Robert Bruce Spencer (born February 27, 1962) is an American anti-Muslim    author and  blogger. Spencer describes himself as "the 'good' kind of Islamophobe". He has published a number of books, including two  .
New York Times bestsellers
In 2003 he founded and has since directed
Jihad Watch, an anti-Muslim blog. He co-founded the anti-Muslim group Stop Islamization of America (American Freedom Defense Initiative) with blogger Pamela Geller. Reports that two of Spencer's books were listed in  FBI training materials and that he had given seminars to various law enforcement units in the United States stirred controversy.  He has frequently appeared on  Fox News. In 2013 the  UK Home Office barred Spencer from travel to the UK for 3 to 5 years for "making statements that may foster hatred that might lead to inter-community violence".
Spencer was baptized in the
Greek Orthodox Church and joined the Melkite Greek Catholic Church in 1984.   In a 2006 interview, Spencer stated that his grandparents were forced to emigrate from an area that is now part of Turkey because they were  Christians. According to a 2010 interview in  magazine, Spencer's father worked for the New York Voice of America during the Cold War, and in his younger days, Spencer himself worked at Revolution Books, a Maoist bookstore in New York City founded by Robert Avakian.
Spencer received an M.A. in 1986 in
religious studies from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His masters thesis was on Catholic history. He has said he has been studying Islamic theology, law, and history since 1980.   He worked in  think tanks for more than 20 years, and in 2002–2003 was an adjunct fellow with the  Free Congress Foundation. Spencer named  Paul Weyrich, also a Melkite Catholic, as a mentor of his writings on Islam. Spencer writes, "Paul Weyrich taught me a great deal, by word and by example – about how to deal both personally and professionally with the slanders and smears that are a daily aspect of this work."
Criticized by clergy in the Catholic Church because of his views on Islam, Spencer left the church in 2016 to return to the
Greek Orthodox Church.
Views on Islam
Spencer is known for his anti-Muslim views.
      Spencer describes himself as "the “good” kind of Islamophobe,"  and is a commentator on  radical Islam,
Spencer co-founded the anti-Muslim
   group  Stop Islamization of America (also known as the American Freedom Defense Initiative) with Pamela Geller in 2010. The organization is designated as hate groups by the Anti-Defamation League and the  Southern Poverty Law Center.   Along with Geller, he led a campaign to stop the building of Park51, an Islamic community center near the World Trade Center, which they referred to as the "Ground Zero Mosque". 
In 2009, Spencer said Obama was to blame for false rumors that he was a "secret Muslim."
In July 2011,
Wired reported that two of Spencer's books were listed in FBI training materials. Both and The Truth About Muhammad were recommended for agents hoping to better understand Islam. The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam
Anders Breivik, the Norwegian spree killer behind the 2011 Norway terrorist attacks which killed 77, cited Spencer 64 times in his manifesto and wrote of him, "About Islam I recommend essentially everything written by Robert Spencer."  Spencer condemned Breivik and said he was unfairly blamed by the media for the attack.  
The government of Pakistan banned Spencer's book,
, in 2016, citing "objectionable material" as the cause. The Truth About Muhammad  was banned in Malaysia in 2007. Onward Muslim Soldiers
In an October 2010 news article, an investigative report by
described Spencer as one of several individuals who "... cash in on spreading hate and fear about Islam." Tennessean investigation concluded "IRS filings from 2008 show that Robert Spencer earned $132,537 from the The Tennessean David Horowitz Freedom Center, and Horowitz pocketed over $400,000 for himself in just one year". 
On April 13, 2017, Spencer spoke at the
Truman State University despite protests and a petition against him. He was invited by the Young America's Foundation. On May 1, 2017, Spencer spoke at the  University of Buffalo. There he was shouted down and heckled. On May 3, 2017, Spencer spoke at  Gettysburg College. 375 alumni urged the college president Janet Morgan Riggs to cancel the speech, but the event went on as planned. Spencer said, "There is one kind of diversity that is not valued generally in an academic setting and that is intellectual diversity."  On November 14, 2017, Spencer spoke at  Stanford University. Many students walked out during the event.
