الگو:Infobox song

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
«Infobox song»
ترانه
توضیحات الگو[نمایش] [ویرایش] [تاریخچه] [پاکسازی]
«The Single»
Nocover.svg
Single picture sleeve
تک‌آهنگ‌ای از The Artist
پشت صفحه"Other Side"
ارائه‌شده۱ آوریل خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲» (خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»-04-۰۱)
فرمتسی‌دی تک
ضبط‌شدهJanuary 1–10, خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»
استودیوRecord Plant, New York City
ژانرآراندبی معاصر
مدت۳:۰۱
ناشرکلمبیا رکوردز
ترانه‌پرداز(ها)The Artist
تهیه‌کنندهThe Producer
گاه‌نگاری تک‌آهنگ‌های The Artist
«Last Single»
(خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»)
«The Single»
(160)
«Next Single»
(۲۰۱۹)
«The Song»
Nocover.svg
Sheet music cover
ترانه‌ای از The Artist
از آلبوم That Album
ارائه‌شده۱ آوریل خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲» (خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»-04-۰۱)
فرمتلوح فشرده
ضبط‌شدهJanuary 1–10, خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»
Venueمدیسن اسکوئر گاردن
ژانرآراندبی معاصر
مدت۳:۰۱
ناشرکلمبیا رکوردز
آهنگ‌ساز(ها)Another Artist
ترانه‌سرا(ها)The Artist
تهیه‌کنندهThe Producer

Articles about ترانهs often include an جعبه اطلاعات that provides an overview or summary of the song. Generally, Infobox song is oriented more towards recorded music that has been commercially released. Other infoboxes, such as {{Infobox musical composition}} and {{Infobox anthem}} may be better suited to traditional or historical songs. The examples to the right are the infobox filled in with the most commonly used parameters.

An infobox provides ویکی‌پدیا:فهرست الگوهای موضوعی as discussed in the article—it should not be too detailed or take up too much of the article space. It should only contain items, such as genres or songwriters, that are discussed in the article (or have ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه ارجاع به منابعs to ویکی‌پدیا:منابع معتبرs).

The code below can be copied and completed with information pertaining to particular song articles. The Parameters section provides guidance on using the fields.

Code[ویرایش]

The first template code below includes the most commonly used infobox parameters. If there is no information in the article to support the field, leave it blank. Remove the <!-- and --> to use the {{Start date}} and {{Duration}} subtemplates.

The second includes the full set of parameters; most articles will not need many of the fields and they may be left blank or removed. Please note that adding fields other than those listed, such as |arranger= or |recording engineer=, will not be displayed.

If this template is substituted, it will return a cleaned-up copy of itself with unnecessary parameters removed and deprecated parameters replaced. Parameter indentation will also automatically be fixed.

Most commonly used parameters[ویرایش]

{{subst:Infobox song
| name          = 
| cover         = <!--just the file name-->
| type          = 
| artist        = 
| album         = 
| B-side        = 
| released      = <!--{{تاریخ آغاز|YYYY|MM|DD}}-->
| format        = 
| recorded      = 
| studio        = 
| genre         = <!--do not add unsourced genres-->
| length        = <!--{{Duration|m=|s=}}-->
| label         = 
| writer        = <!--for both music and lyrics-->
| producer      = 
| prev_title    = <!--for a singles chronology-->
| prev_year     = 
| next_title    = 
| next_year     = 
}}

Full set of parameters[ویرایش]

{{subst:Infobox song
| name          = 
| cover         = <!--just the file name-->
| cover_size    = 
| alt           = 
| border        = 
| caption       = 
| type          = 
| artist        = 
| album         = 
| EP            = 
| language      = <!--only if not in English-->
| English_title = 
| A-side        = 
| B-side        = 
| written       = 
| published     = 
| released      = <!--{{تاریخ آغاز|YYYY|MM|DD}}-->
| format        = 
| recorded      = 
| studio        = 
| venue         = 
| genre         = <!--do not add unsourced genres-->
| length        = <!--{{Duration|m=|s=}}-->
| label         = 
| writer        = <!--for both music and lyrics-->
| composer      = 
| lyricist      = 
| producer      = 
| chronology    = 
| prev_title    = <!--for a singles chronology-->
| prev_year     = 
| next_title    = 
| next_year     = 
| tracks        = <!--see "Track listing examples" section for album track listing options-->
| misc          = <!--for use of {{گاه‌نگاری اضافی}}, {{فهرست آهنگ اضافی}}, {{Extra album cover}}, {{نمونه صوتی}}, {{نماهنگ خارجی}}-->
}}

