دلار نامیبیا

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فارسیEnglish
دلار نامیبیا
Coins NAD 2005.jpg
۱۰, ۵۰ cents, N$۱, N$۵
ایزو ۴۲۱۷
کدNAD
پول
یکای جزء
 ۱/۱۰۰سنت
نمادN$
Banknotes$۱۰، $۲۰، $۵۰، $۱۰۰، $۲۰۰
سکه‌ها۵c، ۱۰c، ۵۰c ، $۱، $۵، $۱۰
آمارها
استفاده‌کننده(ها) نامیبیا
صادرکننده
بانک مرکزیبانک نامیبیا
ارزش‌گذاری
تورم۰٫۱۰۳
منبع[https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2092.html The World Factbook
تثبیت بارند آفریقای جنوبی at par

دلار نامیبیا (به انگلیسی: Namibian dollar) با کد ایزوی NAD، یکای پول رایج در کشور نامیبیا است. مسئولیت کنترل این یکای پول برعهدهٔ بانک نامیبیا قرار دارد.

نرخ کنونی ارز[ویرایش]

نرخ ارز کنونی برای NAD
از XE.com: AUD CAD CHF CNY EUR GBP INR IRR JPY KRW RUB TRY USD
از یاهو! فاینانس: AUD CAD CHF CNY EUR GBP INR IRR JPY KRW RUB TRY USD

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  • Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9.
  • "Currency Codes". Oanda Corporation. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  • "Currencies of the World". University of British Columbia. May 1 2008. Archived from the original on ۲۹ نوامبر ۲۰۱۱. Retrieved 3 May 2013. Check date values in: |تاریخ= (help)
Namibian dollar
Coins NAD 2005.jpg
10 cents, 50 cents, N$1, N$5
ISO 4217
CodeNAD
Denominations
Subunit
 1/100cent
SymbolN$
BanknotesN$10, N$20, N$50, N$100, N$200
Coins5, 10, 50 cents, N$1, N$5, N$10
Demographics
User(s) Namibia (alongside South African rand)
Issuance
Central bankBank of Namibia
 Websitewww.bon.com.na
Valuation
Inflation6.8%
 SourceThe World Factbook, 2016 est.
Pegged withSouth African rand at par

The Namibian dollar (symbol: N$; code: NAD; has been the currency of Namibia since 1993. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or alternatively N$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is divided into 100 cents.

History

The dollar replaced the South African rand, which had been the country's currency while it was under South African rule as South-West Africa from 1920 until 1990, at par. The rand is still legal tender, as the Namibian dollar is linked to the South African rand and can be exchanged on a one-to-one basis locally. Namibia was also part of the Common Monetary Area from independence in 1990 until the introduction of the dollar in 1993.

In the beginning, alternative names for the Namibian dollar were suggested, including Namibian kalahar, referencing the Kalahari Desert in the east of Namibia, but ultimately the government settled on the name Namibian dollar. The first notes were issued on September 15, 1993.[1]

The Bank of Namibia issued the first banknotes on 15 September 1993 and, in December, issued the first national coins.

Coins

Five dollar coin

Coins in circulation

  • 5 c
  • 10 c
  • 50 c
  • N$1
  • N$5
  • N$10

Years of mintage are 1993, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2015. The cent coins are made of nickel plated steel and the dollar coins of brass. From January 2019, the 5 cent coins were discontinued from minting of these coins, but they are still used for daily transactions indefinitely.

Banknotes

10 Namibian dollars

Banknotes in circulation

  • $10
  • $20
  • $50
  • $100
  • $200

Historically, Hendrik Witbooi, once chief of the Namaqua people and instrumental in leading the revolts against German rule at the turn of the 20th century, has been depicted on all Namibian banknotes. However, on 21 March 2012, the Bank of Namibia introduced a new series of banknotes to be issued in May 2012. The new family of banknotes will have the same denomination structure as the current series. All denominations have improved anti-counterfeiting features, and the portrait of Hendrik Witbooi are retained for all but the 10- and 20-dollar notes, which feature a new portrait of Sam Nujoma, the founding president and father of the Namibian nation.[2][3]

The Bank of Namibia has discovered that the diamond-shaped optically variable ink patch on the N$10 and N$20 notes was cracking after multiple folding and handling. The Bank of Namibia has recently issued in limited quantity, the N$10 and N$20 notes on paper with improved quality and shifted the placement of the diamond-shaped optically variable ink feature.[4]

2012 Series
Image Value Dimensions Main Color Description Date of issue Date of first issue Watermark
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
[1] [2] N$10 159 × 85mm Blue H.E. Dr. Sam Nujoma; Parliament building in Windhoek Namibian coat of arms; three standing springbok antelope (Antidorcas marsupialis) 2011 15 May 2012 Sam Nujoma and electrotype 10
[3] [4] N$20 159 × 82mm Orange H.E. Dr. Sam Nujoma; Parliament building in Windhoek Namibian coat of arms; three standing red hartebeest 2011 15 May 2012 Sam Nujoma and electrotype 20
[5] [6] N$50 159 × 77mm Green Kaptein Hendrik Witbooi; Parliament building in Windhoek Namibian coat of arms; five standing kudo antelope (Tragelaphus stepsiceros) 2012 15 May 2012 Hendrik Witbooi and electrotype 50
[7] [8] N$100 147 × 75mm Red Kaptein Hendrik Witbooi; Parliament building in Windhoek Namibian coat of arms; three standing oryx antelope (Oryx gazella) 2012 15 May 2012 Hendrik Witbooi and electrotype 100
[9] [10] N$200 147 × 71mm Purple Kaptein Hendrik Witbooi; Parliament building in Windhoek Namibian coat of arms; three standing roan antelope 2012 15 May 2012 Hendrik Witbooi and electrotype 200

Dollar or mark?

10 marks essai (reverse)

During the planning phase of the introduction of a new national currency replacing the South African rand, the newly founded Bank of Namibia minted a proof series of coins denominated in dollars as well as in marks, for the consideration of the Namibian Ministry of Finance. The decision then fell in favour of the name ‘dollar’ for the new currency.

The proof series consisted of four different coins: 1 mark, 1 dollar (both in copper/nickel), 10 marks and 10 dollars (both in silver). The obverse of the mark pieces shows a sitting lion where the dollar pieces depict a San (Bushman) with bow and arrow. All obverse sides bear the indication of denomination as well as the remark ‘PROBE’/‘ESSAI’ (proof). The reverse of the 1-mark/1-dollar pieces shows Namibia’s former coat of arms surrounded by the inscription ‘NAMIBIA’, the year (1990) and two ears of corn. The ten-mark/ten-dollar pieces bear the inscription ‘INDEPENDENCE’/‘UNABHÄNGIGKEIT’ (German: ‘independence’) instead of the ears.

There was a series of Namibian pattern coins denominated in South African Rand dated 1990. This short-lived tender was cited in the 2005 edition of Krause's 'Unusual World Coins'.

Exchange rates

Current NAD exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From XE: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From OANDA: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD

References

  1. ^ NAMIBIA CURRENCY SPOTLIGHT blog.continentalcurrency.ca. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  2. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Namibia". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
  3. ^ Namibia new 2012 banknote family confirmed BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  4. ^ Namibia new 10- and 20-dollar notes reported BanknoteNews.com. June 4, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-06-05.

External links

Preceded by:
South African rand
Reason: independence
Ratio: at par
Currency of Namibia
1993 –
Concurrent with: South African rand
Succeeded by:
Current