فرانسیس مک‌دورمند

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
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فارسیEnglish
فرانسیس مک‌دورمند
Frances McDormand 2015 (cropped).jpg
فرانسیس مک‌دورمند سال ۲۰۱۵
نام اصلی فرانسیس لوئیس مک‌دورمند
تولد ۲۳ ژوئن ۱۹۵۷ ‏(۶۱ سال)
شیکاگو، ایلینوی
ملیت آمریکایی
پیشه بازیگر
همسر(ها) جوئل کوئن
صفحه در وب‌گاه IMDb

فرانسیس لوئیس مک‌دورمند (به انگلیسی: Frances Louise McDormand) (زادهٔ ۲۳ ژوئن ۱۹۵۷) بازیگر آمریکایی است.

یکی از نقش‌های شناخته شدهٔ مک‌دورمند، نقش مارج گاندرسون، پلیس زن باردار در فیلم فارگو به کارگردانی برادران کوئن است. او به‌خاطر بازی در این فیلم جایزه اسکار بهترین بازیگر نقش اول زن را در سال ۱۹۹۶ دریافت کرد. همچنین، او در اسکار ۲۰۱۸ جایزهٔ بهترین بازیگر اصلی زن را به‌خاطر بازی در فیلم سه بیلیورد خارج از ابینگ میزوری دریافت کرد.

ابتدای زندگی[ویرایش]

فرانسیس در شیکاگو ایلینوی در ایالات متحده متولد شد و زوجی با نام مک‌دورمند سرپرستی او را به عهده گرفتند. مادرش پرستار و پدرش یک پیشوای روحانی بود. او درجایی گفته‌است احتمالاً مادر اصلی او یکی از اعضای کلیسای متعلق به ناپدری اش بوده. مک‌دورمندها فرانسیس را به همراه چند برادر و خواهر دیگر بزرگ کردند که هیچ‌کدام شان فرزندان حقیقی و بیولوژیکی آنان نبودند. در دوران کودکی به همراه خانواده‌اش به شهرهای کوچک مختلفی نقل مکان کرد و پس از استقرار در پیتسبورگ پنسیلوانیا، تحصیلات دبیرستانی خود را در آنجا تمام کرد. در ۱۹۷۹ از کالجی در ویرجینیای غربی در رشتهٔ تئاتر فارغ‌التحصیل شد. در ۱۶۸۲ از مدرسه نمایش در دانشگاه ییل مدرک استادی هنرهای زیبا دریافت کرد. در آن زمان با هالی هانتر هم اتاق بود.

زندگی هنری[ویرایش]

آغاز کار مک‌دورمند در سینما با بازی در فیلم فضای خونبار ساختهٔ جوئل و ایتن کوئن ۱۹۸۴ همراه بود. در ۱۹۸۵ مک‌دورمند، برادران کوئن، هالی هانتر و سم ریمی (کارگردان) بطور مشترک در خانه‌ای در برانکس (محله‌ای در شمال منهتن) ساکن شدند. در ۱۹۸۷ او نقش کوتاهی را در فیلم بزرگ کردن آریزونا اثر برادران کوئن و با بازی هالی هانتر و نیکلاس کیج بازی کرد. او علاوه بر فیلم سینمایی، در چندین نمایش و فیلم تلویزیونی هم بازی کرده.

مک‌دورمند در ۱۹۸۸ بخاطر بازی در فیلم میسیسیپی می‌سوزد نامزد بهترین بازیگر نقش مکمل زن در جشنوارهٔ آکادمی شد. در ۱۹۹۶ اسکار بهترین بازیگر زن را بخاطر بازی در نقش پلیس زنی به نام مارج گاندرسون در فیلم فارگو دریافت کرد. در سال ۲۰۰۰، بار دیگر بخاطر بازی در فیلم تقریباً مشهور نامزد بهترین بازیگر نقش مکمل زن در جشنوارهٔ آکادمی شد. در همان سال، جوایز دیگری را بخاطر بازی در فیلم پسران شگفت‌انگیز کسب کرد. در ۲۰۰۶، برای سومین بار در جشنوارهٔ آکادمی نامزد بهترین بازیگر نقش مکمل برای بازی در سرزمین شمالی شد. او در سال‌های اخیر در فیلم‌های خانم پتی گریو یک روز زندگی می‌کند به کارگردانی بهارات نالوری، و بخوان و بسوزان به کارگردانی جوئل و ایتن کوئن بازی کرده.

