after Lord Palmerston died in office. Only Prime Minister to have served separate terms of office respectively from House of Commons (previous term) and the Lords (this term). Attempted to introduce a further Reform Bill, but was opposed by his Cabinet.
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg The Right Honourable

Edward Smith-Stanley,
14th Earl of Derby
KG PC
(1799–1869)

28 June

۱۸۶۶

25 February

۱۸۶۸

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative Derby III [۳۸]
Reform Act 1867; Canada becomes first Dominion within British Empire.
Disraeli.jpg The Right Honourable

Benjamin Disraeli
MP for Buckinghamshire
(1804–1881)

27 February

۱۸۶۸

1 December

۱۸۶۸

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative Disraeli I [۳۹]
Only ethnically Jewish Prime Minister; dissolved Parliament as the Conservatives did not have a majority.
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable

William Ewart Gladstone
FSS
MP for Greenwich
(1809–1898)

3 December

۱۸۶۸

17 February

۱۸۷۴

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons
– Chancellor of the Exchequer (1873–74)

Liberal Gladstone I [۴۰]
۱۸۶۸
Introduced reforms to the British Army, Civil Service and local government; made peacetime flogging illegal; Irish Church Act 1869; Irish Land Act 1870; Education Act 1870; Trade Union Act 1871; Ballot Act 1872; Licensing Act 1872; failed to prevent the Franco-Prussian War; allowed mitigation of the Bihar famine of 1873–74.
Disraeli.jpg The Right Honourable

Benjamin Disraeli,
1st Earl of Beaconsfield
KG PC FRS
MP for Buckinghamshire until 1876
Earl of Beaconsfield from 1876
(1804–1881)

20 February

۱۸۷۴

21 April

۱۸۸۰

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons (1874–76)
– Lord Privy Seal (1876–78)
– Leader of the House of Lords (1876–80)

Conservative Disraeli II [۴۱]
۱۸۷۴
Last Prime Minister to be raised from House of Commons to the Lords in office. Various social reforms including the Climbing Boys Act, the Public Health Act and the Artisans' Dwellings Act of 1875; oversaw the Great Indian Famine of 1876–78; purchase of shares in the Suez Canal Company; Congress of Berlin; reintroduction of Queen Victoria to public life, including bestowing the title Empress of India; Second Anglo-Afghan War; breaking up of the League of the Three Emperors; Zulu War; start of Long Depression.
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable

William Ewart Gladstone
FRS FSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)

23 April

۱۸۸۰

9 June

۱۸۸۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons
– Chancellor of the Exchequer (1880–82)

Liberal Gladstone II [۴۲]
۱۸۸۰
First Prime Minister representing a Scottish constituency in office. First Boer War; Childers Reforms of British Army; Irish Coercion Act; Kilmainham Treaty; Phoenix Park Murders; Married Women's Property Act 1882; Corrupt and Illegal Practices Prevention Act 1883; Reform Act 1884, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (sometimes known collectively as the Third Reform Act); failure to rescue General Gordon in Khartoum, Sudan.
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil,
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KG GCVO PC FRS
(1830–1903)

23 June

۱۸۸۵

28 January

۱۸۸۶

– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs

– Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative Salisbury I [۴۳]
1885§
§Minority government. Legislation provided for housing the working class; Iddesleigh served as First Lord of the Treasury.
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable

William Ewart Gladstone
FRS FSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)

1 February

۱۸۸۶

20 July

۱۸۸۶

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Lord Privy Seal
– Leader of the House of Commons

Liberal Gladstone III [۴۴]
۱۸۸۵
First introduction of the Home Rule Bill for Ireland, which split the Liberal Party, resulting in the end of Gladstone's third elected government.
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil,
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KG GCVO PC FRS
(1830–1903)

25 July

۱۸۸۶

11 August

۱۸۹۲

– Leader of the House of Lords

– First Lord of the Treasury (1886–87)
– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1887–92)

Conservative Salisbury II [۴۵]
۱۸۸۶
Opposed Irish home rule; repeal of final Contagious Diseases Act; Local Government Act 1888; Partition of Africa; Prevention of Cruelty to, and Protection of, Children Act 1889; Free Education Act 1891; creation of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe); New Unionism and London Dock strike of 1889. W. H. Smith served as First Lord of the Treasury, 1887–92.
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable

William Ewart Gladstone
FRS FSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)

15 August

۱۸۹۲

2 March

۱۸۹۴

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Lord Privy Seal
– Leader of the House of Commons

Liberal Gladstone IV [۴۶]
1892§
§Minority government. Reintroduction of the Home Rule Bill, which was passed by the House of Commons but rejected by the House of Lords leading to his fourth and final resignation. To date the oldest elected prime minister.
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery - 1890s.jpg The Right Honourable

Archibald Primrose,
5th Earl of Rosebery
KG PC FRS
(1847–1929)

5 March

۱۸۹۴

22 June

۱۸۹۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Lord President of the Council
– Leader of the House of Lords

Liberal Rosebery [۴۷]
Imperialist; plans for expanding the Royal Navy caused disagreement within the Liberal Party; resigned following a vote of censure over military supplies.
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil,
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KG GCVO PC FRS
(1830–1903)

25 June

۱۸۹۵

11 July

۱۹۰۲

– Leader of the House of Lords

– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1895–1900)
– Lord Privy Seal (1900–02)

Conservative Salisbury III

(Cons.–Lib.U.)

[۴۸]
۱۸۹۵, ۱۹۰۰
Edward VII
Edward VII.-Großbritannien.jpg
(1901–1910)
Workmen's Compensation Act 1897; Anglo-Zanzibar War; Fashoda Incident; Second Boer War and Khaki election; Anglo-Japanese Alliance. Last Prime Minister to serve office entirely from the House of Lords, throughout his terms. Resigned in ill health; died the following year.
Arthur Balfour, photo portrait facing left.jpg The Right Honourable

Arthur Balfour
OM FRS DL
MP for Manchester East
(1848–1930)

11 July

۱۹۰۲

5 December

۱۹۰۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative Balfour

(Cons.–Lib.U.)

[۶]
Nephew (via mother) of the Marquess of Salisbury. Had poor relations with Edward VII; his cabinet was split over free trade; establishment of the Committee of Imperial Defence; Entente Cordiale; Education Act 1902; Taff Vale case; Dogger Bank incident.
Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman

GCB
MP for Stirling Burghs
(1836–1908)

5 December

۱۹۰۵

7 April

۱۹۰۸

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Liberal Campbell-Bannerman [۶]
۱۹۰۶
Restored autonomy to Transvaal and the Orange Free State; Anglo-Russian Entente; Haldane Reforms of British Army; Probation Act 1907; first Prime Minister to be referred to as such in Parliamentary legislation. Resigned due to ill health; died nineteen days after leaving office.
H H Asquith 1908.jpg The Right Honourable

Herbert Henry Asquith
KC FRS
MP for East Fife
(1852–1928)

7 April

۱۹۰۸

25 May

۱۹۱۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons
– Secretary of State for War (1914)

Liberal
Asquith I
[۶]
25 May

۱۹۱۵

7 December

۱۹۱۶

Asquith II

(Lib.–Cons. –Lab.)

