گوتز ۲۲۷۸

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
(تغییرمسیر از سیارک ۲۲۷۸)
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish

سیارک ۲۲۷۸ (به انگلیسی: 2278 Gotz، نامگذاری:1953GE) دو هزار و دویست و هفتاد و هشتمین سیارک کشف شده‌است[۱] که در ۷ آوریل ۱۹۵۳ و در هایدلبرگ کشف شد.[۲]

قدر مطلق سیارک برابر ۱۳٫۶۰ است.[۳]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. طبق اینجا شماره سیارک معرف شماره کشف شدن آنهاست.
  2. «فهرست سیارک‌های شماره‌دار». دانشگاه هاروارد. دریافت‌شده در ۲۸ سپتامبر ۲۰۰۹.
  3. «فهرست داده‌های سیارک‌ها». ناسا. بایگانی‌شده از روی نسخه اصلی در ۱۳ مه ۲۰۱۹. دریافت‌شده در ۱۴ مه ۲۰۱۹.

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]


2278 Götz
Discovery [1]
Discovered byK. Reinmuth
Discovery siteHeidelberg Obs.
Discovery date7 April 1953
Designations
MPC designation(2278) Götz
Named after
Paul Götz
(German astronomer)[2]
1953 GE · 1953 GR1
1976 GE2 · 1976 JG
main-belt[1][3] · (inner)
background[4][5]
Orbital characteristics[3]
Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc65.12 yr (23,784 d)
Aphelion2.8190 AU
Perihelion2.0867 AU
2.4528 AU
Eccentricity0.1493
3.84 yr (1,403 d)
284.69°
0° 15m 23.76s / day
Inclination4.2036°
53.419°
207.18°
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
11.769±0.057 km[6]
0.039±0.009[6]
Tholen = FC[3]
B–V = 0.634[3]
U–B = 0.229[3]
13.5[1][3]

2278 Götz, provisional designation 1953 GE, is a dark background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt's background population, approximately 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 7 April 1953, by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at the Heidelberg Observatory in southwest Germany.[1] The F/C-type asteroid was named after astronomer Paul Götz.[2]

Orbit and classification

Götz is non-family asteroid of the main belt's background population (formerly being classified as a member of the Nysa family by Zappala).[4][5] It orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.1–2.8 AU once every 3 years and 10 months (1,403 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.15 and an inclination of 4° with respect to the ecliptic.[3]

The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Heidelberg. Simultaneously, the asteroid was also observed at the Almaty Observatory in Kazakhstan (210).[1]

Naming

This minor planet was named in memory of Paul Götz (1883–1962), a German astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, who was the first assistant of Max Wolf at Heidelberg in the early 1900s, using the observatory's Bruce telescope and 0.15-meter astrograph.[2] The official naming citation was proposed and prepared by G. Klare and L. D. Schmadel and was published by the Minor Planet Center on 27 June 1991 (M.P.C. 18447).[2][7]

Physical characteristics

In the Tholen classification, the asteroid has an ambiguous spectral type, closest to the F-type and somewhat similar to the carbonaceous C-type asteroid.[3]

Diameter and albedo

According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Götz measures 11.769 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.039.[6]

Rotation period

As of 2018, no rotational lightcurve of Götz has been obtained from photometric observations since its discovery in 1953. The asteroid's rotation period, pole and shape remain unknown.[3][8]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "2278 Gotz (1953 GE)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(2278) Götz". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2278) Götz. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 185. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_2279. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2278 Gotz (1953 GE)" (2018-05-20 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Asteroid (2278) Gotz – Proper elements". AstDyS-2, Asteroids – Dynamic Site. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  6. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  7. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  8. ^ "LCDB Data for (2278) Götz". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 28 September 2017.

External links