ریدلی در فستیوال فیلم San Diego در ۲۰۱۳
زاده ۱۹۶۵ (۵۳–۵۴ ساله)
جان ریدلی ( انگلیسی: John Ridley؛ زاده ۱۹۶۵) یک نویسنده و کارگردان اهل ایالات متحده آمریکا است.
John Ridley IV (born October 1965)  is an American screenwriter, television director, novelist, and showrunner, known for  , for which he won an 12 Years a Slave Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay. He is also the creator and showrunner of the critically acclaimed anthology series . His most recent work is the American Crime documentary film .
Let It Fall: Los Angeles 1982–1992
Ridley was born in
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and was raised from the age of seven in  Mequon, Wisconsin,  with an  ophthalmologist father, John Ridley, III, and a mother, Terry Ridley, who was a special education teacher for  Milwaukee Public Schools.  He has two sisters and is the middle sibling. 
Ridley graduated from
Homestead High School in Mequon, Wisconsin in 1982. He enrolled in  Indiana University but transferred to New York University. Ridley is  Christian.
Following college, Ridley performed
standup comedy in New York City and made appearances on and Late Night with David Letterman . The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson Moving to  Los Angeles in 1990, he began writing for such television sitcoms as , Martin , and The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air . The John Larroquette Show
After both writing and directing his film debut, the 1997 crime thriller
, he and Cold Around the Heart Oliver Stone co-adapted Ridley's first novel, Stray Dogs (still unpublished when Stone bought the rights ) into the 1997 Stone-directed film  , which was released slightly earlier than U Turn Cold Around the Heart. Ridley went on to write the novels Love Is a Racket and Everybody Smokes in Hell. His novel Spoils of War was adapted into the 1999 David O. Russell-directed . Ridley's original script was rewritten by Russell and Ridley, with Ridley receiving a "story by" credit negotiated among himself, Russell, and the releasing studio, Three Kings Warner Bros. Ridley then became a writer and a supervising producer on the  NBC crime drama . His other novels are Third Watch The Drift, , and Those Who Walk in Darkness A Conversation with the Mann. He also wrote the  graphic novel . The American Way
From 2000 to 2010, he was a commentator and blogger for
NPR. His blog was  Visible Man, a play on Ralph Ellison's . Invisible Man
His work as screenwriter also includes
, 12 Years a Slave  , and Red Tails His script for Undercover Brother. 12 Years a Slave won the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, making Ridley the second  African American to win the award, after Geoffrey S. Fletcher (for , based on the novel Precious by Push Sapphire). 
As of April 2015
ABC television series involving an existing Marvel Comics character.
, he was developing an
On April 16, 2018, it was announced that Ridley would direct and write an adaptation of his graphic novel
The American Way produced by Blumhouse Productions.
On June 4, 2018, it was announced that Ridley would direct a feature film adaptation of the
Robert Silverberg short story, produced by Needle in a Timestack Bron Studios. The film will feature performances from Leslie Odom Jr., Freida Pinto, Cynthia Erivo, and Orlando Bloom.
In December 2007, during the
Writers Guild of America strike against the major production studios, Ridley opted for WGA membership as a dues-paying non-member, or "fi-core," making him eligible to submit scripts to the studios while the strike was ongoing. In an op-ed published in the  , Ridley expressed his frustration at the direction the strike had taken and the WGA's crushing of internal dissent: "After 15 years of being told shut up, sit down and be part of the groupthink, I decided I did not belong in the guild. The guild has a way to option out. I took the option." Los Angeles Times The guild later retaliated by making his screenplay for  12 Years a Slave ineligible for a WGA Award.
Works and publications
New York: Ballantine Books, 1997. Stray Dogs. ISBN 978-0-345-41345-1 Ridley, John.
New York: Knopf, 1998. Love Is a Racket: A Novel. ISBN 978-0-375-40142-8 Ridley, John.
New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999. Everybody Smokes in Hell. ISBN 978-0-375-40143-5 Ridley, John.
New York: Warner Books, 2002. A Conversation with the Mann: A Novel. ISBN 978-0-446-52836-8 Ridley, John.
New York: Knopf, 2002. The Drift. ISBN 978-0-375-41182-3 Ridley, John.
New York: Warner Books, 2003. Those Who Walk in Darkness. ISBN 978-0-446-53093-4 Ridley, John, and Patricia R. Floyd. Prince Frederick, MD: Recorded Books, 2011, 2007. What Fire Cannot Burn. ISBN 978-1-456-10151-0
Ridley, John, and Ben Oliver.