George V
Kinggeorgev1923.jpg

(1910–1936)

Jan.1910§, Dec.1910§
§Hung Parliaments. Liberal welfare reforms; People's Budget; Old-Age Pensions Act 1908 and National Insurance Act 1911; Parliament Act 1911; Suffragettes and the Cat and Mouse Act; Home Rule Act 1914; World War I begins; Easter Rising. Last Prime Minister to concurrently serve as War Secretary (between Curragh Mutiny and World War I outbreak).
The Right Hon. David Lloyd George.jpg The Right Honourable

David Lloyd George
OM
MP for Caernarvon Boroughs
(1863–1945)

7 December

۱۹۱۶

19 October

۱۹۲۲

– First Lord of the Treasury Liberal Lloyd George

(Lib.–Cons. –Lab.)

[۴۹]
۱۹۱۸
Welsh-speaking: only Prime Minister whose mother tongue was not English, and first Prime Minister to represent a Welsh constituency in office. End of World War I with added alliance of the United States, and Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War; Paris Peace Conference; Chanak Crisis. All adult males and women over 30 years of age enfranchised in 1918. Aided in ending the Irish War of Independence and the establishment of the Irish Free State by means of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. Geddes's Axe; BBC incorporated. Last Prime Minister who was not a member of either the Conservative or Labour parties.
Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg The Right Honourable

Andrew Bonar Law
MP for Glasgow Central
(1858–1923)

23 October

۱۹۲۲

20 May

۱۹۲۳

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative Bonar Law [۵۰]
۱۹۲۲
Canadian-born: only Prime Minister born outside the British Isles. Became Prime Minister following Conservative backbenchers' decision at the Carlton Club meeting to withdraw from the Lloyd George Coalition; shortest premiership of the 20th century (211 days). De facto last Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Resigned due to ill health; died six months after leaving office.
Stanley Baldwin LCCN2014712420 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable

Stanley Baldwin
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)

23 May

۱۹۲۳

16 January

۱۹۲۴

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons
– Chancellor of the Exchequer (1923)

Conservative Baldwin I [۵۱]
Last Prime Minister concurrently Chancellor of the Exchequer. Called a general election to gain a mandate for protectionist tariffs but failed to gain a majority; resigned after losing a vote of confidence.
J. Ramsay MacDonald LCCN2014715885 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable

Ramsay MacDonald
MP for Aberavon
(1866–1937)

22 January

۱۹۲۴

4 November

۱۹۲۴

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons
– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs

Labour MacDonald I [۵۲]
1923§
§Hung Parliament; minority government reliant on Liberal support. First Labour Prime Minister; did not have a majority so could not introduce radical legislation. Last Prime Minister concurrently Foreign Secretary; settled reparations with Germany following World War I; Zinoviev letter.
Stanley Baldwin LCCN2014712420 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable

Stanley Baldwin
FRS
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)

4 November

۱۹۲۴

5 June

۱۹۲۹

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative Baldwin II [۵۳]
۱۹۲۴
Locarno Treaties; signatory of the Kellogg–Briand Pact; Pensions Act 1925; 1926 general strike; National Grid founded; enfranchisement of women over 21. De jure last Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
J. Ramsay MacDonald LCCN2014715885 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable

Ramsay MacDonald
FRS
MP for Seaham
(1866–1937)

5 June

۱۹۲۹

24 August

۱۹۳۱

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Labour
MacDonald II
[۵۴]
24 August

۱۹۳۱

7 June

۱۹۳۵

National Labour 1st National;

2nd National
(Lab.Nat. –Cons. –Lib.Nat.
–Lib. until 1932)

1929§, 1931
§Hung Parliament. Appointed the first female minister, Margaret Bondfield; economic crises following the Wall Street Crash of 1929. In 1931, the Labour Government split on measures to resolve a budget crisis; MacDonald resigned, but was reappointed at the head of a National Government with the support of the Conservative and Liberal parties. He was subsequently expelled from the Labour Party; National Government fought and won the election on the basis of a ‘Doctor's Mandate’. Ottawa Conference supports protectionism, after which the free trade Ministers (the Liberals and Viscount Snowden) resigned. Motoring legislation reformed by Road Traffic Acts 1930 and 1934.
Stanley Baldwin LCCN2014712420 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable

Stanley Baldwin
FRS
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)

7 June

۱۹۳۵

28 May

۱۹۳۷

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative 3rd National

(Cons.–Lab.Nat. –Lib.Nat.)

[۵۵]
۱۹۳۵ Edward VIII
Portrait of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom.jpg

(1936)

Government of India Act 1935; Edward VIII abdication crisis; started rearmament but later criticised for failing to rearm more when Adolf Hitler broke Germany's Treaty of Versailles obligations. Only Prime Minister to have served under three monarchs (George V; Edward VIII; George VI). George VI
Georg VI England.jpg

(1936–1952)

Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R99302 Chamberlain.jpg The Right Honourable

Neville Chamberlain
FRS
MP for Birmingham Edgbaston
(1869–1940)

28 May

۱۹۳۷

3 September

۱۹۳۹

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative
4th National
(Cons.–Lab.Nat. –Lib.Nat.)
[۶]
3 September

۱۹۳۹

10 May

۱۹۴۰

Chamberlain War

(Cons.–Lab.Nat. –Lib.Nat.)

1939 IRA bombings in the UK; attempted to maintain peace for our time through appeasement of Germany, settling the Munich Agreement; widely criticised following the German invasion of Poland and consequent outbreak of World War II. Resigned after failing to form a coalition government; died six months after leaving office.
Sir Winston S Churchill.jpg The Right Honourable

Winston Churchill
CH TD DL FRS RA
MP for Epping
(1874–1965)

10 May

۱۹۴۰

23 May

۱۹۴۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister of Defence
– Leader of the House of Commons (1940–42)

Conservative
Churchill War
(All parties)
[۵۶][۵۷]
23 May

۱۹۴۵

26 July

۱۹۴۵

Churchill Caretaker

(Cons.–Lib.Nat.)

