اگزینوس

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
(تغییرمسیر از اکسینوس)
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish

اگزینوس (در برخی منابع فارسی اکسینوس) (به انگلیسی: Exynos) یک سری از سیستم‌های روی تراشه (SoC) مبتنی بر پلت‌فرم پردازنده‌های کم‌مصرف ARM است که توسط شرکت سامسونگ برای استفاده در تلفن‌های هوشمند و تبلت‌ها عرضه شده‌است.[۱]

سال‌ها پس از اینکه پرچمداران گوشی‌های هوشمند با تراشه‌هایی با لیتوگرافی 28 نانومتری عرضه می‌شدند اکنون وقت آن رسیده‌است که از لیتوگرافی20 نانومتری جدید نهایت لذت را ببرید. نکته بارز تولید مدل جدید چیپ‌ها این است که می‌توان سرعت کلاک پردازنده را کمی تغییر داد و از نظر اثرات گرمایی بهبودهایی را مشاهده کرد.[۲]

فهرست مدل‌ها[ویرایش]

مدل تکنولوژی ساخت نوع دستورالعمل پردازنده سرعت پردازش پردازنده گرافیکی فناوری حافظه سال عرضه دستگاه‌های دارای SoC مورد نظر
Exynos 3[۳]
(سابقاً S5PC110, Hummingbird, Exynos 3110[۴])
۴۵ نانومتری آرم نسخه ۷ ۸۰۰ مگاهرتز تا ۱٬۲ گیگاهرتز تک‌هسته‌ای آرم کورتکس-ای۸ پاور وی‌آر اس‌جی‌اکس۵۴۰
(در فرکانس ۲۰۰ مگاهرتز)
۳۲-bit Dual-channel 200 MHz LPDDR, LPDDR2, DDR2 ۲۰۱۰ سامسونگ گالکسی اس، نکسوس اس، سامسونگ گالکسی پلیر
Exynos 4 Dual 45nm
(previously Exynos 4210)
۴۵ نانومتری آرم نسخه ۷ ۱٬۲ تا ۱٬۴ گیگاهرتز دوهسته‌ای آرم کورتکس-ای۹ آرم مالی-۴۰۰ (چهارهسته‌ای) LPDDR2, DDR۲ یا DDR3 ۲۰۱۱ سامسونگ گالکسی اس۲، سامسونگ گالکسی نوت، سامسونگ گالکسی تب ۷ پلاس، سامسونگ گالکسی تب ۷٬۷ اینچی
Exynos 4 Dual 32nm(previously Exynos 4212) ۳۲ نانومتری آرم نسخه ۷ ۱٬۲ تا ۱٬۴ گیگاهرتز دوهسته‌ای آرم کورتکس-ای۹ مالی-۴۰۰ (چهارهسته‌ای) LPDDR, LPDDR2, DDR۲ یا DDR3 ۲۰۱۱ میزو ام‌ایکس
Exynos 4 Quad[۵]
(Internally Exynos 4412)[۶]
۳۲ نانومتری آرم نسخه ۷ ۱٬۴ تا ۱٬۶ گیگاهرتز چهارهسته‌ای آرم کورتکس-ای۹ مالی-۴۰۰ (چهارهسته‌ای) ۳۲-bit Dual-channel 400 MHz LPDDR, LPDDR2, DDR۲ یا DDR3[۷] ۲۰۱۲ سامسونگ گالکسی اس۳، سامسونگ گالکسی نوت۲، سامسونگ گالکسی نوت ۱۰ اینچی، سامسونگ گالکسی کمرا، لنوو کا۸۶۰، میزو ام‌ایکس۲,گلکسی نوت ۸ اینچی
Exynos 5 Dual[۸]
(previously Exynos ۵۲۵۰[۹])
۳۲ نانومتری آرم نسخه ۷ ۱٬۷ گیگاهرتز دوهسته‌ای آرم کورتکس-ای۱۵ مالی-تی۶۰۴ (چهارهسته‌ای)[۱۰] ۳۲-bit Dual-channel 800 MHz LPDDR۳/DDR۳ یا ۵۳۳ MHz LPDDR2 نیمه دوم ۲۰۱۲ سامسونگ کروم‌بوک، گوگل نکسوس ۱۰
Exynos 5 Octa[۱۱][۱۲][۱۳] (همچنین با نام اگزینوس ۵۴۱۰) ۲۸ نانومتری آرم نسخه ۷ چهار+چهار هسته (از نوع ARM big.Little)[۱۴]، چهارهسته اصلی ۱٫۶ گیگاهرتز از نوع آرم کورتکس-ای۱۵، چهار هسته ثانوی (هسته‌های کم‌مصرف) ۱٬۲ گیگاهرتز از نوع آرم کورتکس-ای۷ پاور وی‌آر اس‌جی‌اکس۵۴۴ام‌پی۳ (سه‌هسته‌ای، در فرکانس ۵۳۳ مگاهرتز) سه‌ماهه دوم ۲۰۱۳ سامسونگ گلکسی اس۴ (در برخی مدل‌ها)
Exynos 5 Octa 5420 ۲۸ نانومتری آرم نسخه ۷ چهار+چهار هسته (از نوع ARM big.Little)[۱۴]، چهارهسته اصلی ۱٫9 گیگاهرتز از نوع آرم کورتکس-ای۱۵، چهار هسته ثانوی (هسته‌های کم‌مصرف) ۱٬۳ گیگاهرتز از نوع آرم کورتکس-ای۷ مالی-تی۶۲۸ (شش‌هسته‌ای، در فرکانس ۶۷۷ مگاهرتز) سه‌ماهه چهارم ۲۰۱۳ سامسونگ گلکسی نوت 3 (در برخی مدل‌ها)