La Jolla, CA: WildStorm Productions, 2004. 978-1-401-20070-1 The Authority: Human on the Inside. Ridley, John.
The Razor's Edge: Warblade #5. DC Comics. 2005. Ridley, John, Georges Jeanty, and Karl C. Story. La Jolla, Calif: WildStorm/DC Comics, 2007. The American Way. ISBN 978-1-401-21256-8
Ridley, John. Ten Thousand Years. 2005 (world premiere).
Ridley is married to wife Gayle, a former
script supervisor.  They have two children. 
^ a b
Reardon, Patrick T. (September 24, 1998). "John Ridley's Childhood Was Sunny, But His Novels Explore A Dark World". . Chicago Tribune Archived from the original on January 13, 2016 . Retrieved . March 25, 2015
^ a b
Bozzola, Lucia. "John Ridley". AllMovie / Rovi via The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015 . Retrieved . February 28, 2015
^ a b c d e f g h
Chandler, Kurt (January 31, 2008). "How to be a Famous Hollywood Writer". . Archived from Milwaukee Magazine the original on November 26, 2013 . Retrieved . January 18, 2015
^ a b
Dudek, Duane (January 16, 2014). "Mequon native Ridley talks Oscar nominations for '12 Years A Slave. '" . Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Archived from the original on January 18, 2015 . Retrieved . January 18, 2015
Bence, Susan (4 March 2014). "Oscar Winner John Ridley's Father Talks About Life Before Desegregation" (Audio). . WUWM Milwaukee Archived from the original on January 28, 2015 . Retrieved . January 18, 2015 Audio archived on January 28, 2015.
^ Zeitchik, Steven,
"A 'Ben-Hur' for our time", Portland Press Herald, August 21, 2016: "Downey and Burnett are staunch Catholics; Ridley is also a devout Christian, Huston and Bekmambetov, who was raised in a communist country, are more secular; Daniel and MGM principal Gary Barber are Jewish."
^ a b c
"John Ridley, Easy Writer". . October 8, 1999. Entertainment Weekly Archived from the original on February 28, 2015 . Retrieved . January 18, 2015
Gross, Terry (May 2, 2007). "A Disenchanted Look at 'The American Way '" (Audio interview). . Fresh Air NPR. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015 . Retrieved . January 18, 2015
"Stories By John Ridley". NPR. March 26, 2019.
"FAQ for John Ridley's Visible Man". NPR. July 18, 2007 . Retrieved . March 26, 2019
^ a b
Cieply, Michael; Barnes, Brooks (March 2, 2014). "A Landmark Oscar Win for '12 Years a Slave. '" The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 26, 2015 . Retrieved . January 18, 2015
Shattuck, Kathryn (January 16, 2014). "What the Writer Had to Edit From '12 Years a Slave. '" The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015 . Retrieved . January 18, 2015
Lee, Chris (March 2, 2014). "Oscars 2014: '12 Years a Slave' wins for adapted screenplay". . Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on February 28, 2015 . Retrieved . January 18, 2015
Hibbard, James (April 17, 2015). "Marvel teaming with John Ridley for mysterious superhero project — exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 27, 2015 . Retrieved . December 19, 2015
Fleming Jr., Mike (April 16, 2018). "John Ridley To Write, Direct Blumhouse Superhero Film 'The American Way. '" Deadline . Retrieved . April 17, 2018
N'Duka, Amanda (June 4, 2018). "Leslie Odom Jr., Freida Pinto, Cynthia Erivo, Orlando Bloom & BRON Studios Join John Ridley's 'Needle In A Timestack. '" Deadline . Retrieved . June 5, 2018
Seitzman, Michael (January 4, 2008). "What "Fi-Core" Really Means". The Huffington Post . Retrieved . March 26, 2019
Ridley, John (January 8, 2008). "John Ridley goes fi-core". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved . March 26, 2019
McNary, Dave (January 9, 2014). "Bitterness of WGA Strike Echoed in Exclusion of '12 Years a Slave. '" Variety . Retrieved . March 26, 2019
^ Ridley in
Thompson, Anne (October 16, 2013). "Oscar-Winner John Ridley Talks Writing '12 Years a Slave' and Directing Hendrix Biopic 'All Is By My Side. '" Indiewire.com. Archived from the original on October 31, 2014. At the end of the year, when all these things are happening and you've got two kids, a lot of what you see gets determined by what gets put in front of you.
Gennusa, Chris R. "John Ridley: Burnt Noir." Creative Screenwriting. Winter 1997, v. 4 n.4, pp. 33–38