World War II continued; formed alliances with the United States and Soviet Union and reactively declared war on Fascist Italy and Japan; led a coalition government; foundation of the United Nations; proposed what would eventually lead to the European Union; Beveridge Report and Butler Education Act. Following the ending of an all-party coalition after defeat of Nazi Germany, formed a caretaker government out of Conservatives, Liberal Nationals and non-party figures. However, after two months it was defeated in the 1945 general election.
Clement Attlee.PNG The Right Honourable

Clement Attlee
OM CH FRS
MP for Limehouse until 1950
MP for Walthamstow West from 1950
(1883–1967)

26 July

۱۹۴۵

26 October

۱۹۵۱

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister of Defence (1945–46)

Labour Attlee [۵۸]
۱۹۴۵, ۱۹۵۰
Victory over Japan ends World War II; Potsdam Conference; initiated the post-war consensus; introduced nationalisation of Bank of England and utilities; foundation of the National Health Service; extended National Insurance scheme; economic austerity characterised by continued and deepened wartime food and fuel rationing; Independence of India and the end of the British role in Palestine; foundation of NATO; beginning of the Cold War; Berlin Blockade and the resulting Berlin Airlift; National Service Act 1948 revives conscription; start of British involvement in the Korean War.
Sir Winston S Churchill.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir Winston Churchill
KG OM CH TD DL FRS RA
MP for Woodford
(1874–1965)

26 October

۱۹۵۱

6 April

۱۹۵۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister of Defence (1951–52)

Conservative Churchill III [۵۹]
۱۹۵۱ Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II March 2015.jpg

(Since 1952)

Last Prime Minister to be concurrently Minister of Defence. Domestic policy (notably end of rationing) interrupted by foreign disputes (Korean War; Operation Ajax; Mau Mau Uprising; Malayan Emergency). Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.
The Right Honourable

Sir Anthony Eden
KG MC
MP for Warwick and Leamington
(1897–1977)

6 April

۱۹۵۵

10 January

۱۹۵۷

– First Lord of the Treasury Conservative Eden [۶۰]
۱۹۵۵
Egyptian nationalisation of the Suez Canal, which sparked the Suez Crisis; Premium Bonds introduced. Resigned due to ill health.
The Right Honourable

Harold Macmillan
FRS
MP for Bromley
(1894–1986)

10 January

۱۹۵۷

19 October

۱۹۶۳

– First Lord of the Treasury Conservative Macmillan [۶۱]
۱۹۵۹
The UK applied to join the European Economic Community for the first time, the application split Conservatives and was vetoed by Charles de Gaulle; acceptance of Keynesianism; Rent Act 1957; Wind of Change speech; Notting Hill race riots and New Commonwealth immigration; opening of the BBC Television Centre; end of National Service; beginning of Beeching cuts; Night of the Long Knives; Cuban Missile Crisis; Profumo affair, following which he resigned due to ill health.
Alec Douglas-Home (c1963).jpg The Right Honourable

Sir Alec Douglas-Home
KT
Earl of Home until 1963
MP for Kinross and Western Perthshire from 1963
(1903–1995)

19 October

۱۹۶۳

16 October

۱۹۶۴

– First Lord of the Treasury Conservative Douglas-Home [۶۲]
Was 14th Earl of Home when became Prime Minister, and renounced peerage on 23 October in order to stand for the House of Commons. Oversaw the independence of colonies Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland; abolition of the resale price maintenance.
The Right Honourable

Harold Wilson
OBE FRS
MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)

16 October

۱۹۶۴

19 June

۱۹۷۰

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister for the Civil Service (1968–70)

Labour Wilson I [۶۳]
۱۹۶۴, ۱۹۶۶
Social reforms, including legalisation of abortion, abolition of capital punishment and decriminalisation of homosexuality; Rhodesian UDI; agreed plans for Illegal Expulsion and Forced Deportation of entire Population of Diego Garcia; adopted, then abandoned, the National Plan for the economy; Devaluation of the pound; foundation of the Open University; disputes with trade unions over In Place of Strife and prices and incomes policy.
Heathdod.JPG The Right Honourable

Edward Heath
MBE
MP for Bexley
(1916–2005)

19 June

۱۹۷۰

4 March

۱۹۷۴

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister for the Civil Service

Conservative Heath [۶۴]
۱۹۷۰
U-turned over intervention in industry; negotiated UK entry to the European Community; violence due to Northern Ireland's Troubles peaked (‘Bloody Sunday’); Sunningdale Agreement agreed; Three-Day Week; Misuse of Drugs Act 1971; introduction of VAT; called early election in backfiring attempt to confront striking miners. Last unmarried Prime Minister.
The Right Honourable

Harold Wilson
OBE FRS
MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)

4 March

۱۹۷۴

5 April

۱۹۷۶

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister for the Civil Service

Labour Wilson II [۶۵]
Feb.1974§, Oct.1974
§Hung parliament. Ended dispute with miners; Social Contract with trade unions over the economy; Health and Safety at Work Act; renegotiated terms for EC membership, then 1975 referendum validated entry; North Sea oil; Cod War. Resigned due to ill health.
James Callaghan.JPG The Right Honourable

James Callaghan
MP for Cardiff South East
(1912–2005)

5 April

۱۹۷۶

4 May

۱۹۷۹

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister for the Civil Service

Labour Callaghan [۶۶][۶۷]
International Monetary Fund loan to support the pound; Race Relations Act 1976; Lib–Lab pact; enacted devolution to Scotland and Wales but referendums stopped them; breakdown of relations with trade unions and hence the Winter of Discontent. To date the only politician in British history who has served in all four ‘Great Offices of State’, and last armed forces veteran Prime Minister.
Margaret Thatcher cropped2.png The Right Honourable

Margaret Thatcher
FRS
MP for Finchley
(1925–2013)

4 May

۱۹۷۹

28 November

۱۹۹۰

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister for the Civil Service

Conservative Thatcher

(I, II, III)

[۶۸][۶۹]
۱۹۷۹, ۱۹۸۳, ۱۹۸۷
First female UK Prime Minister. 1981 Irish hunger strike; Falklands War; sold council housing to tenants (Right to Buy); 1984–85 miners' strike; privatisation of many previously government-owned industries; decreased the power of trade unions; negotiation of the UK rebate towards the European Community budget; Brighton hotel bombing; Sino-British Joint Declaration; Anglo-Irish Agreement; Westland affair; abolition of the GLC; Section 28; ‘Poll tax’ and Poll Tax Riots; Lockerbie bombing; end of the Cold War; Gulf War.
The Right Honourable

John Major
MP for Huntingdon
(b. 1943)

28 November

۱۹۹۰

2 May

۱۹۹۷

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister for the Civil Service

Conservative Major [۷۰][۷۱]
۱۹۹۲
Early 1990s recession; Gulf War; Downing Street mortar attack; ratification of the Maastricht Treaty and the Maastricht Rebels; forced exit from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (‘Black Wednesday’); Downing Street Declaration (initiating the Northern Ireland peace process); Privatisation of British Rail; National Lottery; Citizen's Charter; Sunday Shopping; ‘Back to Basics’ campaign; Cones Hotline; Dangerous Dogs Act. To date the last non-graduate Prime Minister.
The Right Honourable