Ban from entering the UK
On June 26, 2013, Spencer and
Pamela Geller were banned from entering the UK. They were due to speak at an  English Defence League march in Woolwich, south London, where Drummer Lee Rigby was killed. Home Secretary Theresa May informed Spencer and Geller that their presence in the UK would "not be conducive to the public good".
A letter from the UK Home Office stated that this decision is based on Spencer's statement that:
It [Islam] is a religion or a belief system that mandates warfare against unbelievers for the purpose of establishing a societal model that is absolutely incompatible with Western society ... because of media and general government unwillingness to face the sources of Islamic terrorism these things remain largely unknown."
The decision will stand for between three and five years. The ban followed a concerted campaign by the UK anti-extremism and civil rights organization
Hope not Hate, which said it had collected 26,000 signatures for a petition to the Home Secretary.  Spencer and Geller contested the ban, but in 2015 the  British Court of Appeals dismissed the appeal, arguing that "this was a public order case where the police had advised that significant public disorder and serious violence might ensue from the proposed visit." 
The ban was criticised by
Douglas Murray. He noted that Islamist hate preachers are still allowed to enter the UK.
. Bombardier Book. December 3, 2019. Palestinian Delusion: The Catastrophic History of the Middle East Peace Process ISBN . 978-1642932546
. Bombardier Books. August 7, 2018. The History of Jihad: From Muhammad to ISIS ISBN . 9781682616598 OCLC 1046676281.
. Bombardier Books. November 28, 2017. Confessions of an Islamophobe ISBN . 978-1682614914 OCLC 1022710774.
. Catholic Answers. March 25, 2013. Not Peace But a Sword: The Great Chasm Between Christianity and Islam ISBN . 978-1938983283 OCLC 840646024.
Pamela Geller; Robert Spencer (July 27, 2010). . Threshold Editions. The Post-American Presidency: The Obama Administration's War on America ISBN . 978-1-4391-8930-6
. Regnery Press. July 24, 2017. p. 256. The Complete Infidel's Guide to Free Speech (and Its Enemies) ISBN . 978-1621576273 OCLC 993696636.
. Regnery Press. July 11, 2016. p. 256. The Complete Infidels' Guide to Iran ISBN . 978-1621575160 OCLC 952247204.
. Regnery Press. August 24, 2015. The Complete Infidel's Guide to ISIS ISBN . 978-1-62157-453-8 OCLC 916923210.
. Regnery Press. September 21, 2009. p. 260. The Complete Infidels' Guide to the Koran ISBN . 978-1-59698-104-1 OCLC 317454159.
. ISI Books. March 2012. Did Muhammad Exist?: An Inquiry Into Islam's Obscure Origins ISBN . 978-1-61017-061-1 OCLC 883649585.
. Regnery Press. October 28, 2008. Stealth Jihad: How Radical Islam is Subverting America without Guns or Bombs ISBN . 978-1-59698-556-8 OCLC 740862521.
. Regnery Publishing. 2007. Religion of Peace?: Why Christianity Is and Islam Isn't ISBN . 978-1-59698-515-5 OCLC 929251820.
(editor), The Myth of Islamic Tolerance: How Islamic Law Treats Non-Muslims Prometheus Books, 2005. ISBN 1-59102-249-5 OCLC 551266709
, Onward Muslim Soldiers: How Jihad Still Threatens America and the West Regnery Publishing, 2003. ISBN 0-89526-100-6 OCLC 892799748
. Ascension Press. 2003. p. 197. Inside Islam: A Guide for Catholics: 100 questions and answers ISBN . 978-0-9659228-5-2
. Encounter Books. October 25, 2002. p. 202. Islam Unveiled: Disturbing Questions About the World's Fastest Growing Faith ISBN . 978-1-893554-58-0 OCLC 752326911. . Regnery Publishing, Incorporated, An Eagle Publishing Company. April 14, 2014. The Arab Winter Comes to America: The Truth about the War We're In ISBN . 978-1-62157-204-6 OCLC 877883931.
