برج سرطان

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
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برج سرطان

Gemini IAU.svg

برج سرطان در امتداد دایرةالبروج (قوس آبی)
نماد Cancer.svg
ترتیب چهارمین برج دایرةالبروج
بعد ساعتی ۰۶:۰۰ ← ۰۸:۲۱
میل ۲۳/۴۵+ ← ۲۰/۱۸+ درجه
برج قبل جوزا
برج بعد اسد
صور منطبق دوپیکر
ماه مطابق تیر
اقامت خورشید ۳۱٫۴۵۴روز

بُرج سَرَطان (خرچنگ، ♋️)، چهارمین برج فلکی از دایرةالبروج است.

سرطان، چهارمین برج [خانهٔ] خورشید، قوسی ۳۰ درجه از دایرةالبروج است.[۱] این برج خط سیر خورشید در تیر ماه به مدت ۳۱روز و ۱۰ساعت و ۵۴دقیقه و نام دیگر این ماه در گاهشماری خورشیدی نیز می‌باشد. میانگین شبانه‌روز لحظه تحویل برج سرطان ساعت ۱۷:۵۶ روز ۳۱ خرداد است.[۲]

دوهزارسال‌پیش این برج، بیشتر از زمینه صورت فلکی سرطان (خرچنگ) می‌گذشت و به همین نام باقی ماند؛ ولی امروزه از زمینه صورت فلکی جوزا (دوپیکر) می‌گذرد.

کلمهٔ سرطان به معنی خرچنگ است.

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. گاهشماری ایرانی، موسی اکرمی، تهران دفتر پژوهشهای فرهنگی (۱۳۸۰)، ص ۲۹.
  2. «تقویم شمسی (بروج ۱۲ گانه)». تقویم جهانی جامع. دریافت‌شده در مرداد ۱۳۹۱. تاریخ وارد شده در |تاریخ بازبینی= را بررسی کنید (کمک)
سرطان

Cancer
Supplément turc. 242, fol. 14v - Osman, Cancer 1582 crop.png
Cancer.svg
Zodiac symbolCrab
Duration (tropical, western)June 21 – July 23 (2019, UT1)[1]
ConstellationCancer
Zodiac elementWater
Zodiac qualityCardinal
Sign rulerMoon
DetrimentSaturn
ExaltationJupiter
FallMars
AriesTaurusGeminiCancerLeoVirgoLibraScorpioSagittariusCapricornAquariusPisces

Cancer (♋️) is the fourth astrological sign in the Zodiac, originating from the constellation of Cancer. It spans from 90° to 120° celestial longitude. Under the tropical zodiac, the Sun transits this area between approximately June 22 and July 22,[2] and under the sidereal zodiac, the Sun transits this area between approximately July 21 and August 9.[3]

In astrology, Cancer is the cardinal sign of the Water trigon, which is made up of Cancer, Pisces, and Scorpio.[4] It is one of the six negative signs. Though some depictions of Cancer feature a lobster, the sign is most often represented by the crab, based on the Karkinos, a giant crab that harassed Heracles during his fight with the Hydra.[5]

Astrology

Those who are born from approximately June 22 to July 22 are born under Cancer.[2] Individuals born during these dates, depending on which system of astrology they subscribe to, may be called "Cancerians."[6] Cancer is a northern sign and its opposite sign is Capricorn.[7][8][9] Cancer is a cardinal sign.

Along with Scorpio and Pisces, Cancer forms the Water Trigon.[10] The water trigon is one of four elemental trigons, fire, earth, air, and water.[11] When a trigon is influential, it affects changes on earth.[11] Cancer is said to be the house of Neptune and the exaltation of Jupiter, both astronomical bodies having influence over those born under Cancer.[7][8] In Vedic astrology the sign is named Karka and its Lord is Moon.[12]

In ancient times, Cancer was known as the "dark sign" because of the obscured visibility of its constellation in the night sky.[13]

In the arts

In Dante's Paradiso, he makes reference to Cancer, writing:

Thereafterward a light among them brightened,
So that, if Cancer one such crystal had,
Winter would have a month of one sole day.

— Dante, Paradiso[14]

Cancer is figured in Giovanni Maria Falconetto's 1517 painting, Cancer, as the guardian of the city of Verona.[15] The Cancer symbol is also depicted in Agostino di Duccio's sculpture View of Rimini Under the Sign of Cancer (1450).[16]

Gallery

References

Notes

Sources

External links