Tony Blair
MP for Sedgefield
(b. 1953)

2 May

۱۹۹۷

27 June

۲۰۰۷

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister for the Civil Service

Labour Blair [۷۲][۷۳]
۱۹۹۷, ۲۰۰۱, ۲۰۰۵
Hong Kong handover; Death of Diana, Princess of Wales; independence for the Bank of England; Ecclestone tobacco controversy; Belfast Agreement; Human Rights Act; devolution to Scotland and Wales; House of Lords Reform; Minimum wage introduced; NATO bombing of Yugoslavia; Fuel protests; creation of Greater London Authority and Mayoralty of London; Freedom of Information Act; British military intervention in the Sierra Leone Civil War; 2001 foot and mouth crisis; 11 September attacks in the United States; War in Afghanistan; Iraq War; Top-up fees introduced for university tuition; Civil Partnership Act; Constitutional Reform Act; 2005 London bombings; Cash for Honours scandal; Identity Cards Act.
GordonBrown1234 cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

Gordon Brown
MP for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath
(b. 1951)

27 June

۲۰۰۷

11 May

۲۰۱۰

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister for the Civil Service

Labour Brown [۷۴]
Glasgow Airport attack; Child benefit data misplaced; Donorgate; Northern Rock and other banks nationalised; Treaty of Lisbon ratified; 10p tax rate abolished; Financial crisis of 2007–08; Cannabis moved back to Class B; Parliamentary expenses scandal; Release of Abdelbaset al-Megrahi; arrest of Damian Green; Chilcot Inquiry established; last Prime Minister to choose the date of a General Election.
David Cameron official.jpg The Right Honourable

David Cameron
MP for Witney
(b. 1966)

11 May

۲۰۱۰

8 May

۲۰۱۵

– First Lord of the Treasury

– Minister for the Civil Service

Conservative
Cameron I
(Cons.–Lib.Dem.)
[۷۵]
8 May

۲۰۱۵

October

۲۰۱۶

Cameron II
2010§, 2015
§Hung parliament. Bloody Sunday apology; Spending and Strategic Defence reviews (budget cuts to public services resulting in anti-austerity movement); 2010 student protests; Military intervention in Libya (Operation Ellamy); Alternative Vote (AV) referendum; Welfare Reform Act; Health and Social Care Act; 2011 riots; European Fiscal Compact veto; London 2012 Summer Olympics; Belfast City Hall flag protests; Same-sex marriage legalised; creation of the National Crime Agency; Woolwich attack; Referendum on Scottish independence; Privatisation of the Royal Mail; News International phone hacking scandal; Westminster paedophile dossier; Military intervention against ISIL in Iraq and in Syria (Operation Shader); European migrant crisis; announced resignation following the "Leave" vote in the 2016 referendum on EU membership.

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  62. Hennessy (2001), p. 272
  63. Hennessy (2001), p. 286
  64. Hennessy (2001), p. 331
  65. Hennessy (2001), p. 357
  66. Hennessy (2001), p. 376
  67. "Lord Callaghan of Cardiff". The Times. London: Times Newspapers Ltd. 28 March 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
  68. Hennessy (2001), p. 397
  69. Ballantyne, Aileen (5 May 1979). "Crowd's long cold wait for lady of the hour". The Guardian. London: Guardian and Manchester Evening News Ltd. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
  70. Hennessy (2001), p. 437
  71. "'John Major? Who's he?' asks Thatcher". The Independent. UK: Newspaper Publishing PLC. 6 August 1995. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
  72. Hennessy (2001), p. 476
  73. "The Blair Years: 1997–2007". The Daily Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
  74. Summers, Deborah; Mulholland , Hélène (27 June 2007). "Brown declared prime minister". The Guardian. London: Guardian News & Media. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
  75. "BBC News – David Cameron is UK's new prime minister". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.

painting of Robert Walpole
painting of William Pitt the Younger
photograph of Benjamin Disraeli
photograph of Henry Campbell-Bannerman

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the Government of the United Kingdom, and chairs Cabinet meetings. There is no specific date for when the office of prime minister first appeared, as the role was not created but rather evolved over a period of time through a merger of duties.[1] However, the term was regularly if informally used of Walpole by the 1730s.[2] It was used in the House of Commons as early as 1805,[3] and it was certainly in parliamentary use by the 1880s.[4] In 1905 the post of prime minister was officially given recognition in the order of precedence.[5] Modern historians generally consider Sir Robert Walpole, who led the government of Great Britain for over twenty years from 1721,[6] as the first prime minister. Walpole is also the longest-serving British prime minister by this definition.[7] However, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was the first and Margaret Thatcher the longest-serving prime minister officially referred to as such in the order of precedence.[8] The first to use the title in an official act was Benjamin Disraeli, who signed the Treaty of Berlin as "Prime Minister of her Britannic Majesty" in 1878.[9]

Strictly, the first prime minister of the United Kingdom (of Great Britain and Ireland) was William Pitt the Younger.[10] The first prime minister of the current United Kingdom, i.e. the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, was Bonar Law,[11] although the country was not renamed officially until 1927, when Stanley Baldwin was the serving prime minister.[12]

Due to the gradual evolution of the post of prime minister, the title is applied to early prime ministers only retrospectively;[13] this has sometimes given rise to academic dispute. Lord Bath and Lord Waldegrave are sometimes listed as prime ministers.[14] Bath was invited to form a ministry by George II when Henry Pelham resigned in 1746,[15] as was Waldegrave in 1757 after the dismissal of William Pitt the Elder,[16] who dominated the affairs of government during the Seven Years' War. Neither was able to command sufficient parliamentary support to form a government; Bath stepped down after two days,[14] and Waldegrave after three.[16] Modern academic consensus does not consider either man to have held office as prime minister,[17] and they are therefore not listed.