Islam: Religion of Bigots (PDF), The David Horowitz Freedom Center, 2013, p. 20, ASIN B00EYQZS9Y
Islamophobia: Thought Crime of the Totalitarian Future, The David Horowitz Freedom Center, 2011, p. 56, ASIN B005R3336I
Muslim Persecution of Christians, The David Horowitz Freedom Center, 2011, p. 40, ASIN B0058P4PHG
Muslim Brotherhood in America (PDF), The David Horowitz Freedom Center, 2012, p. 28, ASIN B007GEJD92 What Americans Need to Know About Jihad (PDF), The David Horowitz Freedom Center, 2007, p. 15, ASIN B0058PIX74
^ a b c d
"Anti-Muslim speakers still popular in law enforcement training". . March 12, 2014. The Washington Post Archived from the original on March 18, 2017 . Retrieved . September 10, 2017
^ a b c
Isaacs, Arnold (July 31, 2018). "American Islamophobia's Fake Facts". The Unz Review . Retrieved . July 13, 2019
^ a b c
. pp. 4, 125–126, 163. Islamophobia in America - The Anatomy of Intolerance | C. Ernst | Palgrave Macmillan
^ a b c
"US bloggers banned from entering UK". June 26, 2013 . Retrieved . July 11, 2019
^ a b
"The Case for Islamophobia". Frontpage Mag. December 6, 2017 . Retrieved . May 23, 2018
Jeffrey Kaplan; Heléne Lööw; Leena Malkki (2017). . Taylor & Francis. p. 214. Lone Wolf and Autonomous Cell Terrorism ISBN . 978-1-317-53042-8
^ a b
Ackerman, Spencer (July 27, 2011). "FBI 'Islam 101' Guide Depicted Muslims as 7th-Century Simpletons". . Wired Archived from the original on December 4, 2018 . Retrieved . November 21, 2018
"Meet The Extremists Who Lead Fox's Conversation About Islam". . January 13, 2015. Media Matters Archived from the original on February 11, 2017 . Retrieved . February 10, 2017
"About Robert Spencer". Jihad Watch. Archived from the original on December 29, 2010 . Retrieved . October 29, 2010
Spencer, Robert (October 26, 2010). "Pope must condemn demonizing of Israel". Spero News. Archived from the original on October 29, 2010 . Retrieved . October 29, 2010
^ a b
Jeffrey Rubin (October 25, 2018). "Robert Spencer and the Religion of Terror". Crisis Magazine. Archived from the original on October 25, 2018 . Retrieved . October 26, 2018
^ a b
"Robert Spencer Jihad Watch, Director Q & A with Brian Lamb". CSpan. August 20, 2006. Archived from the original on November 9, 2014 . Retrieved . November 30, 2014
^ a b
Mark Jacobson (August 22, 2010). "Muhammad Comes to Manhattan". New York. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010 . Retrieved . November 1, 2010
"The monophysite in the mirror, by Robert Bruce Spencer". Davis Library Thesis, Religion, 1986. UNC-CH Libraries. 1986. Archived from the original on March 1, 2017 . Retrieved . March 20, 2013
"Marines gather to honor, celebrate". Trib.com. October 26, 2005. Archived from the original on September 8, 2017 . Retrieved . November 1, 2010
^ a b
Robert Spencer (December 19, 2008). "A Tribute: Paul Weyrich Has Died". Catholic Online. Archived from the original on March 9, 2009 . Retrieved . December 16, 2010
^ a b c
"Right-Wing Populism in Europe". Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 90–92 . Retrieved . July 12, 2019
^ a b
Shane, Scott (August 3, 2011). "To Fight Radical Islam, U.S. Wants Muslim Allies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . Retrieved . April 21, 2019
"Iowa's congressional delegation responds to Trump immigration order". Des Moines Register . Retrieved . July 12, 2019
Deland, Mats (2014). In the Tracks of Breivik: Far Right Networks in Northern and Eastern Europe. Berlin Wien: Lit Verlag. p. 162. ISBN . 978-3-643-90542-0
"Backgrounder: Stop Islamization of America (SIOA)" Archived May 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Extremism. Anti-Defamation League. March 25, 2011 [August 26, 2010]. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
Lach, Eric (March 1, 2011). "Pam Geller On 'Hate Group' Label: 'A Badge of Honor. '" . Talking Points Memo Archived from the original on March 13, 2012 . Retrieved . February 17, 2012
"Pamela Geller & Stop Islamization of America". Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on June 25, 2011 . Retrieved . June 27, 2011
Steinback, Robert (Summer 2011). "Jihad Against Islam". Intelligence Report, Issue #142. Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012 . Retrieved . June 27, 2011
Etheridge, Eric (June 3, 2009). "Muslim Again?". Opinionator . Retrieved . July 12, 2019
Gardell, Mattias (January 1, 2014). "Crusader Dreams: Oslo 22/7, Islamophobia, and the Quest for a Monocultural Europe". Terrorism and Political Violence. 26 (1): 129–155. doi: 10.1080/09546553.2014.849930. ISSN 0954-6553.
