سوزان هیوارد (به انگلیسی: Susan Hayward) (زاده ۳۰ ژوئن ۱۹۱۷ - درگذشته ۱۴ مارس ۱۹۷۵) بازیگر آمریکایی بود.
سوزان هیوارد زمانی گفت: خیلی زود دریافتم که زندگی تلاش و مبارزهاست…
هیوارد اهل محلههای فقیر نشین نیویورک بود ولی وقتی عکس اش در «روزنامهٔ ایونیگ پست» منتشر شد چنان مورد توجه دیوید او سلزنیک قرار گرفت که او را به عنوان یکی از نامزدهای ایفای نقش اسکارلت اوهارا به هالیوود برد ولی تست بازیگریاش آن قدر بد از کار درآمد که خود سلزنیک پیشنهاد کرد او را به همان نیویورک برگردانند؛ ولی پاسخ هیوارد حکایت از شخصیت یکدندهاش داشت.
هیوارد در واکنش این تصمیم گفته بود: چون پرتغال را دوست دارم فکر میکنم بمانم…
سوزان هیوارد، بنی میدفورد (کارگزارش) را عملاً به طور تصادفی پیدا کرد. موقع دوچرخهسواری از محلهشان هیوارد جلوی ملک بنی میدفورد به زمینخورد میدفورد کمکاش کرد از روی زمین برخیزد؛ و این شروع آشنایی آنها بود و سپس در زندگی حرفهای کمکاش کرد. نام جدیدی برایش برگزید و قراردادی با استودیو برادران وارنر برایش ترتیب داد. هیوارد وقتی بار دیگر با والتر وانگر تهیهکننده همکاری کرد و در میخواهم زنده بمانم! (۱۹۵۸) نقش «باربارا گراهام» را بازی کرد جایزه اسکار را برد. این نقطه اوج در زندگی حرفهای اش اجباراً با افول او ادامه پیدا کرد.
پس از چند سال کار برا ی استودیوهای استودیو برادران وارنر هیوارد به استودیو پارامونت رفت در سال ۱۹۴۶ با والتر ونگر قرارداد بست همکاری آنها چنان ثمر بخش بود که هیوارد برای فیلم داستان یک زن نامزد اسکار شد. پس از آن با کمپانی فاکس قرارداد بست و به زودی به ستارهٔ درجهٔ یک تبدیل شد.
در سال ۱۹۵۲ «انجمن روزنامهنگاران خارجی هالیوود»، سوزان هیوارد و جان وین را به عنوان محبوبترین ستارههای سال انتخاب کرد. در سال ۱۹۷۴ سوزان هیوارد حرکت شجاعانهٔ دیگری از خود نشان داد. خیلیها نمیدانستند که از بیماری سرطان رنج میبرد و در مراسم اسکار آن سال در کنار جان وین به روی صحنه رفت.
وقتی هیوارد در سال ۱۹۷۵ پس از دو سال مبارزه با سرطان مغز درگذشت هنوز شهرت و محبوبیت داشت. بر اساس حدس و گمانها سرطان هیوارد نتیجهٔ کارش در فیلم فاتح (۱۹۵۶) است که در لوکیشنهایی در ایالت یوتا فیلمبرداری شد. همانجا که ارتش آمریکا سالها قبل بمبهای اتمی اش را تست میکردهاست. این شایعه وقتی قوت گرفت که دیگر عوامل فیلم از جمله جان وین، اگنس مورهد، جان هویت و دیک پاول کارگردان فیلم همگی از بیماری سرطان درگذشتند.
جوایز و افتخارات[ویرایش]
Susan Hayward (born Edythe Marrenner; June 30, 1917 – March 14, 1975) was an American actress and singer.
After working as a fashion model, Hayward traveled to Hollywood in 1937. She secured a film contract and played several small supporting roles over the next few years.
By the late 1940s, the quality of her film roles had improved, and she achieved recognition for her dramatic abilities with the first of five Academy Award nominations for Best Actress for her performance as an alcoholic in Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman (1947). Her career continued successfully through the 1950s and she received subsequent nominations for My Foolish Heart (1949), With a Song in My Heart (1952), and I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955). She finally won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of death row inmate Barbara Graham in I Want to Live! (1958).
After Hayward's second marriage and subsequent move to Georgia, her film appearances became infrequent, although she continued acting in film and television until 1972. She died in 1975 of brain cancer.
Susan Hayward was born Edythe Marrenner on June 30, 1917 in Brooklyn, the youngest of three children born to Ellen and Walter Marrenner. Her paternal grandmother was an actress, Kate Harrigan, from County Cork, Ireland. Her mother was of Swedish descent. She had an older sister, Florence (born May 1910), and an older brother, Walter, Jr. (born December 1911). She was born on the same day, and in the same city, as entertainer Lena Horne.
Hayward was educated at Public School 181, and graduated from the Girls' Commercial High School (later renamed Prospect Heights High School). According to the Erasmus Hall High School alumni page, Hayward attended that school in the mid-1930s, so she possibly attended Erasmus Hall High School before transferring to Girls' Commercial High School. During her high school years, she acted in various school plays and was named "Most Dramatic" by her class. She graduated in June 1935.
Hayward began her career as a photographer's model, going to Hollywood in 1937, aiming to secure the role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind. Although she did not win the role, Hayward found employment playing bit parts until she was cast in Beau Geste (1939) opposite Gary Cooper. During the war years, she acted with John Wayne twice, as a second lead in Reap the Wild Wind (1942) and as his leading lady in The Fighting Seabees (1944). She also starred in the film version of The Hairy Ape (1944). After the war, Hayward's career took off when she was contracted by producer Walter Wanger for a seven-year contract at $100,000 a year. with her first film being Canyon Passage (1946).