Parameters[ویرایش]

name[ویرایش]

The title of the song. If not provided, the template uses the {{PAGENAMEBASE}} of the page. Since it is not linked, ویکی‌پدیا:ابهام‌زدایی terms, such as "(song)", "(Beyoncé song)", etc., are not needed.

cover[ویرایش]

Add an image of a sheet music cover, picture sleeve, or other image appropriate for the song. First, one must be uploaded (see ویکی‌پدیا:بارگذاری پرونده for details). Then, enter the file name (without File:) into the field, such as [Image Name].jpg. This will automatically produce the caption "[Article name] cover" beneath the image if the |caption= field is not used.

alt[ویرایش]

Use this field to provide alternative text or a description of the cover image for visually impaired readers. See ویکی‌پدیا:متن جایگزین برای تصاویر.

caption[ویرایش]

If something other than the automatically generated "[Article name] cover" is desired, add the description here.

type[ویرایش]

Specify "single", "instrumental", "composition", "promo", etc., as shown in the code table below. The entry will be automatically linked to the corresponding article, so only the unlinked code is needed (the default is "song"). If an album track was later released as a single, use the most notable or best known. For example, "پلکانی به بهشت" was released as a promo single in several markets and as a digital single in 2007, but became best known as a song from Led Zeppelin's fourth album. This field is used to generate the header and color; please note that it is not used for genre or format, which are described in the |genre= and |format= fields.

CodeColorLink Display
singlekhakiتک‌آهنگ
تک‌آهنگ by artist
song #E6E8FAترانه
ترانه by artist
promo #E6E8FAتک‌آهنگ تبلیغاتی
تک‌آهنگ تبلیغاتی by artist
demo #E6E8FAنسخه آزمایشی
نسخه آزمایشی by artist
remix single #E6E8FAریمیکس
ریمیکس by artist
instrumental #E6E8FAبی‌کلام
بی‌کلام by artist
composition #E6E8FAآهنگسازی
آهنگسازی by artist
hymn #E6E8FAسرود روحانی
سرود روحانی by artist
nursery #E6E8FANursery rhyme
Nursery rhyme by artist
other #E6E8FAother
other by artist

artist[ویرایش]

If the article associates the original or primary rendition of the song with one artist, enter the name of the artist and link if they have a WP article. For traditional or historical songs, when the focus is not on a particular rendition, this should be left blank (alternatively, consider using الگو:Infobox musical composition).

album[ویرایش]

If the song was first released on an album, enter the name of the album and link. The template will italicize the album name and produce "from the album Name" in the header. If the song was originally released as a single well in advance of the album, |album= should not be used, since it is not from the album, but later added to one. For example, "Beck's Bolero" and "Back on the Chain Gang" were released as singles about 16 months before they were added to albums and became well-known before the albums.

EP[ویرایش]

If the song was first released on an EP or آلبوم چندآهنگه, add the EP name in this field. The name will be italicized, etc., and should be used as described in the album subsection above. Please note: only album or EP should be used and depends on which one was issued first.

language[ویرایش]

If the song is not in English, indicate the language (common languages should not be linked).

English_title[ویرایش]

An English translation of the title may be included in this field.

A-side[ویرایش]

If the article is about a song that was released as a رو و پشت صفحه of a single, enter the name of the رو و پشت صفحه and link as appropriate (do not use B-side). Quote marks will be added automatically.[۱] For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details. For رو و پشت صفحهd singles, refer to the Chronology for double-A-side singles section below.