Before 1721

Prior to the Georgian era, the Treasury of England was led by the Lord High Treasurer.[18] By the late Tudor period, the Lord High Treasurer was regarded as one of the Great Officers of State,[18] and was often (though not always) the dominant figure in government: Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (Lord High Treasurer, 1547–1549),[19] served as Lord Protector to his prepubescent nephew Edward VI;[19] William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (Lord High Treasurer, 1572–1598),[20] was the dominant minister to Elizabeth I;[20] Burghley's son Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, succeeded his father as chief minister to Elizabeth I (1598–1603) and was eventually appointed by James I as Lord High Treasurer (1608–1612).[21]

By the late Stuart period, the Treasury was often run not by a single individual, i.e. Lord High Treasurer, but by a commission of Lords of the Treasury,[22] led by the First Lord of the Treasury. The last Lords High Treasurer, Lord Godolphin (1702–1710) and Lord Oxford (1711–1714),[23] ran the government of Queen Anne.[24]

After the succession of George I in 1714, the arrangement of a commission of Lords of the Treasury (as opposed to a single Lord High Treasurer) became permanent.[25] For the next three years, the government was headed by Lord Townshend, who was appointed Secretary of State for the Northern Department.[26] Subsequently, Lord Stanhope and Lord Sunderland ran the government jointly,[27] with Stanhope managing foreign affairs and Sunderland domestic.[27] Stanhope died in February 1721 and Sunderland resigned two months later;[27] Townshend and Robert Walpole were then invited to form the next government.[28] From that point, the holder of the office of First Lord also usually (albeit unofficially) held the status of prime minister. It was not until the Edwardian era that the title prime minister was constitutionally recognised.[13] The prime minister still holds the office of First Lord by constitutional convention,[29] the only exceptions being Lord Chatham (1766–1768) and Lord Salisbury (1885–1886, 1887–1892, 1895–1902).[30]

Anne

The Kingdoms of England and Scotland united to form the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.

Portrait Minister(s)
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Ministerial offices Party Election Ministry
Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (2).jpg
Godolphin
John Churchill Marlborough porträtterad av Adriaen van der Werff (1659-1722).jpg
Marlborough
1st Earl of Godolphin
(1645–1712)
&
1st Duke of Marlborough
(1650–1722)
1702 1710 (Godolphin:)
Lord High Treasurer
(Marlborough:)
Master-General of the Ordnance
Tory 1702 Godolphin–Marlborough
1705
1708
RobertHarley1710.jpg Robert Harley
(1661–1724)
1710 30 July 1714 Chancellor of the Exchequer (1710–11)
Lord High Treasurer (1711–14)
Tory
(formerly Whig)
1710 Harley
1713
Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg 1st Duke of Shrewsbury
(1660–1718)
30 July 1714 13 October 1714 Lord High Treasurer Tory N/A

George I

Portrait Minister(s)
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Ministerial offices Party Election Ministry
Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (2).jpg 2nd Viscount Townshend
(1674–1738)
13 October 1714 1716 Northern Secretary Whig 1715 Townshend I
James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg
Stanhope
Charles Spencer 3rd Earl of Sunderland.jpg
Sunderland
1st Viscount Stanhope
(c. 1673–1721)
&
3rd Earl of Sunderland
(1675–1722)
12 April 1717 21 March 1718 (Stanhope:)
First Lord of the Treasury
Chancellor of the Exchequer
(Sunderland:)
Northern Secretary
Whig N/A Stanhope–Sunderland I
21 March 1718 4 April 1721 (Sunderland:)
First Lord of the Treasury
(Stanhope:)
Northern Secretary
Whig Stanhope–Sunderland II

From 1721

Contents by century and monarch
18th to 19th century
20th to 21st century
     Whig (17)      Tory (11)      Conservative (19)      Peelite (1)      Liberal (7)      Labour (6)      National Labour (1)
Title
Prime Minister
Office
(Birth–Death)
Term of office & mandate[a]
Duration in years and days
Ministerial offices
held as prime minister
Party Government Monarch
(Reign)
Ref.
painting The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Walpole
KGKBPC
MP for King's Lynn[§]
(1676–1745)
3 April
1721
11 February
1742
1722 Whig Walpole–Townshend George I
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1714–1727)
[31]
1727 George II
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1727–1760)
1734 Walpole
1741
20 years and 315 days
painting The Right Honourable
Spencer Compton
1st Earl of Wilmington
KGKBPC
(1673–1743)
16 February
1742
2 July
1743
Whig Carteret [32]
1 year and 137 days[†]
painting The Right Honourable
Henry Pelham
FRS
MP for Sussex
(1694–1754)
27 August
1743
6 March
1754
Whig [33]
Broad Bottom I
1747 Broad Bottom II
10 years and 192 days[†]
painting His Grace
Thomas Pelham-Holles
1st Duke of Newcastle
KGPCFRS
(1693–1768)
16 March
1754
11 November
1756
1754 Whig Newcastle I [34]
2 years and 241 days
painting His Grace
William Cavendish
4th Duke of Devonshire
KGPC
(1720–1764)
16 November
1756
29 June
1757
Whig Pitt–Devonshire [35]
1757 Caretaker
226 days
painting His Grace
Thomas Pelham-Holles
1st Duke of Newcastle
KGPCFRS
(1693–1768)
29 June
1757
26 May
1762
1761 Whig Pitt–Newcastle [36]
George III
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg
(1760–1820)
[b]
Bute–Newcastle
(ToryWhig)
4 years and 332 days
painting The Right Honourable
John Stuart
3rd Earl of Bute
KGPC
(1713–1792)
26 May
1762
8 April
1763
Tory Bute [37]
318 days
painting The Right Honourable
George Grenville
MP for Buckingham
(1712–1770)
16 April
1763
10 July
1765
Whig
(Grenvillite)
Grenville
(mainly Whig)
[38]
2 years and 86 days
painting The Most Honourable
Charles Watson-Wentworth
2nd Marquess of Rockingham
KGPCFRS
(1730–1782)
13 July
1765
30 July
1766
Whig
(Rockinghamite)
Rockingham I [39]
1 year and 18 days
painting The Right Honourable
William Pitt
1st Earl of Chatham
PCFRS
MP for Bath (1766)[§]
(1708–1778)
30 July
1766
14 October
1768
1768 Whig
(Chathamite)
Chatham [40]
2 years and 77 days
painting His Grace
Augustus FitzRoy
3rd Duke of Grafton
KGPC
(1735–1811)
14 October
1768
28 January
1770
Whig
(Chathamite)
Grafton [41]
1 year and 107 days
painting The Right Honourable
Frederick North
Lord North
KG
MP for Banbury
(1732–1792)
28 January
1770
27 March
1782
1774 Tory
(Northite)
North [42]
1780
12 years and 59 days
painting The Most Honourable
Charles Watson-Wentworth
2nd Marquess of Rockingham
KGPCFRS
(1730–1782)
27 March
1782
1 July
1782
Whig
(Rockinghamite)
Rockingham II [39]
97 days[†]
painting The Right Honourable
William Petty
2nd Earl of Shelburne
KGPC
(1737–1805)
4 July
1782
26 March
1783
Whig
(Chathamite)
Shelburne [43]
266 days
painting His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke of Portland
PCFRS
(1738–1809)
2 April
1783
18 December
1783
Whig Fox–North [44]
261 days
painting The Right Honourable
William Pitt the Younger
MP for Appleby (1784) 
Cambridge University[‡] (1784–1801)

