2606 Odessa, provisional designation 1976 GX, is a background 2 asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 16 kilometers (10 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 1 April 1976, by Soviet–Russian astronomer Nikolai Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Nauchnij, on the Crimean peninsula. The presumably metallic  X- or M-type asteroid has an elongated shape and a rotation period of 8.24 hours. It was named for the Ukrainian city of  Odessa.
Orbit and classification Odessa is a non- family asteroid from the main belt's background population. It orbits the Sun in the  intermediate asteroid belt at a distance of 2.0–3.5 AU once every 4 years and 7 months (1,674 days; semi-major axis of 2.76 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.26 and an inclination of 12 ° with respect to the ecliptic.
observation arc begins with a precovery taken at Palomar Observatory in July 1954, near 22 years prior to its official discovery observation at Nauchnij.
SMASS classification, Odessa is a Xk-subtype that transitions between the X- and K-type asteroids. It has also been characterized as an X-type by  Pan-STARRS photometric survey, while it as an  M-type asteroid according to the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE).
Rotation period and poles
In 2008, two rotational
lightcurves of Odessa were obtained from photometric observations at the Hunters Hill and Oakley Southern Sky observatories in Australia. Lightcurve analysis gave a well-defined rotation period of 8.2426 and 8.244 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.80 and 0.72 magnitude, respectively, indicative for a non-spherical shape ( ). U=3/3 
In 2016, a modeled lightcurve gave a concurring sidereal period of 8.2444 hours using data from the Uppsala Asteroid Photometric Catalogue, the
Palomar Transient Factory survey, and individual observers (such as above), as well as sparse-in-time photometry from the NOFS, the Catalina Sky Survey, and the La Palma surveys ( ). The study also determined two 950 spin axes of (25.0°, −81.0°) and (283.0°, −88.0°) in ecliptic coordinates (λ, β).
Diameter and albedo
According to the survey carried out by the
NEOWISE mission of NASA's WISE telescope, Odessa measures 15.91 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.175,  while the  Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a carbonaceous standard albedo of 0.057 and consequently calculates a larger diameter of 25.44 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 11.7.
minor planet was named after the Ukrainian black Sea port city of Odessa. The official naming citation was published by the  Minor Planet Center on 1 December 1982 ( ). M.P.C. 7472
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