B-side[ویرایش]

If the article is about the song that was issued as the A-side of a single, enter the name of the B-side in this field (do not add A-side). Add a link if it has an article; quote marks will be automatically added.[۱] For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details. Generally, later releases or in secondary markets, reissues, etc., should only be included in the body of the article.

written[ویرایش]

The year the song was written or composed may be added, if discussed in the article. This is usually used for historical songs, written before the advent of sheet music publishing or music recording.

published[ویرایش]

The year the song was published also may be included, if discussed in the article. This usually refers to sheet music published before the rise of music recording.

released[ویرایش]

Indicate the commercial release date, whether it is a single, album, or other. Enter the date using {{Start date}}. For example, use {{تاریخ آغاز|YYYY|MM|DD}} for the complete date, {{تاریخ آغاز|YYYY|MM}} if only year and month are known, or {{تاریخ آغاز|YYYY}} for just a year. For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details. Generally, later releases or in secondary markets, reissues, on compilations, etc., should only be included in the body of the article.

format[ویرایش]

Indicate the way that the song was released, for example: تک‌آهنگ, 12-inch single, سی‌دی تک, cassette single, دانلود موسیقی (note the piped download link), etc. Generally, later releases or in secondary markets, reissues, on compilations, etc., should only be included in the body of the article. Do not use " or (double quote) for inches, instead use 7-inch rather than 7" (if it is necessary to abbreviate, use 7 in; see ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/تاریخ‌ها و اعداد). Numbers should be expressed in figures rather than spelled out (10-inch instead of ten-inch) and should not be used alone; an additional descriptor, such as 45 rpm, single, record, etc., should follow. For multiple entries, see Notes[۳] for details.

recorded[ویرایش]

Enter the date(s) the song was recorded. When there are many dates, it is best to summarize, using the month or range of months (e.g., January–March خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»). For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details. Add the location of the recording in the |studio= or |venue= field.

studio[ویرایش]

If the song was recorded in a recording studio, enter the name and location. Link the studio, but not well-known cities, states, or countries (see ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/پیونددهی). Remove "Studios" if it appears in the name – use [[Sound City Studios|Sound City]] rather than [[Sound City Studios]]. For multiple entries, see Notes[۳] for details.

venue[ویرایش]

For live recordings, include the name of the venue (concert hall, stadium, etc.) and location. Link as appropriate.

genre[ویرایش]

The field should include the music genre(s) that best describes the song. It should come from a ویکی‌پدیا:منابع معتبر and also be stated and referenced in the body of the article; personal opinions or ویکی‌پدیا:تحقیق دست‌اول ممنوع must be not be included. For multiple entries, see Notes[۳] for details.

length[ویرایش]

{{Duration}} is used to enter the length of the song. The timing should be taken from the original album or single release, instead of reissues, downloads, etc. An hAudio microformat is added automatically for the first duration detected. The duration must contain a seconds value, or it will be incorrectly interpreted. For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details. If there is more than one length specified in the parameter, or the page appears in رده:Duration without hAudio microformat (۱), use {{Duration}}.

label[ویرایش]

The name of the record company that issued the release may be included here. Generally, add later releases, those from different countries, reissues, etc., in the body of article instead of the infobox. Remove "Records" if it appears in the name – use [[یونیورسال میوزیک گروپ]] instead of [[یونیورسال میوزیک گروپ]]. For multiple entries, see Notes[۳] for details.

writer[ویرایش]

Use this field if the music and lyrics were written by one person or, in the case of multiple writers, where a separate lyricist and composer have not been clearly identified by a ویکی‌پدیا:منابع معتبر. Do not use this field if the |composer= and |lyricist= fields are used. For multiple entries, see Notes[۳] for details.

composer[ویرایش]

The person(s) who composed the song's music, if different than the lyricist. If not differentiated in the article, use the |writer= field instead. For instrumentals, use this field only (in WP song articles, "song" (music with words) is not usually used to describe an "instrumental"). For multiple entries, see Notes[۳] for details.

lyricist[ویرایش]

The person(s) who wrote the lyrics, if different than the song's composer. If not differentiated in the article, use the |writer= field instead. For multiple entries, see Notes[۳] for details.

producer[ویرایش]

Enter the name of the person(s) credited with the تهیه‌کننده موسیقی. This is someone who oversees the recording process and is usually different than the artist or songwriter. For multiple entries, see Notes[۳] for details.

chronology[ویرایش]