(1759–1806)
19 December
1783
14 March
1801
1784 Tory
(Pittite)
Pitt I [45]
1790
1796
17 years and 86 days
painting The Right Honourable
Henry Addington
MP for Devizes
(1757–1844)
17 March
1801
10 May
1804
1801 Tory
(Addingtonian)
Addington [46]
1802
3 years and 55 days
painting The Right Honourable
William Pitt the Younger
MP for Cambridge University
(1759–1806)
10 May
1804
23 January
1806
Tory
(Pittite)
Pitt II [47]
1 year and 259 days[†]
painting The Right Honourable
William Grenville
1st Baron Grenville
PCPC (Ire)
(1759–1834)
11 February
1806
25 March
1807
1806 Whig All the Talents
(WhigTory)
[48]
1 year and 43 days
painting His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke of Portland
KGPCFRS
(1738–1809)
31 March
1807
4 October
1809
1807 Tory
(Pittite)
Portland II [49]
2 years and 188 days
painting The Right Honourable
Spencer Perceval
KC
MP for Northampton
(1762–1812)
4 October
1809
11 May
1812
Tory
(Pittite)
Perceval [50]
2 years and 221 days[†]
painting The Right Honourable
Robert Jenkinson
2nd Earl of Liverpool
KGPCFRS
(1770–1828)
8 June
1812
9 April
1827
1812 Tory
(Pittite)
Liverpool [51]
1818
1820 George IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1820–1830)
1826
14 years and 306 days
painting The Right Honourable
George Canning
FRS
MP for Seaford
(1770–1827)
12 April
1827
8 August
1827
Tory
(Canningite)
Canning
(CanningiteWhig)
[52]
119 days[†]
painting The Right Honourable
Frederick John Robinson
1st Viscount Goderich
PC
(1782–1859)
31 August
1827
8 January
1828
Tory
(Canningite)
Goderich [53]
131 days
painting Field MarshalHis Grace
Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington
KGGCBGCHPC
(1769–1852)
22 January
1828
16 November
1830
1830 Tory Wellington–Peel [54]
2 years and 299 days William IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1830–1837)
painting The Right Honourable
Charles Grey
2nd Earl Grey
KGPC
(1764–1845)
22 November
1830
9 July
1834
1831 Whig Grey [55]
1832
3 years and 230 days
painting The Right Honourable
William Lamb
2nd Viscount Melbourne
PCPC (Ire)
(1779–1848)
16 July
1834
14 November
1834
Whig Melbourne I [56]
122 days
painting Field MarshalHis Grace
Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington
KGGCBGCHPC
(1769–1852)
17 November
1834
9 December
1834
Tory Wellington Caretaker [57]
23 days
painting The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Peel
BtFRS
MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)
10 December
1834
8 April
1835
Conservative Peel I [58]
120 days
painting The Right Honourable
William Lamb
2nd Viscount Melbourne
PCPC (Ire)FRS
(1779–1848)
18 April
1835
30 August
1841
1835 Whig Melbourne II [59]
1837 Victoria
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1837–1901)
6 years and 135 days
painting The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Peel
BtFRS
MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)
30 August
1841
29 June
1846
1841 Conservative Peel II [58]
4 years and 304 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Lord John Russell
FRS
MP for the City of London
(1792–1878)
30 June
1846
21 February
1852
1847 Whig Russell I [60]
5 years and 237 days
engraving The Right Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley
14th Earl of Derby
PCPC (Ire)
(1799–1869)
23 February
1852
17 December
1852
1852 Conservative Who? Who? [61]
299 days
engraving The Right Honourable
George Hamilton-Gordon
4th Earl of Aberdeen
KTFRSEFRSPCFSA Scot
(1784–1860)
19 December
1852
30 January
1855
Conservative
(Peelite)
Aberdeen
(PeeliteWhig–et al.)
[62]
2 years and 43 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
KGGCBPCFRS
MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
6 February
1855
19 February
1858
1857 Whig Palmerston I [63]
3 years and 14 days
engraving The Right Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley
14th Earl of Derby
PCPC (Ire)
(1799–1869)
20 February
1858
11 June
1859
Conservative Derby–Disraeli II [64]
1 year and 112 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
KGGCBPCFRS
MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
12 June
1859
18 October
1865
1859 Liberal Palmerston II [65]
1865
6 years and 129 days[†]
photograph The Right Honourable
John Russell
1st Earl Russell
KGPCFRS
(1792–1878)
29 October
1865
26 June
1866
Liberal Russell II [60]
241 days
engraving The Right Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley
14th Earl of Derby
KGPCPC (Ire)
(1799–1869)
28 June
1866
25 February
1868
Conservative Derby–Disraeli III [66]
1 year and 243 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Benjamin Disraeli
MP for Buckinghamshire
(1804–1881)
See also § Main articles:1 Conservative [67]
27 February
1868
1 December
1868
279 days
photograph The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FSS
MP for Greenwich
(1809–1898)
See also § Main articles:2 Liberal Gladstone I [68]
3 December
1868
17 February
1874
1868
5 years and 77 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Benjamin Disraeli
1st Earl of Beaconsfield
KGPCFRS
MP for Buckinghamshire
(1874–1876)[§]

(1804–1881)
See also § Main articles:1 Conservative Disraeli II [69]
20 February
1874
21 April
1880
1874
6 years and 62 days
photograph The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRSFSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
See also § Main articles:2 Liberal Gladstone II [70]
23 April
1880
9 June
1885
1880
5 years and 48 days
photograph The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL
(1830–1903)
23 June
1885
28 January
1886
Conservative Salisbury I [71]
220 days
photograph The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRSFSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
See also § Main articles:2 Liberal Gladstone III [70]
1 February
1886
20 July
1886
1885
170 days
photograph The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL
(1830–1903)
25 July
1886
11 August
1892
1886 Conservative Salisbury II [72]
6 years and 18 days
photograph The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRSFSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
See also § Main articles:2 Liberal Gladstone IV [70]
15 August
1892
2 March
1894
1892
1 year and 200 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Archibald Primrose
5th Earl of Rosebery
KGPCFRS
(1847–1929)
5 March
1894
22 June
1895
Liberal Rosebery [73]
1 year and 110 days
photograph The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL
(1830–1903)
25 June
1895
11 July
1902
1895 Conservative Salisbury III
(Con.Lib.U.)
[74]
1900 Salisbury IV
7 years and 17 days Edward VII
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1901–1910)
photograph The Right Honourable
Arthur Balfour
FRSFBADL
MP for Manchester East
(1848–1930)
12 July
1902
4 December
1905
Conservative Balfour [75]
3 years and 146 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
GCB
MP for Stirling Burghs
(1836–1908)
5 December
1905
3 April
1908
1906 Liberal Campbell-Bannerman [76]
2 years and 121 days
photograph The Right Honourable
H. H. Asquith
KCFRS
MP for East Fife
(1852–1928)
8 April
1908
5 December
1916
Liberal Asquith I [77]
Jan.1910 Asquith II
George V
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1910–1936)
Dec.1910 Asquith III
Asquith Coalition
(Lib.Con.–et al.)
8 years and 243 days
photograph The Right Honourable
David Lloyd George
OM
MP for Caernarvon Boroughs
(1863–1945)
6 December
1916
19 October
1922
Liberal Lloyd George War [78]
1918 Lloyd George II
(Lib.Con.)
5 years and 318 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Bonar Law
MP for Glasgow Central
(1858–1923)
23 October
1922
20 May
1923
1922 Conservative
(Scot.U.)
Law [79]
210 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JP
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
22 May
1923
22 January
1924
Conservative Baldwin I [80]
246 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Ramsay MacDonald
MP for Aberavon
(1866–1937)
22 January
1924
4 November
1924
1923 Labour MacDonald I [81]
288 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JPFRS
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
4 November
1924
4 June
1929
1924 Conservative Baldwin II [82]
4 years and 213 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Ramsay MacDonald
FRS
MP for Seaham
(1866–1937)
5 June
1929
7 June
1935
1929 Labour MacDonald II [83]
National Labour National I
(N.Lab.Con.–et al.)
1931 National II
6 years and 3 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JPFRS
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
7 June
1935
28 May
1937
1935 Conservative National III [84]
Edward VIII
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936)
George VI
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936–1952)
1 year and 356 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Neville Chamberlain
FRS
MP for Birmingham Edgbaston
(1869–1940)
28 May
1937
10 May
1940
Conservative National IV [85]
Chamberlain War
2 years and 349 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Winston Churchill
CHTDFRS
MP for Epping (1940–1945) 
Woodford[‡] (1945)

