حلیمه سعدیه

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حَلیمِه بِنتِ ذُؤَیْب مشهور به حَلیمهٔ سَعدیّه دومین دایه محمد پیامبر اسلام پس از ثُوَیبه و مادر رضاعی ایشان بود.

خانواده[ویرایش]

پدر حلیمه، ابو ذُؤَیب عبداللّه بن حارث بن شِجْنَه سَعدی، از قبیله سعد بن بکر بن هوازن[۱] بود.

همسر وی حارث بن العبدالعزی بود.فرزندان وی و حارث پسری به نام عبدالله بن حارث و دو دختر به نام‌های انیسه بنت حارث و حذافه بنت حارث بودند.

کنیه‌ همسر حلیمه ابوکبشه بود، ظاهراً یکی از دلایلی که قریش پیامبر(ص) را ابن ابی‌کبشه می‌خواندند، همین بوده است.

دایگی پیامبر[ویرایش]

حلیمه در سالی که قحطی بزرگی میان قبیله بنی‌سعد افتاده بود، همراه با نُه تن از زنان قبیله، برای امرار معاش از طریق شیردهی به کودکان قبایل ثروتمند مکه، عازم این شهر شد، اما چون مرکب او از شدت تنگدستی و قحطی ناتوان و لاغر بود، از دیگران عقب افتاد و دیر به مکه رسید. در نتیجه، فقط نوه عبدالمطلب مانده بود که به دلیل یتیم بودنش، کسی حاضر نشده بود به او شیر بدهد، زیرا می‌ترسیدند دستمزد مناسبی دریافت نکنند. حلیمه دایگی محمد را بر عهده گرفت.

حلیمه پس از ثُوَیبه، کنیز ابولهب که چند روزی به پیامبر شیر داد، شیردادن به محمد را برعهده گرفت.

اسلام آوردن[ویرایش]

پس از ظهور اسلام ، حلیمه و شوهرش نزد پیامبر و خدیجه رفتند و اسلام آوردند و با پیامبر بیعت کردند.

درگذشت[ویرایش]

بنا به برخی روایت ها حلیمه قبل از فتح مکه (رمضان سال ۸ قمری) درگذشت. مقبره او در قسمت شمال شرقی قبرستان بقیع دفن شده است.

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. Mubarakpuri, Safiur Rahman (1979). The Sealed Nectar. Saudi Arabia: Dar-us-Salam Publications. p. 56.

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

Halimah al-Sa‘diyah (Arabic: حليمة السعدية‎) was the foster-mother and wetnurse of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Halimah and her husband were from the tribe of Sa'd b. Bakr, a subdivision of Hawazin (a large North Arabian tribe or group of tribes).[1]

Relationship with Muhammad

Aminah bint Wahb, the mother of Muhammad, was waiting for the arrival of the Banu Sa'd; the women within the tribe of the Banu Sa'd were wet nurses. They would take the children of Mecca to the desert and teach them classical Arabic; in return they would receive a salary from the family of the child in Mecca.[2] Halimah's husband was al-Harith bin Abdul Uzza. Her son was named Abdullah, while the daughters were named Unaysa and Hudhafa. While travelling to Mecca, she was unable to feed her child because her she-camel stopped lactating. In Mecca, all those looking for foster children rejected taking care of the orphan Muhammad because they feared not getting paid on account of his father being dead. Halimah felt sad that every woman in her tribe had received a child except her. So she told her husband al-Harith: "By God, I do not like the idea of returning with my friends without a suckling; I will go and take that orphan." Her husband agreed.[3] Immediately after accepting him, blessing came to her and her family. Her husband's flock during a time of great famine was healthy and producing milk while the rest of the people's flock's were dying.[3]

When he was two years old, Halimah took him to Aminah and inaisted that she let him remain with her, to which she relented. A strange and mysterious event happened a few months later. Muhammad's foster brother was playing with him, then suddenly Halimah and her husband saw their son (Muhammad's foster brother) who came running back and shouted: "two men dressed in white grabbed my brother and cut his chest." So then Halimah and Al-Harith ran to Muhammad and found him pale faced. When they asked him what happened, he said: "Two men came and opened my chest and took a portion of it". After this event, she gave up fostering him and informed his mother about what had happened.[3]

She later accepted Islam after the Battle of Battle of Hunayn.

Death

She died in 8 A.H. and her grave lies in Jannatul Baqi, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.[citation needed] The remains of the place she used to live in and where Muhammad grew up still stand today.

See also

References

  1. ^ Mubarakpuri, Safiur Rahman (1979). The Sealed Nectar. Saudi Arabia: Dar-us-Salam Publications. p. 56.
  2. ^ Haykal, Muhammad Husyan (1968). The Life of Muhammad. India: Millat Book Center. p. 47.
  3. ^ a b c Alfred, Guillaume (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford. p. 72.

External links