مک‌دورمند که همسر جوئل کوئن کارگردان می‌باشد در شش فیلم از آثار برادران کوئن بازی کرده. این بازی‌ها شامل نقش‌های کوچکی در بزرگ کردن آریزونا و گذرگاه میلر، یا نقش‌های بزرگ‌تری در فضای خونبار، فارگو، مردی که آنجا نبود' و بخوان و بسوزان است.

زندگی شخصی[ویرایش]

مک‌دورمند همسر جوئل کوئن کارگردان سرشناس سینما است و آن دو فرزند پسری اهل اروگوئه را به فرزندی گرفته‌اند. آن‌ها در نیویورک سیتی زندگی می‌کنند.

بخشی از جوایز و افتخارات[ویرایش]

فیلمشناسی[ویرایش]

در نقش خانم پتی گریو در فیلم خانم پتی گریو یک روز زندگی می‌کند

سینمایی[ویرایش]

سال عنوان نقش یادداشت
۱۹۸۴ فضای خونبار اّبی
۱۹۸۵ Crimewave Nun
۱۹۸۷ بزرگ کردن آریزونا دات
۱۹۸۸ میسیسیپی می‌سوزد خانم پل
۱۹۸۹ Chattahoochee Mae Foley
۱۹۹۰ Hidden Agenda Ingrid Jessner
۱۹۹۰ تقاطع میلر Mayor's Secretary Uncredited
۱۹۹۰ مرد تاریکی جولی هستینگز
۱۹۹۱ بارتون فینک Stage Actress صدا
Uncredited
۱۹۹۱ The Butcher's Wife Grace
۱۹۹۲ Passed Away Nora Scanlan
۱۹۹۳ برش‌های کوتاه بتی ودرز
۱۹۹۴ Bleeding Hearts Woman on TV
۱۹۹۵ Beyond Rangoon Andy Bowma
۱۹۹۵ Palookaville June
۱۹۹۶ فارگو مارجی گاندرسن
۱۹۹۶ ترس کهن Dr. Molly Arrington
۱۹۹۶ Lone Star Bunny
۱۹۹۷ Paradise Road Dr. Verstak
۱۹۹۸ Johnny Skidmarks Alice
۱۹۹۸ Madeline Miss Clavel
۱۹۹۸ Talk of Angels Conlon
۲۰۰۰ Wonder Boys Dean Sara Gaskell
۲۰۰۰ تقریباً مشهور الین میلر
۲۰۰۱ مردی که آنجا نبود دوریس کرین
۲۰۰۲ لورل کنیون جین
۲۰۰۲ شهر ساحلی Michelle
۲۰۰۳ یکی باید کوتاه بیاید زوئی بری
۲۰۰۵ سرزمین شمالی گلوری داج
۲۰۰۵ ایان فلاکس The Handler
۲۰۰۶ دوستان همراه پول Jane
۲۰۰۸ Miss Pettigrew Lives for a Day Guinevere Pettigrew
۲۰۰۸ بخوان و بسوزان لیندا لیتزکی
۲۰۱۱ اینجا باید همان‌جا باشد جین
۲۰۱۱ تبدیل‌شوندگان: نیمه تاریک ماه شارلوت میرینگ
۲۰۱۲ قلمرو طلوع ماه خانم بیشاپ
۲۰۱۲ ماداگاسکار ۳: تحت تعقیب‌ترین‌های اروپا کاپیتان Chantal Dubois صدا
۲۰۱۲ Promised Land Sue Thomason
۲۰۱۴ Every Secret Thing ن/م تهیه‌کننده
۲۰۱۵ دایناسور خوب Momma صدا
۲۰۱۶ درود بر سزار!
۲۰۱۷ سه بیلبورد خارج از ابینگ، میزوری


منابع[ویرایش]

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand 2015 (cropped).jpg
Born
Cynthia Ann Smith

(1957-06-23) June 23, 1957 (age 61)
ResidenceNew York City, U.S.
Education
OccupationActress
Years active1982–present
Spouse(s)
Joel Coen (m. 1984)
Children1
AwardsFull list

Frances Louise McDormand (born Cynthia Ann Smith, June 23, 1957) is an American actress. She has won numerous accolades, including two Academy Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards, and a Tony Award, making her one of the few performers to achieve the "Triple Crown of Acting".