This field and the following |prev_title= and |next_title= display the artist's immediate singles chronology. By leaving it blank, "The Artist singles chronology" is automatically displayed if any of the following fields are used. An alternative header may be displayed before the automatically produced "chronology", for example, The Artist American, The Artist UK singles, etc., produces "The Artist American chronology", "The Artist UK singles chronology", etc. Please note: if this field is used and a track listing is also wanted, it must be added using {{Extra track listing}}.

prev_title[ویرایش]

Enter the name of the artist's previous single. Quote marks will be added automatically;[۱] link it if there is a WP article. Leave this blank if the artist has no previous single. For رو و پشت صفحهd singles, refer to the Chronology for double-A-side singles section below.

prev_year[ویرایش]

Enter only the year the previous single was released. Following the WP ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/تاریخ‌ها و اعداد, years should not be linked within the chronology section. Leave this field blank if there is no previous single.

next_title[ویرایش]

Enter the name of the artist's next single, if applicable. Quote marks will be added automatically;[۱] link it if there is a WP article.

next_year[ویرایش]

Enter only the year the next single was issued, if applicable.

tracks[ویرایش]

Several track listing options are available. See the Track listing examples section below for explanations and codes.

misc[ویرایش]

This is not a space for miscellaneous information or comments. It allows for the use of subtemplates, including {{Extra chronology}}, {{Extra track listing}}, {{Extra album cover}}, {{Audio sample}}, and {{External music video}}. Please refer to the template pages for explanations on their use.

Track listing examples[ویرایش]

Not all infoboxes should include album track listings. Articles about traditional or historical songs might not focus on a particular recording, so details about a later rendition, including album releases, are inappropriate for an infobox. Additionally, there may already be an album track listing with links to other songs in a ویکی‌پدیا:الگوهای ناوبری or ویکی‌پدیا:رده‌ها، فهرست‌ها و الگوهای ناوبری at the end of the article. These include an album navbox (for example, {{Thriller (album)}}), an artist song navbox ({{Rihanna songs}}), or an artist navbox that includes songs ({{Robert Johnson}}).

An album track listing may be added to infobox song as long as the following criteria are met: 1) the article does not have a navbox in which the song appears; and 2) a majority of the album's songs are linked to WP articles. Currently, three different approaches to listing album tracks are found in infobox song.

Track listing using a separate sub-template[ویرایش]

«The Song»
ترانه‌ای از The Artist
از آلبوم That Album
ارائه‌شده۱ آوریل خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲» (خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»-04-۰۱)
ضبط‌شدهJanuary 1–10, خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»
استودیوRecord Plant, New York City
ژانرآراندبی معاصر
مدت۳:۰۱
ناشرکلمبیا رکوردز
ترانه‌پرداز(ها)The Artist
تهیه‌کنندهThe Producer
That Album track listing
الگو:Rumours tracks

If a separate album track listing sub-template has been created, it may be added to the |tracks= of the infobox. Using such a template may be more convenient for multi-disc albums or those with many tracks. A header with the album name will be automatically generated, along with the number of tracks. The song title will not be linked, but will appear in bold.

The example to the right uses {{Rumours tracks}} to demonstrate. To see its use in actual song infobox, click on the song links. Please note, if a singles chronology is also used in the infobox (|prev_title=, etc.), {{Extra track listing}} must be used in the |misc= field (refer to that الگو:فهرست آهنگ اضافی for the code and explanation).

Track listing using the hidden template[ویرایش]

«The Song»
ترانه‌ای از The Artist
از آلبوم That Album
ارائه‌شده۱ آوریل خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲» (خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»-04-۰۱)
ضبط‌شدهJanuary 1–10, خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»
استودیوRecord Plant, New York City
ژانرآراندبی معاصر
مدت۳:۰۱
ناشرکلمبیا رکوردز
ترانه‌پرداز(ها)The Artist
تهیه‌کنندهThe Producer
That Album track listing

A second option does not require a separate album track listing sub-template to be created. Instead, the {{Hidden}} template is placed directly into the infobox in the |tracks= field, then the tracks are listed. This may be copied and added to other songs infoboxes from the same album.

The example to the right uses this approach. To see its use in actual infoboxes, click on the song titles. Also, please note that if a singles chronology is also used in the infobox (|prev_title=, etc.), {{Extra track listing}} must be used in the |misc= field (refer to that الگو:فهرست آهنگ اضافی for the code and explanation).