رقیب‌ها[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

An Exynos 4 Quad (4412), on the circuit board of a Samsung Galaxy S III smartphone

Exynos is a series of ARM-based (reduced instruction set) System-on-Chips (SoCs) developed and manufactured by Samsung Electronics and is a continuation of Samsung's earlier S3C, S5L and S5P line of SoCs.

History

In 2010, Samsung launched the S5PC110 (now Exynos 3 Single) in its Samsung Galaxy S mobile phone, which featured a licensed ARM Cortex-A8 CPU.[1]

In early 2011, Samsung first launched the Exynos 4210 SoC in its Samsung Galaxy S II mobile smartphone. The driver code for the Exynos 4210 was made available in the Linux kernel[2] and support was added in version 3.2 in November 2011.[3][4]

On 29 September 2011, Samsung introduced Exynos 4212[5] as a successor to the 4210; it features a higher clock frequency and "50 percent higher 3D graphics performance over the previous processor generation".[6] Built with a 32 nm high-κ metal gate (HKMG) low-power process; it promises a "30 percent lower power-level over the previous process generation".

On 30 November 2011, Samsung released information about their upcoming SoC with a dual-core ARM Cortex-A15 CPU, which was initially named "Exynos 5250" and was later renamed to Exynos 5 Dual. This SoC has a memory interface providing 12.8 GB/s of memory bandwidth, support for USB 3.0 and SATA 3, can decode full 1080p video at 60 fps along with simultaneously displaying WQXGA-resolution (2560 × 1600) on a mobile display as well as 1080p over HDMI.[7] Samsung Exynos 5 Dual has been used in a 2015 prototype supercomputer,[8] while the end-product will use a chip meant for servers from another vendor.

On 26 April 2012, Samsung released the Exynos 4 Quad, which powers the Samsung Galaxy S III and Samsung Galaxy Note II.[9] The Exynos 4 Quad SoC uses 20% less power than the SoC in Samsung Galaxy S II. Samsung also changed the name of several SoCs, Exynos 3110 to Exynos 3 Single, Exynos 4210 and 4212 to Exynos 4 Dual 45 nm,[10] and Exynos 4 Dual 32 nm[11] and Exynos 5250 to Exynos 5 Dual.