In 1947, she received the first of five Academy Award nominations for her role as an alcoholic nightclub singer in Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman, her second film for Wanger. She continued as one of Hollywood's most popular leading ladies in films such as Tap Roots (1948), My Foolish Heart (1949), David and Bathsheba (1951), and With a Song in My Heart (1952).
During the 1950s, she won acclaim for her dramatic performances as President Andrew Jackson's melancholic wife in The President's Lady (1953); the alcoholic actress Lillian Roth in I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955), based on Roth's best-selling autobiography of the same name, for which she received a Cannes award. She also co-starred in 1955 with Clark Gable in Soldier of Fortune, during which Gable bullied her remorselessly, causing her much grief; she later claimed that she hated the movie and was extremely offended by Gable's ungentlemanly ways. Then she played the real-life California murderer Barbara Graham in I Want to Live! (1958). Hayward's extraordinary and bravura portrayal of Graham won her the Academy Award for Best Actress. In 1959, she played the lead, Mary Sharron, in Woman Obsessed. In 1956, she was cast by Howard Hughes to play Bortai in the historical epic The Conqueror, as John Wayne's leading lady.
Though Hayward never truly became known as a singer because she hated her own singing,[original research?] she portrayed singers in several films. In I'll Cry Tomorrow, however, though a "ghost singer" was actually recruited, her own voice is actually heard on the soundtrack. Susan Hayward performed in the musical biography of Jane Froman in the 1952 film, With a Song in My Heart, a role which won her the Golden Globe for Best Actress Comedy film. Jane Froman's voice was dubbed as Hayward acted out the songs.
In 1961, Hayward starred as a working girl who becomes the wife of the state's next governor (Dean Martin) and ultimately takes over that office herself in Ada. The same year, she played Rae Smith in Ross Hunter's lavish remake of Back Street, which also starred John Gavin and Vera Miles. In 1967, Hayward replaced Judy Garland as Helen Lawson in the film adaptation of Jacqueline Susann's Valley of the Dolls.
She continued to act into the early 1970s, when she was diagnosed with brain cancer. Her final film role was as Dr. Maggie Cole in the 1972 made-for-TV drama Say Goodbye, Maggie Cole. (The film was intended to be a pilot episode for a weekly television series, but because of Hayward's cancer diagnosis and failing health, the series was never produced.) Her last public appearance was at the Academy Awards telecast in 1974 to present the Best Actress award despite being very ill. With Charlton Heston's support, she was able to present the award.
Hayward was married to actor Jess Barker for 10 years and they had two children, fraternal twin sons named Gregory and Timothy, born February 19, 1945. The marriage was described in Hollywood gossip columns as turbulent. They divorced in 1954. Hayward attempted suicide after the divorce. During the contentious divorce proceedings, Hayward stayed in the United States rather than join the Hong Kong location shooting for the film Soldier of Fortune. She shot her scenes with co-star Clark Gable indoors in Hollywood. A few brief, distant scenes of Gable and a Hayward double walking near landmarks in Hong Kong were combined with the indoor shots.
In 1957, Hayward married Floyd Eaton Chalkley, commonly known as Eaton Chalkley. He was a Georgia rancher and businessman who had formerly worked as a federal agent. Though he was an unusual husband for a Hollywood movie star, the marriage was a happy one. She lived with him on a farm near Carrollton, Georgia. The couple also owned property across the state line in Cleburne County, just outside Heflin, Alabama. She became a popular figure in an area that in the 1950s was off the beaten path for most celebrities. In December 1964, she and her husband were baptized Catholic by Father McGuire at SS Peter and Paul's Roman Catholic Church on Larimer Avenue, in the East Liberty section of Pittsburgh. She had met McGuire while in China and promised him that if she ever converted, he would be the one to baptize her. Chalkley died on January 9, 1966. Hayward went into mourning and did little acting for several years, and took up residence in Florida, because she preferred not to live in her Georgia home without her husband.
Before her Catholic baptism, Hayward was a proponent of astrology. She particularly relied on the advice of Carroll Righter, who called himself "the Gregarious Aquarius" and the self-proclaimed "Astrologer to the Stars", who informed her that the optimum time to sign a film contract was exactly 2:47 am, causing her to set her alarm for 2:45 so she could be sure to obey his instructions. Hayward was a lifelong registered Republican, who endorsed Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952 and appeared at the 1953 Republican Rally.
Hayward was diagnosed with brain cancer in 1973. On March 14, 1975, she suffered a seizure in her Beverly Hills home and died at the age of 57. She was survived by her two sons from her marriage with Barker. A funeral service was held on March 16 at Our Lady of Perpetual Help Roman Catholic Church in Carrollton, Georgia, Hayward's body was buried in the church's cemetery.
Hayward may have developed cancer from radioactive fallout from atmospheric atomic bomb tests while making The Conqueror with John Wayne in St. George, Utah. Several production members, as well as Wayne himself, Agnes Moorehead, Pedro Armendáriz, and its director Dick Powell, later succumbed to cancer and cancer-related illnesses. The cast and crew totaled 220 people. By the end of 1980, as ascertained by People, 91 of them had developed some form of cancer and 46 had died of the disease.
Box office rankings
For a number of years, exhibitors voted Hayward among the most popular stars in the country: