فسفر تری‌اکسید

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Phosphorus trioxide
Ball-and-stick model of the P4O6 molecule
Packing of P4O6 molecules in the crystal structure
شناساگرها
شماره ثبت سی‌ای‌اس 1314-24-5 ✔Y
پاب‌کم 123290
کم‌اسپایدر 109897 ✔Y
ChEBI CHEBI:37372 ✔Y
جی‌مول-تصاویر سه بعدی Image 1
خصوصیات
فرمول مولکولی P4O6
جرم مولی 219.88 g mol−1
شکل ظاهری colourless monoclinic crystals or liquid
چگالی 2.135 g/cm3
دمای ذوب 23.8 °C
دمای جوش
‎173.1 °C
انحلال‌پذیری در آب reacts
اسیدی (pKa) 9.4
ساختار
شکل مولکولی See Text
گشتاور دوقطبی 0
ترکیبات مرتبط
دیگر آنیون‌ها سسکوئی‌سولفید فسفر
دیگر کاتیون‌ها دی‌نیتروژن تری‌اکسید
آرسنیک تری‌اکسید
سنارمونتیت
ترکیبات مرتبط فسفروس پنتوکسید
فوسفورو اسید
به استثنای جایی که اشاره شده‌است در غیر این صورت، داده‌ها برای مواد به وضعیت استانداردشان داده شده‌اند (در 25 °C (۷۷ °F)، ۱۰۰ kPa)
 ✔Y (بررسی) (چیست: ✔Y/N؟)
Infobox references

فسفر تری‌اکسید (به انگلیسی: Phosphorus trioxide) با فرمول شیمیایی P۴O۶ یک ترکیب شیمیایی است. که جرم مولی آن 219.88 g mol−۱ می‌باشد.

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  • «IUPAC GOLD BOOK». دریافت‌شده در ۱۸ مارس ۲۰۱۲.
Phosphorus(III) oxide
Ball-and-stick model of the P4O6 molecule
Phosphorus in orange, oxygen in red
Packing of P4O6 molecules in the crystal structure
Names
Other names
Phosphorus sesquioxide
Phosphorous anhydride
Tetraphosphorous hexoxide
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.032.414
Properties
P4O6
Molar mass 219.88 g mol−1
Appearance colourless monoclinic crystals or liquid
Density 2.135 g/cm3
Melting point 23.8 °C (74.8 °F; 296.9 K)
Boiling point 173.1 °C (343.6 °F; 446.2 K)
reacts
Acidity (pKa) 9.4
Structure
See Text
0
Hazards
Toxic (T+)
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g. waterHealth code 3: Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury. E.g. chlorine gasReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g. liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
3
0
Related compounds
Other anions
Phosphorus trisulfide
Other cations
Dinitrogen trioxide
Arsenic trioxide
Antimony trioxide
Related compounds
Phosphorus pentoxide
Phosphorous acid
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☑Y verify (what is ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references

Phosphorus trioxide is the chemical compound with the molecular formula P4O6. Although it should properly be named tetraphosphorus hexoxide, the name phosphorus trioxide preceded the knowledge of the compound's molecular structure, and its usage continues today. This colorless solid is structurally related to adamantane. It is formally the anhydride of phosphorous acid, H3PO3, but cannot be obtained by the dehydration of the acid. It is a white, waxy, crystalline and highly toxic solid with garlic odour.[1]

Preparation

It is obtained by the combustion of phosphorus in a limited supply of air at low temperature.

P4 + 3 O2 → P4O6

By-products include red phosphorus suboxide.[1]

Chemical Properties

Phosphorus trioxide reacts with water to form phosphorous acid, reflecting the fact that it is the anhydride of that acid.[2]

P4O6 + 6 H2O → 4 H3PO3

It reacts with hydrogen chloride to form H3PO3 and phosphorus trichloride.

P4O6 + 6 HCl → 2 H3PO3 + 2 PCl3

With chlorine or bromine it forms the corresponding phosphoryl halide, and it reacts with iodine in a sealed tube to form diphosphorus tetraiodide.[1]

P4O6 reacts with ozone at 195 K to give the unstable compound P4O18.[3]

Reaction of phosphoprus trioxide with ozone.png

P4O18 decomposes above 238 K in solution with the release of O2 gas. Decomposition of dry P4O18 is explosive.

In a disproportionation reaction, P4O6 is converted into the mixed P(III)P(V) species P4O8 when heated in a sealed tube at 710 K, with the side product being red phosphorus.[3]

As a ligand

Structure of P4O6·Fe(CO)4.

P4O6 is a ligand for transition metals, comparable to phosphite. An illustrative complex is P4O6·Fe(CO)4.[4] With BH3, a dimeric adduct is produced:[3]

Structure of P8O12(BH3)2.

References

  1. ^ a b c A. F. Holleman; Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils (2001). Inorganic Chemistry. Boston: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.
  2. ^ Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8.
  3. ^ a b c .Catherine E. Housecroft; Alan G. Sharpe (2008). "Chapter 15: The group 15 elements". Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd Edition. Pearson. p. 473. ISBN 978-0-13-175553-6.
  4. ^ M. Jansen & J. Clade (November 1996). "Tetracarbonyl(tetraphosphorus hexaoxide)iron". Acta Crystallogr. C. 52 (11): 2650–2652. doi:10.1107/S0108270196004398.

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