Code
{{Infobox song
...
| tracks        = {{پنهان
 | title        = 
 | text         = 
# 
# 
# etc.
}}
title

Enter the number of tracks, such as "10 tracks". A header will be generated automatically, for example "That Album track listing".

text

In this field, add the album tracks, using # to generate a sequential numbering. The song titles should be in "quotes", with the article track also in bold. Link any track that has its own WP article, except for when the song is the subject of the article.

For multi-disc CDs, subheadings for "Disc one", "Disc two", etc. may be included. Similarly, subheadings such as "Side one" or "Side A" may be added for آلبوم پرآهنگs and آلبوم چندآهنگه. To ensure that the track numbering continues sequentially after a subheading (rather than starting again at "1"), use <li value="x"> where "x"=the next track number.

Code
{{Infobox song
...
| tracks        = {{پنهان
 | title        = 
 | text         = 
;Disc one
# 
# 
# etc.
;Disc two
#<li value=>
# 
# 
# etc.
}}

Chronology for double-A-side singles[ویرایش]

«The Single»
تک‌آهنگ‌ای از The Artist
از آلبوم That Album
روی صفحه"Other Side" (رو و پشت صفحه)
ارائه‌شده۱ آوریل خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲» (خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»-04-۰۱)
فرمتسی‌دی تک
ضبط‌شدهJanuary 1–10, خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»
استودیوRecord Plant, New York City
ژانرآراندبی معاصر
مدت۳:۰۱
ناشرکلمبیا رکوردز
ترانه‌پرداز(ها)The Artist
تهیه‌کنندهThe Producer
The Artist double A-side تک‌آهنگ‌ها
«Last Single» / «Last Other»
(خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»)
«The Single» / «Other Side»
(160)
«Next Single» / «Next Other»
(۲۰۱۹)
Code 
{{Infobox song
...
| A-side        = 
| chronology    = 
| prev_title    = 
| prev_title2   = 
| prev_year     = 
| title2        = 
| next_title    = 
| next_title2   = 
| next_year     = 
}}
A-side

Enter the name of the second- or flip-side of the current or article title.

chronology

Use this field to provide an alternative header to the automatically generated "The Artist singles chronology". Enter The Artist double A-side singles to display "The Artist double A-side singles chronology", etc.

prev_title

Enter the name of the previous single. If it has a WP article, add a link.

prev_title2

If the previous is a double A-side single, enter the name of the previous single second- or flip-side and link as appropriate.

prev_year

Enter only the year the previous single was released.

title2

If it is a double A-side single, enter the name of the second- or flip-side of current or article title. (The current or article title with be automatically generated with quotes and in bold and will appear as the first of the two; the year is also generated from the |released= year date.)

next_title

Enter the name of the next single. If it has a article, add a link.

next_title2

Enter the name of the second-or flip side of next-single, if it is a double-A. Link as appropriate.

next_year

Enter only the year the next single was released.

Notes[ویرایش]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ ۱٫۳ If any details besides the actual song title (country, etc.) are added, quote marks need to be added manually to the song title. Additionally, for |A-side= and |B-side=, quote marks need to be added for each title if there is more than one.
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ ۲٫۴ For multiple entries, this parameter uses class=plainlist. Format the items as a normal bulleted list; don't use other list templates or <br/>. For example:
    | studio =
    *First item
    *Second item
    *Third item

    will be displayed as a vertical unbulleted list:

    Studio   
    • First item
    • Second item
    • Third item
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ ۳٫۴ ۳٫۵ ۳٫۶ ۳٫۷ For short horizontal lists of two or three items, comma separators are acceptable, but for longer lists the use of the class=hlist is preferred as it offers a benefit to users of screen readers (see ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/دسترسی‌پذیری for more information on Web Content Accessibility Guidelines). To use it, format the items as a normal bulleted list; don't use other list templates or <br/>. For example:
    | genre =
    *Item one
    *Item two
    *Item three

    will be displayed as a horizontal list separated by middots:

    Genre   
    • Item one
    • Item two
    • Item three

TemplateData[ویرایش]

Tracking categories[ویرایش]

See also[ویرایش]