List of ARMv7 Exynos SoCs

SoC CPU GPU Memory technology Released Devices using
Model number fab Instruction set Microarchitecture Cores Frequency (GHz) Microarchitecture Frequency

(MHz)

Performance GFLOPS
Exynos 3 Single 3110[12]
(previously S5PC110, Hummingbird)
45 nm ARMv7 Cortex-A8 1 1.0–1.2 PowerVR SGX540 200 3.2[13] 32-bit Dual-channel 200 MHz LPDDR, LPDDR2, or DDR2 2010
Exynos 2 Dual 3250 28 nm HKMG Cortex-A7 2 1.0 Mali-400 MP2 400 7.2 ? 2014
Exynos 3 Quad 3470[14] 28 nm 4 1.4 Mali-400 MP4 450 16.2 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel LPDDR3 2014
Exynos 3 Quad 3475 28 nm HKMG 1.3 Mali-T720 600 10.2 LPDDR3 2015
Exynos 4 Dual 4210[15][10] 45 nm Cortex-A9 2 1.2–1.4 Mali-400 MP4 266 9.6 LPDDR2, DDR2 or DDR3 (6.4 GB/s)[16][17] 2011
Exynos 4 Dual 4212[15][11] 32 nm HKMG 1.5 400[19] 14.4 2011
Exynos 4 Quad 4412[21][22] 4 1.4 ~ 1.6 400 ~ 533[23] 15.84 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 400 MHz LPDDR, LPDDR2, DDR2 or DDR3 (6.4 GB/s)[22][24] 2012
Exynos 4 Quad 4415[21][22] 28 nm HKMG 1.5 533[37] 19.2 2014[37]
Exynos 5 Dual 5250[38][39] 32 nm HKMG Cortex-A15 2 1.7 Mali-T604 MP4[40] 533 68.224[citation needed] 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 800 MHz LPDDR3/DDR3 (12.8 GB/s) or 533 MHz LPDDR2 (8.5 GB/s) Q3 2012[38]
Exynos 5 Hexa 5260[45][46] 28 nm HKMG Cortex-A15+
Cortex-A7
(big.LITTLE with GTS)
2+4 1.7
1.3
Mali-T624 MP4 600 76.8 (FP32) 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 800 MHz LPDDR3 (12.8 GB/s) Q2 2014
Exynos 5 Octa 5410[47][48][49][50] Cortex-A15+
Cortex-A7[51]
big.LITTLE[52]
4+4 1.6
1.2
PowerVR SGX544 MP3 480 ~ 532[53] 49 Q2 2013
Exynos 5 Octa 5420[57] Cortex-A15+
Cortex-A7
(big.LITTLE with GTS)
1.9
1.3
Mali-T628 MP6 533 102.4 (FP32) 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 933 MHz LPDDR3e (14.9 GB/s) Q3 2013
Exynos 5 Octa 5422[60][61] 2.1 max
1.5
Q2 2014
Exynos 5 Octa 5430[63][64] 20 nm HKMG 1.8
1.3
600 115.2 (FP32) 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 1066 MHz LPDDR3e/DDR3 (17.0 GB/s) Q3 2014
Exynos 5 Octa 5800[66] 28 nm HKMG 2.0
1.3
? ? 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 933 MHz LPDDR3/DDR3 (14.9 GB/s) Q2 2014