(1874–1965)
10 May
1940
26 July
1945
Conservative Churchill War [86]
Churchill Caretaker
(Con.L.Nat.)
5 years and 78 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Clement Attlee
CHFRS
MP for Limehouse (1945–1950) 
Walthamstow West[‡] (1950–1951)

(1883–1967)
26 July
1945
26 October
1951
1945 Labour Attlee I [87]
1950 Attlee II
6 years and 93 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Sir Winston Churchill
KGOMCHTDDLFRSRA
MP for Woodford
(1874–1965)
26 October
1951
5 April
1955
1951 Conservative Churchill III [88]
3 years and 162 days Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
(1952–present)
photograph The Right Honourable
Sir Anthony Eden
KGMC
MP for Warwick & Leamington
(1897–1977)
6 April
1955
9 January
1957
1955 Conservative Eden [89]
1 year and 279 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Harold Macmillan
FRS
MP for Bromley
(1894–1986)
10 January
1957
18 October
1963
Conservative Macmillan I [90]
1959 Macmillan II
6 years and 282 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
KT
MP for Kinross & Western Perthshire[c]
(1903–1995)
19 October
1963
16 October
1964
Conservative
(Scot.U.)
Douglas-Home [91]
364 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Harold Wilson
OBEFRSFSS
MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)
16 October
1964
19 June
1970
1964 Labour Wilson I [92]
1966 Wilson II
5 years and 247 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Edward Heath
MBE
MP for Bexley (1970–1974) 
Sidcup[‡] (1974)

(1916–2005)
19 June
1970
4 March
1974
1970 Conservative Heath [93]
3 years and 259 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Harold Wilson
OBEFRSFSS
MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)
4 March
1974
5 April
1976
Feb.1974 Labour Wilson III [92]
Oct.1974 Wilson IV
2 years and 33 days
photograph The Right Honourable
James Callaghan
MP for Cardiff South East
(1912–2005)
5 April
1976
4 May
1979
Labour Callaghan [94]
3 years and 30 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Margaret Thatcher
FRSHonFRSC
MP for Finchley
(1925–2013)
See also § Main articles:3 Conservative Thatcher I [95]
4 May
1979
28 November
1990
1979
1983 Thatcher II
1987 Thatcher III
11 years and 209 days
photograph The Right Honourable
John Major
MP for Huntingdon
(born 1943)
28 November
1990
2 May
1997
Conservative Major I [96]
1992 Major II
6 years and 156 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Tony Blair
MP for Sedgefield
(born 1953)
See also § Main articles:4 Labour Blair I [97]
2 May
1997
27 June
2007
1997
2001 Blair II
2005 Blair III
10 years and 57 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Gordon Brown
MP for Kirkcaldy & Cowdenbeath
(born 1951)
See also § Main articles:5 Labour Brown [98]
27 June
2007
11 May
2010
2 years and 319 days
photograph The Right Honourable
David Cameron
MP for Witney
(born 1966)
See also § Main articles:6 Conservative Cameron–Clegg
(Con.L.D.)
[99]
11 May
2010
13 July
2016
2010
2015 Cameron II
6 years and 64 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Theresa May
MP for Maidenhead
(born 1956)
See also § Main articles:7 Conservative May I [100]
13 July
2016
24 July
2019
2017 May II
3 years and 12 days
photograph The Right Honourable
Boris Johnson
MP for Uxbridge & South Ruislip
(born 1964)
See also § Main articles:8 Conservative Johnson
24 July
2019
Incumbent
137 days
Title
Prime Minister
Office
(Birth–Death)
Term of office & mandate Ministerial offices Party Government Monarch Ref.

Living former officeholders

As of December 2019, there are five living former British prime ministers. The most recent to die was Margaret Thatcher (1979–1990), on 8 April 2013.

See also

Main articles

Notes

  1. ^ Legend for cells listed in the sixth column from right:
    • e.g.  1722  and  1841 —coloured containing a linked year
      indicates a general election won by the government (e.g. 1722) or one that led to its formation (e.g. 1841);
    • e.g.  1830 —shaded grey containing a linked year
      indicates an election resulting in no single party winning a Commons majority;
    • e.g.  — —coloured containing a dash
      indicates the formation of a majority government without an election;
    • e.g.  — —shaded grey containing a dash
      indicates the formation of a minority or coalition government during a hung parliament.
  2. ^ George III did not appoint his final prime minister. His son George, Prince of Wales, who served as regent from 1811, appointed Liverpool in 1812 (Englefield et al. 1995, pp. 102, 363).
  3. ^ Douglas Home disclaimed his peerage as the Earl of Home on 23 October 1963. He was elected an MP on 7 November.