McDormand was educated at Bethany College and Yale University. She has starred in a number of films by the Coen brothers, including Blood Simple (1984), Raising Arizona (1987), Fargo (1996), The Man Who Wasn't There (2001), Burn After Reading (2008), and Hail, Caesar! (2016). For playing Marge Gunderson in Fargo, she won the Academy Award and Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress. Her other film roles include Mississippi Burning (1988), Almost Famous (2000), and North Country (2005), all earning her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 2017, she starred as a hardened woman seeking justice for her daughter's murder in the crime-drama film Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, which won her a second Academy Award, in addition to the Golden Globe, SAG, Critics' Choice, Independent Spirit and BAFTA Award for Best Actress.

McDormand made her Broadway debut in a 1984 revival of the drama Awake and Sing!, and received a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her acclaimed performance as Stella Kowalski in a 1988 revival of A Streetcar Named Desire. She returned to Broadway in 2008 with a revival of The Country Girl, leading to a Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Actress in a Play. In 2011, she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for playing a troubled single mother in Good People (2011). On television, McDormand played the titular protagonist in the HBO miniseries Olive Kitteridge (2014), which won her the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress, in addition to Outstanding Limited Series as an executive producer.

Early life

McDormand was born Cynthia Ann Smith in Gibson City, Illinois.[1] She was adopted at one and a half years of age by Noreen (Nickelson) and Vernon McDormand and renamed Frances Louise McDormand.[1] Her adoptive mother was a nurse and receptionist while her adoptive father was a Disciples of Christ pastor; both were originally from Canada.[2][3] McDormand has said that her biological mother, to whom she proudly referred, along with herself, as "white trash," may have been one of the parishioners at Vernon's church.[1][4] She has a sister, Dorothy A. "Dot" McDormand, who is an ordained Disciples of Christ minister and chaplain,[5] as well as another sibling, both of whom were adopted by the McDormands, who had no biological children.

Because her father specialized in restoring congregations,[4] he frequently moved their family, and they lived in several small towns in Illinois, Georgia, Kentucky, and Tennessee,[6] before settling in Monessen, Pennsylvania, where McDormand graduated from Monessen High School in 1975. She attended Bethany College in West Virginia, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in theater in 1979. In 1982, she earned a Master of Fine Arts degree from the Yale School of Drama. She was a roommate of actress Holly Hunter while living in New York City.[citation needed]

Career

McDormand's first professional acting job was in Derek Walcott's play In a Fine Castle also known as The Last Carnival, which was funded by the MacArthur Foundation and performed in Trinidad. In 1984 she made her film debut in Blood Simple, the first film by the Coen brothers. In 1987, she appeared as the wacky friend Dot in Raising Arizona, starring Holly Hunter and Nicolas Cage. In addition to her early film roles, McDormand played Connie Chapman in the fifth season of the television police drama Hill Street Blues. In 1988, she played Stella Kowalski in a stage production of Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire, for which she was nominated for a Tony Award. McDormand is an associate member of the experimental theater company The Wooster Group. In 2002, "the game and talented" McDormand performed as Oenone in the Wooster Group's production of an "exhilarating dissection" of Racine's tragedy Phèdre entitled "To You, the Birdie!," at Ann's Warehouse in Brooklyn, New York.[7]

After appearing in several theatrical and television roles during the 1980s, McDormand gradually gained renown and critical acclaim for her dramatic work in film.[8] In 1988, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for Mississippi Burning. Cast alongside Gene Hackman and Willem Dafoe, McDormand was singled out for praise, with Sheila Benson, in her review for the Los Angeles Times, writing, "Hackman's mastery reaches a peak here, but McDormand soars right with him. And since she is the film's sole voice of morality, it's right that she is so memorable."[9] In 1996, she won her first Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance as a pregnant police chief Marge Gunderson in Fargo, written and directed by the Coen brothers.[10] Writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, Roger Ebert called Fargo "one of the best films I've ever seen" and felt that McDormand "should have a lock on an Academy Award nomination with this performance, which is true in every individual moment, and yet slyly, quietly, over the top in its cumulative effect."[11]

In 2000, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture for her portrayal of an overbearing mother in Almost Famous. For her role in Wonder Boys (2000), she won Best Supporting Actress from the Broadcast Film Critics Association, the Florida Film Critics Circle, and the Los Angeles Film Critics Association. In 2006, McDormand received her fourth nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in North Country (2005). The same year she won an Independent Spirit Award for her supporting role in Nicole Holofcener's dark comedy Friends with Money (2006).[12] She also voiced the role of the principal Melanie Upfoot in the Simpsons episode "Girls Just Want to Have Sums", which aired on April 30, 2006.

