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Resende (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁeˈzẽdʒi]) is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. The population is 125,214 (2015 est.) in an area of 1094 km². Resendense refers to people or things that come from or inhabit Resende. It is the oldest town in this region, which has boundaries with the state of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. It is an important industrial, automotive, metallurgical, and tourist center, and headquarters of the world's second-largest military complex, the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras (AMAN). Resende is of national importance and houses the Nuclear Fuel Factory complex of the "Indústrias Nucleares" of Brasil (Brazilian Nuclear Factories), the only one able to enrich uranium. Resende's automotive area holds MAN Latin America (former Volkswagen Trucks and Buses), the biggest truck and bus factory of Brazil, limited to PSA Peugeot Citroën and Michelin.
The town has the following tourist attractions: Visconde de Mauá, Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Engenheiro Passos, AMAN, Serrinha do Alambari, Penedo (which belong the city of Itatiaia), the Cachoeira da Fumaça, and some of the city's houses. Resende is home to the largest theater in Latin America, The Academy Theater with a capacity of 2,884 people. Resende is crossed by Rodovia Presidente Dutra, the most important Brazilian road. The municipality has a big territorial extension, 1.144 km², as mentioned before, the biggest in the area between Rio and São Paulo, between the municipalities traversed by the road which connects them. Resende is served by Resende Airport.
The town was founded in the middle of the 18th century and was called Nossa Senhora da Conceição do Campo Alegre da Paraíba Nova (Our Lady of the Joyful Field of New Paraíba) at first. The first inhabitants, the Puris Indians, called it Timburibá. On September 29, 1801 it was renamed Resende, after the act of 13th vice-regent of Brazil and 2nd Count of Resende, General José Luís de Castro. The Academia Militar de Agulhas Negras military academy (AMAN) (Black Needles Military Academy, named after the local rock formation) is located in Resende. The development was fast due to the proximity of two metropolises, and to Minas Gerais state.
Resende's main economy is coffee and milk in the agricultural sector, uranium refining, vehicle manufacturing, which includes Volkswagen Truck & Bus and Nissan do Brasil factories. Resende contains the headquarters of TV Rio Sul, an affiliate of Globo Network Television and a lot of stores that are represented by CDL Resende-Itatiaia.
Its geography includes Mantiqueira Mountains, the Pico das Agulhas Negras and the Paraíba do Sul. Tourist attractions near Resende include Visconde de Mauá and Penedo, two small villages with restaurants, inns and cottages and the first Brazilian National Park, called Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (PNI).
The municipality contains the 6.7 hectares (17 acres) Rio Pombo Nature Park, established in 1988. It also contains the 5,760 hectares (14,200 acres) Serrinha do Alambari Environmental Protection Area, created in 1991. The municipality contain part of the 8,036 hectares (19,860 acres) Pedra Selada State Park, created in 2012.
The football club Resende Futebol Clube won the 2007 Campeonato Carioca Second Level, and competed in the 2008 and 2009 Campeonato Carioca seasons. The club plays its home matches at Estádio Municipal do Trabalhador, which has a maximum capacity of 10,000 people.