فلوریانو ویرا د آراجو پیکسوتو (به پرتغالی: Floriano Vieira de Araújo Peixoto) (زاده ۳۰ آوریل ۱۸۳۹ - درگذشته ۲۹ ژوئیه ۱۸۹۵) سرباز و سیاستمدار اهل برزیل و کهنهسرباز جنگ پاراگوئه و دومین رئیسجمهور برزیل بود.
Floriano Vieira Peixoto (Portuguese pronunciation: [floriˈɐ̃nu viˈejrɐ pejˈʃotu] 30 April 1839 – 29 July 1895), born in Ipioca (today a district of the city of Maceió in the State of Alagoas), nicknamed the "Iron Marshal", was a Brazilian soldier and politician, a veteran of the Paraguayan War, and the second President of Brazil. He is the first Vice President of Brazil to have succeeded a former President mid-term.
Election and Succession as President
Floriano Peixoto was an army Marshal when elected vice-president in February 1891. Later, in November 1891, he rose to the presidency following the resignation of Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, the first president of Brazil. Floriano Peixoto came to the presidency in a difficult period of the new Brazilian Republic, which was in the midst of a general political and economic crisis made worse by the effects of the bursting of the Encilhamento economic bubble. As Vice President, he also served as the President of the Senate.
His government was marked by several revolutions. Ruling in authoritarian fashion, Floriano Peixoto defeated a naval officers' rebellion against him in 1893–1894 and a seditious military movement in the States of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina during the same years. His government was marked by increased centralization of power and nationalism, with the florianista cult of personality being the first phenomena of favorable political expression towards a Republican politician in Brazil.
He is often referred to as "the Consolidator of the Republic" or "The Iron Marshal". He left the presidency on 15 November 1894. In spite of his unpopularity, he was responsible for the consolidation of the new Republican Government.
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