Shane, Scott (July 24, 2011). "Killings in Norway Spotlight Anti-Muslim Thought in U.S." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . Retrieved . July 12, 2019
"Pakistan: Book Closed on Muhammad". January 9, 2007. Archived from the original on June 12, 2015 . Retrieved . April 19, 2015
"Ministry Bans 14 Books". . July 12, 2007. Archived from BERNAMA the original on March 3, 2016.
"Anti-Muslim crusaders make millions spreading fear". October 24, 2010 . Retrieved . November 4, 2010
"David Horowitz Freedom Center's IRS Form 990" (PDF). June 3, 2009 . Retrieved . April 24, 2011
"Truman State grapples with controversial anti-Muslim speaker". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Archived from the original on April 24, 2017 . Retrieved . May 3, 2017
"No violence, but UB speaker greeted with tension, heckling". The Buffalo News. May 2, 2017. Archived from the original on May 2, 2017 . Retrieved . May 3, 2017
"Open letter from 375 alums urges President Riggs to cancel Robert Spencer's speech". . May 1, 2017. The Gettysburgian Archived from the original on May 3, 2017 . Retrieved . May 3, 2017
Pontz, Benjamin (May 3, 2017). "Robert Spencer's speech at Gettysburg College engages students in civil discourse". The Gettysburgian. Archived from the original on May 4, 2017 . Retrieved . May 4, 2017
"Stanford Students Walk Out, Protest During Robert Spencer Speaking Event". NBC Bay Area. Archived from the original on November 17, 2017 . Retrieved . November 16, 2017
"US bloggers banned from entering UK". BBC. June 26, 2013. Archived from the original on June 27, 2013 . Retrieved . June 27, 2013
Rawlinson, Kevin (June 26, 2013). "Anti-Ground Zero Mosque campaigners Pamela Geller and Robert Spencer barred from entering Britain to speak at an EDL rally". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on June 27, 2013 . Retrieved . June 27, 2013
. The Speech that Got Robert Spencer Banned From the UK YouTube. June 27, 2013. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017 . Retrieved . December 1, 2016
"Anti-Muslim pair banned from UK". Daily Express. UK. June 26, 2013 . Retrieved . June 27, 2013
Lowles, Nick. "Geller and Spencer Banned". Hope not Hate. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013 . Retrieved . June 27, 2013
"Geller & Anor, R (on the application of) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWCA Civ 45 (05 February 2015)". British and Irish Legal Information Institute . Retrieved . October 31, 2017
English, Rosalind (February 15, 2015). "Critics of Islam prevented from entering UK to attend Lee Rigby rally". UK Human Rights Blog. 1 Crown Office Row . Retrieved . October 31, 2017
"A gross double standard over hate speech". . UK. June 27, 2013. The Spectator Archived from the original on November 14, 2016 . Retrieved . February 8, 2017
Best Sellers – Hardcover Nonfiction Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine – NYT
Paperback Nonfiction – NYT