رژیم پیشین

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
لویی چهاردهم، که در زمان زمامداری او رژیم پیشین به سلطنت مطلقه رسید.

رژیم پیشین (فرانسوی: [ɑ̃sjɛ̃ ʁeʒim]") سیستم سیاسی اجتماعی پادشاهی فرانسه از قرون وسطی تا انقلاب فرانسه در سال ۱۷۸۹ بود که با پایان آن حکومت وراثتی و سیستم ارباب رعیتی در فرانسه نیز پایان یافت.[۱]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. "Ancien Regime", Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World, The Gale Group Inc., 2004, retrieved 26 February 2017 – via Encyclopedia.com

خواندن بیشتر[ویرایش]

  • Baker, Keith Michael (1987). The French Revolution and the creation of modern political culture. Volume 1, The Political Culture of Old Regime. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
  • Behrens, C.B.A. Ancien Regime (1989)
  • Black, Jeremy. From Louis XIV to Napoleon: The Fate of a Great Power (1999)
  • Brockliss, Laurence and Colin Jones. The Medical World of Early Modern France (1997) 984pp; highly detailed survey, 1600–1790s excerpt and text search
  • Doyle, William, ed. Old Regime France: 1648–1788 (2001) excerpt and text search
  • Doyle, William, ed. The Oxford Handbook of the Ancien Régime (2012) 656pp excerpt and text search; 32 topical chapters by experts
  • Goubert, Pierre. Louis XIV and Twenty Million Frenchmen (1972), social history from مکتب آنال
  • Goubert, Pierre. The French Peasantry in the Seventeenth Century (1986) excerpt and text search
  • Hauser, H. “The Characteristic Features of French Economic History from the Middle of the Sixteenth to the Middle of the Eighteenth Century. ” Economic History Review 4#3 1933, pp. 257–272. online
  • Holt, Mack P. Renaissance and Reformation France: 1500–1648 (2002) excerpt and text search
  • Jones, Colin. The Great Nation: France from Louis XV to Napoleon, 1715-99 (2002). excerpt and text search
  • Kendall, Paul Murray. Louis XI: The Universal Spider. (1971). شابک ‎۰-۳۹۳-۳۰۲۶۰-۱
  • Kors, Alan Charles. Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment (4 vol. 1990; 2nd ed. 2003), 1984pp excerpt and text search
  • Knecht, R.J. The Rise and Fall of Renaissance France. (1996). شابک ‎۰-۰۰-۶۸۶۱۶۷-۹
  • Le Roy Ladurie, Emmanuel. The Ancien Regime: A History of France 1610–1774 (1999), political survey excerpt and text search
  • Lindsay, J.O. ed. The New Cambridge Modern History, Vol. 7: The Old Regime, 1713-1763 (1957) online
  • Lynn, John A. The Wars of Louis XIV, 1667–1714 (1999) excerpt and text search
  • Major, J. Russell (1994). From Renaissance Monarchy to Absolute Monarchy: French Kings, Nobles & Estates. ISBN 0-8018-5631-0.
  • Mayer, Arno (2010) [1981]. The Persistence of the Old Regime: Europe to the Great War. London & Brooklyn, NY: Verso. ISBN 978-1-84467-636-1.
  • O'Gorman, Frank. "Eighteenth-Century England as an Ancien Regime," in Stephen Taylor, ed. Hanoverian Britain and Empire (1998) argues that a close comparison with England shows that France did have an Ancien Régime and England did not (an attack on Jonathan Clark. English Society, 1688–1832 (1985))
  • Perkins, James Breck. France under Louis XV (2 vol 1897) online vol 1; online vol 2
  • Potter, David. A History of France, 1460–1560: The Emergence of a Nation-State (1995)
  • Riley, James C. "French Finances, 1727-1768," Journal of Modern History (1987) 59#2 pp. 209–243 in JSTOR
  • Roche, Daniel. France in the Enlightenment (1998), wide-ranging history 1700–1789 excerpt and text search
  • Salmon, J.H.M. (1975). Society in Crisis: France in the Sixteenth Century. University paperbacks, v. 681. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-416-73050-7.
  • Schaeper, T.J. The Economy of France in the Second Half of the Reign of Louis XIV (Montreal, 1980).
  • Spencer, Samia I. , ed. French Women and the Age of Enlightenment. 1984.
  • Sutherland, D. M. G. "Peasants, Lords, and Leviathan: Winners and Losers from the Abolition of French Feudalism, 1780-1820," Journal of Economic History (2002) 62#1 pp. 1–24 in JSTOR
  • Tocqueville, Alexis de. Ancien Regime and the French Revolution (1856; 2008 edition) excerpt and text search
  • Treasure, G.R.R. Seventeenth Century France (2nd ed. 1981), a leading scholarly survey
  • Treasure, G.R.R. Louis XIV (2001) short scholarly biography; excerpt
  • Wolf, John B. Louis XIV (1968), a long scholarly biography online edition
پیشین:
جنگ صدساله
تاریخ فرانسه
۱۴۵۳–۱۹۸۹
پسین:
انقلاب فرانسه