References

Citations

  1. ^ Hennessy 2001, pp. 39–40.
  2. ^ Stephen Taylor ODNB
  3. ^ Castlereagh 1805.
  4. ^ Eardley-Wilmot 1885; Macfarlane 1885.
  5. ^ Marriott 1923, p. 83.
  6. ^ Clarke 1999, p. 266; Hennessy 2001, pp. 39–40.
  7. ^ BBC News 1998.
  8. ^ Mackay 1987; Marriott 1923, p. 83.
  9. ^ Bogdanor 1997.
  10. ^ Burt 1874, p. 106; Castlereagh 1805.
  11. ^ Law 1922.
  12. ^ Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927.
  13. ^ a b Leonard 2010, p. 1.
  14. ^ a b Carpenter 1992, p. 37.
  15. ^ Leonard 2010, p. 47.
  16. ^ a b Leonard 2010, p. 65.
  17. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2011.
  18. ^ a b Chisholm 1911f.
  19. ^ a b Pollard 1904.
  20. ^ a b Chisholm 1911a.
  21. ^ Chisholm 1911c.
  22. ^ Chapman 2002.
  23. ^ Fisher Russell Barker 1890; Stephen 1890.
  24. ^ Morrill 2018.
  25. ^ Chapman 2002, p. 15.
  26. ^ McMullen Rigg 1899.
  27. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911d; Chisholm 1911e.
  28. ^ Chisholm 1911b; McMullen Rigg 1899.
  29. ^ UK Government 2013.
  30. ^ Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, p. 413; Locker-Lampson 1907, p. 497.
  31. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 1, 5; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 1–5; Pryde et al. 1996, pp. 45–46.
  32. ^ Cook & Stevenson 1988, p. 41; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 14; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 7–10; Jones & Jones 1986, p. 222.
  33. ^ Cook & Stevenson 1988, pp. 41–42; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 17; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 11–15.
  34. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 28; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 16–21.
  35. ^ Cook & Stevenson 1988, p. 44; Courthope 1838, p. 19; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 34; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 23–26; Schumann & Schweizer 2012, p. 143.
  36. ^ Cook & Stevenson 1980, p. 11; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 28; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 16–21; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 46; Tout 1910, p. 740.
  37. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 36; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 28–31; Jones & Jones 1986, p. 223; Tout 1910, p. 740.
  38. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 42; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 33–35; Tout 1910, p. 740.
  39. ^ a b The British Magazine and Review 1782, p. 79; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 46, 50; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 39–43.
  40. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 54; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 45–50; Kebbel 1864, p. 143; Venning 2005, p. 93.
  41. ^ Courthope 1838, p. 9; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 61; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 52–56; Venning 2005, p. 93; Vincitorio 1968, p. 156.
  42. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 64; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 58–62; Whiteley 1996, p. 24.
  43. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 73; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 64–68; Venning 2005, p. 93.
  44. ^ Cook & Stevenson 1980, p. 11; Courthope 1838, p. 25; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 77; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 69–74; Venning 2005, p. 93.
  45. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 85; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 75–78; Evans 2008, p. 4.
  46. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 94; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 83–85; Styles 1829, p. 266.
  47. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 85; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 75–77; Evans 2008, p. 4.
  48. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 98; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 90–92; Tout 1910, p. 740.
  49. ^ Courthope 1838, p. 25; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 77; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 69–74; Evans 2008, p. 4.
  50. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 101; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 98–101; Evans 2008, p. 4.
  51. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 106; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 104–108; Evans 2008, p. 4; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 47.
  52. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 116, 133; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 110–115.
  53. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 120, 133; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 118–120.
  54. ^ Courthope 1838, p. 33; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 123; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 124–130; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 47; Shaw 1906, p. 447; Tout 1910, p. 740.
  55. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 128; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 133–139.
  56. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 136; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 141–143.
  57. ^ Courthope 1838, p. 33; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 123; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 124–130; Evans 2001, p. 471; Mahon & Cardwell 1856, p. 17; Shaw 1906, p. 447.
  58. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 142; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 148–153.
  59. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 136; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 141–145; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 47.
  60. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 151; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 155–160.
  61. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 161; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 162–164.
  62. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 159, 167; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 169–174; Royal Society of Edinburgh 2006, p. 375; Tout 1910, p. 741.
  63. ^ Disraeli 1855; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 174; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 177–184; Royal Society 2007, p. 349.
  64. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 161; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 162–164; Tout 1910, p. 741.
  65. ^ Balfour 1910; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 174; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 177–184; Royal Society 2007, p. 349.
  66. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 161; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 162–167; Tout 1910, p. 741.
  67. ^ Disraeli 1868; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 183; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 187–189; Tout 1910, p. 741.
  68. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 196; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 195–198; Royal Statistical Society 1892, p. 9.
  69. ^ Chamberlain 1884; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 183; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 187–192.
  70. ^ a b c Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 196; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 195–202; Royal Statistical Society 1892, p. 9.
  71. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 213; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 205–210; Mosley 2003, p. 3505.
  72. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 213; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 205–210; Locker-Lampson 1907, p. 497; Mosley 2003, p. 3505; Sandys 1910, p. 287.
  73. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 222; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 212–215.
  74. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 213, 221; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 205–210; Mosley 2003, p. 3505; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 47; Sandys 1910, p. 287.
  75. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 231; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 217–221; Mosley 1999, p. 173; Tout 1910, p. 741.
  76. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 239; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 223–227.
  77. ^ Butler & Butler 2010, p. 5; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 244; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 229–235; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 48.
  78. ^ Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 6–9; The Constitutional Yearbook 1919, p. 42; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 252; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 237–243.
  79. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 262; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 246–248; Scully 2018.
  80. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 273; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 253–255; Mosley 1999, p. 172.
  81. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 281; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 262–264.
  82. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 273; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 253–259; Mosley 1999, p. 172.
  83. ^ Butler & Butler 2010, p. 13; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 281; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 262–268.
  84. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 273; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 253–259; Mosley 1999, p. 172; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 48.
  85. ^ The Annual Register 1941, p. 11; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 289; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 270–274.
  86. ^ The Annual Register 1946, p. 11; Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 17–21, 77; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 295; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 276–282; The London Gazette 1924.
  87. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 305; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 284–289.
  88. ^ BBC On This Day 2005; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 295; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 276–282; The London Gazette 1924; Mosley 1999, p. 1868; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 48.
  89. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 315; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 291–295.
  90. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 320; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 297–303.
  91. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 329; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 306–310; Scully 2018.
  92. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 333; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 313–320.
  93. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 343; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 322–328; UK Parliament 2005a.
  94. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 350; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 331–333; UK Parliament 2005b.
  95. ^ Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 358; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 340–347; UK Parliament 2013.
  96. ^ Butler & Butler 2010, p. 61; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 384; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 350–352.
  97. ^ Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 61, 270; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 392; Seldon 2007, pp. 77, 371, 647; UK Parliament 2017b.
  98. ^ Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 61, 86; UK Parliament 2012.
  99. ^ Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 61, 65; Lee & Beech 2011; Royal Communications 2016; Wheeler 2016.
  100. ^ BBC News 2017; Stamp 2016; UK Parliament 2017a.

Sources

Publications

Online

Further reading

External links