سان مارینو (شهر)

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish
شهر سن مارینو
Città di San Marino
Collage San Marino.jpg
پرچم شهر سن مارینو
پرچم
نشان رسمی شهر سن مارینو
نشان
San Marino-San Marino.png
شهر سن مارینو در سان مارینو قرار گرفته‌است
شهر سن مارینو
شهر سن مارینو
مختصات: ۴۳°۵۶′ شمالی ۱۲°۲۶′ شرقی / ۴۳٫۹۳۳°شمالی ۱۲٫۴۳۳°شرقی / 43.933; 12.433مختصات: ۴۳°۵۶′ شمالی ۱۲°۲۶′ شرقی / ۴۳٫۹۳۳°شمالی ۱۲٫۴۳۳°شرقی / 43.933; 12.433
کشور سان مارینو
بنیانگذاری۳ سپتامبر ۳۰۱ (میلادی)
حکومت
 • CapitanoAlessandro Barulli
مساحت
 • کل۷۰۹ کیلومتر مربع (۲۷۰ مایل مربع)
ارتفاع۲٬۴۵۷ متر (۸٬۰۶۱ پا)
جمعیت
 • جمعیت۴٬۴۹۳
 • تراکم۶٫۳/km۲ (۱۶/sq mi)
منطقهٔ زمانیCET (یوتی‌سی ۱+)
 • تابستان (DST)CEST (یوتی‌سی ۲+)
کد پستیRSM-۴۷۸۹۰

شهر سان مارینو (به انگلیسی: City of San Marino) پایتخت کشور سان مارینو است. منبع درآمد اصلی مردم شهر، صنعت گردشگری، ارسال محموله‌های پستی و کشاورزی است.

جمعیت[ویرایش]

طبق آمارگیری در سال ۲۰۰۳ این شهر دارای جمعیت بالغ بر ۴۴۹۳ نفر است.

اماکن تاریخی و توریستی[ویرایش]

سان مارینو شامل بناهای معروفی از جمله هتل دو ویل ( L'hotel de ville)، موزه، سه قصر ( یا برج ) است که شهر را حفاظت می‌کرده‌است.

شهر سان مارینو در سال سه میلیون بازدید کننده دارد و به تدریج به عنوان یکی از مراکز توریستی شناخته شده‌است.

در این شهر بیش از هزار بوتیک وجود دارد که شامل تنوع بسیار وسیعی است.

نگارخانه[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

مشارکت‌کنندگان ویکی‌پدیا. «City of San Marino». در دانشنامهٔ ویکی‌پدیای انگلیسی، بازبینی‌شده در ۰۷ مه ۲۰۱۰.

City of San Marino

Città di San Marino
Castello
A collage of the City of San Marino.
A collage of the City of San Marino.
Flag of City of San Marino
Flag
Coat of arms of City of San Marino
Coat of arms
San Marino's location in San Marino
San Marino's location in San Marino
City of San Marino is located in San Marino
City of San Marino
City of San Marino
San Marino's location in San Marino
City of San Marino is located in Europe
City of San Marino
City of San Marino
City of San Marino (Europe)
Coordinates: 43°56′4.56″N 12°26′50.28″E / 43.9346000°N 12.4473000°E / 43.9346000; 12.4473000
Country San Marino
Foundation3 September 301 (traditional date)
Government
 • CapitanoTomaso Rossini (since 2018)
Area
 • Total7.09 km2 (2.74 sq mi)
Elevation
749 m (2,457 ft)
Population
 (May 2018)
 • Total4,044[1]
 • Density582.23/km2 (1,508.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
RSM-47890
ClimateCfb
San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Monte Titano.jpg
Monte Titano and three fortresses on top of it can be seen from many kilometers away
CriteriaCultural: iii
Reference1245
Inscription2008 (32nd Session)
Area55 ha
Buffer zone167 ha

The City of San Marino (Italian: Città di San Marino) (also known simply as San Marino or locally as Città) is the capital city of the Republic of San Marino, Southern Europe. The city has a population of 4,044[1]. It is on the western slopes of San Marino's highest point, Monte Titano.

Geography

Although not the capital, most of the businesses are in Borgo Maggiore. It is the third largest city in the country, after Dogana and Borgo Maggiore. It borders the San Marino municipalities Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Fiorentino, and Chiesanuova and the Italian municipality San Leo.

Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino is centered here.

History

Due to its being the capital and previously the only city in San Marino, the history of this city is almost the same as the History of San Marino. For more information on that topic, see that article.

The city was founded by Saint Marinus and several Christian refugees in the year 301. From then on the city became a center of Christian refugees who fled from Roman persecution.

The urban heart of the city was protected by three towers: the first, Guaita, constructed in the 11th century, was famous for being impenetrable, which to a great extent discouraged attacks on the city.

Due to the Crusades, it was felt necessary to construct a second tower, Cesta (13th century). But the Sanmarinense defensive system was not completed until the construction of a third tower, the Montale (14th century) - the smallest of all and constructed on the last of the summits of Monte Titano.

With the population of the city increasing, the territory of the country was extended by a few square kilometers. Since the Sanmarinese policy was not to invade or to use war to obtain new territories, it was by means of purchases and treaties that San Marino obtained the other eight castelli which make up San Marino.

Parishes

The City of San Marino has the following 7 parishes or wards (curazie):[2]

Economy

The economy of the city of San Marino has always been closely bound to that of the country. Until recently, the main economic activities of the locality were stone extraction and carving. Today, there is a more varied economy, including tourism, commerce, sale of postage stamps, and a small agricultural industry, although the latter is in decline.

Landmarks

The city is visited by more than three million people per year, and has developed progressively as a tourist centre. Of the tourists, 85% are Italian. There are also more than a thousand retail outlets, where one can find a great variety of products.

Main sights

Transport

The town is known for its long, winding cobblestoned streets, as its altitude and steep approach put it beyond the reach of the San Marino Superhighway. San Marino is also notable in that cars are prohibited in much of the town center.

Before the Second World War, a railway was built from San Marino to Rimini under the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini. Its tunnels, and the railway station 'Piazzale Lo Stradone', still exist. Proposals for the reopening of this railway have been presented to the government on several occasions, but thus far without action.

There is a regular bus service to Rimini, and a 1.5 kilometres (0.9 miles) cable car line connects the capital with Borgo Maggiore.

A series of lifts also connects the upper part of town with the lower.

Sports

The city of San Marino has two football teams: the S.S. Murata and the S.P. Tre Penne. The city had the Olympic Flame pass through San Marino during the run-up to the 2006 Winter Olympics.

Photogallery

International relations

Map of the municipality of San Marino

Twin towns—Sister cities

The City of San Marino is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.statistica.sm/contents/instance15/files/document/14101672tav_popolazione_.pdf
  2. ^ "Article with the list of curazie on the official Sanmarinese electoral website". Archived from the original on August 5, 2009.

External links

Media related to San Marino (city) at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 43°56′4.56″N 12°26′50.28″E / 43.9346000°N 12.4473000°E / 43.9346000; 12.4473000