In 2008, McDormand starred in the films Burn After Reading and Miss Pettigrew Lives for a Day. She then appeared in the action movie Transformers: Dark of the Moon, playing the US government's National Intelligence Director, alongside her Burn After Reading co-star John Malkovich. She returned to the stage in the David Lindsay-Abaire play Good People, in a limited engagement on Broadway from February 8, 2011 to May 29, 2011.[13][14] Her performance earned her the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play.[15] In the animated film Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted (2012), she voiced Capitain Chantel Dubois and also sang a version of the French song "Non, je ne regrette rien".

McDormand starred in Promised Land with Matt Damon, filmed in April 2012 and released on December 28, 2012.[16] In November 2014, HBO telecast a four-part mini-series based upon the series of short stories by Elizabeth Strout, Olive Kitteridge, co-produced by and starring McDormand.[17] The role won her the Primetime Emmy Award and Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress. With her Emmy win, McDormand became the 12th actress in history to achieve the "Triple Crown of Acting", for competitive Oscar, Emmy, and Tony Award wins in the acting categories.

McDormand starred in the 2017 film Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, for which she won her second Academy Award for Best Actress (her statuette was stolen briefly following the awards ceremony),[18] the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama,[19] and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role.

Personal life

McDormand has been married to director Joel Coen since 1984, and they adopted a son from Paraguay, Pedro McDormand Coen, in 1995.[20] They live in New York City and also own a residence in Bolinas, California.[21][22]

Filmography

Awards and nominations

See Also

References

  1. ^ a b c Grannan, Katy (October 3, 2017). "Frances McDormand's Difficult Women". The New York Times. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  2. ^ "Naked ambition". The Age. Australia.
  3. ^ "Rev Vernon Weir McDormand (1922 - 2011)". www.findagrave.com.
  4. ^ a b "Naked ambition". The Age. Melbourne. October 25, 2003. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  5. ^ "Disciples "PK" wins best actress' award. Disciples News Service Release. 31 March 2007". Disciples.org. Archived from the original on March 2, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  6. ^ "I'd love to play a psycho killer. film.guardian.co.uk. 26 January 2001". The Guardian. London. February 14, 2001. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  7. ^ Ben Brantley (2002). "Theater Review: Racine's Pale Queen, Struggling With Racket Sports". The New York Times. February 19, 2002.
  8. ^ "Story Medium". Imagine Fashion. Interview with Frances McDormand (2011).
  9. ^ Benson, Sheila (December 18, 1988). "RCritic's Notebook: Some 'Burning' Questions". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 30, 2016.
  10. ^ Cameron Crowe, Frances McDormand interview, Interview Magazine, October 2000.
  11. ^ Ebert, Roger (March 8, 1996). "Fargo". RogerEbert.com. Ebert Digital LLC. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  12. ^ ""Little Miss Sunshine" pulls up to take the crown at 2007 Film Independent's Spirit Awards". Film Independent Spirit Awards. February 24, 2007. Archived from the original on February 27, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  13. ^ Jones, Kenneth." 'Good People', Play of Aspiration and Escape, With Frances McDormand and Tate Donovan, Begins on Broadway" Archived February 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill, February 8, 2011
  14. ^ Jones, Kenneth."Broadway's 'Good People' Gets Final Extension, Shifting Dates of 'Master Class'" Archived May 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill, March 22, 2011
  15. ^ Jones, Kenneth and Gans, Andrew."2011 Tony Nominations Announced; 'Book of Mormon' Earns 14 Nominations" Archived September 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, May 3, 2011
  16. ^ Gerhardt, Tina (December 31, 2012). "Matt Damon Exposes Fracking in Promised Land". The Progressive.
  17. ^ Bruni, Frank (October 15, 2014). "Frances McDormand, True to Herself in HBO's Olive Kitteridge". The New York Times.
  18. ^ Melas, Chloe (March 5, 2018). "Frances McDormand's Oscar stolen (and returned)". CNN Entertainment. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  19. ^ Grobar, Matt (January 7, 2018). "'Three Billboards' Star Frances McDormand Expresses Gratitude For Tectonic Shift In Entertainment Industry". Deadline. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
  20. ^ Durbin, Karen (March 2, 2003). "The Prime Of Frances McDormand". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Going coastal / Is the elusive bohemian enclave of Bolinas getting a bit glossier?". Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  22. ^ Bruni, Frank (October 15, 2014). "A Star Who Has No Time for Vanity". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.

External links