List of ARMv8 Exynos SoCs

SoC CPU GPU Memory technology Wireless Released Devices using
Model number fab Instruction set Microarchitecture Cores Clock Speed Microarchitecture Frequency (MHz) Performance GFLOPS Type Bus width (bit) Bandwidth (GB/s) Cellular WLAN PAN
Exynos 7 Octa 5433[68][69][70] 20 nm HKMG ARMv8-A Cortex-A57+
Cortex-A53 (GTS)
4+4 1.9GHz Cortex-A57 + 1.3GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-T760 MP6 700 142 LPDDR3 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 825 MHz (13.2 GB/s)[68] LTE Cat 6 Q4 2014
Exynos 7 Octa 7420[71][72][73] 14 nm LPE 2.1GHz Cortex-A57 + 1.5GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-T760 MP8 772 210 LPDDR4 1553 MHz (24.88 GB/s)[74] LTE Cat 9 Q2 2015
Exynos 7 Quad 7570[77][78][79] 14 nm LPP Cortex-A53 4 1.4GHz Mali-T720 MP1[80] Unknown Unknown LPDDR3 Unknown Unknown LTE Cat 4 Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n Bluetooth 4.2 Q3 2016
Exynos 7 Octa 7580[81][82] 28 nm HKMG 8 1.6GHz Mali-T720 MP2 668 22.7 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 933 MHz (14.9 GB/sec) LTE Cat 6

(DL:2CA, FDD+TDD)

Q2 2015
Exynos 7 Octa 7870[84][85] 14 nm LPP Mali-T830 MP1[86] 700 23.8 32-bit Single-channel [87] 933 MHz Q1 2016
Exynos 7 Octa 7880[91][92][93] 1.9GHz Mali-T830 MP3 950 71.4 LPDDR4 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 1033 MHz (16.5 GB/sec) LTE Cat 7

(DL:3CA, UL:2CA FDD+TDD)

Q1 2017
Exynos 5 Hexa 7872 Cortex-A73 + Cortex-A53 (GTS) 2+4 2.0GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.5GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-G71 MP1 1200 LPDDR3 LTE Cat.7 2CA 300Mbit/s (DL) /

Cat.13 2CA 150Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n Bluetooth 4.2 Q1 2018
Exynos 7 Octa 7874A 2+6 1.3GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.3GHz Cortex-A53 ?? MP? ? LPDDR3 TBD TBD TBD Q2 2018
Exynos 7 Octa 7885[94][95] 2+6

2.2GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.6GHz Cortex-A53

Mali-G71 MP2 1300 LPDDR4 LTE Cat.12 3CA 600Mbit/s (DL) /

Cat.13 2CA 150Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 5.0 Q1 2018
Exynos 7 Octa 9610 10 nm LPE[96] 4+4 2.3GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.6GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-G72 MP3 Downlink: LTE Cat. 11 (3CA)

Uplink: LTE Cat. 13

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 5.0 2H 2018
Exynos 8 Octa 8890

[97]

14 nm LPP Exynos M1 "Mongoose"+
Cortex-A53 (GTS)[98]
4+4 2.3GHz Exynos M1 (up to 2.6GHz in single-core load) + 1.6GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-T880 MP12 650 265.2 1794 MHz (28.7 GB/s)[99][100] Downlink: LTE Cat 12

Uplink: LTE Cat 13

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 4.2 Q1 2016
2.0GHz Exynos M1 + 1.5GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-T880 MP10 (Lite) 650 221
Exynos 9 Octa 8895

[102][103][104]

10 nm LPE Exynos M2 "Mongoose"+
Cortex-A53 (GTS)
4+4 2.314GHz Exynos M2 + 1.69GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-G71 MP20 546 375 LPDDR4X Downlink: LTE Cat 16 (5CA)

Uplink: LTE Cat 13 (2CA)

Q2 2017
Exynos 9 Series 9810[105][106] 10 nm LPP Exynos M3 [107] + Cortex-A55 4+4 2.9GHz Exynos M3 + 1.9GHz Cortex-A55 Mali-G72 MP18 572 64-bit 1794 MHz (28.7GB/s)[99] Downlink: LTE Cat 18 (6CA)

Uplink: LTE Cat 13 (2CA)

Q1 2018

Similar platforms

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